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December 17, 2012 | The West May Regret Taking Sides In Syria

Paul Smyth: A popular revolt seeking political freedoms has become a civil war in which democratic objectives are increasingly sidelined. If Assad falls before an effective alternative government is available, a power vacuum may exist in which Islamist groups seek to rule the country. For women, liberals and minorities, life after Assad may not bring progress. …More

December 3, 2012 | Flying Home - The Road to Recovery This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: For many of the soldiers injured in Afghanistan their war is over, some of them will make a full recovery while others require round-the-clock care. The dedicated team of staff and volunteers at the Contingency Aeromedical Staging Facility, or CASF, work tirelessly to make sure these soldiers return to their families. …More

November 28, 2012 | The Fallacy of New in the Middle East

The assumption that the world, due to the events of the Arab Spring, has acknowledged a “new Middle East” has proven wrong. ++ Despite harsh rhetoric and verbal clashes, an attack of any Arab player on Israel is unlikely. ++ Israel’s “Iron …More

November 22, 2012 | Germany: A Casual Bystander

Turkey has requested NATO members to deploy Patriot missiles close to its Syrian border. ++ The inquiry has generated a lively debate in Germany. ++ The Foreign Ministry stressed that Turkey´s request should be approved while the political …More

November 19, 2012 | Israel's Questionable Move

The Arab Spring has changed attitudes towards the Israel-Palestine conflict. ++ With growing assertiveness, Arab countries are likely to redefine Israel’s politics. ++ Israel’s air attacks on Gaza have weakened Hamas militarily but have …More

November 19, 2012 | Macedonia Deserves NATO Membership

Jahja Esli & Boneva Boyka: NATO’s Open Door Policy was reaffirmed at the last Chicago Summit. However, its doors remain firmly closed for Macedonia which has been aspiring membership since 1999 and continues to contribute more than its fair share to missions. Fearing another regional conflict imported into the Alliance, NATO remains vague on any commitment to accession. …More

November 12, 2012 | Realism Moving Forward

Jason Bradley: With two overseas wars winding down, the United States will reevaluate its position in the world with a new strategic focus. Now more than ever, the United States must concentrate on stability, security and balance. Realism offers the solution for these goals without conflict and protracted wars. …More

November 6, 2012 | Training Interoperability This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: 19 NATO and partner nations enhanced their interoperability at the US Army Europe’s training event “Sabre Junction 2012” in Grafenwoehr, Germany. 6,000 personnel and hundreds of military aircraft and vehicles participated in the month-long exercise. It was the largest of its kind in Germany since the end of the Cold War. …More

November 2, 2012 | America's Drone Strikes Setting Dangerous Precedent

Peter J Fusco: The Obama administration is setting a very dangerous global precedence for sending drones over borders to kill enemies (sometimes innocents). These drone strikes lack the congressional oversight of the executive branch. At the same time, employing drones qualifies as a “moral hazard.” …More

October 26, 2012 | Give them Weapons

James Kratovil: America must step up its support of aid to the Syrian opposition in the form of weapons and must increase its intelligence assets to provide a more informed picture of who should receive this support. By expanding its capabilities within Syria, the United States will be able to shape the events acceptable to Syrians and Americans and will not have to depend on Saudi Arabia influence in the country. …More

October 25, 2012 | The West Should Not Give Heavy Arms to Syrian Rebels

Ievgen Vorobiov: The US and the EU should tread carefully in their policy on Syria, as an increase of weapon supply to rebels advocated by some Arab countries and American politicians might turn the horrible status-quo into an irreversible geopolitical disaster. Decision-makers across the Atlantic should resist supplying heavy arms to the rebels, amplifying their efforts for a diplomatic solution instead. …More

October 18, 2012 | Muslims Must Support US Leadership on Syria

Of the choices presented to Obama over the Syrian conflict, the president gets to choose between a bad decision and a worse one – he chose the wrong one. ++ In the upcoming US elections, we are seeing two Obamas: the one of the …More

October 12, 2012 | Applying Moscow's Take on Responsibility to Protect to Syria

Nikolay Shevchenko: The Syrian crisis marks the ultimate test for the responsibility to protect norm. The inability of the UN Security Council to reach a timely consensus does not only harm Syrians, but weakens the concept that shields populations from crimes against humanity. Instead of criticizing the vetoing of resolutions, Western powers must persuade Russia and China to propose their own visions of the norm. …More

October 11, 2012 | Failed Attempts to Curb Taliban's IED Campaign

Although the latest string of “green-on-blue” attacks is becoming the new face of war in Afghanistan, the older face, IEDs, still account for 59% of US casualties. ++ The US military has taken two contradictory approaches: …More

October 4, 2012 | The Bush Legacy in the Middle East

Aaron Thomas Walter: President Obama’s handling of the unfolding anti-America protests in the Middle East has been derided as weak. At the same time, the president was criticized for not standing up for that most sacred of ideals, free speech. These arguments miss the point of American foreign policy in the region. …More

September 24, 2012 | The Deputy Secretary General of NATO Responds to Your Questions

Editorial Team: Ambassador Alexander Vershbow has answered your questions! Read his responses on a range of topics covering NATO’s post-summit agenda, including Afghanistan, the conflict in Syria, relations with Russia, the operation in Libya, Smart Defense, missile defense, and NATO’s role in the Caucasus. …More

September 19, 2012 | Syria's Parallel to 1930s Spain

The conflict in Syria looks very much like the Spanish Civil War. ++ Russia and Iran continue to standby Assad’s regime while democracies are reluctant in supporting the opposition. ++ Similar to Spain in the 1930s, established democracies were …More

September 12, 2012 | Another Wrong Move in Aghanistan

The US decision to designate the Taliban-affiliated Haqqani network a terrorist organization will increase tensions in Afghanistan. ++ To suggest that they are enemies ignores their history of pragmatism and cooperation with Western officials. …More

September 12, 2012 | Crisis in Syria: Rethinking Russia's Policy

Oleg Khlopov: The resignation of Kofi Annan as UN special envoy to the Assad regime highlights the difficulty of effective international engagement. Despite the problems of diplomacy, Russia as a key player needs to rearrange its policy and work out a fruitful formula for Syria’s transition away from Assad. …More

September 10, 2012 | Avoiding Similar Results to 1980s Afghanistan in Syria

There are several parallels that can be drawn between US covert support in Afghanistan in the 1980s and in Syria today. ++ CIA officers are helping Sunni insurgents along Syria’s borders, while weapons are coming from …More

August 27, 2012 | Setbacks for Women Rights After the Arab Spring

As the Arab Spring opens up the political process, those who stood side by side in opposition to tyranny are finally taking part in political life. ++ But women are increasingly having less of a say in the decision-making process. …More

August 22, 2012 | Non-Intervention in Syria: A Shot in the Foot

The West and most Arab countries naively hope for orderly regime change but fail to realize that there cannot be any transition without overthrowing Assad first. ++ The negotiations with Assad were a farce from the start; he …More

August 14, 2012 | Put an End to NATO Expansion

With the end of the Cold War, the justification for NATO expansion is gone and the new members bring more costs than benefits. ++ Georgia’s inclusion into NATO is a dangerous liability for the US. ++ It is a geopolitically aggressive move and can …More

August 9, 2012 | A New Approach to Decreasing Drug-related Violence

Policies put in place to reduce violence stemming from organized drugs, either by legalizing or suppressing drug flows, are ineffective. ++ Though many believe legalization will mitigate financial loses from organized crime, …More

August 3, 2012 | Another Failed UN Mission

Although Annan recently resigned, his mission in Syria ended months ago. ++ Diplomacy has actually bought Assad time to prepare his military, while Putin continues to cling to an outdated Cold War mind-set opposing the US at every corner. ++ Meanwhile, …More

August 2, 2012 | Afghanistan Needs Peace First, Money Later

The annual $4 billion in aid pledged to secure Afghanistan’s futures will not foment economic development until there is peace. ++ After 30 years of war, it is no wonder the country is so underdeveloped. ++ It has been …More

July 25, 2012 | The Lebanese Solution for Syria

Syria struggles to reach an acceptable settlement, even with the help of the UN. ++ There is no doubt that whatever course of action it does take, Lebanon will be affected. ++ Lebanon’s President, Michael Sleiman, should therefore promote the …More

July 20, 2012 | Germany's Arms Exports as Smart Power

Matteo Scianna: Germany should use her armament export policy as a means of “smart power”. Selling tanks to Saudi Arabia would help foster a strategic partnership. Pursuing a comprehensive approach with European and NATO partners in arms sales would assure continued influence in key regions. …More

July 19, 2012 | Russia Stymies Effort to Curb Syrian Violence

When three top officials in Assad’s regime were killed in a bombing attack, Russia, with behavior similar to the old Soviet Union, claimed that the West was somehow behind it. ++ When the UNSC votes on whether to extend the …More

July 19, 2012 | NATO's Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Concept This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: In Ørland, Norway, 17 nations took part in the two-week Unified Vision trial. The objective was to train NATO member countries to work together in the framework of NATO’s Joint Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (JISR) concept. The event was organised by the JISR Capability Group and NATO’s defence against terrorism programme. …More

July 18, 2012 | The Wrong Solution: Military Intervention Against the LRA

Rodolphe Casado: The African Union’s military mission to take on Joseph Kony is wrongheaded. What could have been an opportunity to show its strength has instead called the AU’s credibility into question. The mission does not address root causes, and the AU has allowed some actors to exploit the situation for their own gain.

July 2, 2012 | Asia and China's Ascendency

Despite the global economic shift to Asia, America’s focus for some time has been elsewhere. ++ Critical issues are coming to a point. ++ For example, there are competing territorial claims in the South China Sea. ++ China’s rise is at the root of …More

June 27, 2012 | Turkey's Prudent Management Ends Syria Crisis

Ross Wilson: Five days after Syria’s downing of a Turkish F-4 fighter aircraft, Prime Minister Erdogan brought the crisis to a close by securing NATO support, reporting its views to the UN Security Council, complaining formally to Damascus, and altering the rules of engagement along the 500-plus mile border with its neighbor to the south. Both militaries may now be somewhat more visibly at loggerheads. …More

June 25, 2012 | Making a Difference by Not Making a Difference

Much of the Arab Spring has been a mess. ++ Violence continues in Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, and in Syria, while the victory of the Islamic Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt has led to a power struggle with the military. ++ Although Obama …More

June 20, 2012 | Russia's Role in Ending Syrian Bloodshed

Rescuing Syria will require a “Yemen-style” solution by granting impunity to Assad, his family and top aides, which quite possibly will end the bloodshed in the country. ++ It must be made clear to Assad that he cannot …More

June 11, 2012 | Bejing's Confusion Over Arab Spring

China’s initial stance on the Arab Spring was grounded in Mao Zedong’s five principles of co-existence: advocate stability, support state sovereignty and favor a return to normalcy. ++ From opposing Libyan intervention to …More

June 11, 2012 | Legitimizing Syrian Intervention

Ramin Daniel Rezai: The international community is under immense pressure to deal with Syria, as al-Assad and his regime continue to use brute force against their citizens. Because diplomacy and sanctions have yet to show success, the best guarantee to stopping the loss of life is a legitimate, but illegal armed intervention in Syria. …More

June 7, 2012 | Intervention is Not the Answer in Syria

Paul Smyth: The increasing bloodshed in Syria understandably generates a feeling that something must be done to end it, such as taking the principle of Responsibility to Protect (R2P) seriously and acting accordingly. This may be a popular opinion but it can be very difficult to implement such noble feelings; instead, the pursuit of just causes must be based on logic, not sentiment. …More

June 6, 2012 | NATO and Syria: A Case for Intervention

Tabish Shah: With diplomacy and sanctions failing to end violence in Syria, it is time for a new strategy. A well-considered and responsibly conducted intervention could stabilize Syria while also helping NATO Members to achieve broader strategic aims in the region. …More

June 6, 2012 | Non-Intervention is the Better Solution

Syria is sliding toward a deeper civil war and, perhaps, a war involving foreign forces. ++ The US has made it clear that it might opt for unilateral humanitarian intervention, along with other western states. ++ However, intervention in …More

June 5, 2012 | The Pitfalls of Aid After the Arab Spring

Bernhard Lucke: Population growth, limited perspectives for youth, and old societal structures combined with serious environmental and economic challenges render most Middle Eastern countries prone to crisis, if not collapse. The Arab spring could be only the first taste of things to come. …More

June 2, 2012 | Jonathan Granoff, Global Security Institute

Jonathan Granoff is currently the president of the Global Security Institute, an international organization dedicated to nuclear disarmament. As a lawyer and international advocate, he has been a vocal opponent of nuclear …More

May 23, 2012 | Mali, a Dismal Echo of Afghanistan

Although Afghanistan remains a hotbed of terrorist activity, NATO will quit the country by 2014. ++ This marks an end to a tragic chapter in the Alliance’s history. ++ But little attention has been focused on Mali which suffered a coup just …More

May 23, 2012 | Missile Defense Moving South is a Well-Deserved Setback for Warsaw's Dreams

Marek Swierczynski: NATO’s Chicago Summit announced the first phase of Ballistic Missile Defense as operational. The news was welcomed in Warsaw, but nobody rejoiced, as one of the country’s strategic priorities in transatlantic relations had moved far away from its borders. No one knows if it will ever come back. …More

May 19, 2012 | Accepting Our Limits Makes for a Stronger Alliance

Joerg Wolf:’s editor-in-chief was part of a group of 59 politicians, scholars, and other observers invited to take part in the Atlantic Council and Foreign Policy Magazine’s survey on the future of NATO. Here he explains why he answered the way he did and offers some thoughts about why NATO needs to focus on building capabilities, not proving its relevance. …More

May 17, 2012 | Improvised Explosive Devices: The War of the Invisible Bombs

NATO: More than half the casualties among the NATO forces in Afghanistan in 2011 were caused by improvised explosive devices (IED). This is also the case for one in three Afghans killed last year. In 2010, NATO adopted an action plan on counter-IED (C-IED) aimed at increasing the detection and neutralization of such devices, as well as the dismantling of the networks that manufacture them. …More

May 16, 2012 | China and Iran: Economic, Political, and Military Relations

Over the past few decades, China and Iran have developed a broad and deep partnership centered on China’s energy needs and Iran’s abundant resources as well as significant non-energy economic ties, arms sales and …More

May 12, 2012 | Malou Innocent, CATO Institute

Malou Innocent is a Foreign Policy Analyst at the Cato Institute. She is a member of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, and her primary research interests include Middle East and Persian Gulf security issues and US foreign policy …More

May 11, 2012 | Fighter Jets Secure Airspace of the Baltic Countries

NATO: The klaxon shrieks at Tampere Air Base in Finland. Four minutes later, two F-18 Hornet fighter jets from the Finnish Air Force take off. Their mission – to intercept an aircraft that is not complying with international air traffic regulations. Since the attacks of September 11, 2001, the surveillance of European airspace is a sensitive topic for the Alliance Member states and their partners. …More

May 9, 2012 | Daniel W. Hamilton, Director of the Center for Transatlantic Relations at SAIS

Dr. Daniel Hamilton is the Richard von Weizsäcker Professor and Director of the Center for Transatlantic Relations at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS), Johns …More

May 9, 2012 | Drone Attacks in Libya are Legal and Necessary

The CIA has recovered a more sophisticated version of the underwear bomb that was meant to be used to destroy a US-bound airline. ++ Officials say that the bomb originated with al-Qaeda’s organization in Yemen, the AQAP. ++ The …More

May 9, 2012 | Why NATO Intervention in Syria Makes No Sense

Volodymyr Navrotskyy: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization has rich experience in conducting operations in places such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Libya. Nevertheless, NATO is not the institution which has to preserve world peace. …More

May 4, 2012 | We Stopped the Killing, Now What?

The Dayton Agreement ended a war, but it also institutionalized ethnicity as the predominant feature of Bosnian social and political identity. ++ There has been little room for other minorities, since they had no seat at the negotiating …More

May 3, 2012 | The Return of the 22-Year Civil War

Sudan has been at war with itself since gaining independence. ++ The positive impacts of Southern Sudan post-secession, when the region’s voters supported a split in an internationally backed referendum last year, have been slow to mature. …More

April 30, 2012 | Time to Leave Afghanistan

Any continued NATO presence in Afghanistan is doomed. ++ The Afghan government is corrupt. ++ The Taliban have not gone away. ++ Nearby countries like Pakistan, Iran, and India will continue to pursue their own interests in the area. ++ The recent …More

April 26, 2012 | Taking on the Pirates

NATO: The Danish warship HMDS Absalon has freed 12 hostages and taken on board 16 suspected pirates off the coast of Somalia. It is a successful end to their six-month deployment under NATO’s Operation Ocean Shield. But Denmark now faces a dilemma. Unless a country in the region can be persuaded to take them ashore and prosecute them, the suspects will have to be set free again in Somalia. …More

April 25, 2012 | The EU's Misguided Move to Fight Pirates Onshore

James M Bridger: Somalian piracy requires more than a military-centric strategy. While the European Union’s shift in counter-piracy strategy is a somewhat welcoming development, the new policy runs the risk of civilian casualties and entanglement in the area due to mission creep. …More

April 23, 2012 | Obama Wastes Time As Syria Bleeds

The violence in Syria will never be ended through diplomacy. ++ The Obama administration must accept reality and work with options that could end the bloodshed. ++ More unarmed observers and sanctions will not work. ++ An arms embargo only …More

April 19, 2012 | Opium for the Masses

The annual opium harvest in Afghanistan is coming. ++ In 2011, opium farmers earned $1.4 billion, around 9% of Afghanistan’s GDP. ++ The Taliban use the opium trade to fund their attacks. ++ Opium is a a major source of corruption in the country. ++ …More

April 18, 2012 | The Future of Iraq: Warning Signs of Factionalism

Yasir Kuoti: The political landscape of Iraq is fracturing. Divisions are growing even more pronounced than before. Iraqi officials have exploited these tensions for their own gain. Unfortunately, the Iraqi government can no longer be relied upon. …More

April 17, 2012 | Inside NATO's Special Forces Network This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: Take an inside look at NATO’s Special Operations Headquarters where elite forces from member and partner countries work and train together. By sharing a common understanding these troops build relationships and become part of a multinational Special Forces community. …More

April 11, 2012 | Reducing Violence by Including Assad

Delivering aid to Syria’s armed opposition groups will most likely escalate violence. ++ This is because of the political complexities within the country. ++ Although large portions of the country support toppling the regime of Bashar …More

April 5, 2012 | The Forgotten Victims of Bio-Chemical Warfare

Veronika Valdova: According to a 2002 symposium, the number of
people killed by the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II in germ warfare and human experiments is about 580,000. After the war, US representatives refused to deal with the atrocities and force the perpetrators to face trial. Instead, they were granted immunity in exchange for data and cooperation. …More

April 2, 2012 | The Psychological Aspects of the Nuclear Conflict with Iran

Bernhard Lucke: The actual conflict with Iran is very much centered on the symbolic issue of nuclear enrichment. However, this misses the depth and history of the conflict. In particular, the psychological aspects of the confrontation between Iran and Israel should be considered more. …More

April 2, 2012 | Dr. Paal Hilde, Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies

Dr. Paal Hilde is Associate Professor and Head of Section for Norwegian Security Policy at the Norwegian Institute for Defense Studies (IFS).
Dr. Hilde is also a senior member of His research …More

March 30, 2012 | NATO's Collateral Damage

The Alliance must ensure complete transparency in its military operations. ++ Last August, NATO bombs killed around 34 Libyan civilians in the small village of Majer. ++ NATO however has refused to fully investigate exactly what happened in Majer and …More

March 29, 2012 | US Fiddles as Mexico Flounders

The US should be more worried about a stable Mexico than states in the Middle East. ++ While violence in Syria is horrendous, more than 47,000 Mexicans have died in the drug wars since 2006. ++ Mexico City could lose control over northern parts …More

March 28, 2012 | Engage Iran with Concrete Reciprocity in Upcoming Talks

Sascha Lohmann: The West must prevent pitfalls and seize the opportunities associated with the intricate cost-benefit calculations driving Iran‘s nuclear diplomacy. Taking Iran’s desire for recognition and independence into consideration will be indispensable for successful negotiations. …More

March 27, 2012 | How to Win the Afghan War

It is imperative for the US to support Afghanistan’s government. ++ American interests in the country have not changed: an abandoned Afghanistan threatens US security. ++ Obama should not give in to calls for a troop drawdown, the effects of which …More

March 21, 2012 | Let the Drone Strikes Continue

Obama’s drone strikes are actually embedded in the rule of law. ++ Critics have questioned the legality of targeted killings via drone strikes. ++ The US Congress has authorized and reaffirmed the president’s authority to use such force. ++ Under …More

March 19, 2012 | Shining Light on Libyan Oil

Despite other problems, the world should not forget about Libya’s transition. ++ The economy is a disaster, and militias remain armed. ++ Eastern Libya’s recent bid for autonomy calls national unity into question. ++ The eastern region contains most …More

March 18, 2012 | The Mediterranean Treaty Organization

Danilo Pennisi: Today, security for Europe is defense from international terrorism, weapons and drug traffic. Because North African states are gateways for these threats, we should push to create a sort of military alliance with North African states in order to make security more inclusive.

