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September 21, 2012 | Political Economy of Climate Change in Pakistan

Zulfiqar Shah: Pakistan’s Sindh region has witnessed the devastating impacts of climate change. The region now faces security problems due to increasing rural poverty, ethnic and demographic tensions, and internally displaced persons. Regional and federal policy needs to step in to prevent further conflict, food insecurity, and state failure. …More

August 10, 2012 | Politics May Beat Economics in Russia's Oil Industry

With declining output from onshore fields, Russia’s oil industry is at a new crossroad. ++ Russia needs foreign partners, to stimulate competition and help develop offshore fields in its Arctic region. ++ Given that Putin …More

August 8, 2012 | Does Ukraine Stand a Chance in TANAP?

Ilqar Fuad Qurbanov: Ukrainian Prime Minister Mykola Azarov has said that his country is open to participate in the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline Consortium (TANAP). Given the political and geographical conditions of TANAP, how plausible is Ukraine’s participation and what costs would it incur? …More

July 9, 2012 | Challenging Assumptions

The chairman of the investigation into the Fukushima disaster lays much of the blame on the shortcomings of Japanese culture. ++ Japan’s famous alliance of bureaucracy and big business allows for substandard regulations. ++ However, focusing too much on …More

July 8, 2012 | Dr. Arunas Molis, Vytautas Magnus University

Dr. Arunas Molis has been a member of since 2009 and works as an associated professor at Vytautas Magnus University and lector at Vilnius University. His range of expertise includes energy security, …More

July 8, 2012 | The Politics of Pipeline Diplomacy and Energy Security

Ilqar Fuad Qurbanov: If you talk about energy security, it’s inevitable that you will also discuss pipelines. The significance of the pipeline system can be noticed in the foreign energy policy of energy-rich countries such as Russia and has broader implications for regional relations. …More

July 5, 2012 | Russia vs the Western Powers: The Politics of Energy in Central Asia

Tabish Shah: The consequences of the Russian energy monopoly in Central Asia are not simply limited to the region or its energy supplies; they have the potential to impact upon the geo-strategic balance of the world. …More

May 11, 2012 | Return to the Empire

Gökhan Tekir: The paper analyzes how the Russian Federation uses energy as a foreign policy instrument. Russia’s main aim is to prevent Western interference in its sphere of influence. This is done by maintaining its hegemon position in supplying Caspian energy sources to Europe. …More

March 16, 2012 | From Energy Security Towards Climate Protection

Stephan Vormann: Due to the finiteness of fossil fuels, the development of a low-carbon industry has become an economic necessity. A new approach to energy security that goes beyond NATO’s current “safeguard foreign energy supply” is in dire need. A focus on secure energy after “the age of oil” is therefore in. …More

February 13, 2012 | Iranian Oil: Out of Ideas and Out of Cash

Amrit Deecke Naresh: Western sanctions are just one reason Iran’s oil industry is facing a crisis of output and sustainability. Eventually, Iran’s leaders will have to come to grips with the fact that foreign investment will be needed to prevent its imminent decline. …More

January 27, 2012 | The Impact of Iran Sanctions on China and India

The impact of Western sanctions on Iran goes further than “market plays, fire sales and opportunism” for India and China. ++ The long term role Iran plays in their energy security policies has been missed. ++ Iran has sought to …More

December 14, 2011 | A Real Chance for Energy Security

The practice of “fracking” in domestic production has reversed the trend of US dependence on foreign oil; for the first time in decades, petroleum imports are dropping. ++ While there are environmental concerns, shale oil has the …More

December 13, 2011 | History Repeats Itself with Azerbaijan's "Shah"

Shahla Sultanova: Like Iran in the 1970s, Azerbaijan’s oil wealth is being funneled into an increasingly ostentatious and autocratic regime that uses its energy reserves to curry favor with the West. Without changes soon, Azerbaijan will also follow Iran into collapse, revolution, and opposition to the West. …More

November 16, 2011 | China's Power Play in Sino-Australian Trade

Estephanie Henaro: China’s economic outgrowth is about more than commercial relationships. It has used its influence on the Australian economy, traditionally a cornerstone of US-led regional stability, to consolidate its access to key energy supplies and assert its own hegemonic structure in the Pacific. …More

November 2, 2011 | The UK and the Uncertainties of Energy Security

Christian von Campe: Energy security is a key issue for nearly every industrialized state, and the United Kingdom is no exception. This paper examines energy policy in the UK from a threat perspective, and proposes solutions for ensuring the heavy dependence on a sufficient and secure energy supply is not an Achilles heel. …More

October 24, 2011 | Time to Call China's Bluff on Environmental Regulation

Jason Naselli: China’s new environmental regulations on mineral mining are seen by many as a ploy to inflict economic costs on competitors. But they can also be an avenue to open up dialogue between China and the West on environmental policy and our approach to global resource problems. …More

October 24, 2011 | A "Natural" Addition to EU Defense Policy

Daniel Fiott: The European economy is heavily dependent on foreign suppliers for key raw materials, but the EU Common Security and Defence Policy makes no mention of a strategy to ensure the security of these important natural resources. That must change. …More

October 6, 2011 | The American Biofuel Strategy: The Curious Case of Ethanol

Ben Wells: US policy towards bio-fuel production has always heavily leaned on the use of ethanol. However, with the advent of newer alternatives and the problems of corn production, perhaps it is time to re-assess its effectiveness in the face of growing environmental problems. …More

August 30, 2011 | Energy and Terrorism are Dangerously Intertwined

Alexandra Dobra: The world’s eight biggest oil exporters are ripe for a terrorist attack. Any disruption of the energy supply chain could devastate the world economy, so a new set of policies combining hard power (to secure energy) and soft power (to dismantle terrorist networks) must now be implemented. …More

August 5, 2011 | Germany's Energy Populism Hurts Europe

Matthew Hulbert & Christian Brutsch: Berlin’s decision to appease voters and phase out nuclear power looks more problematic as energy giants from Germany and Russia merge. The EU is now even more dependent on Russian energy than before, just as Russia turns to Asian markets. As a result, the EU could be left in the cold. …More

July 29, 2011 | Germany's Green Energy Quandary

Birgit Hütten: Most Germans support replacing nuclear energy with renewables. But renewable energy is expensive, and many who live near production facilities oppose it. Now, Germany must reconcile the social desirability of green energy with individual citizens’ opposition to its enormous costs. …More

July 28, 2011 | Unbroken Nuclear Consensus in Argentina and Brazil

Christian E. Rieck: Nuclear energy programs in Argentina and Brazil have recently grown in scope, causing some Western observers to worry. But far from undermining regional stability, enhanced nuclear capability provides Latin America a guarantee of autarky and autonomy. …More

