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October 26, 2012 | Where do Iranians Stand on their Nuclear Program?

In celebration of Iran’s “Ten Years of Nuclear Resistance,” Deputy Secretary Bagheri depicted Obama’s dual strategy as counter-productive, doing little to change behavior. ++ And he may be right. ++ Despite pressure from the …More

October 8, 2012 | At the Table with Iran: Progress Depends on the Right Order of Steps

Sascha Lohmann: The order of steps undertaken within the West’s coercive dual-track approach has to be altered. In this regard, a lifting of sanctions as well as a recognition of Iran’s right to nuclear energy must both be employed to facilitate a diplomatic solution. …More

June 2, 2012 | Jonathan Granoff, Global Security Institute

Jonathan Granoff is currently the president of the Global Security Institute, an international organization dedicated to nuclear disarmament. As a lawyer and international advocate, he has been a vocal opponent of nuclear …More

May 15, 2012 | Self-Defense More Important Than What Russia Thinks

Only hours after reassuming the presidency this month, Vladimir Putin called on the United States to provide “firm guarantees” that its missile-defense system in Europe will not be targeted against Russia. ++ President Obama …More

April 17, 2012 | Forgiveness, Not Easy but Necessary

Iran and the P5+1 are moving to draft proposals to address their differences over Iran’s nuclear program. ++ In exchange for the full disclosure of all programs, Iran should be permitted to continue the enrichment of uranium for …More

March 14, 2012 | Moscow Keeps a Wary Eye on Obama's New Defense Strategy

Valery Konyshev and Alexander Sergunin: Russia welcomes some aspects of the new US defense strategy, such as departing from the doctrine of being able to fight two major wars simultaneously and spending less on nuclear weapons. However, Moscow still has concerns about the new strategy when it comes to such diverse areas as the Arctic region, Iran, missile defense, and cyberwarfare. …More

February 23, 2012 | From Escalation to Engagement: How to Avoid War

Memo 37: The United States and Europe should strive to de-escalate the growing tensions between Iran and the West. The transatlantic partners could do this by reframing their Middle East policy, promoting a more coherent nuclear proliferation stance, and allowing Europe to act as a bridge between Iran and the US. …More

February 21, 2012 | Opening a Novel Chapter in US-Russian Arms Control

Tomas A. Nagy: Close to a year ago, the New START Treaty took effect. While the treaty extends beyond 2012, there is further room for activity this year. However, Moscow and Washington must first overcome differences over missile defense and how to categorize certain nuclear weapons. …More

February 10, 2012 | Rapprochement with Iran: Improbable Necessity?

Vince A.M. Klösters: Western rapprochement towards Iran is the only rational course of action serving long-term stability and peace in the Middle East. We can use models of past détente with China to plot a course towards a pragmatic and secure status quo in the region. …More

February 9, 2012 | Fear No More and Engage Iran

Sascha Lohmann: A fear-based policy by the US and its allies toward Iran is not likely to solve the nuclear standoff peacefully any time soon. Instead, a strategy of engagement that takes the psychological predispositions of the actors seriously is the only way to achieve this goal. …More

February 8, 2012 | Iran Standoff Should Spell End of Nuclear Hypocrisy

Jason Naselli: Demands that Iran (or anyone else) not seek nuclear weapons are hard to swallow while the US clings to so many. The only real solution for solving problems like Iranian proliferation is a legitimate nuclear regime that treats all countries equally. This means getting more serious about disarmament. …More

February 7, 2012 | We Need More Strategic Thinking in the Iran Debate

Aaron Ellis: In the perennial debate over what to do about Iran, those who think they have a solution to the problem rarely put it in the context of a broader strategy or explain their trade-offs and indirect consequences. Overall strategy and the ensuing consequences are precisely what we should be considering when debating Iran. …More

January 26, 2012 | Renewable Energy as an Incentive for Peace

Keri Elise Majikes: The US can eliminate Iran’s incentives for developing nuclear technology without becoming militarily involved by creating an economic agreement that establishes Iran as a leader in renewable energy. Such an agreement would be less expensive than a military operation against Iran. …More

December 16, 2011 | Endorse the Test Ban Treaty Now

The eight countries that have not endorsed the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, including the US, must move to adopt it. ++ The CTBT controls both new proliferation and upgrading capabilities of current nuclear arsenals, and supports …More

November 11, 2011 | How to Strike Iran

Paul Smyth: The latest report from the International Atomic Energy Agency shows that Iran is growing ever closer to acquiring functional nuclear weapons. The time may be coming when military strikes are necessary. When that time arrives, what are the best options? …More

November 11, 2011 | Clock Ticking on Iranian Bomb

The new International Atomic Energy Agency report proves there is no longer any doubt that Tehran’s nuclear program is focused on weaponization. ++ Time is running out for non-military solutions; Iran’s production of weapons-grade …More

October 11, 2011 | Great Recession is a Chance at Nuclear Disarmament

The Great Recession represents an opportunity to reactivate stalled nuclear arms reduction efforts, including ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. ++ Nuclear arsenals are still too large; they are a budgetary albatross …More

October 10, 2011 | Obama Should Test Iran's Nuclear Offer

Three times during September’s UN General Assembly, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad made an offer to stop weapons-grade uranium enrichment in exchange for access to specialized fuel for its research reactor. ++ President …More

September 13, 2011 | With NATO Radar Turkey Loses Valuable Partners

Turkey’s decision to host the NATO anti-missile radar may please its Western allies, but will “build a wall of distrust” with its regional neighbors. ++ Both Russia and Iran perceive the missile defence system as a direct threat to …More

September 2, 2011 | A New Track Against a Nuclear Iran

Felix F. Seidler and Niklas Anzinger: The Arab uprisings have opened new avenues for change in Iran. To slow Tehran’s military and nuclear ambitions, Western leaders must find a resolution to the Syrian conflict, while activists should harness the social power of the internet to force the Iranian regime to reform. …More

August 5, 2011 | Iran Racing to Build the Bomb

Years of economic sanctions and diplomacy have failed to slow the progress of Iran’s nuclear program. ++ In fact, Iran’s “pariah status has ironically engendered an esprit de corps within its scientific community” that has …More

July 29, 2011 | US Should Cooperate with Russia in Iran

Russia has submitted a new plan to end the nuclear standoff in Iran, involving a step-by-step easing of sanctions as Iran improves cooperation with the IAEA. ++ The US has been “cool” to the initiative, reflecting a widening …More

July 28, 2011 | Unbroken Nuclear Consensus in Argentina and Brazil

Christian E. Rieck: Nuclear energy programs in Argentina and Brazil have recently grown in scope, causing some Western observers to worry. But far from undermining regional stability, enhanced nuclear capability provides Latin America a guarantee of autarky and autonomy. …More

July 12, 2011 | Iran Threatens with New Nuclear Ambitions

A recent announcement by Iran’s atomic energy chief that it plans to accelerate uranium enrichment raises concerns about the country’s nuclear ambitions. ++ Iran will triple its capacity to enrich uranium to 20 percent, …More

July 5, 2011 | The Nuclear Power Endgame Begins in Germany

R. Andreas Kraemer: Economics, risk assessments and public pressure force many countries to halt nuclear power and shift to green energy. Without a “civilian” use of nuclear technology, a repeal of the Euratom Treaty, and reform of the IAEA and the NPT can be envisioned. …More

June 16, 2011 | No Ahmadinejad, no Dialogue

The weakening of Ahmadinejad’s presidency, exercised by Iranian religious leaders, significantly decreases the chances of nuclear negotiations with the US. ++ Despite his strong beliefs in the necessity of a nuclear program, the Iranian …More

June 8, 2011 | Russia: no Need for 'Star Wars'

Drawing from the results of Lisbon summit, Russia’s cooperation with NATO on missile defense has to be based on equal participation and common pan-European security. ++ This initiative is perceived by the Kremlin as a step towards …More

March 31, 2011 | Stuck in the Middle: Turkey and US-Iran Relations

Sebnem Udum: While the US and Turkey share an important strategic partnership as NATO allies, they need to understand each other’s perceptions of the Iran nuclear issue, or this will hinder any resolution. Increased US-Turkish interaction, to bridge this perception gap and mutual awareness of the positions of both states, should be a first step in a diplomatic resolution. …More