March 18, 2012 | Let Peace Flow Like Water

David Krantz: Wars have been fought over oil, but the path to long-term sustainable peace in new and developing democracies may be through cross-border cooperation on a different natural resource. The next big struggle could be over the most essential of things: water. …More

March 18, 2012 | Diplomatic Expansion: A Smart Choice for NATO

Sarah Schill: Diplomacy is the first line of defense in an interconnected world. NATO should substantially increase its diplomatic presence in Mediterranean Dialogue partner countries. The situation calls for a diplomatic presence that goes beyond what is normally required. …More

March 15, 2012 | Afghan War is Lost

There are no gains to be made by continuing the war in Afghanistan. ++ NATO’s counterinsurgency strategy relies on building trust with the local Afghans. ++ However, any bonds of trust are broken and most likely beyond repair. ++ Due to the recent killings …More

March 15, 2012 | Multinational Conflict Management

Dave Roddenberry: Sovereignty is a multi-use concept with a seemingly unending supply of definitions. It is also in an apparent logical conflict with the idea of interstate cooperation. Yet, for centuries states have sought to collaborate across a number of fields, though perhaps none more so than that of security. …More

March 14, 2012 | Syria's Stalemate

The conflict in Syria is bound to last for some time. ++ Too many countries are waiting around for someone else to take action. ++ Turkey and Jordan refused to be drawn in by creating safe havens along the Syrian border. ++ Assad’s armed forces are able to …More

March 9, 2012 | Syria Intervention: All or Nothing

Any half-measures undertaken to stop the Syrian conflict might only inflame the situation. ++ Syria’s rebels are failing against the better-armed Assad regime. ++ A rising death toll increases the calls for intervention. ++ Piecemeal …More

March 8, 2012 | The Syrian Uprising: Signs of a Protracted Military Conflict

Alexander Corbeil: As the Syrian crisis heads into its second year, all signs point to a protracted struggle, in which neither side gains an advantageous position. The military dimensions of the current uprising and other intricate factors have amalgamated to ensure a lengthy and indecisive conflict. …More

March 2, 2012 | Afghan Nation-building Failed; Now Choose Sides

The US must stop fantasizing that it can simply transfer power to the government in Afghanistan. ++ Pashtuns, a large segment of the population, do not support the government. ++ The Afghan army is in essence the old Northern …More

March 1, 2012 | Obama Drones: Blowback One Dead Civilian at a Time

Obama’s drone warfare is not only legally ambiguous but has also not improved the US position in Pakistan and Yemen. ++ An unstable and nuclear-armed Pakistan dislikes the US even more now than before. ++ In the failing state …More

February 24, 2012 | Only Russia Can Save Syria

The West has declared ‘good’ and ‘bad’ guys in Syria without fully understanding the situation. ++ Western governments should first determine who exactly the opposition is. ++ Russia and China’s veto of the Security …More

February 17, 2012 | Iran from Russia's Perspective

Russia hopes to gain benefits from mediating the Iran dispute. ++ Historically, there has always been conflict between Russia and Iran. ++  Due to this past animosity, the notion of Russia being Iran’s ally sounds strange to most …More

February 16, 2012 | Responsibility to Protect: Far From a Neo-colonial Project

Amal Varghese: This paper will oppose the arguments put forward by Mahmood Mamdani and others that the “Responsibility to Protect” is a western project forced upon Africans. On the contrary, this paper will demonstrate that the principles of RtoP and international justice are at the heart of Africa’s vision. …More

February 9, 2012 | Time to Make Nice with Assad

The violence in Syria could result in a full-blown civil war. ++ The controlled collapse of the Syrian regime is not possible considering that the army, the elites, and other segments of society still support the government. ++ With support from …More

February 8, 2012 | Drones vs. Democracy

Traditional warfare is being replaced by intelligence agency operated drone strikes in Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia. ++ Americans won’t see a debate about the war on terror because the details are secret. ++ Conservative estimates suggest that hundreds of …More

February 6, 2012 | Russia and China: Warnings from the Arab Spring

Beijing is dismissive of Western interests in the UN, prioritizing stability, economic benefit and non-interference. ++ Russia is Syria’s largest arms supplier and is attempting to demonstrate an alternative to Western …More

February 2, 2012 | What if Assad Survives?

Bashar al-Assad is hanging onto power in Syria despite a gradually developing civil war. ++ The current turmoil is the most precarious moment in Syria’s post-independence history. ++  No matter how much condemnation and bloodshed, the Assad …More

February 1, 2012 | Drones as a Tool for Human Rights

It is time to use drones to benefit human rights advocacy. ++ Drones could replace the Arab League observers who suspended their operations in Syria last week. ++ The evidence could be broadcast to prosecutors at the International Criminal …More

February 1, 2012 | A New Approach to 21st Century Governance

Ashley Diane Herzovi: The United Nations should repurpose the Trusteeship Council to oversee states with long-term issues of self-governance due to conflict that are thus unable to provide basic human necessities to their constituents. This action would allow the UN to contribute to long-term governance solutions. …More

January 30, 2012 | Iran is a Distraction From Palestine

President Netanyahu has turned the Iranian threat into a convenient distraction away from Israel’s settlement policy. ++ He has taken advantage of President Obama’s preoccupation with the presidential elections. ++ Both Israel’s center and …More

January 25, 2012 | Confronting Pakistan's Fears

Marno de Boer: Pakistan’s foreign policy is driven by two security concerns that need to be addressed before it will be on board with any lasting solution for peace in Afghanistan. The US must establish a regional treaty that deals with both Afghanistan’s relations with India and Pakistan’s fear of Pashtun nationalism. …More

January 25, 2012 | US Arms Won't Create Middle East Stability

The US and Britain have just concluded weaponry deals to Saudi Arabia worth $53 billion. ++ These deals are a short term solution to ease their recession hit economies presented as an opportunity to promote stability in the …More

January 24, 2012 | Stopping Genocide in Sudan

South Africa must resume its role as a mediator in Sudan. ++ Accelerating violence and the military seizure of Abyei by the Khartoum regime signal that war has restarted. ++ It is scandalous that three leading officials indicted for genocide, …More

January 23, 2012 | Your Ideas, Your NATO: Policy Workshop Competition We are excited to announce our newest policy workshop! We want you to tell us your ideas for promoting NATO values, building partnerships, and engaging members in the Smart Defense initiative. Winners receive a cash prize and a trip to Berlin to present their ideas to policymakers! …More

January 23, 2012 | Bomb-Bomb-Bomb Iran?

A preemptive strike represents one pole of the debate on Iran, the most abused foreign policy topic this election. ++ Best indicators suggest that Iran’s nuclear program is moving fully ahead and could produce a weapon within one year. ++ Obama’s policy …More

January 20, 2012 | Speak with the Taliban

The Afghanistan conflict is moving into a complex period and the US must make greater diplomatic efforts. ++ Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has described US strategy as “fight, talk, and build.” ++ A bipartisan statement from US leaders must …More

January 19, 2012 | A Conference for Security and Cooperation in the Middle East

Ali Fathollah-Nejad: With the war drums on Iran sounding and the Arab revolts following an arduous path, there still remains no sustainable perspective for a peaceful Middle East. The Conference for Security and Cooperation can bring the important civil society element to bear in a region where state-centric solutions have failed. …More

January 12, 2012 | Yemen's Year-Long Spring

Alexandra Lewis: Yemen was hit hard by the Arab Spring, which has a cross-national appeal that has somewhat obscured its distinctiveness in each country. Demonstrations in Yemen are strongly correlated with long-standing grievances on security and development, yet protests have become entwined with existing power struggles and difficult to disentangle from local conflicts. …More

January 10, 2012 | Iran's Threat to Oil Supplies is Real, but Desperate

Iran’s threat to close the Hormutz strait is real; it has the capability to block oil supplies in the region, albeit temporarily. ++ The Iranians have designed asymmetric tactics to effectively challenge preponderant US …More

January 5, 2012 | NATO's Chicago Summit: A Thorny Agenda

NATO is currently preparing for its summit meeting in Chicago in May 2012. This event was originally planned as a sort of “routine meeting“ which should primarily assess the progress made in implementing all the tasks NATO’s …More

December 6, 2011 | ISAF: Beyond Afghanistan?

Jason Naselli: Could the structures of ISAF be transformed into a peacebuilding force for missions in other conflict zones when it leaves Afghanistan? Proponents say it could harness the operational ties forged over the past 10 years into an effective solution for peacekeeping and global governance problems, but detractors say it is unfeasible and unwise. …More

December 2, 2011 | Rethinking Pakistan (Again)

Kara Kingma: The recent NATO attack reiterates the need to assess the alliance between the United States and Pakistan. Pakistan’s cooperation does not guarantee success in Afghanistan; rather, the US partnership with the Pakistani military alienates Pakistan’s citizens and prevents needed domestic reforms. …More

December 2, 2011 | Playing Chicken with Iran

The British embassy siege and subsequent expulsion of Iranian diplomats from London shows that the brinksmanship of the Iranian nuclear issue is heating up. ++ There are perverse incentives on both sides to ramp up the rhetoric: for Iranian hardliners, …More

December 1, 2011 | Human Security in the 21st Century

Rachel Anne Carlill: Globalization has prompted the diversification of security threats and the hegemonic realist security paradigm is ill-equipped to address them. By adopting the human security framework, the individual rather than the state may by prioritized in security analysis. …More

December 1, 2011 | Time to Force Pakistan's Hand

With time running out in Afghanistan, the current US strategy that waffles between placating Pakistan and being tough on insurgents will not succeed. ++ The US should go directly after militant sanctuaries, regardless of which side of the border …More

November 29, 2011 | Pakistan's Dangerous Game

The border incident that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers was tragic and regrettable, but must not be allowed to destroy the US-Pakistan relationship. ++ The Pakistani government is playing with fire in trying to exploit the incident to generate domestic …More

November 28, 2011 | America is Back in the Pacific

The Obama administration is working closely with eight regional economies to realize “a Trans-Pacific Partnership, an ambitious, high-standard trade agreement.” ++ “Security in the region requires that international law and norms be respected, …More

November 16, 2011 | The Hollow Words of the War Hawks

Republican candidates have been scoring political points with their hawkish stances on Iran, but they don’t understand the complexities of the situation. ++ Many top security analysts think a military faceoff with Tehran would open a …More

November 11, 2011 | How to Strike Iran

Paul Smyth: The latest report from the International Atomic Energy Agency shows that Iran is growing ever closer to acquiring functional nuclear weapons. The time may be coming when military strikes are necessary. When that time arrives, what are the best options? …More

November 11, 2011 | Clock Ticking on Iranian Bomb

The new International Atomic Energy Agency report proves there is no longer any doubt that Tehran’s nuclear program is focused on weaponization. ++ Time is running out for non-military solutions; Iran’s production of weapons-grade …More

November 10, 2011 | No Compromise on Cluster Bombs

In 2008, Britain led 22 other NATO allies in signing a ban on the use of cluster bombs. ++ Now the US, a notable holdout of the treaty, is trying to water down the ban to the point of near worthlessness. ++ Cluster bombs are an indefensible …More

November 9, 2011 | Politicizing Internet Security Endangers Everyone

A report from the US Congress indicated that it would consider cyber-espionage “an act of war.” ++ The US is on shaky ground with this pronouncement; they have their own cyber-espionage activities and accurately …More

November 8, 2011 | Filling In The Capability Gap

Olga Kolesnichenko: While many lament the growing military capability gap between Europe and the US within NATO, new tracks of partnership, emphasizing specialization and compatibility, have the potential to fundamentally reshape NATO’s organizational structure without compromising security. …More

November 3, 2011 | Islamist Parties Should Not Be Excluded

Fears over the rise to power of Islamist parties in post-revolutionary Arab countries are unfounded. ++ Islamic parties cannot afford to rule single-handedly and ignore the secular population. ++ Instead of building a religious theocracy, …More

October 31, 2011 | NATO Shines Under US Leadership

The successful Libyan mission exhibits the value of US leadership in creating stronger global alliances fit to enforce global security. ++ As a result of US efforts, NATO is realizing its potential as the world’s most effective and cohesive …More

October 25, 2011 | US Retreats From Unstable Iraq

As Obama announced the completion of the Iraq War, doubts remain on whether any of the goals originally mapped out by the President have been attained. ++ Iraq remains volatile and unstable, the Iraqi government is looking increasingly …More

October 24, 2011 | The Reluctance of Rising Democracies

Rising democracies are reluctant to support UN resolutions condemning authoritarian regimes. ++ India, Brazil and South Africa are opposed to democracy promotion partly out of economic self-interest, partly as a sign of protest against past …More

October 19, 2011 | No Need to Panic Over Drone Strikes

The increasing use of unmanned drones by the US has stoked fears of an arms race, but while drones are useful counter-terrorism tools, they are not machines of war. ++ Drones do not occupy a gray area of international law; in contrast, they …More

October 19, 2011 | The Eurasian Union: A Threat to the New World Order

Elena Georgievna Ponomareva: While the West has been quick to cast Putin’s Eurasian project as a throwback to the Soviet Union, the prospect of functioning Eurasian Union bodes well for security and prosperity in the post-Soviet space and could undermine Western global hegemony. …More

October 12, 2011 | Is a World Resource War in Our Future?

“If we look at the history of peacekeeping operations mandated by the Security Council, we find that 10 operations costing a total of US$35 billion dollars have been deployed to countries where natural resources have played a key …More

October 11, 2011 | The Real Lessons of Libya: Reflections on NATO's Success

Ira Louis Straus: Despite the constant barrage of anti-NATO rhetoric among Western media and politicians, the alliance has once again scored a victory in Libya. It now needs to learn the lessons of victory and consolidate the gains it has made, both among its members and in the Arab world. …More

October 5, 2011 | The Failure of Soft Power

Judy Dempsey: Europe’s efforts to exert influence on the world through soft power has proven ineffective. To restore Europe’s credibility in the world, Europe must open itself up to trade and immigration, provide more aid to civil society groups in the greater European neighborhood and be more vocal against dictatorial regimes. …More

September 30, 2011 | It's Too Early to Write an Obituary for Al Qaeda

Shanthie Mariet D’Souza & Bibhu Prasad Routray : As more high-ranking Al Qaeda leaders are eliminated, officials in Washington appear increasingly confident about their progress in dismantling the terrorist network. Contrary to this assessment, Al Qaeda remains far from defeat. The US cannot afford to get complacent. …More

September 30, 2011 | Re-Engineering the Transatlantic Security and Defence Relationship

Stanley R. Sloan: As NATO leaders prepare for the May 2012 summit in Chicago, the allies should review their security priorities, redefine defense spending quotas, reaffirm their commitment to global partnerships, reinforce links with Turkey, and find ways to make better use of non-military resources. …More

September 29, 2011 | Libya's Lasting Legacy

The Libyan intervention has proven NATO’s resilience as a military alliance. ++ While not all NATO members participated in the military operation, a coalition of the willing spearheaded by France and the UK successfully coordinated their efforts to …More

September 28, 2011 | Defence Spending in Europe: Can We Do Better Without Spending More?

“The situation of defence capacities in Europe is pretty dire,” concludes Fabio Liberti in his report for the French think tank Notre Europe. “The budgetary crisis that is afflicting member states of the …More

September 28, 2011 | The Future of EU-US Security and Defense Cooperation

Richard Gowan: It seems all too possible that the US and EU’s contrasting strategic concerns will continue to dilute their military cooperation in the years ahead. The hunt is still on for a convincing vision of how to avoid this outcome.