July 19, 2011 | Despite Fukushima: Venezuela and Chile Continue Nuclear Programs

Christian E. Rieck: Chile and Venezuela want to join the nuclear club, using very different extraregional partners to achieve that goal. Chile, governed by a conservative coalition, is using traditional Western suppliers in France and the United States, while Venezuela is placing its bets on Russia and Iran. …More

July 5, 2011 | The Nuclear Power Endgame Begins in Germany

R. Andreas Kraemer: Economics, risk assessments and public pressure force many countries to halt nuclear power and shift to green energy. Without a “civilian” use of nuclear technology, a repeal of the Euratom Treaty, and reform of the IAEA and the NPT can be envisioned. …More

July 1, 2011 | NATO Needs Global Partners for the Global Commons

Felix F. Seidler: Despite financial constraints, the transatlantic partners must tackle the 21st century’s challenges together. However, the allies will be unable to pursue their interests on the global commons without new partners. Therefore, NATO should push cooperation with global partners who share our values. …More

June 16, 2011 | Baltic Sea: Developing a Regional Cooperation for Renewables in the Electricity Sector

Europe has the potential to generate all of its electricity from renewable
energy sources if it combines its diverse natural potentials. The Heinrich Böll
Foundation has strongly …More

May 30, 2011 | Merkel's Nuclear Revolution

Germany announced a brand new energy strategy, a reversal of the government’s previous policy. ++ According to the new energy plan, nuclear power will be phased out by 2022 at the latest. ++ Despite an expected “massive increase in the use of …More

March 29, 2011 | Climate Change is Everyman's Problem

Shubha Jaishankar: While deniers cite that climate change is only a rich man’s problem, however, the issue transcends class. Both the rich and the poor, and the believers and the skeptics, will benefit from the job creation and economic boosts of promoting green technology. …More

March 24, 2011 | Middle East and North Africa: The Energy Security Aspect

Ece Ozkan: The uprisings in the Middle East and North Africa are challenging not only the authoritative regimes of the region, but also the energy security of the world. States need to be aware of the major implications that regime change can have on energy supplies and markets, vital to the region and the world. …More

March 8, 2011 | Energy Geopolitics: Turkey's Role as an Energy Hub

Ece Ozkan: The new “great game” is going to be about natural gas, and the players are already set. This study elaborates on the current debate surrounding the security of natural gas routes and the desire of European officials to find alternatives to Russian backed pipeline projects.


December 8, 2010 | The Unused Potential of Hydropower in Europe

Hydropower often gets overlooked in the debate surrounding renewable energy, as wind parks and solar or nuclear plants feature prominently in the news. However, this neglect is not justified as hydropower represents an attractive and …More

October 4, 2010 | Green Jobs: A Major Opportunity for the US Labor Market

the area of renewable energy, the transatlantic flow of ideas is
taking place in an unusual direction. Germany
is a worldwide leader in this sphere and the United States could benefit greatly
by learning from its …More

September 21, 2010 | China: Energy Superpower

China is on its way to changing great power politics in the near future. ++ It has already superseded the US in becoming the biggest energy consumer in the world, a growing matter of concern for America. ++ It also seems that it will soon determine …More

September 13, 2010 | Iran's Nuclear Program

Iran’s defiance over its nuclear program has remained a major concern for key international players over the past months. ++ Now, countries like Japan, UAE, and South Korea have also started taking measures to make Iran give up its nuclear …More

September 8, 2010 | Nuclear Reprieve is Now the Fashion

The German conservative government’s decision to prolong the operating life of the country’s nuclear plants “shows the way for other countries, in particular Spain.” ++ Spain also wants to keep its Garona plant running. ++ However, Berlin is …More

August 2, 2010 | When Will Big Oil Ever Learn?

Christoph Suess: Big oil suppliers like Halliburton should be humble given the disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. Instead, they are claiming that the current crisis won’t affect their business significantly. Governments and above all we, the informed public, should not put up with such obscene behaviour. …More

July 16, 2010 | Europe Must Choose a Low-Carbon Future

The European Union should raise its emissions target from a 20 to a 30 percent reduction of the 1990 levels by the year 2020. ++ At the current set target, Europe puts itself at a competitive disadvantage behind China, Japan, and the US in …More

June 30, 2010 | Unconventional Gas: Geopolitical Edge

Matthew Neil Hulbert: Breakthroughs in unconventional gas production across America threaten to turn the gas world on its head. But there is a catch: should this prove to be a false dawn for unconventional production either on cost or ecological grounds, then consumers are riding for a fall. …More

June 9, 2010 | Holding Big Oil Accountable Online

The oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico “must convince governments everywhere that the economic costs of poor regulation of the oil industry can be staggering.” ++ The “colossal disaster” was the result of U.S. regulators …More

April 19, 2010 | Offshore Drilling to Shore up Sanctions against Iran?

Though it seems like a concession to Republicans, drilling offshore may be an appeal for Iranian sanctions. ++ “According to Steven David of Johns Hopkins University, expanding US oil production ‘could help around …More

April 16, 2010 | Little Fallout from Nuclear Summit

The Nuclear Security Summit held recently in Washington drew needed attention to the issue of securing loose nuclear material and resulted in some welcome commitments from nuclear countries in this regard. ++ However, “the final …More

March 29, 2010 | EU Energy Policy is on Faulty Ground

Jakob Schirmer: Last week new EU Energy Commissioner Günther Oettinger announced that the Nabucco pipeline will not be ready until 2018. The day after, he revised his opinion to 2014. What happened and what does this tell us about Oettinger’s plans? EU Energy Policy needs to be more open and honest. …More

March 15, 2010 | Fractures in the Ice: The Future of Arctic Governance

Mia M. Bennett: Two groups of states are trying to take the lead on the Arctic battlefront: The “Arctic 5:” Canada, Denmark, Norway, Russia, and the US, versus the Arctic Council, the soft law regional multi-stakeholder institution. Who will dominate the High North power game? …More

March 12, 2010 | Will the US Become More Active in the Arctic?

Ingrid Lundestad: The United States has stated an intention to become a more active and influential player in the Arctic. What is currently the US position in the region, and what will it look like in the future? …More

March 11, 2010 | The Arctic Region: Great Game or International Cooperation?

K. S. Yalowitz & R. A. Virginia: The economic downturn is lifting pressure off further harmful resource exploitation development in the Arctic region. Will the international community however seize this unexpected opportunity to tackle environmental challenges? US commitment to UN multilateralism is key. …More

March 11, 2010 | The Spill Over Effect of Oil in Iraqi Politics

Oil, far from the blessing it was expected to be, has failed to lift Iraq out of war and economic stagnation. ++ As demonstrated by high levels of corruption in many oil-exporting nations, overreliance on oil for economic growth …More

March 4, 2010 | Biomass, an Energy Source of the Future?