March 31, 2011 | Transatlantic Deadlock: Iranian Nuclear Talks

Aniseh Bassiri: Almost ten years after the Iranian nuclear issue first emerged, the EU and the US are still struggling to find appropriate means to confront the nuclear aspirations of the Islamic Republic. Alternatives to the failing double track approach of transatlantic sanctions and engagement have to be found. …More

March 25, 2011 | The US and Russia: The Tango Continues

Elizabeth Zolotukhina: Whether the triumphant ratification of the New START Treaty will mark a change of style or substance in the US-Russian relationship remains to be seen as the most difficult negotiations lie ahead. Yet it is clear what the source of the next challenge for the two allies will be. …More

March 16, 2011 | Earthquakes: Iran not Safe for Nuclear Energy

Gerlinde Gerber: Following the catastrophe in Fukushima it is time to add a new dimension to the already controversial discussion about the Iranian nuclear program. This should serve as further push for the international community to strengthen its efforts to halt Iranian nuclear development. …More

March 14, 2011 | Avoiding Pariah States

Angelina Harutyunyan: Although many efforts have been made by the international community to suspend Iran’s nuclear activities, their achievements continue. A more successful policy would remove all sanctions, and fully engage Iran in international and regional trade, thus requiring Iran to be more transparent and to act according to international legal trade rules. …More

January 14, 2011 | Iranian Nuclear Program: Israeli Options

If diplomacy fails, Israel faces the dilemma of not possessing sufficiently strong conventional forces to take out suspected Iranian sites. ++ Iran represents a more difficult target for Israel than Syria or Iraq did, since most of …More

December 21, 2010 | Transatlantic Engagement with Iran on the Basis of Common Interests

Colette Grace Mazzucelli: The International Relations Learning Community at New York University’s Center for Global Affairs responds to’s Memos and argues that isolation and regime change in Iran are not viable options. Instead the West has to identify common interests with Tehran. …More

December 20, 2010 | Iran: End the Deadlock by Restarting with Common Interests

Nabi Sonboli: Iran and the transatlantic partners have many common interests which should be built upon: Peace in Afghanistan and Pakistan as well as stability in the greater Middle East. The nuclear issue should be separated from these in order to build trust. …More

November 30, 2010 | Wikileaks Shows Nothing New in the Middle East

These days, covert documents are not all that surprising and often state the obvious. ++ In this case, everyone in the Middle East wants to bomb Iran. ++ According to leaked US cables, it may seem strange that Arab leaders, incl. …More

November 8, 2010 | Engaging Tehran with Concrete Reciprocity

Memo 27: The only way to overcome the deadlock on Iran’s nuclear program is to engage constructively with the existing regime. Progress will only be made when both sides admit their past failures and engage in genuine ‘concrete reciprocity’. …More

November 8, 2010 | Consistent Regime-Change Policy in Iran This Article contains Flash-Video

Memo 26: The character of the Iranian State is such that rapprochement with the West is impossible. Therefore, a systematic policy of undermining the regime is the only way to stop the nuclear program and prevent a military confrontation. …More

October 29, 2010 | Political Concessions Prevent Nuclear Weapons

Alexander Pyka: War rhetoric and demands for the suspension of the Iranian nuclear program clearly do not work. It is time to make concessions to Tehran in order to move forward and prevent the accession of another country into the nuclear weapons club. …More

October 28, 2010 | Iran: Practical Incentives Instead of Punitive Measures

Felix Haass: In the past, Transatlantic-Iranian relations have suffered from mutual mistrust on both sides. This has been a major impediment to a solution to the Iranian nuclear crisis. Any policy aimed at resolving the issue has to address these trust issues in one way or the other. …More

October 28, 2010 | Covert Operations Sabotage US-Iran Ties

The United States has spent millions on clandestine operations aimed at destabilizing Iran’s government and trying to sabotage its nuclear program. ++ The American use of covert actions and double agents in Iran has only hampered a …More

October 27, 2010 | Regime Change Online: Iran's Internet Generation Holds the Key

Felix F. Seidler: The situation in Iran will only change through the ousting of Ahmadinejad by democratic means. This will require the West to energize the opposition and youth of the country via the media. …More

October 26, 2010 | Carrots Not Sticks: Incentives are the Way Forward with Iran

Tobias Heinrich Siegfried Sauer: The West’s current approach towards Iran is failing. Diplomatic efforts should be boosted, incentives concentrated on, and sanctions strategy reformed. …More

October 12, 2010 | Iran, the Paper-Tiger

The international media’s fear-mongering of Iran has largely been exaggerated. ++ In the past decade, many concerns have been expressed and prophecies made over Iran’s nuclear program, but none has turned out to be true. ++ Iran is a …More

July 28, 2010 | EU Tries to Get Iran to Talk

With new sanctions in place, the European Union is attempting to get Iran back to the table for talks on its nuclear program. ++ “A new diplomatic window of opportunity” is opening at the end of Ramadan, as EU High Representative Catherine Ashton …More

July 26, 2010 | Germany Shares Obama's Vision of Global Zero

Editorial Team: Germans might well have heaved a sigh when UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon noted in May that much like 65 years ago, the world today still lives in the shadow of the nuclear arms race. With nuclear weapons still stationed on their soil, Germans find themselves fighting the legacy of yet another war: the Cold War. Beyond the concerns raised by individual citizens, the question remains whether nuclear weapons add fundamentally to the defensive capacities of states or alliances like NATO in the twenty-first century. …More

July 22, 2010 | Missile-defense Cooperation is a Joint Priority

North America, Europe, and Russia should work together to create a Euro-Atlantic security system based on trilateral missile-defense cooperation. ++ Political rather than technical obstacles have been the main stumbling blocks. …More

May 31, 2010 | The Way to Denuclearize the World

Alexandra Dobra: The apparent obligation of all States to ratify the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) faces three antagonistic variables; namely the State sovereignty, the global anarchy and the economic prospects. …More

May 27, 2010 | Turkey and Brazil at Fault for Shameful Deal

The recent fuel deal among Turkey, Brazil, and Iran was merely an attempt for Brazil’s Da Silva and Turkey’s Erdogan to prove they can be powerful players on the global stage. ++ Both Brazil and Turkey are young …More

May 26, 2010 | Obama's Russia "Reset" Actually More of the Same

The recent “success” in getting Russia to sign onto a new round of Iranian sanctions is being terribly oversold. ++ Moreover, Russia’s recent commitment to sign onto a new round of Iranian sanctions is …More

May 25, 2010 | Opening the Door to Great Power Conflict?

Greg Randolph Lawson: At the end of the Second World War it would have taken a great leap of faith to believe that Great Power conflict would end and that major industrialized nations would not fight amongst themselves. However, this is for the most part what has transpired. Have we seen the last of the balance of power struggles? …More

May 21, 2010 | Russia the Winner in Iranian Fuel Deal

A deal orchestrated by Russia for the swapping of Iranian low-enriched uranium has given the Kremlin a diplomatic victory over the US. Though Washington was quick to dismiss the deal as a delaying tactic that will not stall the …More

May 19, 2010 | A Diplomatic Coup for Iran

“The deal struck Monday by Iran with Brazil and Turkey will do nothing to restrain Tehran’s nuclear program. It could, however, derail the Obama administration’s effort to focus international pressure on Iran and buy the regime more time to enrich …More

May 5, 2010 | Brazil and the Bomb

Hans Rühle: Brazil is almost certainly developing nuclear weapons. The country’s earlier nuclear weapons programs and the policy of President Lula da Silva’s government suggest that Brazil’s quest for power and international recognition will ultimately lead her to discard her commitment to non-proliferation and put an end to President Obama’s vision of a world free of nuclear weapons. …More

April 21, 2010 | White House Confused on Iran Policy

A recent memo drafted by Defense Secretary Robert Gates alarmed many when he stated that the Obama administration currently has no contingency plan should Iran develop a nuclear weapon. ++ “The public signs of the administration’s …More

April 19, 2010 | Offshore Drilling to Shore up Sanctions against Iran?