September 27, 2011 | China's Not Ready To Become a Responsible Power

Despite cultivating the image of a “peaceful power”, Beijing’s response to the Libyan intervention was a missed opportunity for China to embrace the role of a global leader. ++ Instead of acting as a responsible member of the …More

September 23, 2011 | UN Vote Will Lead to Violence in the Middle East

Regardless of the outcome, a UN vote on Palestine will result in violence in the Middle East. ++ The US and Israel’s push to convince Security Council members to abstain from voting is a short-term solution for postponing …More

September 22, 2011 | Why Israel Needs An Independent Palestinian State

Since the assassination of Prime Minister Rabin, Israeli leaders have failed to embrace a far-sighted vision on the Israel-Palestine conflict. ++ To reinitiate the peace process, Israel should accept that only an independent …More

September 22, 2011 | Europe Losing Ground

Asle Toje: Recent events in the Middle East have highlighted the EU’s inability to develop a strong common defense and security policy. The EU has the interests and aspirations of a global power, but the capacity and mindset of a mid-level player. Europe needs more cooperation and integration on security and foreign policy. …More

September 21, 2011 | Turkey as Regional Role Model

Turkey has the potential to serve as a democratic role model for the Muslim world. ++ To meet these expecations Prime-Minister Erdogan should tone down his harsh anti-Israeli rhetoric in order to promote stability in the region. ++ Using its …More

September 20, 2011 | Restoring European Growth

Advanced economies are feeling the strain of a growing economic recession. ++ The economic crisis has spread from the private sector over to sovereign states. ++ Unlike smaller struggling eurozone countries, the world’s most powerful economies …More

September 19, 2011 | "Ten Reasons for a European 'Yes'"

The UN vote on the status of the Palestinian state presents a unique opportunity for Europe to play a decisive role in global affairs. ++ The EU should put aside national differences and vote as a union for the recognition of the …More

September 19, 2011 | Security Despite Austerity: Europe's Defense

Editorial Team: Drastic cuts to defense spending put Europe’s security at risk. As budgets bend to economic pressure, defense ministries urgently need to reform in order to cut waste, improve capability and maintain security. What can European states do to make defense spending more efficient? …More

September 17, 2011 | European Defense in an Age of Austerity

Andrew M Dorman: Europe’s inability to agree on fundamental issues - its future, its allies, its foes - is exacerbating the effects of defense spending cuts across continent. European states can stave off decline by maintaining security collectively, but a drawback in their global involvement now looks inevitable. …More

September 16, 2011 | Balancing the Budget by Cutting Military Contractors

In the face of possible budget cuts to America’s defense budget, military contractors are launching a massive lobbying campaign to protect their revenue. ++ The top five military contractors earn most of their profits by …More

September 16, 2011 | Can Lower Budgets Produce Greater Security Efficiency?

Christopher M Schnaubelt: Disparate political realities among European states will make integration of national forces difficult. But defense ministries can cut costs by streamlining personnel, developing capable reserves, abstaining from new missions and investing in long-term training and education. …More

September 15, 2011 | Cutting Defense to Save the Economy

As the bipartisan “supercommittee” prepares to find ways to cut the deficit by $1.5 trillion, Democrats are proposing tax increases for America’s highest earners. ++ Instead of raising taxes, legislators should focus on cutting US defense …More

September 15, 2011 | Transatlantic Trends 2011

In its tenth edition, the 2011 Transatlantic Trends survey conducted by the German Marshall Fund of the United States gives a telling overview on the trajectory of public opinion in Europe and the US across the past decade. While the results concerning …More

September 15, 2011 | Beyond Pooling and Sharing: Open Europe's Markets

Robert Helbig: Europe should integrate its national defense capabilities not only in training and deploying troops, but also in research, development and procurement. States must open their national defense markets to increase competition, lower equipment prices and make spending more efficient. …More

September 14, 2011 | Britain Rejects EU Defense Proposal

An EU plan to create a defense-planning headquarters in Brussels has been met with harsh opposition in Britain. ++ As European countries struggle to balance budgets, British politicians see the proposed European project as costly and …More

September 14, 2011 | A Modest Proposal for Pan-European Defense

Nikolas Kirrill Gvosdev: The idea of intra-alliance military specialization in Europe is attractive in theory, but problematic in practice. Instead, officials should pursue a two-tiered pan-European defense force, which would facilitate deployment beyond Europe and improve effeciency using economies of scale. …More

September 14, 2011 | Europe's Choice: Diplomacy or War

Aleksandr Blagin: To improve its collective defense capabilities and reduce wasteful spending, Europe should pursue three paths: refuse expensive overseas expeditions, use diplomatic policy and economic sanctions before using force, and develop new partnerships in conflict-prone regions. …More

September 12, 2011 | Obama: Leading From Behind The Scenes

Despite being perceived as a liberal politician, Obama is surprisingly comfortable running US military operations. ++ As president Obama has increased drone attacks in Pakistan, eliminated Osama Bin Laden and worked more closely with …More

September 7, 2011 | "How 9/11 Transformed the Intelligence Community"

The US intelligence community’s credibility took a serious hit after the 9/11 attacks, with many accusing intelligence agencies of being too slow to adapt to modern-day threats. ++ Ten years later, the intelligence …More

September 6, 2011 | Israel Should Apologize To Turkey

By refusing to apologize to Turkey for its disproportionate use of violence against the Gaza flotilla in May 2010, Israel is effectively isolating itself from the international community and its closest allies. ++ Israel’s defiant stance …More

September 5, 2011 | Germany Must Defend Against Cyber Attacks

Arne Schoenbohm: The Internet has become a fifth ‘military battleground’ and poses a grave threat to governments and industries across the world. Some states have spent billions on cyber defense. Now others, notably Germany, must also take bold action to limit the damage of the growing cyber threat. …More

September 1, 2011 | Smiles on Surface, but Distrust Between US and China

The US-China relationship suffers from a mutual lack of trust. ++ A zero-sum view of the world sees any Chinese economic or military gains as “expansionary” at the expense of the West, just as Beijing is …More

August 31, 2011 | Israel Should Intervene in Syria

By intervening in Syria, Israel could seize the opportunity offered by “the convergence of moral imperatives and strategic goals”. ++ This would oppose the passive precedent Israel has set in the Arab Spring, but offering a corridor …More

August 30, 2011 | "Libya's Impact Will Shake the Assads"

Libya will have a “tremendous” effect on the Syrian uprising, boosting the morale of protestors and casting doubt on the Assad regime. ++ The EU must intensify pressure by banning oil imports from Syria, while Lebanon …More

August 25, 2011 | Nonviolent Tactics Could Topple Regime in Iran

CGA at NYU Ethnic Conflicts Learning Community : Nonviolent movements have toppled autocrats from Serbia to Egypt, and these tactics could also work in Iran. Protestors should exploit internal government divisions and leverage their youth and the strength of women to bring down this oppressive regime. …More

August 25, 2011 | Endgame in Libya a Victory for US Leadership

Despite the domestic assault on his Libya policy, President Obama’s strategy to depose Gaddafi has worked, with US support for NATO combat operations proving critical to the rebel forces’ success. ++ The Libyan case shows that …More

August 24, 2011 | EU Should Back US in Sanctioning Syrian Oil

Johnny West: The West has bemoaned the lack of democracy in the Arab world for decades. Now, as the slaughter continues in Syria, it is time for the West to back its values with action. The recent US ban on purchasing Syrian oil has a good chance of debilitating the Assad regime. Europe must do the same. …More

August 23, 2011 | Libya Needs International Boots on the Ground

With Libya on the verge of ousting Gaddafi, the rebels cannot allow tribal divisions to tear their leadership apart. ++ To support a peaceful transition of power, the outside world should be prepared to send, “at the very …More

August 22, 2011 | "What Will Free Libya Look Like?"

The conflict in Libya has reached “zero hour”. ++ As rebels infiltrate Tripoli and celebrate Gaddafi’s imminent surrender, the “forward-thinking” Transitional National Council makes plans for post-conflict …More

August 18, 2011 | US Must Nurture its Power, Not Squander It

The US is no longer the world’s sole superpower, but it can prevent its relative decline from becoming absolute. ++ Rather than insisting on American preeminence by “vainly” pouring billions into foreign wars, the US should …More

August 17, 2011 | Tehran's Nightmare: A Revolution in Syria

Saba Farzan: A successful Syrian revolution would mean the end of the destructive influence by the Islamic Republic and its proxies Hezbollah and Hamas. This makes Western support for the Syrian pro-democracy movement even more important. …More

August 16, 2011 | The South China Sea Will be the Center of Geopolitics

The most contested areas of the globe in the 20th century lay on dry land in Europe, but in the 21st century they are in the “seascape of East Asia,” which is quickly becoming the world’s “new center of naval activity.” ++ …More

August 15, 2011 | US Should End Unilateral Drone Attacks in Pakistan

US diplomats dealing with Pakistan “spend most of their time haggling over our military and intelligence activities, when they should instead be pursuing the sort of comprehensive social, diplomatic and economic reforms that …More

August 12, 2011 | Global Security Needs a Regional Focus

Greg Randolph Lawson: The world does not need relics of a bygone era. It needs a robust security architecture capable of confronting the unique circumstances of different regions in ways most suitable to each. It is time to embrace a security architecture based on regionalism, not pretensions to universalism. …More

August 11, 2011 | Libya, From Positive Precedent to Collective Frustration

“The intervention in Libya will not be remembered as a positive precedent for the Responsibility to Protect (R2P),” concludes Juan Garrigues in his report for the Barcelona Center for International Affairs (CIDOB). His …More

August 4, 2011 | China and US Must Cooperate in Afghanistan

Chinese and US interests in Afghanistan are unlikely to ever align perfectly, but both states have a stake in the stability of the region. ++ Beijing has long been wary of American troop presence near Chinese borders, and disagreements …More

August 1, 2011 | Five Lessons NATO Must Learn

The wars in Afghanistan and Libya have exposed severe deficiencies in NATO and revealed five lessons the US and Europe must heed to preserve the Alliance. ++ Partners on both sides of the Atlantic should take ownership of NATO. Europe should …More

August 1, 2011 | Nagorno-Karabakh: A Frozen Conflict Threatens to Thaw

Orkhan Gafarli: Before a ceasefire took effect in 1994, the Nagorno-Karabakh War took the lives of over 20,000 people. Now, the “frozen” conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan is threatening to heat up once again. Both countries must implement democratic reform if a lasting peace is ever to be reached.

July 29, 2011 | US Should Cooperate with Russia in Iran

Russia has submitted a new plan to end the nuclear standoff in Iran, involving a step-by-step easing of sanctions as Iran improves cooperation with the IAEA. ++ The US has been “cool” to the initiative, reflecting a widening …More

July 21, 2011 | America Looks Inward, NATO Looks Inept

Emma Jane Macnair Diaz: As the US begins to focus on solving economic problems at home, a greater share of global peacekeeping will now fall to NATO and the UN. Both institutions are ill-equipped to take on this role, however, and will remain so if member nations do not spend more on collective defense. …More

July 20, 2011 | Europe and the US Send Mixed Messages to Syria

While Secretary Clinton said that President Assad had “lost legitimacy,” European ministers sent him another implicit lifeline, urging him to implement promised reforms. ++ “So long as Washington and Europe send mixed …More

July 19, 2011 | British Attitudes Towards the UK's International Priorities

Chatham House’s second survey in partnership with YouGov tests British thinking about the country’s place in the world and assesses how this thinking may have changed during the coalition government’s first year in …More

July 16, 2011 | The Syrian Regime's Slow-motion Suicide

Even in its attempts to survive at all costs, the Syrian regime appears to be digging its own grave. Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East (VII):  The Syrian Regime’s Slow-motion Suicide,
the second of a two-part …More

July 15, 2011 | Small Arms: the Real Weapons of Mass Destruction?

NATO Review: NATO’s Chuck Parker saw the impact of light weapons first hand when serving in Vietnam. Today, he is one of the people trying to prevent the same misuse and mishandling of the weapons that continues today. …More

July 11, 2011 | "Arab Youth Steps in Where Islamism Failed"

The Arab spring has slid into a long, hot summer. After toppling their autocratic regimes, Tunisia and Egypt have yet to show their movement toward democracy is sustainable, while the violent conflicts in Syria and Libya drag on. …More

July 8, 2011 | New Nation Laden with Old Conflicts

South Sudan will celebrate its independence as the world’s newest nation Saturday. ++ But after the confetti drops, it will immediately become one of its most underdeveloped countries. A fifty-year civil war with the north has killed …More

July 7, 2011 | Special Forces - Strategic Asset

Simon James Anglim: The study of Special Forces has largely been neglected in academic literature, but they remain among the most effective military tools available. Modern armies should continue investing in Special Forces to carry out tactical missions that conventional military units are ill-suited to perform. …More

July 7, 2011 | "American Power Requires Economic Sacrifice"

President Obama wants to cut US defense spending by $400 billion, about 7 percent, by 2023. The proposed cuts would help deal with soaring national debt, but they also signal the ebbing of US preeminence in world affairs. ++ The …More

July 5, 2011 | US European Command and NATO's Strategic Concept: Post-Afghanistan and Beyond

Atlantic Council Strategic Advisors Group member Harlan Ullman argues that after the NATO drawdown from Afghanistan, EUCOM will become even more important as a means of sustaining and building …More

July 4, 2011 | NATO and its Partners: Changing Relationships? This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO Review: The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is changing the way it works with its partners. Ambassador Dirk Brengelmann, Assistant Secretary General for Political Affairs and Security Policy, explains what these changes mean to both sides.

June 28, 2011 | Robert Gates' Words Have Fallen on Deaf Ears in Europe This Article contains Flash-Video

Nick Witney at the Boell Foundation: While the United States will have to focuse on the Pacific, Europe should engage on its own account with Russia and Turkey in the management of its neighborhood. The relationship with the US is set to remain a genuine partnership and Europe should conduct it on a more balanced, transatlantic, unified European basis. …More

June 27, 2011 | Gaddafi Loyalists: a Key to Libyan Stability

After crossing the 100-day milestone, NATO’s military conflict in Libya is slowly moving towards its resolution. ++ The exclusion of Gaddafi forces from the new government will lead to the repetition of mistakes made during …More

June 27, 2011 | The Geopolitics of Abkhazia's Sovereignty

Vasco Martins: This article proposes four interlinked hypothesis to explain the immense geopolitical benefits of recognizing Abkhazia, while understanding that certain ‘hard-line’ factions within the Russian government might have planned the outcome of the conflict. …More

June 23, 2011 | Pakistan Sees the United States as the Enemy

Once a disciplined and secular organization, Pakistan’s army has now been infiltrated at all levels by violent Islamists. ++ The military views the United States as “a hostile force trying to perpetuate a state of …More

June 20, 2011 | European Irrelevance Is Inevitable

Blaming European choices for the continents irrelevance is fruitless because there are larger historical forces at play. ++ Transatlantic ties matter less because integration has led to a Europe largely whole, free and stable. ++ This …More

June 20, 2011 | Is Europe Shirking Responsibility for Libyan Refugees? This Article contains Flash-Video

Editorial Team: “Every day, millions of refugees face murder, rape and terror,” says the UNHCR. Today is World Refugee Day, aimed at increasing awareness about the forcibly displaced worldwide. To commemorate this occasion we are asking you to join the debate on the growing Mediterranean refugee crisis. …More

June 15, 2011 | Turkey is an Islamic Role Model

The remarkable electoral success of Prime Minister Erdogan will enable him to tackle Turkey’s external and internal problems. ++ To improve its place among world economies, Turkey should engage in bringing peace and stability to the Middle East. …More

June 7, 2011 | Syria - a Fount of Disorder

President Assad intends to downplay assaults on regime opponents by exciting attacks on Israel. ++ Syria gave a green light to Palestinian refugees to assemble in the “sealed-off military zone” of the Golan Heights. ++ The latter resulted …More

June 3, 2011 | NATO's Operation in Libya Must be Continued

The failure of peace negotiations led by the South African president with Colonel Gaddafi coupled with regime’s further international isolation and the success of Libyan opposition give more credits to NATO’s military …More

May 30, 2011 | Women: The Key to Conflict Resolution

Memo 32: NATO member states must integrate a gender perspective in agreements which establish the foundations for stable peace, as envisaged in UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325. …More

May 21, 2011 | How to Support Regime Change in the Middle East

Bernhard Lucke: Developments in Egypt and Iraq show that the process of encouraging regime change is a long-term endeavor. Ignoring the precedent of Afghanistan through risky actions in Libya and Syria will create prolonged civil wars in the region. The West can build trust through student exchanges, well-managed development aid, and general cooperation. …More

May 20, 2011 | Libyan Collateral War

An initially brisk NATO-led operation in Libya has stretched into a three-month military intervention with a questionable balance of saved and killed civilians. ++ The absence of any “consensus within NATO for sending ground forces” and a still …More

May 18, 2011 | It's Time for a Palestinian State

This September Palestinians will request “a peaceful and just end to the conflict” with Israel through the admission of the State of Palestine to the UN. ++ This might lead to claims being lodged against Israel due to their …More

May 18, 2011 | Back to the Future in the Middle East

Sunday’s attacks on the Israeli border could be a menacing relapse toward Middle East conflict. ++ Hezbollah, Hamas and Syria’s President Assad are always ready for a fight with Israel and now Egypt’s post-Mubarak elites are turning to …More

May 17, 2011 | US-Saudi Split Amid the Arab Spring

The Saudi government plans to pursue a more aggressive foreign policy, at times conflicting with US interests. ++ The tacit agreement between both countries (oil for security) has been broken since Riyadh has stopped agreeing to, in its …More

May 17, 2011 | Bin Laden's Death will Facilitate Afghan Peace Talks

Ahmed Rashid: Bin Laden’s death will facilitate peace talks between the Taliban, the Kabul government, and the Americans. NATO and Afghanistan’s neighbours will have to take swift military and political action in a way that will help President Hamid Karzai’s efforts to negotiate with the Taliban and end 33 years of war. …More

May 16, 2011 | Why I Leaked the "Palestine Papers"

“Peace negotiations” involved biased terms being imposed by Israel and endorsed by the US and EU. ++ The Oslo process deepened Israeli segregationist policies and justified tighter security control over Palestinians and their …More

May 13, 2011 | Remembering Ron Asmus

The Atlantische Initiative, publisher of, is deeply saddened by the passing of our advisory board member Ronald D. Asmus,
longtime Brussels Office Executive Director and Director of Strategic
Planning for the German Marshall …More

May 13, 2011 | Pakistan: Friend or Foe

It is no surprise that Pakistan’s vow of innocence in hiding Osama bin Laden have not been taken seriously and its duplicity is no longer acceptable. ++ The US must demand that Pakistan collapse remaining Al Qaeda factions in the country and call on …More

May 10, 2011 | Mission Creep in Libya

Obama claimed that US action in Libya would take ‘days, not weeks’ and would happen on a purely humanitarian basis. ++ Two weeks letter, a letter signed by the President, Cameron and Sarkozy admitted it was about regime change. ++ Conflict has …More

May 10, 2011 | Pakistani Complicity in Bin Laden's Hiding

Shireen Khan Burki: Pakistan spent military and humanitarian aid money on hunting down political opposition within the country while half-halfheartedly cooperating in the global hunt for Osama bin Laden. Now the West is questioning whether or not Pakistan was aware they were hosting the most wanted man on earth. …More