Jean Pierre Schaeken Willemaers: The current European energy scheme is not sustainable. In that perspective all technological options must be considered and energy savings must be the top priority. Among the current renewable energies, biomass is not given the importance it deserves. …More

February 26, 2010 | The Russian Energy Rule is Over

For years, Russia has largely benefited from its “energy super power” strategy. ++ Today, using gas and oil supplies as a tool for the Russian diplomacy is becoming less relevant. ++ While the European market is oversupplied and battles over the …More

February 12, 2010 | More Security for the Global Energy Market

The global energy market is headed towards a crisis. With the entry of China and India, new consumer nations that do not necessarily seek to satisfy their energy needs by the usual commercial deals are forcing their way into the …More

February 11, 2010 | Heating-up the Cold War Partnership

Ukraine’s new President Yanukovych may be a “twice-convicted felon” and sponsored by Moscow this is still good news for Ukraine. ++ After the disastrous mandate of the Orange revolution’s leader Yushcheko, an improvement in Ukraine-Russia …More

February 4, 2010 | Political Pipelines as Diplomatic Fault Lines

Joshua Posaner: Europe should strengthen infrastructure across the former Soviet space as opposed to directly competing with Russia on gas pipelines. The White Stream project currently in development by Ukraine provides a possible counterweight to Moscow’s increasing energy dominance and an antidote to Eastern Europe’s increasing isolation. …More

February 1, 2010 | Bio-Fueling Europe

Manfred Ringpfeil: Nothing could be better for the environment than using natural carbon cycles more effectively and imaginatively, especially considering Europe’s agricultural sector and highly sophisticated technology. In that way, bio fuels have the dual incentives of producing ‘cleaner’ power as well as increasing European energy security. …More

January 26, 2010 | The EU Playing Russian Roulette

At wintertime, the relentless Russian blackmail over energy, especially gas, starts all over again. ++ The European Union should ensure warmer relations with Russia in more fields other than gas to ease up tension. ++ European efforts are being …More

January 6, 2010 | The Russia-Georgia War and Its Impact on EU Foreign Policy

Aleksandra Palagnyuk: The five-day war between Russia and Georgia in 2008 has reveiled the true importance of the Caucasus region to the EU as well other key international players. In this MA thesis I analyse the implications of the conflict for European foreign policy, especially with regards to EU energy security. …More

December 14, 2009 | Securing Supplies and Sailing into Blue-Waters

Daniel Fiott: China’s quest for natural resources will lead to the strengthening of its navy and possible confrontation with the US. Energy independence can decrease the chances of possible tensions in the world’s oceans and seas. …More

December 1, 2009 | The Turkmen Target

A market wary Turkmenistan is slowly opening to foreign enterprise, but the West has not been greeted with open arms. ++ As the central Asian republic houses the fourth largest natural gas reserve, China, the West and the Muslim world are all vying for …More

November 20, 2009 | Turkey is Key to Europe's Energy Diversification

Sonja Davidovic: Turkey can play a key role in overcoming existing hurdles to the realization of the Nabucco pipeline project, which will augment Europe’s energy security. In return the EU should assist Turkey on its path to EU membership. …More

November 2, 2009 | Europe Needs To Liberalize its Gas Market Now!

Ivan Kalburov: Instead of paying both the economic and political cost for huge infrastructure projects the EU should liberalize its gas markets. By creating a community regulatory agency for imports, exports and national transport networks the EU would greatly enhance its energy security and international standing. …More

October 2, 2009 | China Shapes a New Asian Order

Stephen Jerome Blank: As China rises so too does its ability to gain leverage internationally. Beijing is now using this to gain increasing influence from the Russian Far East to Central Asia and opening up a new sphere of influence regionally signaling that China’s long phase on the periphery may be at an end. …More

September 29, 2009 | The EU's Energy Security: Exclusion Is Not the Best Policy

Jakob Schirmer: If the EaP is tasked with creating a pan European consensus on energy then why does it not include Russia? Exclusion only serves to create divisions between the biggest supplier and the consumer whilst further exacerbating relations between the post Soviet states and Moscow. …More

September 16, 2009 | Bulbs and Bimmers

Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler: Banning the Edison bulb is an outrageous example of legislative overkill. Energy efficiency is an important issue, but governments have not the right to dictate their people what kind of light they have to use. Laws addressing such personal decisions are a gross violation of one’s right to privacy. …More

September 7, 2009 | The Arctic Puzzle

The so-called Arctic 5 of Russia, US, Canada, Norway and Denmark are set for conflict over ownership of land around the North Pole increasingly revealed due to climate change. ++ “Countries are…deeply aware that an ice-free Arctic Ocean would have …More

September 3, 2009 | Merkel, Medvedev and the Market Economy: The Fate of Wadan

Jakob Schirmer: Chancellor Merkel and President Putin recently saved the insolvent German shipyards Wadan by supporting its selling to a Russian investor. The media speculated about large scale orders by Gazprom and its affiliates. Although so far, Gazprom has not ordered any ship and the fate of Wadan is still unclear. …More

July 23, 2009 | Is Ukraine Heading for a Post Revolution Disaster?

Andreas Umland: The Ukrainian Presidential elections scheduled for January 2010 are actually detrimental to the nation’s interests. Ukrainian democracy is weak, and the nation faces the fallout of the world financial crisis and Moscow’s continuously growing imperial appetite.

July 7, 2009 | US House Votes for Energy Law: Time for an Energy Revolution?

Barack Obama’s
entrance into the White House awoke all manner of hope for a fundamental
turnaround in US energy policy. Yet this is not the first time that the world
has looked to Washington in hope that the …More

July 2, 2009 | Obama Must Approach Turkmenistan and Belarus

In times of international competition for energy resources and strategic partners, the US must move more quickly to embrace a relationship with Turkmenistan and Belarus. ++ China is constructing a gas pipeline to Turkmenistan. ++ …More

June 29, 2009 | European Energy Security Requires Transparancy

Andrey Chubyk: Achieving energy security in the EU remains one of the most challenging tasks for EU politicians. The recent pipeline crisis in the Ukraine led to the temporary slow down of supply and underlines the urgency of the issue. To prevent further crises, the “European Initiative of Gas Transparency” (EIGT) must be adopted in the Eurasia region. …More

May 8, 2009 | Beware of Climate Change Hysteria

Supporting green policies as a result of climate change hysteria is misguided not only because of the uncertainty of the dangers that global warming might pose, but also because they will be damaging. ++ The economic downturn means it will be …More

May 7, 2009 | NATO War Games Challenge Volatile Situation

NATO’s war game maneuvers tell Georgia that it is being considered for candidacy and warns Russia against invading Georgia, stating that the southern Caucuses remain a Western focus.++ However, the timing and nature of the event are …More