Though it seems like a concession to Republicans, drilling offshore may be an appeal for Iranian sanctions. ++ “According to Steven David of Johns Hopkins University, expanding US oil production ‘could help around …More

April 16, 2010 | Little Fallout from Nuclear Summit

The Nuclear Security Summit held recently in Washington drew needed attention to the issue of securing loose nuclear material and resulted in some welcome commitments from nuclear countries in this regard. ++ However, “the final …More

April 14, 2010 | Supplementing Obama's Nuclear Strategy

President Obama’s efforts toward a world free of nuclear weapons will fail unless he concentrates on the underlying motives for countries obtaining nuclear arms. ++ Fear of a real or perceived enemy, aggression to control others, and a …More

April 14, 2010 | Don't Sacrifice Disarmament at the Altar of Missile Defense

Subrata Ghoshroy: Europe should not throw away a chance to move toward real disarmament by signing on to a costly and misguided missile defense program. Europe should recall the principles behind the now-defunct Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty before embarking on a missile defense venture against a fictitious Iranian threat. …More

April 12, 2010 | Obama Should Beware of Nuclear Double-Standards

Obama should ignore attacks from Republicans over his most recent nuclear initiatives. ++ Decreasing nuclear stockpiles is the right thing to do. ++ Israel’s decision to send a “low-level” representative to this …More

April 12, 2010 | New US Nuclear Strategy is Misguided

Greg Randolph Lawson: Though heralded by many, the Obama’s new nuclear strategy is a misguided document that glosses over the relative stability nuclear weapons provide while reducing the credibility of deterrence when confronting nuclear proliferation. …More

April 8, 2010 | Obama's Nuclear Policy a Good First Step

President Obama is “taking important steps to make the world safer and bolster this [America’s] country’s credibility as it tries to constrain the nuclear ambitions of Iran, North Korea and others.” ++ Though the new policy prohibits …More

March 30, 2010 | US-Russia Relations Off to a Good START

The US and Russia’s new Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) is an important step towards Obama’s goals of stronger diplomatic ties between the former rivals and a stronger front against North Korea and Iran. ++ The arms …More

March 22, 2010 | Improving India's Nuclear Standing

Manasi Kulkarni-Kakatkar: India’s nuclear relations with world’s big powers have caused a great deal of friction. Next month’s Nuclear Security Summit is a chance for India to show its commitment to non-proliferation and to be a leader of setting up mechanisms for securing nuclear materials. …More

March 18, 2010 | Iran and the Arab States: A Delicate Balance of Power

Baudouin Long: Iran’s nuclear ambition is not only a factor of concern for the Western powers but for its Arab neighbors as well. They have reacted to the Iranian threat by developing several strategies in compliance with the NPT. Nevertheless, they suffer from their disarray and should oppose a more united front to Iran. …More

March 16, 2010 | Iran Sanctions Don't Stick

“Sanctions are a sign of a failed policy.” ++ The Iran Refined Petroleum Sanctions Act, currently under consideration in the United States Congress, targets Iran’s civilian economy and will likely accomplish little in reshaping …More

March 9, 2010 | Adding Teeth to Iran Sanctions

The Obama administration is currently working on new UN sanctions designed to cut off funding to Iranian nuclear and missile activities, as well as the Iranian Revolutionary Guard’s vast network of companies. ++ Chinese participation is a …More

February 18, 2010 | The Iran Nuclear Weapons Programme: Toward Renewed Diplomatic Engagement

Saeb Sal Kasm: Successful resolution of the Iranian nuclear dilemma requires creative and skillful diplomatic engagement. Otherwise, the parties risk further isolation, politically charged rhetoric, and eventually escalation toward military confrontation. …More

February 9, 2010 | Emerging Countries Backing Iran on Nuclear Program

China has replaced Russia at the UN Security Council as the one remaining obstacle to coercive sanctions on Iran’s military nuclear ambitions. ++ The possible Chinese veto finds a sound echo among the emerging countries. ++ …More

February 8, 2010 | Rebuffed America Turns into Self-Centered America

US President’s move to give up on Czech and Polish missile defence projects for a new deployment in Romania a few months afterwards might be confusing at first sight. ++ It is in fact another sign of Obama’s shift towards a …More

February 4, 2010 | Realist Idealism in Iran

Iran’s well known nuclear ambitions prove American diplomatic engagement wrong. ++ There is a clear need for reconciliation between both realist and idealist approaches. ++ A balance can be reached by supporting the Green Revolution to ensure a …More

February 1, 2010 | Arms Race Replaces Détente in Iran

The United States boosts missile defence in Gulf States, sweeping away Obama’s renewed strategy towards Iran. ++ Washington’s foreign policy goes back to basics: military containment. ++ This move is also meant to deter Israel …More

January 27, 2010 | Implications of a Nuclear Iran

Antonio Buttitta: Iran is the only country in the Middle East that can not be challenged by Western powers without risking a severe unbalancing of global economies or an all out decent into war - a prospect that would be ultimately unsuccessful for all involved. Instead, rapid diplomacy must lead to effective negotiations, based on a new scheme. …More

January 25, 2010 | Watching the Clock

Frank O'Donnell: On January 14, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists repositioned its ‘Doomsday Clock’ by only one minute, from five to six minutes to midnight. This incremental adjustment symbolizes the global uncertainty regarding the future of the nonproliferation regime. …More

January 22, 2010 | Accepting American Hegemony

Jerome Grossman: A world without nuclear weapons would do much in terms of security, but more so, it would enhance and protect the superpower status of the United States. Giving up nuclear weapons and accepting US hegemony may be the price humanity must pay to avert the threat of total annihilation. …More

November 27, 2009 | Put Your Policy Where your Money Is

The United States still has not ratified the anti-landmine Treaty. ++ So far, 156 nations have signed on, making the US the only NATO member still holding out. ++ The US has not produced any landmines since the convention in 1993 but the …More

November 12, 2009 | Disarmament: The Need to Engage all Nuclear Powers

Differences between the United States and the Russian Federation since the end of the Cold War have bogged down the nuclear disarmament process. Since 96% of all nuclear weapons remain in the hands of the former adversaries, …More

November 6, 2009 | Morality First

The Obama administration needs to balance its approach towards Iran, by taking up its moral responsibilities. ++ Whilst the West has been placing the nuclear issue above all other concerns, Tehran has been establishing an “infrastructure for repression.” ++ …More

October 26, 2009 | Iran Dodges Another Deadline

As Tehran once again moves past a UN deadline without taking action the West must take stock after 5 failed UN Security Council resolutions. ++ Iran is “dragging its feet over a next date for wider talks with America, three European …More

October 22, 2009 | Nuclear Weapons Must Be Tested

President Obama’s intention of ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is “a profound mistake, as a ban on testing nuclear weapons would jeopardize American national security.” ++ The reliability of US nuclear weapons cannot be guaranteed …More

October 22, 2009 | IAEA Should Not Forget About Syria

In the fight against nuclear proliferation, Syria should not be forgotten. ++ The IAEA’s failure to get Damascus to reveal the history of its secret nuclear reactor, questions its ability to act as an effective watchdog. ++ The IAEA’s stategy …More

October 12, 2009 | Iran and the NPT: "Some Animals are more equal than others"

Andreas Michael Bock: Iran is legally entitled to posses nuclear WMD - not inspite, but because of the NPT. The international treaty claims to apply equally to all contracting parties, but numerous exceptions have been made in the past. Then why should the NPT apply to Iran? …More

September 28, 2009 | Another Nuclear Plant?

The recent revelation of Iran’s continued nuclear program was a successful intelligence coup for he US but has only served to intensify Iran’s stand. ++ “It follows that outside powers will have little chance of stopping the nuclear program …More

September 15, 2009 | First Day of Böll Nonproliferation Conference: Recorded Videos This Article contains Flash-Video

Editorial Team: The Heinrich Böll conference brought a cast of leading scholars to the debate in Berlin last week. Credibility, feasibility and confidence building were all key words and vital to the agenda. In addition to presenting your Atlantic Memo we were there to cover the event and bring you the finest international arguments. …More

September 15, 2009 | Iran: Domestic Crisis and Options For the West

Roland Popp: The domestic crisis that arose in the wake of the presidential elections of 12 June 2009 constitutes a fundamental challenge to Iran’s political system, which is based largely on religious legitimacy. …More

September 11, 2009 | Iran On Charm Offensive

Iran is finally now prepared to hold a meaningful and broad strategic dialogue with the West over its nuclear program. ++ Tehran “seems poised to benefit from a…positive gathering of the board…at the IAEA and strong backing from the …More

September 7, 2009 | Exclusive Conference Live Stream This Article contains Flash-Video

Video Stream: has broadcasted live from the Heinrich Böll Foundation’s conference “A World Without Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Anarchy?” Speakers from international politics, industry and civil society discussed the dangers posed by nuclear weapons in the 21st century’s world order. …More

September 3, 2009 | An End in Itself - Focus on First Steps!