May 9, 2011 | The West Should Support Syrian Protesters

The Syrian regime’s response to mass protests has so far rivalled the brutality seen in Libya and yet the West is doing very little. ++ The first US sanctions were imposed 45 days after the protests began and experts agree that …More

May 6, 2011 | Osama's Death Means we can Go Home

Obama has gained the moral and political capital to end the interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq. ++ The killing of bin Laden shows that terrorist threats are more effectively suppressed by special forces than ground troops. ++ The …More

May 4, 2011 | Goodbye "Bin Ladenism," Hello Arab Moderates

The US has done its part to end “Bin Ladenism,” but the Arab and Muslim people must act to do the same, to end this ideology with elections, and progressive, democratic reforms. ++ This challenge of extremism was created …More

May 4, 2011 | End of the Road

While global terror remains a threat after Osama bin Laden’s death, there are still major consequences of this US victory. ++ If the US version of the mission is accepted, that the US did not inform any Pakistani officials, this further …More

May 3, 2011 | Rapprochement on Cruise from Suez to Benghazi

Franco-British estrangement, caused by opposing lessons from 1956 Suez debacle, ended en route to Benghazi . ++ London realizes relationship with Washington is less special, so needs to prove independence to be noticed. ++ UK and …More

May 3, 2011 | Terrorism and Counter-terrorism: Mind the Gap

Victoria Naselskaya: As history has shown, national security cannot be achieved by limiting minority rights and invoking terrorist tactics, as this serves to undermine people’s trust in the rule of law. Chechnya provides a useful example of how the use of counter-terrorism tactics accomplishes little more than civilian casualties or exacerbates the problem. …More

May 2, 2011 | The Future of Al Qaeda

After the death of Osama bin Laden, shifts in Al Qaeda will be seen in three main areas: the top bosses, the youth leadership and the ideology. ++ Decentralization was a key strategy but there will likely be major splits among top leaders. ++ The …More

May 2, 2011 | Germany's Stance on Libya Shows Lack of Direction in Foreign Policy

Dustin Dehez: When President Barack Obama addressed the nation to explain what he hoped the United States would achieve in Libya, he noted: “Some nations may be able to turn a blind eye to atrocities in other countries…” Some nations, it appears, no longer only applies to China and Russia but also to Germany. …More

April 29, 2011 | An Iranian Regime Change We Can Believe In

With regime change being one key issue that nearly all US allies can agree on, Iran is in an even better position to benefit from a shift. ++ Iran is in many ways similar to the Arab states experiencing uprisings, with a highly …More

April 29, 2011 | The Role of Women's Empowerment in Post-Conflict Reconstruction

Beata Zpevakova: Despite the development in research and practice towards the acknowledgement of the roles of women after conflicts, post-conflict strategies are still gender-blind. Women need to play a role in post conflict reconstructions. …More

April 28, 2011 | Recognizing Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War is Not Enough

Elizabeth Anne Johnson: While the international community has begun to recognize the use of sexual violence as a targeted war strategy, current policies to deal with the issue remain ineffective. Instead, academics, practitioners and experts must take into account the diverse experiences of men and women, and work to understand why both are victimized sexually during warfare. …More

April 27, 2011 | Dis-Embedding Feminism

Svenja Post: Why women’s rights do not qualify for justifying military intervention and why a strong political will that starts at home will be more effective. …More

April 27, 2011 | Arab Spring Blooms on Syria's Streets

Coming weeks are decisive in Syria, where protests now in fourth week; recent Arab revolts reached critical mass within three-to-six weeks. ++ Regime facing coherent demands from unified movement, with core elements of regime being …More

April 27, 2011 | Active Women, Modern Defense: Towards a 50:50 Principle

Nukhet Ahu Sandal: Women can find their voice in defense policies and security matters. They simply need a way in. By actively promoting the recruitment of women to military positions, we can achieve gender equality in modern defense.

April 27, 2011 | Microfinance, Security, and Women: The Missing Link

Dominique Alexandra Shure: Extremism will continue to provide an attractive alternative to destitution if the economic situation of ordinary people is ignored in NATO operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. Micro-financing can provide a low cost, effective alternative to pure military engagement with long term benefits, at the same time allowing the engagement of women in economy and politics. …More

April 26, 2011 | The Broken Promise of UN Security Council Resolution 1325

Author name deleted: What’s next in the realm of Women, Peace and Security at the UN? How Resolution 1325 has become a paper tiger that repeats already internationally agreed standards and has lost the attribute that made it a breakthrough, namely its provocativeness. …More

April 26, 2011 | Forgive and Forget for a Change

The US is cautious to act in Libya as it is focusing on Egypt, the pivotal country in crisis. ++ $150 million in aid funds has been announced to bolster secular liberalism and oppose the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood. ++ A brazen amount could …More

April 26, 2011 | High Expectations for US Plan for 1325

Sarah Williamson: Ten years after the UN Security Council passed the landmark Resolution 1325 encouraging greater participation of women in peace and security, the United States is developing a National Action Plan to implement the Resolution across the government.

April 26, 2011 | Ten Years After UN R1325, A Neat Revolution in Search of Warriors

L. Salich & I. Maras: The commemoration of UN Resolution 1325 represents an opportunity to look back and forward by building on the cumulative experiences and lessons learned in view of openly addressing the gaps that are impeding any significant progress it can and should make. …More

April 25, 2011 | Women on Transatlantic Security

Editorial Team: Our Open Think Tank is devoted to promoting women voices in the transatlantic security debate. The op-ed competition in celebration of the 100th anniversary of International Women’s Day and the 10th anniversary of UN Resolution 1325 seeks to empower women in peace and security. …More

April 24, 2011 | The United States Must Leave Iraq in 2011

Kara Kingma: The United States should leave Iraq in December 2011 as required by the 2008 Status of Forces Agreement. To stay longer would put American troops at risk, anger the Iraqi people, and damage the prospects that the US can play any meaningful and positive role in the Arab Spring. …More

April 21, 2011 | "NATO's Half-Hearted War"

NATO has set unrealistically high expectations of itself as a conflict resolver. ++Obama’s aversion to involve America in another war and Britain and France’s lack of sufficient military force has dragged out the situation in Libya. …More

April 21, 2011 | Georgia on Our Minds? Why NATO Should Offer Membership

Siri Bjorntvedt: By offering conditional membership to Georgia, NATO will help to stabilize the region and improve the democratic credentials of both partners. This will also help Georgia improve its relations with Russia, subsequently making another war much less likely. …More

April 20, 2011 | The Naxalite Movement in India

Cody William Punter: This paper traces the development of the Naxalite movement in India from independence until the present, where it is now considered India’s single largest security threat. …More

April 18, 2011 | Resolution 1325: From Rhetoric to Action

Natasha L Lamoreux: The most expedient way to engage more women at all levels of transnational and transatlantic security efforts, as well as to ensure the safety and security of women in post-conflict, is to move Resolution 1325 from rhetoric to action by enacting a quota-system during conflict resolution processes. …More

April 18, 2011 | The Pitfalls of Suspending Conscription

Nina-Birke Glonnegger: In its most ambitious military reform of all time, Germany has decided to suspend conscription this July in favor of an all-volunteer force. With this step, Germany is on a path familiar to many other NATO member states. …More

April 15, 2011 | Don't Confuse the Arab Spring with the Fall of Communism

Cody William Punter: The past months have witnessed an unexpected turn of events in the Arab World, leading us to draw parallels with past events, namely the fall of Communism in 1989. This article urges caution in drawing comparisons, while attmepting to place current events within the context of a wider narrative. …More

April 14, 2011 | Limit Arms Exports to Reduce Violence Against Women

Rebecca Gerome: The availability of small arms increases sexual violence against women. Therefore, gender based violence needs to be central to international discussions on the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), and states must act to end impunity for armed violence against women. …More

April 11, 2011 | Rethink Strategy, Engage Hamas

Manuela Paraipan: It is in the interest of the Occident to build relationships with key local players that have earned the support of their respective populations through an internationally sanctioned process. …More

April 11, 2011 | US-Europe Consensus on Hezbollah Status Finally in Sight

Marketa Reichert Phares: For the past three decades, the United States and Europe have had different policies in place toward Hezbollah, a Lebanon-based Shiite Jihadi organization. The currently operational UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon may lead to a surprising breakthrough in transatlantic relations on this issue. …More

April 8, 2011 | No-Fly Zones Explained This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: Group Captain Geoff Booth, who took part in enforcing the No-Fly Zone (NFZ) over Bosnia in the 1990s, outlines what’s needed of an aircrew during this kind of operation. …More

April 7, 2011 | A Positive View on Afghanistan

Hayek, Hübers, Haack: This week, features the English edition of “ad hoc international.” Members of NefiA, the Alumni Network of the Mercator Fellowship on International Affairs and the former Postgraduate Program in International Affairs, share personal experiences and encounters as well as positive developments in Afghanistan. …More

April 7, 2011 | "There are Very Brave Women in Afghanistan"

Interview with Elke Jonigkeit: Since 1985 Elke Jonigkeit has traveled through Afghanistan and produced seven films about the country and the women that live there. In 2003, she founded the Nazo training center in Kabul. Elke Jonigkeit is a 2010 award winner of the “Women’s Worlds” film festival organized by “Terre des Femmes”. We met in a café in Berlin. …More

April 6, 2011 | Answering the Why

Florian Neutze: A closer look at the political discourse hints at an astonishing reluctance of German politicians to encourage a broad societal debate on Germany’s role and responsibility in Afghanistan. Political leaders across party lines will have to come up with an answer to the “Why?” of the German involvement, rather than focusing on the “When?” of the withdrawal. …More

April 5, 2011 | We Are Combatants in Libyan Civil War

Obama Administration and European partners have no strategy for Libya. ++ Willingness to consider arming rebels reflects coalition’s ignorance; would make bloody stale-mate between Gaddafi and rebels more likely. “The coalition effort has …More

April 5, 2011 | NATO: Renewed from Afghanistan

Jan Techau: Anders Fogh Rasmussen has won the war in Afghanistan. NATO’s new Secretary General did not give in to an “Afghanistan depression,” but used the mission to renew the Alliance and adapt its understanding of war. Afghanistan has welded NATO together in ways previously unexpected. …More

April 4, 2011 | High Food Prices Endanger Food Security

to officials from the Food and Agriculture Organization, mankind is only two
bad seasons away from a disaster on a global scale. This spring already, the
previous year’s bad harvests contributed to the social unrest in North …More

April 4, 2011 | 100 Percent Renewables: Positive Cash Flow Possible from 2035 on

If every
inhabitant of the planet used as much energy as the average American or
Singaporean, the world’s oil supplies would be exhausted within nine years. Even
if we were less wasteful in our energy usage, …More

April 4, 2011 | Goldstone Has Second Thoughts on Israel War Crimes

More is known about what happened in 2008-09 Gaza war than when UNHCR Goldstone Report was produced. ++ Lack of Israeli cooperation meant that fact-finding mission didn’t have evidence explaining circumstances in which Gaza …More

April 1, 2011 | "Chancellor Merkel's Shellacking"

Mrs. Merkel should draw the right lessons from the lost state elections and follow her and Germany’s principles and larger interests. ++ “Although NATO has long been the linchpin of Germany’s defense plans, she ostentatiously …More

April 1, 2011 | What Should Germany Do About Libya?

Editorial Team: Foreign policy makers and experts around the world criticize Germany’s position on Libya. However the majority of Germans seem to approve it. What do members recommend to the German government? …More

March 31, 2011 | Goodbye "Normalization"? Germany and its non-intervention in the Libya

Stephan Vormann: Two weeks ago the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1973 which paved the way for the coalition air strikes against Gaddafi’s forces. For the first time in its history, Germany abandoned both its most important allies, the US and France. Is this the end of an era in German Foreign Policy? …More

March 29, 2011 | The World Can't Rely on Germany

Germany’s refusal to support the UN no-fly zone over Libya was wrong based on the UN responsibility to protect. ++ While it may be true that we do not understand Libya well enough, or this a civil war, or no-fly zone’s lead to escalated …More

March 28, 2011 | Escaping Ghosts of Iraq through Libyan Intervention

At the London conference on Libya Tuesday, PM Cameron must remind people of the UN mandate and of the major differences from Iraq. ++ Also at stake is the “first trial” of the “Responsibility to Protect” (R2P), which stands to …More

March 28, 2011 | Pakistan and Israel: Religion, Politics and State

Malte Gaier: Religion, politics and the nation state are entwined in the foundations of both Israel and Pakistan. This paper examines how the basic characteristics of these states were formed and politically legitimized through a religious framework. …More

March 28, 2011 | Where Will the Women be Post-Revolution?

Heidi S Rosbe: While women’s participation in the Arab-world protests has not gone unnoticed by mainstream media, the angle taken has further marginalized their roles. Women’s sidelined roles have not been explored as are voices calling for women to step into leadership roles. …More

March 25, 2011 | NATO Takes Control of No-Fly Zone Over Libya This Article contains Flash-Video

Anders Fogh Rasmussen: NATO Allies have now decided to enforce the no-fly zone over Libya. We are taking action as part of the broad international effort to protect civilians against the attacks by the Gaddafi regime. We will cooperate with our partners in the region and welcome their contributions. …More

March 24, 2011 | European Split over Libya Hinders No-Fly Zone

The US, UK and France lead the way on the UN mandated no-fly zone over Libya. ++ While motivations may differ, and reservations remain, they recognize the importance of a united Western front - but not Germany. ++ Even if you agree …More

March 23, 2011 | Our Responsibility to Protect?

Line Holmung: Faced with mass violence in Libya, there is an urgent need for the international community to clarify the meaning of the “international responsibiltiy to protect.” Despite UN action, it remains unclear who will carry the actual international burden. …More

March 23, 2011 | The EU's Interventionist Discourse is Hollow

Line Holmung: Developments in the METAL states (Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria and Libya) have shown that the EU’s ability to act has changed little – if anything – since the Yugoslav wars. The EU is smothered by incapacity, indecision, and fragmentation. Upcoming EU summits will fail because Europe is still lacking any political imagination as to what must really be done. …More

March 22, 2011 | US Should not Intervene in Libya

The US military should not intervene in oil rich Muslim countries, as this is routinely depicted as stealing resources. ++ “Imams all over Afghanistan routinely denounce the US intervention as a disguised attack on Islam.” These accusations are …More

March 22, 2011 | From Moscow to Cairo

Anna Adeola Makanju: Those who want to see democracy flourish in the Middle East must learn the lessons of the post-communist transition and make civil society engagement and support a priority. While working to address the short term needs of the region, strategies should be in place for a lasting resolution. …More

March 20, 2011 | From Territorial Defence to Global Intervention?

Stephan Vormann: Germany’s Bundeswehr after universal conscription. Two decades after the end of the Cold War the transformation of the Bundeswehr remains a “work in progress”. On January 3rd 2011 the - for the foreseeable future - last conscripts were drafted into the army. The suspension of universal conscription is however only a first step in what will most likely be a series of reforms in the Bundeswehr. The implications for Germany and its international role are yet unclear. …More

March 18, 2011 | "Bahrain Pulls a Qaddafi"

While it is deplorable to watch rogue states attack their own citizens, it is even more shocking to see Western allies do the same. ++ After continued protests in Bahrain, national forces with the help of Saudi troops, have begun firing on …More

March 18, 2011 | NATO Challenges and Opportunities in Libya

Gvantsa Kvinikadze: This major threat to international security in Libya may provide NATO with a chance to utilize the strong, detailed words of the new Strategic Concept. NATO, the UN and regional bodies need to react, and effectively deal with the situation threatening the Libyan people. …More

March 17, 2011 | Russian Nuclear Industry Threatened by Fukushima

Will Russia still be able to export nuclear power plants? ++ Officials from the Russian nuclear industry speak of having no intentions to curtail production. ++ Events in Fukushima represent a most untimely development for them. …More

March 17, 2011 | Re-legitimizing NATO

Julia Ulrike Schramm: NATO needs renewed legitimacy in order to face emerging global threats and problems. This will require a complete restructuring, and new treaty, but also the cooperation of BRIC and other states will be necessary to create a more effective organization. …More

March 16, 2011 | Blind Faith in Technology and the Fate of Chernobyl

Japan is not unlike the late Soviet Union: A blind faith in the power of technology might well hasten the fall of a corrupt and incompetent regime. ++ In spite of the danger of earthquakes, close ties between the government …More

March 15, 2011 | Should NATO Engage in Libya?

Celine Touboul: Before deciding on whether to engage militarily in Libya, NATO should define the strategic objective of such mission, as they may not be consistent with the purpose of the organization. It should also carefully weigh the risks of escalation and failure of such intervention. …More

March 14, 2011 | The US Will Have to Feed China

“Just as China is America’s banker, America could become China’s farmer.” ++ Due to population growth and desertification China has to increase imports for grain to avoid politically destabilizing price spikes. ++ “Chinese agriculture …More

March 11, 2011 | Reshaping Pentagon Leadership

Donna M. McAleer: NATO and the US limit women’s involvement in top ranking military positions, but both would benefit from abolishing discriminatory rules. Including more experienced women can provide fresh thinking on waging war, creating peace and influencing international security. …More

March 10, 2011 | Limiting Arms Sales

Lilianne Christina Steele: A defense industry is imperative to every nation; however steps need to be taken to protect civilians who consistently become collateral damage in this corrupt and unstable industry. Changes need to ensure that nations no longer use arms sales to manipulate foreign policy agendas. …More

March 10, 2011 | Arab Revolutions Need Women for True Democracy

Throughout the Arab world, the protest movements have been accompanied by calls for equal rights. ++ In Tunisia, women took to the streets to fight for freedom and secularism. ++ In Algeria, they ventured out to protest against the …More

March 9, 2011 | US Should Tread Softly in Case of Libya

It would be unwise for the Obama Administration to get the US too deeply involved in Libya. ++ Calls for imposing a no-fly zone should go unheeded. ++ Afghanistan ought to serve as a warning to those who clamor for arming or otherwise …More

March 8, 2011 | Championing Muslim Feminists

On the 100th celebration of International Women’s Day, it’s time for the West to take notice of Muslim feminists. ++ Long before the current revolts in the Muslim World topped headlines, women activists have been fighting, risking death and fatwas, …More

March 7, 2011 | Social Media and Political Power in the Cyber World

A shudder
ran through the ranks of the internet community, as Egyptian authorities
succeeded in turning off 88% of the nation’s internet traffic in less than 15 minutes. In order to wear down the
country’s protest …More

March 7, 2011 | Social Media and National Security: A Wake-Up Call

It is not only the Egyptian military that regards the social forces unleashed by the internet as something sinister: All too often US military commanders also view social networks in cyberspace as a kind of threat. It would, …More

March 7, 2011 | UN Women: Remedy or Panacea?