April 14, 2009 | Death of Cap and Trade System to Be Celebrated

To combat climate change, environmentalists should stop supporting carbon taxes and unworkable market-based cap and trade systems in favor of emphasizing investment in alternative energy. ++ This should be done by implementing …More

March 13, 2009 | A Compromise Energy Policy Is Within Reach

Tony Hayward: The new American energy policy should be a mixture of alternative energies and drilling. Only a compromise will succeed to tackle climate change while guaranteeing energy security and efficiency. …More

March 3, 2009 | Developing World: Prosperity via Energy Efficiency

The key for increasing
prosperity in developing countries lies in higher energy efficiency. Sustainable
management of this costly good could reduce the growth of these countries
energy demands in the coming twelve years by …More

March 3, 2009 | Energy Producers Fight for Clean Water

Water and energy are the most important resources
for humanity. Both have become more mutually dependent. Beginning in the middle
ages with the water wheel, then used in factories for cooling purposes, to its
application as a fuel …More

March 2, 2009 | Nabucco: Azerbaijan's Chance For Prosperity

The gas war has highlighted the urgency of building the Nabucco pipeline. ++ This is good news for Baku as its role in the energy world is likely to increase drastically: it would provide the infrastructure for transporting gas …More

February 26, 2009 | Obama Must Allow Ocean Oil Drilling

All US presidents say they want to change our dependency on foreign energy, and yet US oil imports have doubled in 35 years. ++ In the future we should not be choosing between coastal oil drilling and energy conservation, but do both. ++ We …More

February 25, 2009 | Berlusconi and Sarkozy: More Than Energy Friends

Berlusconi and Sarkozy have signed an agreement to increase cooperation over nuclear energy and enhance collaboration in related sectors. ++ Yet the get-together turned out to be a compliment race more than an energy agreement. …More

February 12, 2009 | Europe Has to Get Serious About Energy

Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler: In light of the recent gas crisis, the need for a common European energy policy has risen to the top of the EU agenda. The prompt building of the Nabucco pipeline as well as diversification of resources should be incorporated to assure independence from the Kremlin. …More

February 5, 2009 | Russians Must Reject New Cold War

The recent gas crisis is remarkably reminiscent of the Cold War in the sense of fear, insecurity and intimidation which it evoked. ++ Inciting such feelings in one’s adversaries is the typical obsession of a tyrannical regime. ++ Putin …More

February 4, 2009 | America's Worst Nightmare Coming True

Improving relations with Iran might not be as smooth as expected for Obama. ++ Under Russia’s new security strategy, to be adopted end of February, Russia is on the way to making Iran its new strategic partner. ++ An increase in the …More

February 3, 2009 | Actions Speak Louder Than Words

Sonja Davidovic: Russia‘s shut down of its Balkan gas deliveries with the ink not yet dried on the Serbian Government/Gazprom deal indicates that vulnerable areas such as energy security must be reflected in a European strategy. …More

January 29, 2009 | Join America in the New Green Revolution

Will the massive clean energy investments made in the US over the last couple of years be able to make it through the financial storm? Current perspectives are very encouraging: President Barack Obama seems to be committed, as is …More

January 23, 2009 | Enough With Coal

The collapse of one of Tennessee Valley Authority’s containment ponds poured toxic coal out in the open causing huge environmental damage. ++ However, there may be something to be gained from the catastrophe as the accident is ringing alarm bells and …More

January 21, 2009 | Yushchenko Must Use Gas Deal for Ukrainian Unity

The two-week gas war between Ukraine and Russia was only partly about money. ++ Russia wanted to split the Ukrainian leadership, where support for leader President Yushchenko has fallen to 5%. ++ PM Tymoshenko has also been …More

January 21, 2009 | The EU is Helping Moscow's Neo-Imperialists

Andreas Umland: It appears that in the near future, the European Union monitors will systematically observe the flow of Russian gas to Europe at the Russian-Ukrainian border. Thus, the EU seems to be helping to ease the Russian-Ukrainian confrontation. Or is it? …More

January 20, 2009 | Cheap Oil Creates Long-Term Global Energy Risks

James Cricks: A strategic examination of the recent oil decline reveals long-term challenges created by a depressed environment. As the International Energy Agency (IEA) warned recently, massive investments are needed to keep global oil supplies from declining as long-term demand for oil increases.

January 16, 2009 | 2009: End of the Putin System?

Rapid triumph after the South Ossetian August war and oil barrel prices reaching the stars seem to be no more than distant memories for the Kremlin. ++ The financial crisis has hit Russia hard: aside from making oil prices fall under $40 in …More

January 13, 2009 | The EU in the Midst of the Gas War

Heavily dependent on Russian gas, the EU has found itself obliged to arbitrate the Russian-Ukranian dispute in order to see its supplies maintained. ++ The difficultly reached agreement under the Czech presidency of the EU, which paves the way …More

January 9, 2009 | Gas Dispute Puts Energy Security At Top of EU Agenda

Marek Swierczynski: The EU proved to be indispensable in taming the recent gas dispute between Russia and Ukraine. However, it still lacks the means to stabilize crucial energy supplies and oversee political cohesion to protect its most vulnerable members. …More

January 8, 2009 | Russia to Blame for Gas Crisis

The Russia-Ukraine gas supply conflict was heightened following Russia’s decision to further reduce gas supplies as a response to Ukraine “stealing” gas aimed for European clients. ++ Ever since the end of the 2005 Orange …More

January 7, 2009 | Gazprom's Game is Modelled on English Capitalism

We “wanted Russia to be a market economy, but Russia never asked how.” ++ Gazprom is like the East India Company, from which market economies grew. ++ Other sources are unreliable; China, Japan and India look to Russia for gas. …More

December 23, 2008 | Greening the Bailout This Article contains Flash-Video

Van Jones: It’s time to bailout the American people, the planet and the economy. We need to create millions of new jobs that can’t be outsourced, wean the country off its dependence on foreign oil, take bold steps to address the climate crisis and make America an innovation leader again. …More

December 18, 2008 | Tax Cuts Would Compensate For High Energy Prices

Energy independence would be a disaster for America. ++ Not buying oil from despotic regimes will not topple them. ++ If Obama moves towards real energy independence it would mean “$20 per gallon and true depression.” ++ …More

December 15, 2008 | "Why 'Energy Independence'?"