Memo 19: A nuclear free world is an idealistic objective, but the aspiration towards it is an end in itself. The pursuit of Global Zero will discourage further nuclear proliferation. members recommend to focus on primary and intermediate steps towards nuclear abolition and not the ultimate goal of global zero.

September 1, 2009 | The Golden Age of Proliferation is Here to Stay

Greg Randolph Lawson: Nuclear proliferation is a growing phenomena that will not go away. Current discussion on addressing this threat through disarmament, even if viewed in the long-term, is futile. It is time to view the problem realistically and come up with new deterrence postures. …More

September 1, 2009 | Nuclear Deterrence in the Second Nuclear Age

Rachelle Richardson: The fact remains that states have to exist in a world where nuclear weapons exist. As we enter the second nuclear age, this fact competes against other emerging contemporary perspectives impacting on the foreign policy of state actors. What is certain is that traditional norms are being questioned a …More

August 28, 2009 | Iran's Regime Loses Ground

Although “the protesters have been routed from the streets of Tehran, the political turmoil in Iran continues unabated behind the scenes.” ++ The leaders authorities are challenged by a group of religious and secular elites. ++ It is doubtful that …More

August 26, 2009 | US Should Approach Iran Carefully

As Obama’s September deadline for Iran’s compliance on nuclear proliferation approaches, the IAEA releases a progress report this week. ++ “Tehran is not looking forward to this prospect, which will likely worsen internal fissures …More

August 25, 2009 | Zero Nuclear Weapons: a Feasible Goal?

Robert G. Gard: Global Zero is dependent on compliance, which in turn relies on mutual trust between states in the international system that weapons will not be concealed. This appears remote and subsequently so too does the feasibility of such a goal as complete nuclear disarmament. …More

August 25, 2009 | Nuclear Disarmament: Safeguard or Threat?

Dieter M Dettke: Germany must take on more responsibility to shape a global system without nuclear weapons as it is in Berlin’s national interest to do so. Beginning with European & US disarmament the West can gain the moral authority it still needs to enforce the NPT regime. …More

August 24, 2009 | Atoms for Peace: The Wrong Way to Zero

Henry David Sokolski: Further proliferation of supposedly “peaceful” nuclear energy sources undermines the goal of Global Zero. We should replace the NPT concept of sharing technology in favor of limiting supplies, especially in trouble prone areas like the Middle East. …More

August 19, 2009 | Precondition for Abolition: Five Factors for Consensus Building

Hall Gardner: There are five points political leaders must be convinced of if a consensus is to emerge on disarmament. Global proliferation destabilizes the political economy of whole regions and nuclear warfare is undeniably genetically genocidal. This is not to mention that empirical proof shows that nuclear weapons pose little deterrent to engaging in conventional warfare. …More

August 18, 2009 | Germany to Get Tough on Iran

Germany and the EU are considering massive sanctions against Tehran unless it shows signs of compliance with international calls for nuclear disarmament. ++ These may include the cessation of oil exports which account for 30% of Iran’s …More

August 10, 2009 | The North Korea Fallout

Bill Clinton’s trip to North Korea sets a dangerous precedent as the human factor overwhelms policy judgment. ++ The visit “enables Kim Jong Il to convey to North Koreans, and perhaps to other countries, that his country is being accepted …More

August 10, 2009 | The Case for Limited Disarmament

Wolfgang Fischer: The desire for complete nuclear disarmament is as old as nuclear weapons themselves. But a nuclear weapon-free world is a visionary project for a world still to come. While arms control is necessary, this must only go to a certain level. …More

August 5, 2009 | No Need for Arms Control Treaty

The Cold War is over, so why continue disarmament talks designed to deal with it? ++ Recent decisions to cut nuclear stockpiles have been unilateral, so there is no need to waste effort and prestige on a fresh bilateral treaty. ++ Any deal would …More

August 3, 2009 | Nuclear Disarmament Is Possible

The UN is taking important steps to improve the treaties on which disarmament is based. ++ The NPT must be updated so that the disarmament process will be reliably verified, rooted in legal obligations, and visible to the public. ++ The new …More

July 17, 2009 | A Nightmare: Obama Wants Nuclear Disarmament

Thomas Speckmann: The nuclear disarmament talks between Obama and Medvedev have been much celebrated, but the reality is not so rosy. Instead of a reduction in overall weapons, the talks signal a shift from nuclear to conventional weapons that could be much more dangerous in the long run as conventional rearmament could increase the number of bloody conflicts. …More

July 14, 2009 | Why the West Should Talk Turkey with Iran

Colette Mazzucelli and Sebnem Udum: UN Security Council members and Germany must turn to Turkey to successfully negotiate with Iran. The possible common ground between the two countries and Turkey’s new policy direction towards dialogue must not be underestimated and could be effective against the Iranian nuclear threat. …More

July 13, 2009 | Don't Blame the Security Council for North Korea

Adam Chapnick: As the international community struggles to respond effectively to the missile tests by the North Korean government, critics have blamed the United Nations Security Council for failing to deter aggression and preserve world peace. That blame is misplaced. In this case, responsibility for controlling North Korea falls squarely on China. …More

July 9, 2009 | Europe Needs Missile Defense Against a Real Threat

Opponents of missile defense argue unpersuasively that “there is no near-term, long-range Iranian missile threat and the proposed US system could not defeat such a threat anyway.” ++ Yet Iran continues to buy …More

July 8, 2009 | Nonproliferation Needs Action, Not Words

While Russia and the US agree on nonproliferation, global proliferation rises. ++ China and Israel modernize their arsenal; developments in North Korea and Iran endanger world stability. ++ Iran’s nuclear ambitions risk a domino effect …More

July 7, 2009 | Nuclear Disarmament: Dream or Politically Realistic?

Only a few years ago, calls for a world without nuclear
weapons were considered mere academic wishful thinking. But today US security
policy experts are themselves advocating full nuclear disarmament, amongst …More

July 6, 2009 | US Needs to Put its Own Interests First in Russia

President Obama’s visit to Moscow is supposed to foster “a more substantive relationship with Russia” - particularly on Iran’s atomic ambitions, Afghanistan and a replacement arms treaty - but Russia hardly looks “inclined to …More

June 11, 2009 | China is the Middleman Between US and North Korea

North Korea’s latest missile attacks and their withdrawal from the armistice with the US could escalate to become a new chapter of the Korean war. ++ “The combination of aggressive behavior and succession questions is a …More

June 8, 2009 | Is the US Giving Tacit Approval for Korean Nukes?

Despite overtures from the Obama Administration, Pyongyang
refuses to return to the nuclear non-proliferation negotiating table. ++ The US’diplomatic process is on the verge of legitimizing North Korea’s weapons program which …More

May 27, 2009 | World Powerless to Stop North Korea

There are no realistic means to punish North Korea’s second nuclear test. ++ The test could see other powers in the region take up arms because they believe nothing can be done to persuade Pyongyang to denuclearize. ++ After the first test …More

May 18, 2009 | US Diplomacy Failure Risks Middle East War

If the US and Europe cannot peacefully convince Iran to stop developing nuclear weapons, Israel may consider using force - a move that could trigger a war worse than that in Iraq and make or break both Prime Minister Benjamin …More

April 29, 2009 | Iranian President Considering Obama's Olive Branch

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad may have softened his stance on Israel after saying his country would recognize the State of Israel - if Palestine signed a two-state peace deal. ++ The Obama Administration has extended …More

April 15, 2009 | North Korea's Self-Imposed Isolation Is Dangerous

North Korea’s closest ally, China, will have to lead any constructive diplomatic response to Kim Jong-Il’s decision to abandon long-running nuclear non-proliferation talks following international condemnation of Pyongyang’s …More

April 10, 2009 | Keep Nuclear Weapons to Maintain Peace

In response to the North Korean rocket launch, President Obama committed to reducing the US supply of nuclear weapons. ++ This is not an effective strategy and gives other states an incentive to increase their nuclear capacity. ++ The only …More

April 10, 2009 | Don't Focus Iranian Dialogue on Nuclear Issues

President Ahmadinejad saying that Iran “welcomes a hand extended to it should it really and truly be based on honesty, justice and respect” is a significant response to recent US overtures. ++ Iran has announced that its nuclear …More

April 6, 2009 | Patience with North Korea Is Required

Threatening North Korea with military action will not work. ++ North Korea knows that it can ask for much in return for the abandonment of its nuclear program, such as food and economic assistance. ++ A treaty would be attractive “if it …More

April 2, 2009 | How to Extend NATO's MAP to Ukraine and Georgia

Fabian Martin Lieschke: US leadership can respond to the more imminent challenge of Iranian nuclear ambitions and extend NATO’s Membership Action Plan (MAP) to Ukraine and Georgia. Here is a recommendation to President Obama.