Nicola Blackwood: With women’s participation in countries now hanging in the balance - Afghanistan, Egypt, Libya - to name a few, the issue must not be allowed to fall back off the security agenda at the Council. If UN Women can overcome the many challenges it faces, it could be the hopeful turning point in the fight against gender inequalities so entrenched in conflict scenarios. …More

March 4, 2011 | It's Undiplomatic

US-Pakistani relations are increasingly threatened by the dispute over Ryan Davis, the diplomat working for the CIA accused of killing two men in Lahore. ++ This partnership, vital for the war against the Taliban and Al Qaeda, is weakening as Pakistanis have …More

March 3, 2011 | Renewed War of Words - Russia and Georgia

Russians and Georgians are name-calling once again. ++ The First Deputy Chairman of the Russian Federation Council “accused Georgia of involvement in the Domodedovo airport bombing.” ++ Meanwhile, President Medvedev insinuated that …More

March 2, 2011 | US Would Like Europeans to Take the Lead in Libya

Policymakers in the United States are debating whether to impose a no-fly zone over Libya so that Gaddafi could no longer use airpower against the rebels. ++ Together with its allies, Washington thus hopes to deal the dictator a …More

February 28, 2011 | Oil Shock: 2011

Moammar Gadhafi, Libya’s erstwhile leader has begun sabotaging oil facilities in an effort to sow chaos. ++ Despite an increase in Saudi production to make up the shortfall, oil analysts are worried about what will happen in the mid term, as the writing is on …More

February 28, 2011 | International Human Rights and State Sovereignty

Anush Hayrapetyan: This research focuses on human rights and state sovereignty issues which very often contradict one another in current international relations. Individual States need to pay attention to fulfil human rights duties in within their own borders for both to be considered equally. …More

February 25, 2011 | Mind the Process

Alexandra Jonas: Policymakers should take a closer look at the drafting process of developing NATO’s strategic concept. Introducing transparency, communication and consensus building into drafting strategy will only serve to create more credible and effective policy. …More

February 25, 2011 | If Not Now, When?

The events developing in the Arab world should be a major wake-up call for the US. ++ While Westerners have acted like the Middle East was a large gas station for years,  this has to change. ++ A major gas tax will make the US more open to promote …More

February 24, 2011 | Caucasus: Frozen Conflict Boiling on a Low Flame

A visit to the Southern Caucasus by Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg raises hopes ahead of the March 5 meeting between the presidents of Russia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan. ++ The Sochi talks might succeed in easing …More

February 23, 2011 | Morocco: Change of a Different Kind is in the Air

Contrary to developments in other countries, Moroccans are not clamoring to oust the regime of King Mohammed VI. ++ Instead, they are merely demanding restrictions on his powers and those of his government. ++ The protestors …More

February 22, 2011 | Outsourcing Security: A New Response to Piracy

Annina Cristina Buergin: The growing threat of piracy has prompted some nations to hire private security forces to replace military personnel for vessel protection. While this may assist limited military forces, security should not become a private good and many unresolved problems remain with outsourcing international security. …More

February 21, 2011 | Why the Youth of the World is Revolting

“Demography is destiny”.++ The young people rebelling against autocratic regimes in North Africa and the Middle East as well as those in the UK protesting against university fees have something in common. ++ They have both been let down …More

February 21, 2011 | Italian Fascism: Anglo-American Perspectives, 1943 - 1945

Oreste Foppiani: This new book takes an in depth look at the the Allies relations with the northern territory of Italy, the Italian Social Republic, under the control of the German and Italian fascists during World War II; supporting the “pragmatic diplomacy” of the west, at a time when Allied troops occupied the country. …More

February 18, 2011 | The West Helps Middle Eastern Dictators to Steal

While tyrants like Hosni Mubarak and Omar al-Bashir steal from their citizens, banks in the west only help conceal it. ++ Rather than celebrating the protests in Egypt and pouring aid into the region, we should focus on the …More

February 17, 2011 | Egypt's Revolution is Europe's Reawakening

Gillian Kennedy: As the revolution rapidly unfolds in Egypt, many are looking to the United States to take the lead on the international diplomatic response. Europe, however, unlike the US, has more to gain and is better suited to take advantage of this opportunity, to actively promote democratization in Egypt. …More

February 17, 2011 | Can Pakistan Survive?

It is up to the government. Prior revolts by Islamist groups with growing public support to overthrow provincial leadership were met with a strong military response. ++ The recent assassination of the Punjab governor and a dispute over the murder of two …More

February 16, 2011 | NATO Looks to Friends in the Gulf

With the Doha Conference underway between NATO and representatives from Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar and the UAE, NATO Secretary General Rasmussen outlines prospects to intensify the security partnership in the Gulf. ++ As security in the broader …More

February 11, 2011 | Egypt: Time to Do Away With the Ghost of Extremism

Though it remains unclear how precisely events in Egypt will unfold over the next few days, the region’s youths clearly seek “to become citizens rather than cowed subjects.” ++ Nevertheless, fears persist …More

February 10, 2011 | Multiculturalism's Inglorious End - Made in England

The recent anti-immigrant rhetoric from Downing Street much resembles earlier talk in Berlin. ++ Multiculturalism has more or less officially been declared dead by David Cameron, who thereby follows in Chancellor …More

February 9, 2011 | Europe: Regime Change and Cognitive Dissonance

Today, German foreign policy experts eagerly champion the cause of regime change in the Middle East. ++ However, not that long ago, Europeans decried any attempt to promote democracy in the region as a neo-conservative ploy. ++ …More

February 7, 2011 | International Conflict Resolution: No Women, No Peace!

Anyone who proposed excluding half of a country’s population from peace talks following an armed conflict would surely be considered foolish. Yet this approach is embraced with astounding regularity around the …More

February 7, 2011 | Egypt: Tweet for Freedom

Despite Mubarak’s internet blackout, Google has teamed up with Twitter to offer a service which allows Egyptians to have their voices heard offline. ++ Google’s “digital lifebuoy” does not need Internet access to function; users call a dedicated …More

February 3, 2011 | Cold Peace Endangered by Protests in Arab World

Concern is growing in American and European government circles that the street protests in Egypt in particular spell trouble for the country’s Cold Peace with Israel. ++ Once Mubarak steps down, even moderate Egyptian …More

February 2, 2011 | The Cairo Moment: Joining Hands With Egyptians

Washington should reconsider its relationship to Egypt. ++ President Mubarak should step aside and allow an interim caretaker government to take over. ++ How Americans “behave in this moment of challenge in Cairo is …More

February 1, 2011 | Egypt: The Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted

Egyptian society is comprised of a wealthy ruling elite at the top, a small Islamic fundamentalist element at the bottom and in between, masses of unpoliticized ordinary citizens. ++ Despite the government’s recent decision to shut …More

January 31, 2011 | Arab States: A Quagmire of Tyranny

“Arabs are rebelling not just against decrepit autocrats but the foreign backers who kept them in power.” ++ Years of rule across the Arab world by faceless autocrats and ruthless generals, supported in many cases by the West, have caused …More

January 27, 2011 | Davos: Cognitive Dissonance on Global Poverty

Discussions on global poverty have thus far relied on data from 2005. ++ New research shows that nearly half a billion people worldwide have escaped poverty since then. ++ The rise of emerging markets has done much to lift …More

January 24, 2011 | EU Ignores Atrocities Because of Afghanistan

EU Commission President Barroso meets with Uzbek dictator Islam Karimov today. ++ Despite massacres and oppression carried out under the dictator’s name, the meeting is going ahead. ++ Moreover, the EU refuses to enact sanctions on …More

January 20, 2011 | Framing NATO's Engagement with China

Walter L. Christman: A military relationship between NATO and China is unthinkable. Or is it? Albert Einstein once said, “If at first the idea is not absurd, then there is no hope for it.” It is time to examine possible modalities for transatlantic engagement with China in response to emerging global threats. …More

January 20, 2011 | Tunisian Revolution Sparks Reforms Not Revolts

Tunisia’s “jasmine revolution” is unlikely to lead to other revolts in the Middle East, but it may well set in motion a movement for greater political reform. ++ Events in Tunis shattered the myth that Arabs are too …More

January 19, 2011 | Al Qaeda's War of Succession in the Maghreb

Olivier Guitta: Al-Qaeda has been raising its profile in North East Africa recently, mainly due to lucrative kidnappings of Westerners. However, a power struggle among various different offshoots in the region is at play. The consequences of this war of succession could threaten to destabilize the surrounding area. …More

January 18, 2011 | Israel Has Already Attacked Iran

Israel will not attack Tehran conventionally for a number of reasons, including the potential reprisals of neighbouring countries, a divided domestic leadership and disapproval from Washington. ++ However, it is becoming clear that Israeli …More

January 17, 2011 | Tunisia Heralds Change in Arab World

The ongoing Tunisian drama will be seen in retrospect like the Solidarity movement in Poland, as it marks the beginning of a slow process of change throughout the Arab world. ++ By standing up to their dictatorial leadership, Tunisians …More

January 10, 2011 | Parag Khanna: How to Run The World

Editorial Team: The world is entering a perfect storm of calamities: a great game for scarce natural resources, financial instability, environmental stress, and failing states. In some respects, it isn’t far off from that medieval landscape of almost a millennium ago. …More

January 1, 2011 | Pakistani-American Relations at a Crossroads

American forces truly begin their drawdown in Afghanistan
in the summer of 2011, Washington’s relations
to the other states of South East Asia will
undergo profound change as well. This appears particularly worrisome in …More

January 1, 2011 | Impact Financing: A new Hope for Development?

A new
approach to financing is attracting attention in the realm of international
development. This new type of investment not only seeks profit, but aims to improve
the lives of the peoples affected by its business. For the …More

December 16, 2010 | Bosnia: From Peacekeeping to Partnership This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO: Important challenges remain, yet Bosnia and Herzegovina has made a remarkable turnaround in the 15 years, since NATO deployed its first-ever peacekeeping force there in December 1995 to implement the military aspects of the Dayton Peace Agreement. …More

December 15, 2010 | Neo-Nazis Stand to Gain From Islamophobia

The extremist DVU party in Germany is joining forces with the NPD at the end of the year. ++ Athough the new far right movement cannot conceivably “mobilize anyone with its Nazi nostalgia,” it stands to benefit from the wave …More

December 9, 2010 | Wikileaks' Assange is No Angel

The founder of Wikileaks, Julian Assange, imperiously uses the liberties afforded to him in the democratic system, while at the same time attempting to blackmail it into espousing more openness. ++ “The song and dance surrounding his …More

December 1, 2010 | OSCE Summit Must Address Nagorno-Karabakh

Many observers doubt that the OSCE summit in Kazakhstan will bring about any results. ++ But the one crisis it will have to address is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, as tensions there have increased considerably lately. ++ Azerbaijan …More

December 1, 2010 | China Has a Plan B for North Korea

The United States has become obsessed with trying to figure out the direction North Korea will take after the succession. ++ Chinese opinions on the subject are in demand. ++ Officially, China does all in its might to support North Korea as a …More

November 25, 2010 | Behind the Skirmish: North Korea's Dynastic Succession

Niall Mulchinock: Recent belligerent actions on the Korean peninsula are the result of the ongoing succession process in Pyongyang. Kim Jong-il is trying to to give his inexperienced son some credence. In response, the US and its allies need to begin to put real pressure on China regarding this issue and NATO needs to deepen its partnership with the Republic of Korea. …More

November 25, 2010 | The Temptation to Ignore North Korea

Observers appear eager to regard Tuesday’s incident along the Korean border as a “one-off, reflecting internal North Korean politics rather than expansionary ambitions.” ++ While understandable, the world should not give in …More

November 24, 2010 | Georgia Extends Hand to Russia

Relations between Georgia and Russia remain cool in the wake of the 2008 conflict and in view of possible NATO membership for Georgia. ++ Despite the recent rapprochement between NATO and Russia, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili believes …More

November 24, 2010 | Europe Takes Time Out on Ukraine

Kiev was hoping to be granted associate status at the EU-Ukrainian summit that began Monday. ++ This status would provide for visa-free travel and a free trade zone. ++ However, the Europeans are stalling, unsure of the latest developments in …More

November 17, 2010 | NATO's Iran 'Threat' Conundrum

NATO members face a dilemma as to whether Iran should be declared a threat or not. ++ Some countries such as Turkey are opposed to the approach. ++ The chief problem with an “enemy perception of Iran” is that it views Iran through a Cold War …More

November 16, 2010 | Playing Games With Liberty in Myanmar

Following the release from house arrest of Myanmar’s opposition figure Aung San Suu Kyi, French President Sarkozy warned against “any restrictions on [her] freedom of movement and speech.” ++ However, there is much …More

November 16, 2010 | New War of Words Regarding the Western Sahara

Last Saturday, the leader of Spain’s Popular Party, Mariano Rajoy, accused PM Zapatero of “abdicating his responsibilities” to the Western Sahara. ++ Now Moroccan Prime Minister El Fasi has “strongly …More

November 15, 2010 | Myanmar Opposition: Not Much Room for Manoeuvre

Now that Myanmar’s opposition leader Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been freed, she needs to move cautiously. ++ While she was imprisoned, the opposition movement in Myanmar embraced different tactics. ++ It now prefers to …More

November 15, 2010 | Sanctions and Threat of Force Needed Against Iran

Israeli PM Netanyahu has stated that “containment will not work” against Iran and that sanctions are not enough.++ In the wake of US Midterm Elections, Netanyahu’s comments show the growing gap between Israel and the …More

November 12, 2010 | Dazzling New Weapons Require New Rules for War

A new arsenal of drones and satellite-guided weapons is changing the nature of warfare. ++ These weapons are seductively attractive; they can destroy an enemy from a safe distance from the air. ++ Saudi Arabia now wants its own …More

November 11, 2010 | Pakistan Looks Toward China

President Obama’s visit to India validated what Pakistan has feared for some time - the emergence of stronger trade and strategic ties between Washington and Delhi.++ The Pakistani government and military are now considering adjusting their …More

November 10, 2010 | On the Defensive, Obama Reclaims Relations

President Obama’s speech in Indonesia clearly sought to mend relations with the Muslim world. ++ In the years since Cairo, political forces in the United States have repeatedly sought to undermine “the bridges to the …More

November 8, 2010 | Accommodating Pakistan's Interest in Afghanistan

President Obama’s visit to India offers an opportunity for both the United States and India to revise and readjust their roles in Afghanistan. ++ The US has fuelled Pakistani paranoia by encouraging India to become the …More

November 5, 2010 | Obama Needs to Court Syria in the Levant

Baudouin Long: While Obama is trying to revive the Israeli-Palestinian peace-process, Damascus has been kept on the sidelines. Yet, US engagement with Syria is the key to making progress in the region. …More

November 4, 2010 | Defense Cuts: A Rescue Plan for NATO

Hans Binnendijk and Richard Kugler: NATO’s European allies are set to make swingeing cuts in their defence budgets. The following is an 8-point plan for ensuring that austerity policies do not weaken NATO and endanger transatlantic relations. …More

November 3, 2010 | The Realism of Economic Peace in Middle East

Abdalhadi (Hadi Abdalhadi) Alijla: Israeli PM Netanyahu has presented the new idea of settling the Arab-Israel conflict with “economic peace”. However, with Israel’s current occupation of the Palestinian lands and the constant deterioration of life and property in Palestine, the notion of economic peace seems to be a far cry. …More

November 3, 2010 | The Future Pillars of Europe: EU, Russia, and Turkey

Lord Ismay, NATO’S first General Secretary, once said that the goal of the alliance was “to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down.” In today’s multipolar word, he would …More

November 3, 2010 | US Elections: Following in Clinton's Footsteps?

President Obama needs to follow in Bill Clinton’s footsteps if he wants to succeed. ++ By compromising with the conservative Newt Gingrich, Clinton was able to secure re-election, despite Republican control of the …More

November 3, 2010 | Kurile Islands Scandal: Blown Out of Proportion

The dispute over the Kurile Islands has been blown way out of proportion recently. ++ Russian diplomats are not too concerned about Tokyo’s recall of its ambassador from Moscow. ++ Much of the outcry over President …More

October 29, 2010 | Policy Workshop: Iran's Nuclear Program

Editorial Team: From the 26th to the 29th of October, we focused on transatlantic policy concerning Iran’s nuclear program. As part of our student competition sponsored by the U.S. Mission to Germany, six short-listed articles were published and debated. …More

October 29, 2010 | Russia's Agenda in Afghanistan

Gorbachev recently gave the US valuable advice on the war in Afghanistan that Putin would rather not hear: “Victory is impossible”. ++ Yet, Russia’s post-Soviet leaders have long seen eye-to-eye with the west on Afghanistan. ++ In fact, they …More

October 27, 2010 | EU: To Speak With One Voice

With the Frenchman Vimont and the Irishman O’Sullivan newly at the helm, the European Foreign Service finally is poised to make its mark on the international stage. ++ This represents a victory for Lady Ashton who persevered despite …More

October 27, 2010 | EU: Open Arms for Serbia and Others

As a reward for Serbia’s new willingness to engage in talks with Kosovo, the country’s request to join the community has been forwarded to the European Commission. ++ However, “the hand will remain outstretched” …More

October 26, 2010 | 'Helping Hand' Seen Behind Leaks

The latest releases by WikiLeaks have shocked the authorities in Washington and Baghdad. ++ The revelations contain official reports of widespread torture, arbitrary detention and killings by Iraqi forces with the objective of endangering …More

October 26, 2010 | Isolate the Regime in Tehran

Niklas Anzinger: President Obama’s current dialogue policy legitimizes and strengthens radical forces in Iran, while it weakens moderates. The West should adopt a more confrontational strategy which includes consistent political and economic isolation. …More

October 22, 2010 | Britain Bows Out of the Security Game

Despite losing its status as an empire, Britain remained one of the world’s leading military powers during the 20th Century. ++ But the days of British military power appear to be ending, thanks to the cuts of the Strategic Defense …More

October 22, 2010 | A Future NATO Core Task: Enhancing the Scope and Management of Partnerships

Birgit Hütten: A group of NATO experts has listed Asia as a potential future threat zone with problems such as WMD, terrorist attacks, cyber assaults and illegal disruption of energy and maritime supply links. These challenges can be dealt with by enhancing existing partnerships. …More

October 22, 2010 | A Tobin Tax, the Virtual Version

A Tobin tax should be imposed on international financial transactions that would serve “as a simple measure to raise resources in the fight against poverty and climate change.” ++ The financial sector has recovered nicely from the …More

October 20, 2010 | Empowering Women in International Relations

Editorial Team: We are launching a new op-ed competition to celebrate the 10th anniversary of UN Resolution 1325 and to contribute to the implementation of its goal of empowering women in peace and security. …More

October 20, 2010 | Defense Cuts: How do We Get More Bang for Our Buck?