Energy independence, a US policy from Nixon to Obama, “is not so much a mistake as it is a muddled concept and a red herring.” ++ Security is the reason for energy independence, yet bans on oil from Saudi Arabia and Venezuela, as with …More

November 20, 2008 | "Three Options for Obama to Engage Iran"

President-elect Obama has repeatedly stated that he is willing to open talks with Tehran. ++ Obama will continue to contain Iran through multilateral mechanisms as well as greater coordination with Arab allies, should Tehran decide …More

November 19, 2008 | Britain's Black Gold Runs Out

The largely unknown British oil industry was one of the largest in the world, but is now running dry. ++ The drilling platforms off the shore of Scotland gave Prime Minister Thatcher a one-time economic boost that funded her economic policies. ++ …More

November 10, 2008 | China's Energy Policy in the Geopolitical Context

Sonja Davidovic: Unable to satisfy the energy demand of its heavy industry, which is further augmented by the rising consumption of the emerging middle class, China had to turn to international markets in search for oil and gas assets. …More

October 27, 2008 | Production Cuts Send World Economy into a Slump

OPEC’s decision to cut output by 1.5 million barrels has not stopped oil’s slide. ++ Production cuts could result in an even worse crisis. ++ The energy sector is facing a mini crisis with analysts expecting …More

October 8, 2008 | "Building a Stronger US-India Friendship"

The US Congress has approved a deal that offers India access to American nuclear fuel and technology in exchange for safeguards on India’s nuclear program.++ India considers the US the key to great power status. ++ The US …More

October 6, 2008 | Avoiding the Worst-Case Scenario

Efforts to address carbon emissions must be undertaken with exigency. ++ Developing countries like China, India and Brazil are responsible for half of all carbon emissions worldwide; their output has doubled over the past two decades. ++ 8.47 …More

October 6, 2008 | "Another Inconvenient Truth"

Producing biofuels will further drain “the world’s most valuable, irreplaceable and finite natural resource: fresh water.” ++ For example, 9,000 gal. of water are needed to make just one gal. of diesel fuel; 666 gal. are used daily …More

September 30, 2008 | Obama Promises a Better Environmental Future

Obama’s overall environmental record is shorter, but looks better than McCain’s. ++ Both want to use technology that is not ready and neither plan is as clear as it should be, but Obama wants to move the country away from …More

September 29, 2008 | One Last Chance on Energy

Congress has failed to take any significant steps on an energy policy over the past year; in fact, it appears as if they’re backsliding. ++ “Drill, baby, drill” has become the mantra de jour, as partisan politics have rendered any …More

September 17, 2008 | End the Blackmail of the Strong by the Weak

Oil prices have tripled in the last seven years and if they continue to rise, it may have profound political consequences. ++ Oil-consuming nations shouldn’t become hostages of the oil-producing countries – they must …More

September 15, 2008 | US Should Reduce its Dependence on Oil

McCain’s campaign is turning everything into a cultural wedge issue - including energy policy. ++ Republicans who favor the exploitation of more and more oil ignore the need for an energy policy that diminishes the US dependence on this …More

September 10, 2008 | Russia and Venezuela are Threatening US Waters

Monday, Russia agreed to joint naval exercises with Venezuela and is making its first major maneuvers off US waters since the Cold War. ++ It is not widely recognized, but the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and the Panama Canal are …More

September 9, 2008 | A Tug-of-War Over Azerbaijan

It is no accident that Dick Cheney visited Azerbaijan last week. ++ Azerbaijan is a core east-west transit country for oil and natural gas. ++ Their pipelines provide energy to Europe, support former Soviet republics, and help keep oil money away …More

September 9, 2008 | Uniting Brussels for Future Security

While some have argued that the recent summit in Brussels proved ineffective, the Georgia crisis has actually drawn the member states closer together. ++ As Europe proceeds, there are important objectives to keep in mind. ++ Europe must …More

September 3, 2008 | The World Needs a Third Industrial Revolution

Alexander Ochs: This policy report examines the twin challenges of climate change and energy security for the US and Germany, focusing on the third industrial revolution – the revolution that has to occur to transform our current combustion engine-based societies into an energy-efficient and climate friendly world. …More

August 25, 2008 | The European Union Needs Turkey

Leah McFarland: The EU is competing with other countries for Turkey as an energy transit hub. Giving Turkey membership in the EU would not only enhance the economic and political stability of the country, but would also ensure a much needed energy infrastructure for the EU. …More

August 18, 2008 | Central Europe's Energy Security Schism

Ryan R. Miller: Central European countries are, on balance, divided, not united, when it comes to Russian energy supply dominance. Washington should find ways to step up its involvement and combat both the symptoms of Central Europe’s energy security ‘schism’ as well as the disease itself. …More

August 15, 2008 | The World Needs an "Arctic Authority"

The Arctic Circle contains 13 percent of the world’s untapped oil supplies. ++ But a clash of interests between businesses, NGOs, and the five different governments who claim rights to the region’s energy resources is likely to cause …More

August 13, 2008 | Georgia in NATO Will be the Best Revenge

For democracy in Georgia to last, Georgians need to feel we have their backs; the West must impose tough economic and diplomatic sanctions on Russia. ++ This conflict demonstrates impotency of the global security order. ++ The West must …More

August 7, 2008 | Working Toward an Electricity Economy

Heinrich Bonnenberg: The need to reduce CO2 emissions, manage price increases, and deal with resource shortages is causing the energy economy to change. Electricity should eventually replace oil and gas. Nuclear power will have to play an increasingly important role in the new electricity economy. …More

August 1, 2008 | The Next Big Project for the EU is Energy

Michaele Schreyer and Ralf Fuecks: Current energy crisis poses a significant threat to international economic and political stability. The current make-up of the EU is ill-equipped to deal with this challenge. The Union urgently needs an institutional reform: a European Community for Renewable Energy which would transform its economy into an energy-efficient system. …More

July 28, 2008 | It is Time to Create a Global Energy Agency

We only have a few decades before world’s oil supplies start to run out and we have to use that time wisely to develop long-term solutions to the world’s energy needs. ++ To achieve that, the world needs a global energy …More

July 24, 2008 | "The Good News About Energy"

The tendency to use cleaner, lower carbon fuels is gathering speed without mandates or subsidies. ++ Indeed, the necessity to adapt infrastructure and emerging economies’ use of whatever their indigenous resources to industrialize means the …More

July 24, 2008 | Buying Ourselves Into Poverty

Thomas Speckmann: Despite plans for a common foreign and security policy, bilateral agreements still largely prevail in Europe when it comes to energy policy. More than ever before, Europe needs a common energy foreign policy. Without this kind of special-interest politics, Europe will remain a tiger without teeth. …More

July 21, 2008 | Gore Calls for Carbon-Free Electric Power

Former Vice President Al Gore said that Americans must abandon electricity generated by fossil fuels within a decade. ++ Although his engagement against global warming is well known, Gore argued in this speech that the reasons for …More

July 18, 2008 | Atomic Energy Will Never be a Green Panacea

Because of climate change and the oil crisis, political leaders are reinforcing nuclear power. ++ Gordon Brown called for “a renaissance of nuclear power” in a “post-oil economy.” ++ Nonetheless, even our language fails when we try to …More