March 26, 2009 | Obama's Nuclear Disarmament Plans

Obama stated that he would restart talks on arms controls. ++ The upcoming meeting between Obama and Medvedev on April 1st offers an opportunity to negotiate a successor to START I. ++ Similarly, Obama’s next moves should be to …More

March 20, 2009 | Iran Should Imitate the EU

It is silly to think that Mr Ahmadinejad is not aware of the enormity of reprisals to which he would be exposed should he attack Israel. ++ Thus, it is by no means excludable that the sole reason behind Iran’s insistence to continue its nuclear …More

March 6, 2009 | A Fair Bargain Will Make Tehran Cooperate

Changing tone does not suffice, the US ought to consider Iran as a truly equal partner to reset the relationship with Tehran: “In Iran there is no willingness to co-operate with the US without being paid back,” as happened in the past. …More

March 3, 2009 | US Nuclear Weapons in Europe Are Obsolete

Claudine Lamond: The argument that US nuclear weapons in Europe are essential to security provision is losing its persuasion force. NATO’s Strategic Concept (2009) is an opportunity to reassess the idea that the presence of US nuclear weapons in Europe enhances European security.


February 25, 2009 | West, Stuborness Doesn't Pay Off!

Albeit at a slow pace, Iran is proceeding with its uranium enrichment program. ++ Unless the West completely reconsiders its diplomacy tactic vis à vis Iran, it is difficult to imagine a changed scenario: “years have been lost to …More

February 24, 2009 | Don't Rush to Bash Iran

The IAEA caused fury when it revealed that it had underestimated the percentage of enriched uranium in Iran. ++ Exaggerated Western media reports coupled with alarming comments about Iran’s closeness to the bomb from “anonymous” …More

February 17, 2009 | US Can Tolerate a Nuclear North Korea

North Korea is taking a hard line with the world over its nuclear arsenal. ++ The US should respond in one of two ways: “benign neglect” or limiting North Korea’s arsenal. ++ The first option would move towards a …More

February 9, 2009 | Pakistan Gets Its Way Again

“A Q Khan, the […] self-confessed nuclear proliferator, is walking free.” ++ After announcing that his confession was made under duress, a secret agreement was made with the Pakistani government. ++ The international community …More

February 4, 2009 | Steinmeier Turns the Page on the Bush Years

Prior to his trip to the US, German FM Steinmeier has stated that he wants to start a new disarmament initiative, a cornerstone of the Obama administration. ++ Russia should also be addressed and the NATO-Russia Council revitalized, …More

January 30, 2009 | The Realities of Nuclear Disarmament

Under Pres. Bush non proliferation efforts suffered a devastating blow: he did after all exit the ABM, ignored the NPT and saw the whole issue as anachronistic. ++ The result has been nuclear testing from North Korea and further …More

January 30, 2009 | Obama Must Maintain Flexibility With Iran

It is crucial that Obama stays true to his promise of a fresh approach towards Iran, as the country wields significant influence over the wider Middle East region. ++ Persuading Iran to end its uranium enrichment program through …More

December 16, 2008 | Pakistan Should Save its Economy By Giving Up Bomb

Kazakhstan, Belarus, Ukraine and South Africa all voluntarily gave up nuclear stockpiles. ++ Pakistan should do the same. ++ The US should offer the Pakistani government the $100bn it has asked for over a 10 year period, …More

December 15, 2008 | Obama Must Pursue Fresh Policy in Iran

Obama has given early signals that his policy towards Iran will not mark a breakaway from Bush. ++ The “carrot-and-stick” approach is likely to create international consensus for military action should Iran refuse to back …More

December 10, 2008 | Arms Race Looms in Central and Eastern Europe

Marek Swierczynski: Russia’s decision to deploy mid-range ballistic missiles in the Kaliningrad zone puts an end to the era of eradication of ballistic missiles from Central and Eastern Europe. The Kaliningrad zone, already the most militarized area in Europe, will become a hot spot in a new regional arms race. …More

December 2, 2008 | Understanding and Analyzing Iran's Nuclear Intentions

Oliver Schmidt: In assessing whether Iran intends to build nuclear weapons, it can be concluded that whilst no evidence or ‘smoking gun’ for an Iranian nuclear program can be found, the available clues and arguments strongly suggest that Iran is pursuing a nuclear weapons option. …More

November 28, 2008 | Why Germany Loves Iran

Yesterday, German entrepreneurs met to discuss how to intensify business with Iran. ++ Bank Melli’s connection to Tehran’s nuclear program has given the EU reason to freeze assets of Iran’s largest bank, but Germany refuses to go …More

November 27, 2008 | America's Challenge: Combating Climate Change and Nuclear Proliferation

Strobe Talbott: President-elect Obama faces a host of short term crises. Long-term issues, though, such as climate change and nuclear proliferation must be at the top of his agenda. To tackle these challenges he has to recognize these priorities and act quickly together with allies—above all Europe. …More

November 26, 2008 | Creative Diplomacy is Required for the Iran Nuclear Crisis

Daniel Möckli: The crisis surrounding Iran’s nuclear program is likely to intensify in the coming months. The dual strategy of diplomacy and sanctions has achieved little so far. Iran refuses to suspend its uranium enrichment activities and may become a nuclear threshold country within the foreseeable future. …More

November 13, 2008 | Zero is the Goal

Obama’s foreign policy challenges are just that, challenges. ++ Complicating matters, there are many; but none have the same potential upside as the challenge of fulfilling his election pledge to “make the goal of eliminating nuclear weapons worldwide a …More

November 4, 2008 | Upgrading US Nuclear Weapons Arsenal

America could prevent proliferation ambitions around the world by upgrading its own nuclear weapons arsenal. ++ Congressional funding would allow for building safer and more reliable arms. ++ The proposed “Reliable Replacement Warhead …More

October 23, 2008 | US Must Rethink its Approach to Iran

The financial crisis has dominated the US election campaign, marginalizing foreign policy. ++ But it is foreign relations, and especially ties with Iran, that will be at the top of the next president’s agenda. ++ This is not only about …More

October 21, 2008 | Defense Industry: New Protectionism on Both Sides of The Pond?

W. Hertel & F. Schöning: The EU is about to adopt a new framework for the defense industry that may hurt the chances of US companies to conduct business in Europe. This new protectionism on both sides of the pond will invariably hurt the EU and US. …More

October 13, 2008 | Russia Strengthens Iran's Hand

Recent developments have greatly reduced the chances of a war against Iran. ++ Washington had planned to conduct air strikes against Iran from Georgian soil. ++ Russian intervention makes it impossible, which has “strengthened Iran’s …More

October 10, 2008 | Russia: Superpower Pretensions Unrealistic

Russia’s military is almost an obsolete force due to poor training and poor quality of armaments. ++ Russia’s defense budget is just 7% of US spending. ++ It is unlikely that Russia will be able to afford the $200 billion …More

October 2, 2008 | Crisis in North Korea: Opportunity for Democracy

The possible regime crisis in N. Korea poses a threat of loose nukes, floods of refugees, and long-term economic upheaval, but is also a great chance to reunite the Peninsula under democratic rule. ++ The US-South Korean Forces …More

September 30, 2008 | "Putin of Arabia"

A petro-emboldened Russia is becoming resurgent in the Middle East. ++ With US power waning, Russia is seeking to fill the vacuum. ++ And they’re being well-received, as “autocratic and wealth-loving Russians” have more in common with the …More

September 24, 2008 | Stop Business as Usual for US Arms Sales

The US weapon industry is continuously growing, while more weapons are sold abroad ++ In Iraq, a host of factors, oil revenue included, has created a “loyal new customer,” namely the Maliki government. ++ Some say selling weapons …More

September 23, 2008 | Welcoming India to the Nuclear Club

India and the US are celebrating their new nuclear deal this week. ++ Critics fear an unraveling of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. ++ Notwithstanding, India will be one of the great world powers and there is an unfortunate, yet …More