Editorial Team: Across Europe, governments are being forced to rationalize spending on their militaries in what is fast becoming an age of austerity. Aside from changing the fundamental make-up of Europe’s armed forces, this will have wider implications for the transatlantic security agenda. …More

October 20, 2010 | France Sabotaging Important EU Reform

The euro zone was supposed to be defended vigorously following the Greek crisis. ++ In the spring, the German Government promised to push for harsher sanctions against member states running excessive deficits, up to the temporary exclusion …More

October 20, 2010 | Biodiversity as a Sign of Well-Being

Action to protect biodiversity must be taken swiftly, as one third of the world’s species are threatened by extinction today. ++ The UN Convention on Biological Diversity is taking place in Nagoya, Japan, this week. ++ The conference …More

October 19, 2010 | Rebooting NATO: Assessing and Moving Forward

Christopher Lee Davis: The following analysis provides an assessment of the current capabilities as well as recommendations to improve the efficiency and credibility of the NATO Alliance. Short term answers are no longer sufficient; the Alliance must plan for the future and take the necessary measures to remain relevant. …More

October 19, 2010 | When North Korea Falls . . .

United States has been most concerned about North Korea’s nuclear program. ++ However, with much existing political and economic instability in North Korea, a lot is expected to change over the coming years. ++ In this regard, the USA, …More

October 18, 2010 | Q&A with Ambassador Mark Sedwill: Part II This Article contains Flash-Video

UPDATE from Ambassador Sedwill: NATO’s Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan Mark Sedwill responds to questions and comments from Atlantic Community’s members regarding the outcomes of the International Conference on Afghanistan and related issues. …More

October 15, 2010 | Kremlin Enjoys Throwing Stones and Targeting Minsk

In spite of sitting in a glass house itself, the Kremlin enjoys throwing stones. ++ Now that Lushkov has been dealt with successfully, President Medvedev is targetting Belorussia’s President Lukashenko. ++ According to …More

October 15, 2010 | Rising Anti-European Sentiment Should Concern US

The European Union is headed toward a slow and tortured death. ++ Americans might one day look across the Atlantic only to find that the flagship of “the European integration project has ceased to exist.” ++ The blame …More

October 14, 2010 | Dividends from the War in Afghanistan

The recent terror-threat warning to US citizens is case for not withdrawing American forces from Afghanistan. ++ If President Obama goes ahead with his 2011 retreat, the Western powers’ ability to defend themselves against terror attacks …More

October 14, 2010 | Show Me the Money: Burden Sharing Troubles NATO

Lidija Levkovska: Unless burden sharing is adequately addressed in NATO, countries that contribute more may well demand greater influence. If this becomes the case, the primary security challenge for the Alliance will come from NATO’s own backyard. …More

October 13, 2010 | The American Nightmare Could Affect Us All

Americans are now more pessimistic about their long term prospects than ever before. ++ For a country built upon the optimism of immigrants, this does not bode well. ++ Politically polarised, the right hates the left and vice versa, …More

October 13, 2010 | A Strange Diplomatic Dance and Israel's Latest Move

If the talks between Israel and Palestine were not so crucial to peace in the entire region, the latest Israeli proposal could be dismissed as a quirk in the ongoing diplomatic dance between the two parties. ++ Those wishing …More

October 13, 2010 | Woes of a Late Empire: Russian Troubles

Today’s heated debate on Russian history in Government circles not only revolves around the merits of Westernization, but also around the much-discussed question of national identity. ++ In this respect, post-Soviet Russia …More

October 12, 2010 | NATO's Cyber Partners

Felix F. Seidler: Cyber security is one of the 21st Century’s biggest challenges. This overarching issue cannot be tackled by military means alone, but rather needs strong civilian engagement. NATO has to find new partners to secure cyber space for the Alliance’s societies. …More

October 11, 2010 | NATO Ponders What to Do with Its Nuclear Weapons

Prior to the NATO Summit in November, the Alliance strives to decide what to do with around 200 US atomic weapons piled up in Europe, which according to some observers is an outright negation of NPT. ++ Germany has been in the …More

October 11, 2010 | French Oppose the Destruction of Russian Forests

With an eye to an estimated windfall of 700 million Euros, the French construction company Vinci is pushing through the controversial Moscow-St.Peterburg highway project. ++ With support from the French Government, its daughter …More

October 11, 2010 | Hard Times Ahead for Russian Economy

Over the next three years, the Russian economy faces stagnation, rising taxes, and soaring inflation. ++ Independent experts are advising the government “to freeze tariffs on natural monopolies” immediately in order to prevent …More

October 11, 2010 | NATO Responds to's Memo

Jiri Sedivy: NATO’s Assistant Secretary General for Defence Policy and Planning comments on our recommendations for the Alliance’s new Strategic Concept. He very much appreciates “not only the memorandum, but also — and at least as much as it — the process, the work behind the final paper. This has been a really open and participatory deliberation.” …More

October 8, 2010 | War on Terror Tactics Only Perpetuate Terrorism

Rarely has a stated war aim, in this case, the “cleansing” of Afghanistan and Pakistan of Taliban and Al-Qaeda influence, been missed so dramatically. ++ Combined NATO and CIA actions since 2001, in Pakistan in …More

October 7, 2010 | NATO and the Demilitarization of Europe

NATO member countries are deliberating upon a draft new “Strategic Concept”. ++ The central debate rests upon issues concerning the current mission in Afghanistan, Russia, energy security and cyber defense. ++ Another issue …More

October 6, 2010 | Obama's White House Looking More Like Clinton's?

Contrary to the hype in the US media, mid-term resignations are nothing unusual. ++ Many of the President’s advisors leave to organize and raise funds for the next presidential campaign. ++ Their success ultimately …More

October 6, 2010 | Russian TV: A View on the Vertical of Power

Medvedev used television to announce the removal of Lushkov even prior to forwarding the dismissal note to city hall. ++ “The whole story began as a tragedy on TV and… ended as a farce.” ++ Lushkov’s downfall was …More

October 5, 2010 | Chinese and US Interests at Play in Pakistan

Despite military and aid funding, the US is reviled by a hawkish group of generals within Pakistan. ++ This manifested itself recently in the closure of the Khyber Pass, the main NATO supply route between Pakistan and Afghanistan. …More

October 4, 2010 | Millennium Development Goals: Focus on Fragile and Post-Conflict States

Megan M Gleason: Moving forward from the recent summit to review the Millennium Development Goals, held in New York in September 2010, requires a new focus on the group furthest from achieving them - fragile and post-conflict countries. …More

October 1, 2010 | Taking the War Home on Both Sides of the Atlantic

Editorial Team: Given the legacy of the recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the transatlantic community faces a new and largely silent threat: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). On both sides of the Atlantic, societies need to face this new challenge in order to prevent additional tragedy on the home front. …More

October 1, 2010 | Washington Moving Ahead at Snail's Pace

Policy makers in Washington need to emulate Silicon Valley if they want the US to succeed. ++ “The winner of America’s decade-long struggle against violent Islamism may be China.” ++ While the US wastes money on …More

September 29, 2010 | Moscow: Lushkov is Out the Door and the Fight is On

After ruling Moscow iron-fisted for over 18 years, mayor Lushkov has been dismissed. ++ Medvedev removed him, citing “a lack of confidence.” ++ “As leader of the ruling United Russia Party – the party …More

September 28, 2010 | Is Hugo Chavez a Real Threat to the US?

With the latest elections in Venezuela, Hugo Chávez has become the focus of debate in the United States. ++ For many, Chávez’s plans to implement a Cuban style economic and political model which will rubber stamp his …More

September 27, 2010 | Facing Immigration: A Comparative Evaluation of Integration Approaches

Eva Maria Krockow: European approaches towards the integration of immigrants have resulted in inter-cultural clashes. More flexible strategies based on mutual respect whilst upholding a national leading culture are necessary for successful integration. …More

September 27, 2010 | US Can Learn from its History in "Af-Pak" Region

In order to stabilize the region, the US needs to realize that Pakistan is the driving source of regional insecurity, not its neighbor. ++ It should be treated the same way as South Korea in the 1960s, by encouraging bottom …More

September 27, 2010 | A New Strategic Policy for an Alliance in Transition

Memo 25: Focusing on the core mission, strengthening global partnerships, and launching broad public diplomacy initiatives are’s top three recommendations for NATO’s new Strategic Concept. …More

September 24, 2010 | China's Quiet Expansion into Russia's Far East

The regional cooperation agreement signed a year ago between Moscow and Beijing up to the year 2018 benefits the latter exclusively. ++ The treaty provides for the exploitation of Russia’s rich natural resources, but …More

September 24, 2010 | Welcome Realism in Dealing With Russia

A new realism characterizes US and European policy toward Russia. ++ This has persuaded Moscow to cooperate on nuclear disarmament and Iran. ++ The new tone in relations has allowed the Russians to see through their interests more easily, …More

September 22, 2010 | Russians Mentally Ready for Europe by 2025

A close advisor to the Russian President created an uproar by stating that the Russians themselves represented the greatest impediment to the country’s modernization. ++ According to Igor Jurgens, Russians will be “mentally …More

September 21, 2010 | Bullets Trump Ballots in Deciding Afghanistan's Future

The latest Afghan elections saw the lowest turnout since 2001. ++ The rise of the Taliban followed by the worsening law and order situation are crucial issues for the future of the US-led NATO alliance in Afghanistan. ++ …More

September 17, 2010 | Eliminating the Nuclear Threat Is Not a Pipe Dream

Klaus Naumann: To achieve a nuclear free world a “No-First-Use” declaration should be collectively agreed. The US-Russia treaty on the reduction of strategic nuclear weapons should be followed by further measures to reduce the global nuclear stockpile to 2,000, or less than 10% of today’s number, by 2025. …More

September 17, 2010 | The Right Way to Cut Defense Spending

The UK faces a dilemma between balancing its books and cutting its defense budget at a time when it is facing increasing threats from both within and without its borders. ++ Past governments have gotten it wrong; wasting money shaping the …More

September 13, 2010 | Serbia and EU: A Way Forward on Kosovo

The EU has succeeded in convincing the Serbs not to place a resolution before the UN general assembly on the topic of the Kosovo. ++ The Serbs had intended to ask the assembly to condemn Kosovo’s independence as an incidence of …More

September 12, 2010 | NATO for the Next Decade

Editorial Team: 17 members of participated in a Skype Strategy Session to debate each others’ recommendations for NATO’s New Strategic Concept. A consensus has begun to form around three key issues, which will be featured in the next Atlantic Memo. But there is more work to be done. Please contribute to the working draft! …More

September 9, 2010 | No Such Thing as Striking it Lucky in the Middle East

The recently discovered rich gas fields off the coast of northern Israel may “be a curse as much as a blessing.” ++ International oil firms hesitate to invest, as Israel’s border to Lebanon is not …More

September 8, 2010 | Even if Peace Talks Fail, Independence is Inevitable

The Palestinian leadership’s determination to continue the pursuit of a peace startegy that embraces non-violence has had a positive impact on the ongoing
peace talks. ++ However, Israel’s incessant violation …More

September 6, 2010 | Srebrenica Haunts Balkans 15 Years Later

Sabine Woelkner: 15 years after Srebrenica, the massacre still haunts the Balkan countries and illustrates just how deep the divisions are to this day. The nationalist sentiment apparent in the run-up to the October 3 elections in Bosnia-Herzegovinia shows how direly a reconicilation is needed. …More

September 3, 2010 | Iraq: Leaving Behind Chaos

As US forces withdraw from Iraq, they are leaving behind a “security situation that is worse than it has been in years.” ++ Despite the official fanfare, there is little rejoicing, as the Americans hand over responsibility to the Iraqis. …More

September 1, 2010 | Hard Times Ahead: Peak Oil

A study by the Center for the Transformation of the German Armed Forces claims that peak oil production may well be reached this year. ++ This would mark the end of cheap oil. ++ The study warns that markets may fail and the global economic system …More

August 30, 2010 | Drug Dealers Love War on Drugs

The discovery of 72 mutilated bodies near San Fernando underlines just how bloody and pervasive the so-called war on drugs in Mexico has become. ++ The Mexican drug war is the direct result of the US spending “a fortune spraying carcinogenic …More

August 25, 2010 | West Relieved to Have Russians Back in Afghanistan

Just as the West gets ready to leave Afghanistan, the Russians are moving back in. ++ Moscow fears that cheap drugs and Islamic fundamentalists will increasingly flow from Central Asia into Russia, unless it acts decisively to …More

August 24, 2010 | AC Policy Team: Three Goals for a Modernized Alliance

Klaus Spiessberger: NATO’s new Strategic Concept should give priority to three key areas of activity: the strengthening of public diplomacy initiatives, the further development of a modern, flexible Response Force, and the improvement in relations with Russia, with membership as a future consideration.


August 20, 2010 | Join the AC Policy Team for NATO's New Strategic Concept

Editorial Team: invites its members to take part in a collaborative project to create recommendations for NATO’s new Strategic Concept. Join the AC Policy Team and channel your ideas and creativity into our next Atlantic Memo. …More

August 20, 2010 | Mosque Controversy No More Than Political Ploy

The New York mosque controversy “has polarised US public opinion and raised tension in the Arab and Muslim world.” ++ The debate however needs to put into perspective, in view of the upcoming elections. ++ Nevertheless, …More

August 18, 2010 | A Multi-Polar Cold War 2.0

China is turning more and more into a spoilsport for the US. ++ From asserting the Chinese presence in the South China Sea to cyber attacks on US government computers, Beijing is increasingly self-confident in military terms, too. ++ The West needs …More

August 16, 2010 | US Tries to Counterbalance China Along Mekong

China’s decision to build eight dams on the Mekong affords the US “another strategic theater to counterbalance China’s growing influence in Southeast Asia.” ++ The downstream countries, such as Vietnam and …More

August 13, 2010 | Will Israel Launch an Air Strike Against Iran?

Editorial Team: A transatlantic pro & con debate has emerged in recent days over the question of whether Israel will resort to an air strike in order to keep Iran from building the bomb: In the US, there are fears that Israel might do so within the next twelve months, while Germans relegate this to the realm of the fantastic. …More

August 13, 2010 | Russians Defend Against Non-Existing Air Force

Moscow has stationed S-300 air defense missile systems in Abkhazia and similar devices in South Ossetia in a curious move, as Georgia possesses no air force. ++ Instead, the systems are geared toward blocking Georgian airspace. ++ …More

August 12, 2010 | Germans to Get More Aggressive in Afghanistan

Starting in October, Berlin wants its troops to go on the offensive in northern Afghanistan in order to clear the area of insurgents. ++ This operation is intended to help make the handover next year go more smoothly. ++ This plan …More

August 12, 2010 | How Superpower America Tries to Safeguard its Dominant Position in Asia

Paul-Robert Lookman: The US sees China as its main challenger. To safeguard its position, the US is encircling China militarily and trying to control energy and mineral sources. With military dominance no longer translating in political advantage, the US must develop “soft power” and settle for a multipolar world. …More

August 12, 2010 | Rules Needed to Curtail Collateral Damage

Existing international law does not adequately protect civilians during wartime. ++ Governments are not held accountable for collateral damage – clearly, an ethical tragedy. ++ Coalition forces are responsible for 35 percent of …More

August 11, 2010 | Obama Fails to Meet Expectations Set in Cairo

President Obama’s Cairo speech was intended to set a new tone in Arab-American relations. ++ A year later, the disappointment in the Arab world is tremendous: a recent poll of six Arab countries shows that only 16 percent of the …More

August 11, 2010 | Turkish-Israeli Cooperation and Regional Security

Angelina Harutyunyan: Turkish-Israeli relations depend mainly on the regional context. Iran is playing a role of increasing importance in Turkish foreign policy considerations. Nevertheless, several options remain for improving Turkish-Israeli relations. …More

August 10, 2010 | Wikileaks and the End Game in Afghanistan

The Wikileaks affair led to a particularly “vitriolic” reaction in Pakistan, where commentators cited it as evidence that “blood-thirsty Islamophobes [and] think tank irredentists [plan to] continue their blood-fest in …More

August 9, 2010 | Responsible Leader or Immature Superpower?