July 14, 2008 | John McCloy Journalism Fellowship Report: Energy Insecurity in the EU

David Francis: Germany is not only comfortable with Russia as an energy partner, it is comfortable with Russia as a strategic partner. This is at odds with the Bush administration, which views Russia with suspicion. Germany’s position has exposed an ideologically divide in Europe. …More

July 10, 2008 | China's Growing Economy Might Bust the Oil Bubble

Economists are baffled why higher oil prices and higher demand has not lead to higher production. ++ The answer is: the “China bubble.” ++ Oil producing countries are leaving oil in the ground, in hopes that …More

July 9, 2008 | America Must Not Drain its Wealth on Oil

At current consumption rates, the US will spend over $10 trillion on oil imports over the next 10 years. ++ This will constitute the largest transfer of wealth in human history. ++ The only alternative is homegrown energy. ++ Between …More

July 2, 2008 | Recession Pushes the Planet Down the Agenda

A recent Ipsos Mori poll suggests a gradual loss of interest in the issue of climate change. ++ The specter of recession intensifies political pressure to abandon green policies. ++ Governments try to save the economy and the planet …More

June 25, 2008 | India's Reluctance to US Nuclear Deal is Disarming

India’s domestic political squabbles are hindering its nuclear program with the US. ++ Afraid that scrupulous international monitoring would undermine India’s traditionally independent foreign policy, the …More

June 24, 2008 | No Easing of Global Oil Prices

The global energy summit meeting in Jidda (Saudi Arabia) had no easing effect on skyrocketing oil prices. ++ The oil exporting countries did not promise to increase oil output as only Saudi Arabia disposes of free capacities. ++ Yet the major …More

June 24, 2008 | Using the Oil Shock to Prevent Climate Shock

Reducing the West’s dependence on fossil fuels from Russia and the Middle East requires lowering reliance on this type of energy altogether. ++ Many governments are “doing their utmost to increase and subsidize supplies” but this is …More

June 23, 2008 | Russia Profits from the Iran Nuclear Standoff

Ryan R. Miller: The belief Russia will help the West ease tensions with Iran is wishful thinking. A compliant Iran would be Gazprom’s biggest competitor. Washington should offer the Mullahs EU energy markets in exchange for concessions on the nuclear issue and thus reduce European dependence on Russian energy. …More

June 23, 2008 | Saudi Arabia's Oily Secrets

Satisfying a UN request, Saudi Arabia has agreed to pump more oil. ++ Not so long ago, the Sheik would not open up the faucet for Bush. ++ The fact that if oil becomes unaffordable, markets will erode and customers will turn to alternatives, is the …More

June 23, 2008 | Bribing Voters With a Populist Energy Policy

John McCain intends to subsidize domestic drilling and cut taxes to “free” the US of its dependence on foreign oil. ++ However, the basic rules of microeconomics doom this popular yet cynical energy policy to failure. ++ …More

June 19, 2008 | Natural Gas is Russia's New Weapon of Choice

In the 80s Ronald Reagan warned Europe about becoming dependent on Russian energy. ++ With Gazprom supplying over 40 percent of Germany’s natural gas, this prediction is becoming a reality. ++ A question for the future, is …More

June 17, 2008 | A Green Chinese Energy and Environmental Policy?

The 4th China-US Economic Dialogue will be held in the US this week. ++ The US and China can only win when cooperating in the energy and environment sector. ++ Chinese officials state they are working on reducing energy …More

June 12, 2008 | Expansion Does Not Solve NATO's Dilemma

Jens F. Laurson and George A. Pieler: NATO is trying to expand its military wing to more countries, which used to be “the enemy,” in its effort to secure its future. However, Europe’s reliance on imported oil should be considered before alienating exporters like Russia in the attempt of reinventing NATO’s aging alliance. …More

June 11, 2008 | Bush Helps Saudis Go Nuclear, Who are we Securing?

Bush is moving toward helping the Saudis develop a nuclear program under the guise of energy security. ++ Considering that Saudi Arabia bathes in oil and basks in sunlight, something is missing. ++ Adding a counterweight to …More

June 10, 2008 | "The New World Energy Order"

The future world energy order will have China, India, and Middle Eastern countries rather than OECD countries at its helm. ++ Conventional oil is likely to peak soon, and unconventional oil will then play an important role. ++ Since global oil …More

June 5, 2008 | High Oil Prices Increase Consumption

When “greenies” sing the praise of high oil prices, perhaps they are praying to a false god. ++ Science is yet to produce hard evidence for climate change. ++ Emissions reduction lobbyists are ridden with corruption, and left …More

May 29, 2008 | A New Cold War Heats Up the North Pole

Sparked by a recent Russian territory claim at the North Pole, a meeting has been called this week in Greenland over the future of the Arctic. ++ In the midst of a decade old rivalry, the US, Canada, Russia, Norway and Denmark have a …More

May 29, 2008 | Missing Points in the Fuel Price Debate

In the current discussion about the response to high fuel prices one point was missed: the world is producing one barrel of oil for every three we consume. ++ Although the price of petrol has increased by 4.7% a year, in real terms the …More

May 29, 2008 | The Rise of the "Petro-Superpowers"

Michael T. Klare: When the Cold War ended, it was generally assumed that the US would henceforth enjoy unchallenged preponderance. But today, military superiority no longer constitutes the decisive determinant of global paramountcy: energy has acquired unexpectedly vast significance. …More

May 28, 2008 | Oil Prices Have Reached Their Break Point

There are three factors underlying the current rise in oil prices: rising global demand, increased costs for oil producers, and the relatively short time span in which supply has yet to adapt to these increased pressures. ++ Timely and …More

May 28, 2008 | Oil and Defense Water Down Sino-Russian Relations

In a series of recent talks, poignantly described as “bad dates,” Russian President Medvedev and Chinese President Hu Jintao were divided on issues concerning missile defense and energy resources. ++ Ready to elide …More

May 27, 2008 | A Love/Hate Relationship: US Dollar and Oil Prices

High oil prices are tied to a weak US dollar. ++ The single-currency pricing of the oil market means that in the long run, a weak dollar reduces production while simultaneously increasing consumption. ++ This increase in …More

May 26, 2008 | Biofuel for Thought

J. F. Laurson & G. A. Pieler: Biofuels may be one of the dumber of the grand, well intentioned ideas of this decade. Yet they are here to stay, not just because of the farm communities in Brazil, Europe, and the US, but because of the Zeitgeist that says source-diversification is the Holy Grail of energy policy. …More

May 23, 2008 | US Monetary Policy is Responsible for Price Rises

US Federal Reserve officials continue to insist that recent price increases have almost nothing to do with monetary policy. ++ Yet their claim that only global supply and demand for corn and oil are responsible for the soaring …More