September 10, 2008 | Harmful Hype Over US-India Nuclear Deal

Washington and New Delhi are guilty of overselling the US-India nuclear deal. ++ The pact will not play as big of a role in bolstering US-India ties and boosting both economies as politicians want people to believe. ++ On the contrary, …More

September 9, 2008 | Bringing Iran Into the Nuclear Fold

Despite negotiations with the EU and sanctions from the US, the ultimate purpose of Iran’s nuclear facilities remains unclear. ++ A closer relationship is needed to monitor Iran’s nuclear activity. ++ This relationship should be business …More

September 4, 2008 | Biden's Flawed Foreign Policy Judgements

McCain’s vice presidential pick, Sarah Palin, is accused of lacking experience in security and foreign policy issues. ++ She is contrasted to Obama’s running mate, Joseph Biden, chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee. …More

September 3, 2008 | India is not a Rogue State

Because India has not signed the Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT), some oppose the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and their plan to waive the ban on its nuclear commerce. ++ But India has committed itself to fully cooperate with the IAEA and, if it …More

August 28, 2008 | Weapons of Mass Destruction and the World Order

Herbert Maier: The unilateral approach to nonproliferation is commonly tied to President George W. Bush, but in fact it was already visible in the early 1990s. The Bush administration was more a catalyst than an initiator of this change in US strategy. …More

August 22, 2008 | An Attack on Iran Would Backfire

A strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities, whether by the US or Israel, is a disastrous idea. ++ If Iran is attacked oil prices may rise to $200 a barrel which would be a hard hit for the global economy. ++ Iranian nuclear facilities are too widely …More

August 14, 2008 | Flip-flopping on Iran Encourages Deception

Now that the Bush administration has reneged on its hard line against negotiations, Iran does not take US ultimatums seriously. ++ Where progressives see flexibility, Iranian officials see weakness.++ As long as there are no sanctions, …More

August 4, 2008 | Bombing Iran Would be a Catastrophe for All of Us

His presidency coming to an end, Bush becomes obsessed with his legacy and solving the issue of nuclear Iran is foremost in his mind. ++ If he decides to support Israel in its possible attack on Iran, the economic and political …More

August 4, 2008 | Iran's Strategy is Working

Fabian Martin Lieschke: Iran’s nuclear strategy – one that allows it to buy time and improve its negotiating position – seems to be working. The US policy shift has come too late - Iran has already wrapped Germany, Russia and China around its little finger. The next US President will be faced with a tough choice. …More

July 30, 2008 | Beijing Must be Tougher on Tehran

Philip Gordon: China does not want to jeopardize its energy deals with Tehran which are essential for its economic development. But this is a short-sighted perspective which overlooks the risks the Iranian nuclear program represents for China itself. It is time for China to think strategically about Iran. …More

July 30, 2008 | No Need to Fear Iran

US government has a tendency to “squash mosquitoes with TNT,” which shows in its treatment of Iran. ++ There’s no need to fear Iran: Ahamadinejad is only a figurehead putting on a show of might to gain respect in the Muslim world; the real power is in …More

July 30, 2008 | "Responsible" Nuclear Ownership is a Fiction

The permanent members of the UN security council condemn Iran, but they are just as guilty of nuclear proliferation. ++ The distinction between their supposedly “responsible” ownership of nuclear weapons and that of Iran, North …More

July 28, 2008 | Israel is Likely to Follow US Lead on Iran

Israel faces a dilemma: If European diplomacy fails to halt Iran’s uranium enrichment program and Americans prove reluctant to launch another war in the Middle East under Bush, should Israel strike alone? ++ An attack could dangerously …More

July 22, 2008 | Iran Hasn't Earned a Détente

The Bush administration has recently shifted its approach toward Iran and is treating it with unjustified leniency: the possibility of reopening a diplomatic mission in Tehran and face-to-face meetings are gestures Iran hasn’t earned. ++ …More

July 21, 2008 | US Attempts to Defrost Ties With Tehran

Thirty years after cutting off diplomatic ties, the US is planning the establishment of a modest diplomatic representation in Tehran for which it appears to have secured Iranian approval. ++ Though this shift from previous hard-line …More

July 16, 2008 | Let's Not Pretend We Make Progress on North Korea

Despite hopeful voices that the six-party talks are on a good way to contain Korean nuclear program, Kim Jong Il gives us no reason to believe he really intends to give up his nuclear weapons. ++ Korean concessions are merely …More

July 15, 2008 | US Should Help Israel if it Strikes Iran

The situation in the Middle East is past the point when sanctions and diplomatic talks can still make a difference. ++ The Islamic Republic is not going to yield, it is simply playing for time while trying to produce deliverable nuclear …More

July 11, 2008 | Demonizing Iran Does Not Serve the West

The West is more concerned about who proliferates than whether someone degradates the Non-Proliferation Treaty. ++ A manageable relationship with Iran requires understanding its world view and equally and respectfully acknowledging its …More

July 10, 2008 | Strategic Miscalculation: US-Indian Nuclear Deal

Even though India hasn’t signed the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and has not permitted inspections of its nuclear plants, Bush’s administration is hastening to close a US-Indian “civilian nuclear deal.” ++ …More

July 9, 2008 | Learning our Lessons From North Korea for Iran

“If you want to make peace, you don’t talk to your friends. You talk to your enemies.” ++ The US must heed the lessons learned from North Korea in dealing with Iran’s nuclear ambitions. ++ Had Bush agreed to a dialogue …More

July 9, 2008 | US-India Nuclear Pact is Back on the Table

The US-India nuclear pact, declared “almost certainly dead” last month, will probably be signed by the Indian government after all. ++ The onus of getting it implemented is therefore back on the US. ++ Congress must stop pressuring …More

July 8, 2008 | Global Nonpolarity: A New World Order

Globalization means that international affairs no longer occur in a bipolar, unipolar, or even multipolar world, but rather “under conditions of nonpolarity.” ++ In this nonpolar world, coordination between actors is increasingly …More

July 3, 2008 | The Future of Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty

July 1 marked the 40th anniversary of the NPT which provided an opportunity to reexamine its current and future role. ++ Nuclear nonproliferation movement is at a crossroads. ++ It is crucial that the next US president calls for …More

July 2, 2008 | Renewing NATO's Nuclear Strategy

Fabian Martin Lieschke: NATO’s nuclear posture is dated and needs to be reconsidered during next year’s review. If NATO withdraws sub-strategic nuclear weapons from Europe it can pursue a leverage strategy to persuade Russia to also eliminate its tactical nuclear weapons. …More

June 30, 2008 | Talking to Teheran

“A US willingness to talk to Iran on the full range of issues dividing the two countries offers the best hope of rescuing a failed policy.” ++ If the US does not negotiate with Iran as proposed by Obama, they will be lacking options besides attacking Iran. …More

June 30, 2008 | US Should Stop Ever-Expanding Nuclear Appetites!

Iran and North Korea are trying to develop nuclear capabilities and to many other countries, pursueing a military nuclear program has become an attractive option. ++ The US should stop denying any relationship between those …More

June 26, 2008 | The Bipartisan Vision of a Nuke Free World

Working towards a nuclear free world is a necessity now that the cold war is over. ++ Both presidential candidates have announced they would commit the US to this goal. ++ The next president should lead the freeze on the production of …More

June 25, 2008 | Relations With Iran Coming to a Head

Britain’s foreign secretary argues that if the new “dual-track approach” regarding Iran’s nuclear aspirations fails, it is the Iranian’s own fault. ++ Convinced that the region and the world need a cooperative, …More

June 23, 2008 | Russia Profits from the Iran Nuclear Standoff

Ryan R. Miller: The belief Russia will help the West ease tensions with Iran is wishful thinking. A compliant Iran would be Gazprom’s biggest competitor. Washington should offer the Mullahs EU energy markets in exchange for concessions on the nuclear issue and thus reduce European dependence on Russian energy. …More

June 19, 2008 | US Paints a False yet Alarming Picture of Russia

The USA is not performing the transition to conventional weapons, which was meant to lessen the country’s dependence on nuclear weapons for defense. ++ US politicians and media are using the claim that Russia is boosting its …More

June 19, 2008 | Germany Not Able to be Tough on Iran

Fabian Martin Lieschke: President Bush’s effort to unite the EU-3 behind an American proposal for harsher measures on Iran may be undermined by German domestic politics. …More

June 11, 2008 | Bush Helps Saudis Go Nuclear, Who are we Securing?