Editorial Team: The Chinese and American press have expressed new concern about the relationship between the two superpowers. Let’s weigh in: Is China overestimating its power and on the road to war with the United States? Or will economic interdependence ensure that China and the United States stay on a peaceful path? …More

August 9, 2010 | Building Civil Society in Afghanistan

Darrell Calvin Brown: President Hamid Karzai and the Government of Afghanistan must continue to give the assessment of the needs of their country’s citizens top priority as they prepare for total independence and self-governance by the year 2014. …More

August 9, 2010 | BP Oil Spill Rescues Nuclear Energy

The BP oil spill helped resurrect nuclear energy as a viable alternative to the United States’ overdependence on fossil fuels. ++ 62 percent of the American public support the idea of relying on this energy source. ++ Once hampered by …More

August 6, 2010 | Disfigured Girl Now Face of Afghanistan Campaign

The cover of TIME magazine shows the face of an Afghan girl, whose abusive husband cut off her nose and ears, under the heading “what happens if we leave Afghanistan.” ++ Whether this represents “an appeal to …More

August 3, 2010 | US Can't Look to NATO or the EU to Support its Russia Strategy

Stephen Szabo: Europe is proving a foreign policy disappointment to the Obama Administration as it struggles to propound a clearer strategy toward Russia. Washington now recognises that only Berlin has the key to a new relationship with Moscow. …More

August 2, 2010 | Humanitarian Intervention and the Prohibition on the Use of Force

Maya Todorova Stanulova: Humanitarian intervention, although not yet an exception to the prohibition on the use of force in Article 2(4), is steadily transforming into such. …More

July 30, 2010 | Wiki Leaks Illustrate Pakistani Double-Dealing

The documents posted by Wiki Leaks show that Pakistan continues to double deal the West. ++ While accepting aid money, Islamabad persists in “using militant Islamists to further its ideological and strategic goals.” ++ …More

July 29, 2010 | Economic Opportunity Trumps Terrorism

Clearing insurgents is only the first step in ridding Afghanistan and Pakistan of terrorism. ++ If economic opportunities are not made available, local populations will continue to turn to the Taliban and al-Qaeda. ++ The current …More

July 28, 2010 | Germans Express Solidarity with the Troops

From the Editorial Team: The Atlantic Initiative has teamed up with Germany’s best-selling daily newspaper BILD to encourage readers to write personal messages of support to German soldiers stationed in Afghanistan in an effort to boost morale. …More

July 28, 2010 | Obama's Grand Strategy and Europe

Erik Brattberg: The new US National Security Strategy should prompt the EU to get its act together. Instead of complaining about its position on Washington’s list of priorities, Europe should aim to recapture its strategic importance by focusing on becoming a more effective foreign policy actor. …More

July 26, 2010 | Torpedoing Russian-Kyrgyz Friendship

Following the New START Treaty with the United States, the “Shkval” torpedo is more important than ever to Russian naval defense. ++ Key components are manufactured in Kyrgyzstan, where control over the factory has become an important …More

July 23, 2010 | Pakistan and India: The Keys to Kabul

Even though the Afghanistan Conference resolved to withdraw troops by 2014, the Kabul government has little incentive to take on the responsibility “as long as NATO remains the guarantor of Kabul’s security.” ++ However, the handover …More

July 22, 2010 | Feldpost fr unsere Soldaten

Die Atlantic Community Redaktion: In einer gemeinsamen Kampagne setzen sich und für die über 4.000 Soldaten der Bundeswehr in Afghanistan ein. Damit sie für ihren riskanten Einsatz mehr moralische Unterstützung erfahren, können Sie ihnen jetzt elektronische Feldpost senden. …More

July 16, 2010 | Exclusive Q&A with Ambassador Mark Sedwill This Article contains Flash-Video

UPDATE from Ambassador Sedwill: NATO’s Senior Civilian Representative in Afghanistan Mark Sedwill has answered your questions. Please find below the open dialogue between the Ambassador and members of …More

July 14, 2010 | African Union Needs a Permanent Seat at the G-20

Africa should no
longer be regarded through the narrow lens of humanitarian aid. For the sake of
economic interests, the developed world’s public would do well to discard these
images that have long outlived their …More

July 12, 2010 | Nervous India: Pakistan Moving Closer to China

New Delhi is becoming increasingly nervous about the close ties between Pakistan and China. ++ “Those in India who tend to view relations with Beijing as a zero-sum game with Islamabad” are concerned about joint …More

July 9, 2010 | Counter-insurgency Can Win in Afghanistan

Successes achieved by the US Marines and their Afghan counterparts in Helmand Province show that the war is far from a lost cause. ++ A bottom-up counter-insurgency strategy has provided local populations with security and allowed for …More

July 9, 2010 | Cold Warriors Obstruct the Path to Reset Button

Dmitri Medvedev has launched a charm offensive to secure American acquiescence in Russia’s drive to deepen its integration with Europe. ++ By supporting further sanctions against Iran and the new START, Russia has shown good …More

July 8, 2010 | Culture Conflict in Caucasus: Chance for Europe

Russian Youth Atlantic Treaty Association: Much can be gained from promoting European values in a region as diverse and conflict-ridden as the North Caucasus. A Russian youth organization is showing the way. An all-out public diplomacy effort is needed to reduce tensions in the region. …More

July 8, 2010 | Mission Impossible in Afghanistan

There is a disconnect between the limited policy objectives pursued by Washington and the methods employed by the US military that attempt to reshape societies throughout the world. ++ In Afghanistan, the premise of the mission itself must be …More

July 7, 2010 | For Georgians: Who's Who in Russia

The Georgians regard Putin’s word of caution as “a message to Washington.” ++ On Monday, Putin warned the Georgians not to rely on third parties in settling the Southern Ossetian question. ++ The statement came in reply to Medvedev’s visit …More

July 7, 2010 | Calling Human Security? Assessing Civil Society's Mobile Connection

Colette Grace Mazzucelli: The explosive growth of mobile phone use in developing countries brings human rights abuses to the world’s attention. International civil society could become a bulwark of protection against oppressive regimes. …More

July 5, 2010 | Alliances and the Clash of Civilizations

Maya Todorova Stanulova: States from the same civilization are more likely to form an alliance and such an alliance is more likely to be durable than states/alliances across civilizations.

July 2, 2010 | A Counter-insurgency Quagmire in Afghanistan

The war in Afghanistan costs $100 billion annually and requires the deployment of 100,000 NATO troops – but why must it be fought? ++ The West is trapped in an incomprehensible war, justified by a counter-insurgency theory that …More

June 30, 2010 | Environment: Headed the Wrong Way in Toronto

The industrialized world is headed in the wrong direction. ++ Globalization promotes the convergence of living standards. ++ Environmental constraints however mean that this convergence will take place on a material level …More

June 30, 2010 | Drug War: The Specter of a Failed State in Mexico

The war against drugs has Mexico on the verge of becoming a failed state. ++ The death of one of the candidates in the provincial elections on Sunday moreover “brutalizes Mexico’s image abroad.” ++ The war however cannot be …More

June 29, 2010 | Public Protest Against Moscow's Mayor

In defiance of Moscow’s controversial mayor Lushkov, protesters took to Tverskaya Square. ++ Slogans included: “Russia without Putin! Moscow without Lushkov!” ++ In order to prevent renewed police brutality, the …More

June 28, 2010 | McChrystal: Post-Vietnam Political Press

General McChrystal’s ouster reveals a problem in political culture post-Vietnam: “the exposure ethos…has chased good people from public life [and] undermined public faith in institutions.” ++ Kvetching within …More

June 28, 2010 | White House Needs to Help Haitians Now

The mayors of American cities called upon the Obama administration to provide help to Haitians. ++ The US Congress needs to speed up the immigration process for 55,000 Haitians, who qualify for entry. ++ Their remittances could amount to …More

June 26, 2010 | General McChrystal: Repeat Offender

Ulf Gartzke: General McChrystal’s “Rolling Stone” controversy may have caused shock, disbelief, and outrage across the United States, but to those following the former top US commander in Afghanistan since the beginning of his tenure, his downfall should not be a complete surprise. After all, in terms of mishandling the media, McChrystal is a repeat offender. …More

June 25, 2010 | Towards a EU Peacebuilding Strategy?

Christian Mölling and Claudia Major : If the EU is to play a role as an actor in international peacebuilding, a peacebuilding strategy should be developed to guide the set-up of the EU External Action Service. The expertise of individuals already working in this realm within the EU bureaucracy needs to be drawn upon. …More

June 25, 2010 | Morocco: Press under Pressure

A government campaign against journalists in Morocco provides ominous signs of rising autocratic sentiment among the country’s elite. ++ Journalists fear that the government is “attracted by the Tunesian model” of curtailing press freedom. …More

June 24, 2010 | Dark Clouds Hang Over Iraqi Kurdistan

The recent rapprochement between Teheran and Ankara is manifesting itself in an increase of their activities against the Kurds in the North of Iraq. ++ “The Kurdish Regional Government has a hard time making its calls for calm and …More

June 23, 2010 | Afghanistan: Rags to Riches or Resource Curse?

The recent discoveries of mineral riches in Afghanistan raise more questions than they answer. ++ Knowledge of the mineral deposits predates the war and lends a “sinister” interpretation to the “many years of …More

June 22, 2010 | Getting a Handle on Leaks

The recent attempt to prosecute a suspect in the WikiLeaks video posting on the Baghdad helicopter shooting incident demonstrates how difficult it is for the government to get a handle on classified information leaks. ++ The biggest problem remains the …More

June 21, 2010 | Cards Reshuffled by Unlikely Candidates Catching Up

The cards in the deck of the world economy are being reshuffled: Some unlikely candidates are catching up with the West: from Vietnam to Kazakhstan, from Tunisia to Ethiopia. ++ “The financial crisis helped speed up this …More

June 21, 2010 | Toronto Headed in the Direction of Copenhagen?

Toronto may end up a failure much like Copenhagen. ++ The summit could well be interpreted as “a sign of weakness by a not clearly legitimized, self-proclaimed club of world rulers.” ++ Up to now, the G-20 has failed …More

June 18, 2010 | Andrew Kneale, Transatlantic Project Coordinator at the British Council

Andrew Kneale joined the British Council, the UK’s international organization for cultural relations and educational opportunities in 2006, working first in education before taking up a role developing …More

June 16, 2010 | China: Sunshine Left Out in the Cold

While China officially encourages an anti-corruption campaign at the regional level, the machinations of the political establishment frustrate any attempts to introduce greater transparency to municipal dealings. ++ “Some people …More

June 15, 2010 | Turkey and Israel at a Tipping Point

“The Armenian genocide must never ever be allowed to become a political football for selective use by two erstwhile allies to sort out their relations and the contents of their closets.” ++ The hypocritical Turkish reaction to …More

June 14, 2010 | Positive Military Side Effects: More Energy for Developing Countries

A rather unexpected side effect of the military’s efforts to rely to a greater extent on green technologies is evident in the context of developing countries: It can lead to significant improvements in …More

June 14, 2010 | Time Running Short in Afghanistan

Three factors are currently hindering US strategy in Afghanistan. ++ The first is a lack of commitment from European governments and the failure to figure out how to replace Canadian and Dutch combat troops withdrawing from Afghanistan this …More

June 8, 2010 | Situation in Daghestan Escalating

In the aftermath of the Moscow Metro attacks, the situation in the supposed homeland of the attackers continues to escalate. ++ The 150 Daghestani fighters hiding out in the forests - the so-called “forest brotherhood” - receive much of their …More

June 4, 2010 | Don't break the China in the China Sea

The failure of Washington and Beijing to come to an understanding in the China Sea may lead to an escalation of tensions. ++ Both countries need an “Incidents at Sea” agreement to prevent further damage to relations. ++ …More

June 3, 2010 | Violence Between Kuchi-Taliban and Hazara a New Cause for Concern

Timor Sharan: The violence in Afghanistan has taken a new dangerous dimension with Taliban using nomad Pashtun-Kuchi as part of their plain to aggravate ethnic tensions between the former and the Hazara community. This issue needs urgent attention from the Afhgan goverment and international community lest open conflict between the two groups develop. …More

June 3, 2010 | US Response to Israeli Attack too Tepid

The Israeli attack on a ship carrying humanitarian aid to Gaza has damaged Israel’s relationship with Turkey, given Hamas a propaganda boost, and made peace talks with the Palestinian Authority even more difficult. ++ “Mr. …More

June 3, 2010 | Turkey on the Brink

Israel-Turkey relations suffered greatly on Monday, with Prime Minister Erdogan calling the Israeli attack on an aid flotilla a “bloody massacre” and warning that “today is a turning point, nothing will be the same again.” ++ As a …More

June 2, 2010 | International Law and the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

Anush Hayrapetyan: International legal principles applied to the resolution of the Nagorno-Karabagh conflict allow for the international recognition of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. The conflict’s resolution would promote the normalization of relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan. …More

June 2, 2010 | EU: Do Not Forsake the Balkans

Divisions within the EU over whether to let the various Balkan countries join the union are highly counterproductive. ++ They undermine the EU’s creditability as well as the reform process in the region. This may even lead to an escalation …More

June 1, 2010 | Obama Embraces a New Realpolitik

Obama’s national security strategy is less ambitious and less idealistic than his predecessor’s, acknowledging the limits of American power and de-emphasizing the use of force to spread democracy. ++ Importantly, the strategy does not endorse …More

June 1, 2010 | Unloose the Gordian Knot in the Levant

Anush Hayrapetyan: A message to geo-strategic pressure lines of Iran: remember the tale of the Gordian Knot. A bold move by Israel’s Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu, or a ‘diplomatic stroke’, could reverse Iran’s approach and indeed re-establish US leverage in the region. …More

May 28, 2010 | Kashmir is Key to Afghanistan

Largely forgotten by the world community, the Kashmir conflict simmers on. However, as long as Pakistan and India do not reach an agreement on Kashmir, all efforts in Afghanistan will come to naught. ++ Pakistani access to water controlled by India …More

May 27, 2010 | Turkey and Brazil at Fault for Shameful Deal

The recent fuel deal among Turkey, Brazil, and Iran was merely an attempt for Brazil’s Da Silva and Turkey’s Erdogan to prove they can be powerful players on the global stage. ++ Both Brazil and Turkey are young …More

May 26, 2010 | Obama's Russia "Reset" Actually More of the Same

The recent “success” in getting Russia to sign onto a new round of Iranian sanctions is being terribly oversold. ++ Moreover, Russia’s recent commitment to sign onto a new round of Iranian sanctions is …More

May 26, 2010 | Bundeswehr: Fighting Cuts, Fearing Blood

The Bundeswehr is appealing to the Chancellor to reconsider proposed massive budget cuts. The proposed reductions are certain to undercut the military’s ability to conduct operations abroad properly. ++ Less resources in the …More

May 25, 2010 | Opening the Door to Great Power Conflict?

Greg Randolph Lawson: At the end of the Second World War it would have taken a great leap of faith to believe that Great Power conflict would end and that major industrialized nations would not fight amongst themselves. However, this is for the most part what has transpired. Have we seen the last of the balance of power struggles? …More

May 21, 2010 | Mixed Reviews from Afghanistan's Might-Have-Been

Former Afghan president Abdullah Abdullah stated in a recent interview that efforts to reintegrate the Taliban into Afghan political live are “idealistic”, he then also added that the worst-case scenario for Afghanistan would …More

May 20, 2010 | The US Should Talk to North Korea

Despite the fact that Obama pledged to engage with rouge states diplomatically, the White House has failed to begin a dialogue with North Korea. ++ “Sustained diplomatic engagement is the only way to encourage the North to moderate its …More

May 18, 2010 | Growing Instabilities in Bosnia

Niall Mulchinock: The issue of Bosnia needs to figure more prominently on the transatlantic agenda as tensions resulting from the ongoing Butmir process could potentially turn violent. The partnership between the EU and NATO needs to be strengthened in order to deal with the possibility of outbreaks of violence in the region. …More

May 18, 2010 | India and Pakistan Must Find Real Solutions

Pakistan may play an essential role in fighting the war on terror, but the country is mired in its own battle on its western borders. ++ Both India and Pakistan must address some of these issues when peace talks resume in mid-July. ++ …More

May 17, 2010 | Targeting Iran's Revolutionary Guard

Shirin Mohammadi: Imposing targeted sanctions on Iran’s Revolutionary Guard is more likely to hurt the broader Iranian public and not likely to achieve the ultimate goal of moderating the regime’s behavior. …More

May 14, 2010 | Russia and Syria Are Getting Cosy

Syria will strive “to hang Israel around the America’s neck.”++ Given the failure of talks with the US, Syria fears an imminent conflict with Israel. Hence improved relations with Russia are crucial for Syria, given …More

May 12, 2010 | Turkey and Iran: The Risks of Failure

Alex Jackson: Despite its insistence on its ability to mediate, Turkey has failed to make much progress in stalling Iran’s nuclear ambitions and has simply antagonised its Western allies. This poses serious challenges for Ankara’s foreign policy. …More

May 12, 2010 | Karzai Visit Will Accomplish Little

“With little more than a year before Obama’s planned withdrawal, the U.S. military is doing what it always does when faced with an impossible mission on an unrealistic timeline: saluting and muddling through.” ++ Afghan …More

May 10, 2010 | Pakistan Still Magnet for Would-be Terrorists

“For a wannabe terrorist shopping for help, Pakistan is a supermarket.” ++ The government has supported Jihadi groups and provided an atmosphere in which aspiring terrorists like Faisal Shahzad can pursue their ambitions largely …More

May 6, 2010 | Advancing Europe's Security

It is vital that European security institutions “adapt to the challenges — and opportunities — of a new era.” ++ Russia’s new ideas about European security deserve thoughtful consideration, but the United States does not believe in the …More

May 5, 2010 | Brazil and the Bomb

Hans Rühle: Brazil is almost certainly developing nuclear weapons. The country’s earlier nuclear weapons programs and the policy of President Lula da Silva’s government suggest that Brazil’s quest for power and international recognition will ultimately lead her to discard her commitment to non-proliferation and put an end to President Obama’s vision of a world free of nuclear weapons. …More

May 4, 2010 | Investigate Possible Iranian Support for the Insurgency!

Abbas Daiyar: Despite a wealth of evidence, the US and NATO have abstained from formally investigating Iran’s supporting role in the Afghan insurgency. The UN Security Council has also remained silent even as a huge shipment of weapons has been ferried to Afghanistan by Iran in preparation for the planned US military offensive in Kandahar. The US should address Iran’s funding of militants in order to prevent a strengthening of the insurgency in the region. …More

May 4, 2010 | Training Locals So Troops Can Go Home

The way to expedite the removal of American troops in Afghanistan is to train locals to assume peacekeeping responsibilities. ++ “A smaller number [of troops] would mold Afghan recruits into an indigenous Army
and National Police …More

May 3, 2010 | EU Needs Culture Change, not Just Greece

Greek PM Papandreou promised to change the financial culture that tolerated pervasive corruption and tax evasion. ++ This week will show whether the financial markets trust him. ++ “Austerity” goes “against the freewheeling, …More

May 3, 2010 | De-Westernizing Critical Security Studies

Somdeep Sen: This study argues that while it is true that there is a requirement for a non-western theoretical framework within the field of Security Studies, it is overly simplistic to claim the presence of a clear distinction between the western and the non-western social, political and cultural reality. …More

April 28, 2010 | Security Rivalry Between the US and China Inevitable

If China continues its present course, a security rivalry with the United States is inevitable. ++ China is currently traveling the same path the United States did on its march to world power: building its economy, expanding …More

April 26, 2010 | It's Time to Acknowledge Secret Drone Strikes

The US has kept classified its CIA program that targets militants in the tribal regions of Pakistan.++ Since January of 2009, more than 85 reported drone strikes have killed thousands of militants in Pakistan.++ Vital …More

April 26, 2010 | To Achieve Peace Netanyahu Must Stop Expansion

Indirect talks between Israel and Palestine may take place in early May. ++ A freeze on new settlements must occur though it presents a challenge for Netanyahu. ++ Moreover, the prime minister must appear willing to find a …More

April 22, 2010 | Obama Should Never Placate a Dictator

Despite pledging to pressure Sudan during his campaign, Obama has failed to take action to combat crimes against humanity committed by President Omar Hassan al-Bashir. ++ Moreover, he sent a special envoy who approved of a corrupt election …More

April 22, 2010 | Bringing International Humanitarian Law into the 21st Century

Brandon Henander: International Humanitarian Law is insufficient and even counter-productive because, in some situations, it can discourage a humanitarian approach in favour of more conventionally legal tactics. Laws should be amended to address the increasing presence of civilians among enemy combatants and the political and strategic importance of sparing human life whenever possible. …More

April 21, 2010 | What Should NATO's New Strategic Concept Look Like?