May 22, 2008 | Iranian Oil Could Loosen Russia's Energy Grip

Iran, which is the OPEC’s second’s largest exporter, has enough natural gas to alleviate Western Europe’s uncomfortable reliance on Russia’s energy exports. ++ Disputes over pipelines, political blocking, …More

May 21, 2008 | China's Energy Consumption Must be Bridled

China’s recent need for energy resources has accelerated at an alarming rate. ++ US envoy to the Paris-based International Energy Association (IEA), Daniel S. Sullivan, maintains that China and India must join international …More

May 20, 2008 | A Transatlantic Energy Security Strategy is Essential

Richard G. Lugar: We must forge a more productive relationship with Russia. The absence of a collective energy security strategy and the lack of supply diversification will lead to greater fragmentation among European nations and across the Atlantic. …More

May 19, 2008 | Americans Will Live Like Europeans

Oil prices keep setting records and many believe global oil production will soon peak. ++ American dependence on oil and the habit of driving large, gas-guzzling cars and living in suburbs without public transportation access will develop into …More

May 19, 2008 | Kiev Energy Summit: Slow Progress out of Russia's Fuel Grasp

Marek Swierczynski: One year since Poland launched key energy initiative that would decrease Central Europe’s fuel dependence from Russia, its results are less than impressive. But still declarations and documents seem much easier to prepare than pipelines, and soon new ones are to follow. …More

May 16, 2008 | The Future Should be Energy Efficient

Growing oil prices and diminishing supplies of natural resources increasingly give rise to doubts regarding the long-term stability of an economy that relies on fossil fuels. The underlying assumption of pessimistic analyses based on the …More

May 9, 2008 | Medvedev Will Not Change Russian Policy

Despite hopes for change in the West, the new Russian president is hardly going to initiate a new foreign policy. ++ While Medvedev’s liberal instincts are debatable, the forces arrayed around and against him remained the same. ++ …More

April 30, 2008 | Drilling Could Solve the US Oil Shortage

Surprisingly, the US is the world’s third-largest oil producer, with potential to more than double its current output. ++ In addition, all three presidential candidates preach for “energy independence.” ++ So why does …More

April 30, 2008 | Gazprom Hardens Its Grip on Europe

Marek Swierczynski: Greece and Russia signed an agreement to build the southern branch of the South Stream natural gas pipeline. President Putin’s last victory hardens Gazprom’s grip on Europe and makes any energy diversification projects more difficult. Unless the EU looks at the map and acts. …More

April 25, 2008 | Outrage Over Nord Stream Deal Seems to Have Died in Germany

David Francis: Why is everyone outside of Germany worried about Nord Stream, while people in Germany seem okay with it? By looking at the United States, it’s apparent that it’s easier to ignore reliance on imported energy than it is to confront the problem. …More

April 23, 2008 | The Failure of Food-to-Fuel Mandates

The production of foodstuffs for biofuels was intended to reduce US energy dependency, mitigate climate change, and encourage crop-price stability. ++ Since they have proven highly inefficient, detrimental to the environment, and largely …More

April 23, 2008 | Curbing Capitalism Could Contain the Food Crisis

Capitalism and luxury consumption are responsible for the world’s environmental problems, and the emphasis on biofuels has created the global food crisis. ++ The solution is to change economic models, give up excess …More

April 21, 2008 | The West Needs Russia as a Partner This Article contains Flash-Video

Hans-Ulrich Klose: Mistakes have been made on both the Russian and the Western sides. Russia should now be approached as an equal rather than looked down upon or scolded for non-democratic ways. …More

April 15, 2008 | Energy Carrots for Iran: Killing Two Birds with One Stone

Ryan R. Miller: When major powers meet in Shanghai on April 16th to discuss Iran’s nuclear program, Washington should work with European capitals and leave the door open to greater EU-Iranian energy trade as a potential reward for Iranian good behavior. For post-communist Central Europe, disproportionately exposed to Russia’s energy monopoly, such a strategy could kill two birds with one stone. …More

April 14, 2008 | Rethinking Energy Inc.

Andreas Goldthau: The extent to which Russia’s resources are sustaining the country’s growth and influencing its foreign policy tends to be overstated. Having to adapt to domestic and geopolitical circumstances, and the rules of the global market considerably restricts the Kremlin’s room for maneuver. …More

April 8, 2008 | Green Lighting Opportunities

London’s goal to become the first city with streets illuminated by LED’s indicates a promising trend towards green lighting technology. ++ Indian cities should pay more attention to LED lighting. ++ Through LEDs India could “leapfrog the ‘dirty’ …More

April 7, 2008 | The $100 Barrel: Long Term Gains, Short Term Costs

Memo 5: Members of the Atlantic Community are more concerned about the short term consequences than the potential long term benefits of the current high oil price. …More

April 7, 2008 | US and Europe at Odds Over Russia's Resources

Europe needs Russia for its oil and natural gas and Russia needs Europe for revenue from these resources. ++ This reciprocal relationship explains Europe’s opposition to granting Ukraine and Georgia NATO membership. ++ The issue of energy security is one of the few issues where central and eastern European countries agree with the US and are in conflict with Germany and France.

March 7, 2008 | Lower Oil Prices with Brazil in OPEC

The fear of several analysts that oil prices will rise if Brazil joins OPEC is not justified. ++ This would only happen if all OPEC states cut production by more than the amount Brazil would produce. ++ This is unlikely as OPEC states’ wealth mainly depends on oil revenues. ++ Examples are Venezuela and Saudi-Arabia. ++ History shows that lower prices are the more probable consequence.

March 5, 2008 | Poland's Iran Option

Ryan R. Miller: Possible Polish-Iranian energy cooperation puts U.S. policy makers between a rock and a hard place, as America finds itself committed both to isolating the Islamic Republic and supporting Polish efforts to outflank Russia’s Gazprom. …More

March 3, 2008 | Food Prices Soar: Few Are Able to Reap Benefits

Farmers are among the few beneficiaries of skyrocketing global food prices. ++ Governmental subsidies for producing biofuels combined with droughts and a growing demand for animal feed account for the high prices. ++ Food and energy issues are beginning to collide. ++ Speculation accounts for some of the price escalation, but as arable land becomes scarcer, prices are likely to remain high.

March 3, 2008 | Russia and Europe's Energy Security

“Energy security” has become synonymous with less competition, political vulnerability and erosion of the rule of law. ++ With Dmitri Medvedev acting as both president and chairman of Gazprom, the Kremlin maintains an iron grip on the energy sector. ++ Brussels must demand transparency, restructuring, and market liberalization from Moscow in exchange for access to Europe’s downstream assets.