Bush is moving toward helping the Saudis develop a nuclear program under the guise of energy security. ++ Considering that Saudi Arabia bathes in oil and basks in sunlight, something is missing. ++ Adding a counterweight to …More

June 11, 2008 | Upholding Sanctions Against Military Action

Attacking Iran would be disastrous, many civilians would die, the nuclear program would subsist, and Israel’s involvement would create a serious backlash in the region. ++ Iran’s threats toward Israel give reason for concern but …More

June 10, 2008 | Bush and Olmert Exploit the Iranian Threat

Bush and Olmert’s allusions to war with Iran are the result of their foreign and domestic policy predicaments. ++ Both leaders need to create a diversion to save themselves politically, and “if either - or both - should order a …More

June 9, 2008 | Europe: Trapped Between Washington and Tehran?

Europe is playing a dangerous game with Iran. ++ Supporting US-endorsed sanctions while simultaneously maintaining business ties with Iran has resulted in a “schizophrenic policy.” ++ While the US sees a nuclear Iran as …More

June 2, 2008 | US and Russia are Needed for Nuclear Arms Control

Cooperation between Russia and the US on issues of nonproliferation is vital for America’s national security. ++ The agreement now before the US Congress would help the US and Russia create an international fuel bank that …More

June 1, 2008 | We Can Not Afford to Delay Nuclear Disarmament

Daryl Kimball: The next US president must take action towards nuclear disarmament in three distinct areas. He or she must pursue reductions in US and Russian nuclear arsenals, work towards ratifying the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and reassess and reduce the role of nuclear weapons. …More

May 29, 2008 | US Iran Policy Requires More Flexibility

Iran cannot be prevented from acquiring nuclear power capabilities. ++ The US should therefore favor negotiation with the regime over the current threats and sanctions driven policy which merely provides for hostile relations. ++ Since …More

May 27, 2008 | Iranian Threat: 5 Minutes to Midnight

Failed US foreign policy pushed Iran into a hegemonic role it never could have attained under its own power and in such a short time. ++ Iran’s nuclear program threatens to tilt the regional strategic balance enduringly. ++ It is …More

May 26, 2008 | Fear Encourages the Nuclear Rush of Iran's Neighbors

Recently President Bush signed an agreement to cooperate with Saudi Arabia on developing civilian nuclear energy. ++ In the case of Saudi Arabia, the agreement seems unnecessary. ++ There are alarming signs that this sudden …More

May 22, 2008 | The Renaissance of Nuclear Deterrence

Thomas Speckmann: By highlighting the following dilemma “the Iranian bomb or the bombing of Iran”, Sarkozy signalled the return to a strategy of nuclear deterrence. Since the West’s most dreaded scenario is the nuclearization of the Middle East, calls to prevent Iran from acquiring the atomic bomb are becoming ever more frequent. …More

May 20, 2008 | Iran: Requesting Transparency Not Suspension

While Iran’s nuclear program frustrates the West and demonstrates “the limits of American power,” feelings of satisfaction and success unite Iranians. ++ Western incentives for Iran to suspend uranium enrichment - such as …More

May 15, 2008 | Weapons in Space: A New Kind of Armament

The US is making a bold, perhaps doltish, move by refusing to discuss a treaty aimed at preventing weapons in outer space. ++ China and Russia have warned that a countermove would be unavoidable to ensure their own security. ++ Many …More

May 14, 2008 | Nuclearization has not Benefitted India

India’s ascension as a nuclear weapon state ten years ago was a mistake. ++ Fallacious confidence in the doctrine of deterrence has had the opposite effect, encouraging reckless behavior in Kashmir and strengthening Pakistan’s military …More

May 14, 2008 | US Tries to Cover Up Its Nuclear Ambitions

The National Nuclear Security Administration announced the US had reduced its nuclear warheads stockpile. ++ Yet the US continues to upgrade its nuclear arsenal which is the world’s largest. ++ Since the US has not ratified …More

May 14, 2008 | US on the Right Track with North Korea

The US should continue its current path in North Korean nuclear negotiations, rather than exiting or stalling talks. ++ It should prioritize verification of North Korea’s plutonium production records, and push towards dismantlement of the …More

May 13, 2008 | No Resolution in Sight to Iranian Nuclear Stalemate

Amid escalating rhetoric about Iranian military involvement in Iraq, a new package of incentives by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council and Germany is unlikely to persuade Iran to suspend nuclear enrichment. …More

May 7, 2008 | US Missile Defense on European Soil Sparks Debate

Plans to build a US-proposed missile-defense shield based in Czech Republic and Poland has been met with feisty opposition. ++ NATO Secretary General, Jaap de Hoop Sheffer insists that missile defense is crucial for North …More

April 28, 2008 | Slow Negotiation for Denuclearization in North Korea

Having unwisely abandoned the 1994 Clinton deal that kept North Korea from producing plutonium, the Bush administration’s shift from past confrontational rhetoric is promising. ++ A first step is the assessment of …More

April 24, 2008 | Focus on the Suppliers of Proliferation

Concerning the Iranian enrichment program, international attention shouldn’t exclusively be on the receiving country. ++ Indian and European companies deliver nuclear supplies to Iran. ++ Tightening up control over European nuclear …More

April 22, 2008 | Watch out for Brazil, Russia's New Buddy

Marek Swierczynski: Brazil and Russia want to build fighter jets and rockets under the new agreement signed last week. The potential “superpower of the South” may be on its way out of the western camp and can speed up the creation of the world’s new order. Bad news. …More

April 16, 2008 | Bush Softens on North Korea's Nuclear Aspirations

chief North Korea negotiator recently reached a deal with Pyongyang based on trust and not
verification ++ This hasty compromise before the end of the presidential term, could set a precedent for other nations determined to develop a nuclear program ++ Seoul and Tokyo are left bewildered by this sudden new policy of “appeasement.” ++ Public awareness will prove pivotal.

April 15, 2008 | Energy Carrots for Iran: Killing Two Birds with One Stone

Ryan R. Miller: When major powers meet in Shanghai on April 16th to discuss Iran’s nuclear program, Washington should work with European capitals and leave the door open to greater EU-Iranian energy trade as a potential reward for Iranian good behavior. For post-communist Central Europe, disproportionately exposed to Russia’s energy monopoly, such a strategy could kill two birds with one stone. …More

March 27, 2008 | Russia is an Offender in the Nuclear Arms Race

Israel’s legitimate nuclear program is not a valuable excuse for Russia to jeopardize international security by supplying a reactor to Iran and by agreeing on nuclear cooperation with
Egypt. ++ The international community should …More

March 25, 2008 | US Needs to be Prepared for a Nuclear Attack

As nuclear weapons’ materials increase on black market, US needs to modernize forensics tools in preparation for a potential attack. ++ International collaboration and a shared
database are essential. ++ A group of independent …More

March 19, 2008 | Bush Cannot Bequeath a Failed North Korea Policy

The protracted Six Party Talks dating back from 2003 enabled Kim Jong-il to gain time and repeatedly violate commitments. ++ If the instrumental support of Russia and China is secured, Bush should dedicate the next 10 months to …More

March 18, 2008 | Germany's Position on Iran is Crucial

During Merkel’s visit, Israel needs to clarify that Germany must support tougher sanctions, break diplomatic ties, and end governmental trade subsidies with Iran. ++ Brown and Sarkozy are already supportive of more restrictive sanctions, …More

March 17, 2008 | An International Fuel Bank for Nuclear Power

Matt Dupuis: The idea of bringing the production and storage of nuclear fuel under international control is gaining support once again. The US should take the lead in creating a global fuel bank which would make it possible to test countries’ intentions while limiting their access to nuclear technology. …More

March 7, 2008 | A World Free of Nuclear Weapons

The goal of global nuclear disarmament must not be abandoned. ++ Recent positive developments at the Oslo conference suggest that all nations should continue to work together toward this goal. ++ The disarmament appeal needs to be more universal. ++ Hopefully, the calls for more diplomatic-scientific cooperation, firm commitment from leaders, and expanded education will be remembered.

March 4, 2008 | Working With Iran

The US’s current “insistence on zero enrichment of uranium” in Iran is unreasonable. ++ The US needs to encourage Iran to abandon its national enrichment activities in favor of a multilateral program based in Iran. ++ While there would be many risks, such a …More

February 6, 2008 | Is There Still a Role for Nuclear Weapons?

Tobias Bock: This essay argues that there continues to be a function for nuclear weapons after the cold war: A number of states still strive to obtain nuclear weapons because they are convinced that they facilitate deterrence against perceived threats. …More

January 9, 2008 | Time to Talk With Iran

In the wake of the US National Intelligence Estimate on Iran, the EU should continue with their diplomatic approach, despite US calls for more unilateral sanctions, says Volker Perthes of the SWP. Such an approach should be based on a broad international …More

December 31, 2007 | Pakistan's Nuclear Arsenal and Its Islamic Extremists

Drawing on the US Personnel Reliability Program, officials now check applicants and personnel for characteristics that might make them more likely to betray their nation’s secrets. Religious fervor is among the ones most …More

December 20, 2007 | US Intelligence Estimate Could Reshape Transatlantic Iran Strategy

The results of the new National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) on Iran’s nuclear program reveal nothing distinctly different from previous findings. Nevertheless, their ensuing debate could prove critical to …More

December 7, 2007 | Demolishing the Bush Administration's Myths about the US Nuclear Posture

Jeffrey Lewis of the New America Foundation takes a look behind the Bush administration’s boasting of having cut the size of the nation’s nuclear stockpile, while attempting to modernize the US …More

November 27, 2007 | Misleading Statements On Missile Defense Imperil Transatlantic Security

Andreas Beckmann: The general public does not understand the advantages of a US ground-based missile defense system in Europe. Western politicians should be wary of making confusing public statements that could facilitate Russian and Iranian efforts to divide the Alliance. …More

November 22, 2007 | Nuclear Race in the Middle East

As Egypt declares its intentions to pursue nuclear energy, it joins other thirteen states in the Middle East with the same aim. Iran’s nuclear plans seem to be responsible for this troubling trend, writes Dan Murphy from the Christian Science …More

November 6, 2007 | Nuclear Dealings

Mark Brzezinski: The US has missed opportunities to make sensible progress in India and Iran. In both cases, the United States should be promoting constructive engagement rather than undercutting long-held nonproliferation doctrine. …More

October 25, 2007 | Germany: An Accomplice to a Nuclear Iran?

Despite tough rhetoric from Chancellor Angela Merkel, Germany continues to play a role in Iran’s nuclear program, writes Benjamin Weinthal in Haaretz. Germany’s official public stance looks shaky in the face of the $5.7 …More

October 23, 2007 | Should the U.S. Attack Iran?

“Given the nature of Iran’s rulers, the declarations of the Iranian President, and the trouble the regime is causing throughout the region…our country and the entire international community cannot stand by as a terror-supporting state …More

October 22, 2007 | "The United States and Germany pursue the same goals" This Article contains Flash-Video

Robert M. Kimmitt:, U.S. Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, applauded Germany’s efforts at forging transatlantic economic bonds during a media breakfast hosted by the Atlantic Initiative in conjunction with the DGAP and Bohnen Kallmorgen & Partner. Kimmitt’s stop in Berlin was part of an extended trip through European capitals aimed at promoting common transatlantic policies towards financial and economic issues. …More

September 21, 2007 | Israel's Air Force Raid on Syria. Its Silence. And What It All Means.

Wall Street Journal columnist Bret Stephens breaks down the intrigue surrounding Israel’s military operations over Syria on September 6. “In a country of open secrets,” Israel’s customary …More

September 13, 2007 | Maseeh Rahman Reports: India to Put Nuclear Arsenal Underwater

The cloud of secrecy surrounding India’s long-standing secret nuclear submarine program is finally clearing up, reports Guardian columnist Maseeh Rahman from Delhi. India has been racing to create …More

September 12, 2007 | Dr. Dan Plesch and Martin Butcher On US Military Preparations to Bomb Iran

British scholar and arms expert Plesch, Director of the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy of SOAS at the University of London, and Butcher, adviser to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the …More

August 30, 2007 | Seoul's Mistaken North-South Summit

The prospect of a bilateral summit between North and South Korea is laudable, but Bruce Klinger from the Heritage Foundation is suspicious of the motives and the timing of South Korean President Roh Moo Hyun. With national presidential …More

August 15, 2007 | Civil Nuclear Power Might Be Too Hot to Handle

Is nuclear power the cheap energy and climate change holy grail? In their latest Oxford Research Group Briefing Paper, Frank Barnaby and James Kemp say no. Apart from the security problems a nuclear renaissance would bring, the …More

August 10, 2007 | Iranians Could Be West's Best Ally

Kenneth Ballen: Almost 70% of Iranians favor normal relations with the United States. With all options against Iran still on the table, the West should pay more attention to a population whose majority supports democracy. …More

July 24, 2007 | US and EU Must Form Broad Coalition to Engage Tehran

Only a broad coalition which includes the United States, European Union, Russia, China and India can successfully replace the West’s failed attempts to negotiate with Iran. Karim Sadjadpour, an Associate at the Carnegie …More

June 27, 2007 | No Regime Change for Iran's Ethnic Minorities

Violence and unrest have increased among Iran’s ethnic minorities, which make up half of the country’s 70 million inhabitants. As Western countries show growing interest in these developments, author John R. Bradley …More

June 19, 2007 | Yossi Mekelberg on Open Deterrence Against Iran Israel's New Old Option

Yossi Mekelberg, Associate Fellow at Chatham House, analyzes Israeli policy options towards Iran and potential consequences.

Though Israel would prefer that issues with Tehran be resolved …More

June 6, 2007 | Somini Sengupta on the Fragile State of the U.S-India Nuclear Deal

The US-India nuclear deal might be at risk, argues Sengupta in an article for the World Security Network. The countries are particularly divided over two issues:

  1. Granting India permission to carry out …More
May 23, 2007 | Iran Deadline Expires Today: What Next?

Inspectors with the International Atomic Energy Agency conducted surprise inspections in Tehran on May 13, finding 1,300 centrifuges enriching uranium and running smoothly. Together with recent aggressions toward Western nations such …More

May 17, 2007 | Quid Pro Quo is Best Deal For US and Iran

Maximilian Terhalle: I recommend that the United States offer Iran a fair deal in order to secure American interests in the Gulf region. The US needs to consider Iran’s political ambitions if it hopes to make headway with Tehran, and the international community should get involved in negotiating a mutually beneficial agreement. …More

May 13, 2007 | Dr. Matthew Levitt, Director of The Washington Institute's Stein Program on Terrorism, Intelligence, and Policy

Dr. Matthew Levitt is a senior fellow at The Washington Institute and founding director of their Terrorism Research Program (now renamed as above), …More

May 10, 2007 | Missile Defense Means Common Security for Russia Too

Eckart von Klaeden: Europe will soon be vulnerable to medium-range ballistic missiles. The time to act is now. Europe, Germany and NATO must agree on an anti-missile shield to protect against threats from Iran and others. …More

May 7, 2007 | Missile Defense: Putin Steps Up the Pressure

Klaus-Dieter Frankenberger: I find that Putin should be no match for NATO cohesion on missile defense. And I urge the West not to let itself be pulled apart by a man who celebrates authoritarianism and perhaps a return to Soviet empire. …More

May 4, 2007 | US Missile Defense Will Enhance German Security

Jan-Friedrich Kallmorgen and Andreas Beckmann: Germany should support the proposed US missile defense plan and broaden the plan through NATO. Though this issue is rarely understood in Germany, it is evident that the world faces a massive security problem as a result of Iran’s developing nuclear program. …More

April 30, 2007 | CSS Analysis in Security Policy - US Missile Defense: A Strategic Challenge for Europe

The US intention to extend parts of its missile defense system to Poland and the Czech Republic has ruffled feathers throughout Europe. The issue has been particularly divisive in Germany, …More

April 26, 2007 | Europe Needs a Debate on Missile Defense

Eckart von Klaeden: Europe and Germany need missile defense against the threat from Iran. Europe has long neglected the new strategic threats arising from missile proliferation.

This is the first of a two-part series from the Atlantic Initiative Advisory Board Member. …More

April 25, 2007 | Ronald Asmus on Healing Transatlantic Relations Through Missile Defense

The creation of a legitimate US missile defense system requires a NATO framework, bipartisan support within the US, and Russian participation, argues Ronald Asmus of the German Marshall Fund. The Atlantic …More

April 16, 2007 | Christoph Bertram on Gently Nudging Iran to Play Ball

The United Nations approach to halting the Iranian nuclear program is a deepening hole that the Security Council and Germany should “stop digging,” says Christoph Bertram, the former director of the German Institute for …More


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