February 28, 2008 | Hugo Chávez's Oiled Revolution

Ryan R. Miller: Does Chávez succeed in breaking the resource-curse for Venezuela? Can he keep his promise to spark off a revolution on behalf of Venezuela’s poor? And what are the long-term consequences of an oil-based policy for the freedom and security in a country such as Venezuela?

February 22, 2008 | A Nuclear "Rogue Axis"

Christian E. Rieck: A further proliferation of nuclear technology among ambitious middle powers is inevitable. Even though such a cooperation between Iran and Venezuela seems far-fetched at the moment, deepening ties amongst mounting international pressure could create an attractive nuclear possibility for them. …More

February 21, 2008 | Europe Must Speak With One Voice to Russia

EU member states tend to act autonomously in their relations to Russia. ++ Implementation of EU treaty provisions on common security and foreign policy offers new prospects for EU-Russia cooperation and would be conducive to a …More

February 8, 2008 | US Foreign Policy: Turmoil in the Middle East

The US president is leaving a difficult political legacy behind him in the Middle East. The civil war in Iraq is still smoldering, there are threats of complete destabilization in Lebanon and the Gaza strip, and Iran’s plans …More

January 14, 2008 | Free Markets For Real Energy Security

On both sides of the Atlantic, foreign policy analysts have convinced politicians that the West faces a severe energy security challenge, stating that energy policy has become high politics, turning energy security into hard security. But, …More

January 3, 2008 | The $100 Barrel is a Blessing

Thomas Straubhaar: The oil price’s rise towards $100 per barrel is not a cause for concern over economic growth, but has many positive implications for the economy and the climate. …More

December 21, 2007 | Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Editor of The National Interest

Dr. Gvosdev is a frequent commentator on US foreign policy and international relations, Russian and Eurasian affairs, and developments in the Middle East. He is also the author of six books, most recently the co-author of …More

December 6, 2007 | Zbigniew Brzezinski on Current Geopolitical Issues

Russia’s turn away from democracy:
Despite Vladimir Putin’s quest to perpetuate his political influence, Brzezinski warns against perceiving him as an enemy. He emphasizes the need for the United States to discourage the …More

November 22, 2007 | Nuclear Race in the Middle East

As Egypt declares its intentions to pursue nuclear energy, it joins other thirteen states in the Middle East with the same aim. Iran’s nuclear plans seem to be responsible for this troubling trend, writes Dan Murphy from the Christian Science …More

November 19, 2007 | Western Woes and Rogue Pride

Christian E. Rieck: Western “rogue state” rhetoric is creating unlikely partnerships among the outcasts of the international community. The unity possible under the rogue state banner provides a welcome chance to mimic international legitimacy, and an opportunity to further erode democracy and consolidate domestic power—without Western admonitions to the contrary. …More

November 13, 2007 | Energy Watch Group: Steep Decline in Oil Production Coming

The Energy Watch Group (EWG) initiated by German MP Hans-Josef Fell, is a group of independent scientists and experts who investigate sustainable concepts for global energy supply. The experts at EWG use …More

October 11, 2007 | Turkmenistan-Kazakhstan Ambitions For Energy Transportation

Transportation of energy resources was top of the agenda during a recent talk between the presidents of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan, reports News Central Asia. Presidents Nazarbaev and Berdymuhamedov said their …More

August 21, 2007 | Is Russia's claim exceptional? List of most Valuable Disputed Territories

FP lists the top most valuable disputed turfs that might just be worth a fight. The world was astonished by Russia’s recent claim to the arctic shelf, with potential for billions of dollars worth of …More

August 9, 2007 | Can Saudi Arabia Be Trusted?

In July, the US Department of State announced a new arms deal for the Middle East that included $20 billion for the Saudis, ostensibly to promote stability in the region. Condoleezza Rice and Secretary of Defense Robert Gates, who rarely travel …More

August 8, 2007 | Beware of False Assumptions on US Energy Policy

F. William Engdahl: I take a critical look at last week’s Five Principles For US Energy Security from Stuart Butler and Kim Holmes. My counterproposals emphasize environmental and fiscal concerns, as well as historical perspective. …More

August 3, 2007 | Five Principles for US Energy Security

Stuart M. Butler: and Kim R. Holmes of the Heritage Foundation: We argue that US energy security demands a free market. Policy makers should encourage global economic participation by American businesses, trade with free democratic regimes, and diversification of fuel sources. …More

July 27, 2007 | The False Choice between Cold War and Warm Gaslines

Alexandros Petersen: Russia’s recent Cold War-esque behavior is a wake-up call for the transatlantic alliance to overcome internal divisions and strengthen energy routes from the Caspian and Central Asia. …More

June 20, 2007 | Where Our Interests Lie: Vying for West Africa's Oil

International disputes over West African oil — which represents about 10% of the world’s reserves — have been intensified by its easy accessibility, reports Stephanie Hanson of the Council of Foreign Relations. …More

June 1, 2007 | EU-NATO Cooperation Could Guarantee Energy Infrastructure Security

Heiko Borchert and Karina Forster: Energy infrastructure security requires a serious military commitment. The EU should pool resources with NATO through joint research in security and technology, military cooperation with key energy partners such as Africa, and mutual education through exchange of lessons learned. …More

May 31, 2007 | Energy: EU Should Toughen Up On Russia

The looming Russian gas deficits demand a readjustment of the European energy policy, argue Alan Riley and Frank Umbach in the current global edition of Internationale Politik. Riley, a fellow at the Centre for European Policy Studies …More

May 15, 2007 | EU Energy Security Requires Hard Power

Heiko Borchert and Karina Forster : We see hard power as integral to the preservation of energy infrastructure. EU-NATO cooperation is therefore key to preserving this vital element of energy security. …More

April 30, 2007 | Ron Asmus on the Importance of the Black Sea Zone

Higher engagement of the EU and the USA in the Black Sea zone could limit European dependence on Russian energy and bring stability to the region, writes Ronald D. Asmus of the German Marshall Fund of the United States. The …More

April 26, 2007 | Russian Energy Pressure Fails to Unite Europe

In 2006, Russia cut off gas supplies to Ukraine and Georgia, indicating that Moscow is prepared to use energy resources to exert political power over Europe. Keith C. Smith of CSIS writes that, though European leaders initially …More

April 12, 2007 | Richard Morningstar to Europe: Russia's Not the Only Country with Energy Resources

Engagement in the Caspian region is an effective way to improve transatlantic cooperation, says Richard Morningstar. As the current US Special Representative for the Caspian Region, …More

April 12, 2007 | Mitchell and Lahn on Asian Oil Companies and Global Energy Security

Chatham House researchers John Mitchell and Glada Lahn advise that although production abroad by Asian national oil companies (ANOCs) is small right now, its relevance to global energy security could change if …More


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