Djörn Eversteijn: NATO’s new strategic concept should define the alliance’s role in responding to 21st century security threats, while acknowledging that the organisation’s capacities are limited. NATO needs to prioritize and address the so called “desolidarisation” within the alliance, while also reinforcing public support, especially amongst the younger generations. …More

April 20, 2010 | Red & Yellow Shirts: Thailand's Coup a Clash of Colors

In the last 77 years, Thailand’s military has staged no less than 18 coups and democracy has been halted and restarted. ++ “The prime minister needs to take a more decisive stance; he needs to tell the army to stop …More

April 19, 2010 | The Real Challenge for NATO

While the guarantee of territorial integrity of a member state under Article V of the NATO treaty remains relevant today, it no longer suffices to meet the challenges of the 21st century. Article V was drafted with an eye to the threat constituted by …More

April 19, 2010 | Dangers of a Nuclear Renaissance

The newly published U.S. nuclear posture review has renewed media attention to the nuclear arms proliferation issue. Less well-known are the other dangers posed by nuclear energy. Given the urgency of the search for low-emission sources of …More

April 19, 2010 | Service Providers Hold Great Potential

Politicians need to realize that each sector needs to be handled separately. Dynamic growth tends to be due to a vibrant service sector. That segment alone was responsible for net growth in the period 1995 to 2005 in high income countries. …More

April 19, 2010 | Fighting Terrorism: Need New US Information Agency

The West has yet to draw the appropriate lessons of the Cold War for the fight against international terrorism. That war after all was not won by military strikes, but rather by campaigning on the information front. “Smart …More

April 19, 2010 | New Rules of War for the Fight Against Terror Networks

The much-discussed troop surges are not needed to win the wars of today, instead, an entirely new way of waging war is required. but an entirely new way of waging war. The rules of war have fundamentally changed. Yet the …More

April 19, 2010 | Charter Cities: Pilot Projects in the Fight Against Poverty

Neither resource scarcity nor lacking technological progress truly threatens to stall the fight against poverty worldwide in the 21st century. Rather the greatest hurdle to economic growth will stem from the …More

April 15, 2010 | Higher Water Prices Worldwide Make Sense, but as yet may be Unrealistic

Increasing water scarcity coupled with an absence of economic incentives has led to an investment shortfall of 400 to 500 billion Euros per year in the global water economy. The water sector remains …More

April 15, 2010 | EU in Urgent Need of "Green Diplomacy"

Following the failure of the Copenhagen talks, the European Union is in urgent need of “green diplomacy” in order not to be relegated to the sidelines in the shifting strategic relationships arising from the climate change challenge. …More

April 15, 2010 | UN Study: Corporations Cause $2.2 Trillion in Environmental Damages

A yet unpublished study by the United Nations contains shocking news: In the year 2008 alone, 3,000 of the world’s top firms caused environmental damage to the tune of US$2.2 trillion. More than half of …More

April 15, 2010 | Netanyahu's Ideological Stalemate Is a Waste of Time

Last month’s diplomatic incident between Biden and Prime Minister Netanyahu has effectively stalled negotiations between the US and Israel. ++ Critics have accused the Prime Minister of wasting time, putting ideology ahead …More

April 14, 2010 | The Crime-Terrorist Nexus: the Chechen Example

Kyle Alexander Jarmon: Using the Chechen liberation groups as a case study, this paper will attempt to explain how organized crime and terrorist groups can offer alternative paths of opportunity, hope, material gain, status and justice for those who consider themselves marginalized or bereft of basic rights – real or perceived. …More

April 13, 2010 | Fight Not Flight for US-EU Strategic Dialogue

Tobias Fella: Atlanticists hoped that Barack Obama would be the savior of transatlantic relations, but dashed expectations have strained the relationship. The US and the EU should not be afraid to engage one another to save the alliance. The partners need to promptly engage in a strategic dialogue on transatlantic issues including trade and the Middle East. …More

April 13, 2010 | Germany Must Reflect on its Relationship With War

For historical reasons, Germany has had an uneasy relationship with war,”but the current government’s attempts to play down the war in Afghanistan are cowardly.” ++ After the deaths of three German soldiers in the North of …More

April 13, 2010 | Killing Kyrgyzstan's Cycle of Unrest with Kindness

The US is militarily and monetarily invested in Kyrgyzstan’s future and should focus its efforts on supporting the fledgling democratic government. ++ The White House pays an inflated rate for use of a military …More

April 9, 2010 | Forging a New Atlanticism

“It is an inescapable reality that almost all of today’s great challenges lie outside the traditional NATO relationship, and many are in areas where US and European views have long diverged.” ++ Nevertheless, there remain many areas where …More

April 7, 2010 | The West Needs Turkey in Europe

Discussions on Turkey’s EU membership tend to neglect the fact that the country’s strategic significance has skyrocketed since the end of the Cold War. From the standpoint of Western interests, Turkey plays a key role in conflict resolution from …More

April 7, 2010 | 2014 Solution Inadequate for 2010 Crisis

The European Union should consider issuing sovereign debt in order to accelerate economic recovery and restore growth potential in the coming decade. ++ “Raising EU debt through a joint and several guarantee of all 27 member states …More

March 27, 2010 | A New Strategy for Climate Diplomacy

Following the Copenhagen Accord, there is a danger that Europe and the United States will fall back upon old strategies in international climate politics and hope to see matters through with new patience. But the debacle at Copenhagen …More

March 27, 2010 | A Joint NATO-Russia Missile Shield This Article contains Flash-Video

Brussels Forum: NATO Secretary General Rasmussen called for Russia to be included in a new Euroatlantic missile defense shield to protect against threats from would-be nuclear states like Iran. Rasmussen was addressing the Brussels Forum, an annual high-level conference on transatlantic relations. …More

March 23, 2010 | The "Obama Effect" Unveils Transatlantic Tensions

Kurt Volker: Despite Europe’s public enthusiasm, Barack Obama’s first year in the White House has revealed official dissatisfaction in both the EU and the US over transatlantic relations. Here is a six-step agenda for repairing and strengthening them. …More

March 23, 2010 | The US and Pakistan: A Key Strategic Moment

Senior US and Pakistani officials will meet next week in Washington for the first strategic dialogue between the two countries in history. ++ Pakistan, in light of its role in Afghanistan, is hoping to capitalize on its enhanced …More

March 22, 2010 | Netanyahu Visit to Test Obama's Mettle

“From the beginning he irritated the Obama team, but it has been his recent aggressiveness that brought them to the breaking point.” ++ Indeed, Netanyahu’s visit to Washington will be one of the most closely-watched of Obama’s …More

March 18, 2010 | Yuan Versus Dollar

The 21st century will witness new commercial battlefronts: the yuan vs. the dollar  is one of them. ++ Americans blame Chinese officials for maintaining the yuan at an unnecessarily low exchange rate, therefore making it more difficult for …More

March 17, 2010 | NATO Tensions No Cause for Alarm

Olaf Theiler: The war in Afghanistan has exposed strains among NATO members, but these tensions do not threaten the stability of the alliance in a fundamental way. Rather, they can lead to better cohesion by showing how NATO’s role in a 21st century security context can be better defined. …More

March 16, 2010 | Corruption is Afghanistan's Greatest Problem

According to nearly 60% of Afghans, corruption is their country’s greatest problem, and not the precarious security situation. Hours spent waiting in lines, weeklong delays in obtaining necessary licenses from local bureaucrats …More

March 16, 2010 | Obama's Pakistan Policy a Success

Obama’s foreign policy approach is bearing fruit in Pakistan. ++ The Pakistani military is engaging Taliban havens in the North of the country and increased intelligence-sharing with Washington has led to the capture of several …More

March 8, 2010 | The World Should Not Give Up on Somalia

Somalia is typically associated with war, displacement, terrorism, and piracy, but the country is not the failed state it’s portrayed as. ++ “Somalis are resilient and committed to peace, and sickened by the nihilistic violence of …More

March 5, 2010 | Alliance Asymmetries

Jackson Janes: In order to maintain its relevancy, NATO must convince the world that is as important now as it was 60 years ago. To to this, NATO should re-affirm its commitment to collective defense within a twenty-first century security context, properly resource deployments, and more equally share burdens. …More

March 5, 2010 | USA-China-Europe: Tomorrow's New Triad?

Juliette Dixon: With the declining influence of the US, an ageing, slow moving EU and the threatening rise of China, stronger cooperation between the powers in such a sensitive context should be looked at more closely. The culture gap between the East and the West is vivid and prevents the Western powers from finding common ground with the Chinese partner. …More

March 3, 2010 | The EU Has a Voice, Finally

EU’s President Herman Van Rompuy gave his strongest speech to date last week. ++ Economic governance and strengthening ties with emerging powers were identified as the main areas to improve Europe’s role in the world. ++ Surprisingly …More

March 3, 2010 | US-Europe: the Winning Losers' Partnership

The anti-Europe discourse is fashionable again these days in American tribunes. ++ “Pacifist Europe” progressively withdrawing its commitment from NATO’s engagement in Afghanistan fuels scepticism towards the everlasting European …More

March 2, 2010 | Trust Pakistan

Rebuking western claims that the gov’t. is corrupt and at odds with the military, the President re-affirms his Pakistan’s commitment to fighting terrorism and building a sound, democratic society. ++ Zadari states an international assistance program akin to …More

March 1, 2010 | Take Military Option Off the Table

It is a mistake for the United States to retain the threat of a military strike against Iran. ++ Such an approach is unrealistic from a military standpoint, does little to aid the efforts of reform-minded Iranians, and distracts from the …More

February 25, 2010 | Is NATO's Future Threatened by the Diverging Priorities of its Members?

Joerg Wolf: The United States and some of its European partners seem to have increasingly different policy priorities. Should NATO members support the surge in Afghanistan and increase their defense budgets? Or should NATO focus on nuclear disarmament?


February 23, 2010 | Is Obama Reading the Soviet Guidebook?

Osama Bin Javaid: The current Western involvement in Afghanistan and Pakistan is only embedding deeper extremism. Let real democracy develop, as opposed to Karzai’s version, allow the Taliban to run and win elections. Empowering and educating the Afghan masses are the only ways out of NATO’s disarray. …More

February 18, 2010 | The Iran Nuclear Weapons Programme: Toward Renewed Diplomatic Engagement

Saeb Sal Kasm: Successful resolution of the Iranian nuclear dilemma requires creative and skillful diplomatic engagement. Otherwise, the parties risk further isolation, politically charged rhetoric, and eventually escalation toward military confrontation. …More

February 18, 2010 | Avoiding Another Disaster in Sudan

Enver Ferhatović: As Sudan prepares for general elections this year and a secession referendum next year, the international community needs to help form a plan to avoid post-election violence. Sudan will over the next couple of years remain one of the major test-cases of the effectiveness of an EU common foreign and security policy. …More

February 12, 2010 | Problems with Intelligence Gathering in Afghanistan

According to a recent complaint by General McChrystal, senior decision-makers are being forced to turn to the mass media in search of the information they need on Afghanistan. The intelligence community is preoccupied with …More

February 12, 2010 | EU Needs to Rethink CSDP Missions

The over 20 operations and missions conducted up to present within the framework of the European Union’s Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) have had mixed results, both for civilian and military operations. While some missions like …More

February 12, 2010 | Russian Foreign Policy: Smitten by China?

Russia is increasingly smitten by China.Since the days of Primakov as Foreign Minister, China has largely replaced the West as the object of admiration in Russian foreign policy. This new orientation in Russian foreign policy is not …More

February 12, 2010 | Four Scenarios for Iran's Future

It is nearly impossible to predict what the future will hold for Iranian politics. Nevertheless, thinking through various conceivable scenarios does provide decision-makers with important cues as to possible future developments. Two variables …More

February 12, 2010 | Germans Need to Support Their Troops

German troops are doing great work in Afghanistan but are not getting the support they deserve. ++ Despite the ongoing debate in Germany over whether troops are actually needed, they are a key partner and complement to the ISAF and US …More

February 12, 2010 | Dealing with a More Assertive China

Andrew Small: The mood on China is beginning to darken. From cyber-attacks to obstinacy in Copenhagen, Beijing’s assertiveness and the hardening tone of its diplomacy are prompting a rethink. If the competitive aspects of the relationship with China are going to dominate in the years ahead, have the US and Europe got their strategies right? …More

February 11, 2010 | Gaza Strip: "Another Brick in the Wall"

Palestinian underground tunnellers face increasing difficulties from all parts to provide immured Gaza Strip with staple products and arms. ++ Among the numerous tricks designed to hinder the tunnels’ activities are the …More

February 10, 2010 | Time for the EU to Work with Russia

Cortnie Shupe: Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin wall, the West has failed to incorporate the Russian Federation into security institutions in Europe. The EU’s soft power security challenges confront the Russian hard security agenda regarding Eastern Europe. Three political moves could reverse that trend. …More

February 5, 2010 | Iraq Inquiry Threatens Blair's Legacy

The results of Britain’s inquiry into the legitimacy of the Iraq War threatens to tarnish Tony Blair’s legacy. ++ Evidence suggests that Blair agreed to commit troops to Bush’s war “no matter what happened”. …More

February 4, 2010 | EU-US: the One Way Love

President Obama has declined an invitation to the US-EU summit in Madrid this May due to domestic priorities. ++ Europeans face declining American interest in the EU and are considering postponing the summit. ++ Various signs prove them right; the …More

February 3, 2010 | International Politics and Feminism

Makeda Hannah Peter: IR feminists offer alternative conceptions of power. In doing so, feminists attempt to de-construct the power-politics of positivist realism, and focus on individuals and communities. Empirical research conveys gender related issues as central to studies within IR. …More

February 2, 2010 | Israel and Palestine Do Better on Their Own

Obama has inserted himself in the midst of a conflict even more difficult than the one between Republicans and Democrats, the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ++ Despite Obama’s shift from an optimistic to a pessimistic outlook for …More

January 29, 2010 | UNHCR: Tweets from the Edge This Article contains Flash-Video

Interview with Claudia Gonzalez: Social media is transforming how the UN relates humanitarian crises to the global public. In this interview, the former head of Public Relations and Special Projects in the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees explains how Twitter, YouTube, Facebook and other platforms have added a new dimension to their humanitarian work. …More

January 29, 2010 | Gulf States Remain Silent on Iran

As the world watches to see how the political crisis in Iran will play out, its neighbors in the have been silent on the matter. ++ “From the prism of Arab Gulf interests, there is no need to pick a side in this fight, especially when it is …More

January 27, 2010 | A Future Without Borders? This Article contains Flash-Video

Parag Khanna: Many people think the lines on the map no longer matter. However, by using maps of the past and present, we can understand the root causes of modern border conflicts worldwide. This oft overlooked explanation gives insight into a series of conflict zones, and can offer simple solutions towards their resolution. …More

January 27, 2010 | Southern and Northern Sudan Likely to Divorce in 2011

Southern Sudan is projected to vote for secession from the North in 2011 elections to be held under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). ++ This “failed marriage” of the North and South is unlikely to have …More

January 22, 2010 | Atlantic Community Invites You to Join the Security Jam

The Editorial Team: A virtual conference 4-9 Feb, featuring online keynote contributions from world leaders and participants logging on from around the globe. NGOs, civil society, security & defence practitioners, leading political and military figures, think tanks, academics, and journalists will interact online to build concrete solutions together. …More

January 21, 2010 | Obama's Foreign Policy: The Right Grand Strategy

Tobias Fella: The Obama Administration returns to the logic of liberal hegemony. Nowadays, global
challenges require an approach based on multilateral cooperation, smart power and the acknowledgment of security interdependence. The new American Grand Strategy precisely takes all of them into account.

January 20, 2010 | The EU Should not Ignore Serbia

Joschka Fischer: Europeans may be too tired and divided to play a significant role in world politics, which could have dire consequences for Europe in this time of global realignment. But even if Europe abdicates its global role, the EU cannot forget about order within its immediate neighborhood. The Balkans are a part of Europe, and Europeans must solve the region’s problems. …More

January 15, 2010 | A Bright Spell In Sight

Neighbours witness a very positive context in spite of a 40 years old past of stormy relations between India and Bangledesh. ++ Timing eventually made both sides meet on an common ground for reinforced dialog. ++ Trade and border security issues are on …More

January 11, 2010 | Turn the Focus on Kashmir

The U.S. government has all but ignored the conflict in Kashmir and espoused a “hands off” approach on the issue. However, pressure to engage is increasing. After all, a resolution of the Kashmir conflict, which pits two nuclear powers against one …More

January 8, 2010 | "Twitter vs. Terror"

Texts, tweets, and friend requests are playing their part in what is being dubbed “twenty-first century statecraft.” ++ The US State Department is actively promoting the use of modern communications and social networking technologies to …More

January 6, 2010 | The Russia-Georgia War and Its Impact on EU Foreign Policy

Aleksandra Palagnyuk: The five-day war between Russia and Georgia in 2008 has reveiled the true importance of the Caucasus region to the EU as well other key international players. In this MA thesis I analyse the implications of the conflict for European foreign policy, especially with regards to EU energy security. …More

January 4, 2010 | Is Obama too Soft on Terror?

Editorial Team: President Obama has moved away from his predecessor’s ‘War on Terror,’ which is now coming under fire. According to conservative’s in the United States, these new, ‘weaker’ policies are to blame for the attempted Christmas Day bombing. …More

January 4, 2010 | Germany's Interests in Future NATO Enlargement

Dirk Schuchardt: Germany’s main interest in NATO enlargement lies in creating a stable European security order, while preventing a confrontation with Russia. Therefore, from the German perspective, Ukraine and Georgia should not join the Alliance. …More

December 23, 2009 | Polluting the Climate Change Debate

Lyle Brecht: The catastrophic consequences of global warming pose a far greater threat than any national defense initiative, yet military spending consistently trumps climate change legislation in American politics. Rational thought is absent from the decision making process and the public is simply going along for the ride. …More

December 21, 2009 | Now is the Time for Peace

UN resolutions, Geneva conventions, previous regional agreements, the Arab Peace Initiative, and official national policies are all being ignored to the detriment of those under siege in the Gaza strip. ++ The EU recently restated the requirements for …More

December 11, 2009 | Don't Back Down on Burma

Aung Sun Suu Kyi’s plight is well known, but there are more than 2000 other activists in Burmese prisons. ++ Many are subject to torture, denied medical treatment, and forced into manual labor. ++ Ethnic minorities face cultural genocide. ++ The UN …More

December 9, 2009 | France and Russia Move Closer Together

France is attempting to pull Russia into a “common security space” bypassing both NATO and the EU by offering to sell it advanced naval vessels. ++ This looks set to “seriously complicate the security environment for NATO …More

December 7, 2009 | Obama Needs to Inspire

One thing that was regrettably missing in Obama’s address to the nation was the moral dimension of the troop surge. ++ This is part of a larger trend in which the principles of democratic values are too often set aside. ++ By focusing on listening instead …More

November 30, 2009 | European Union, Get Serious in Iraq

Daniel Korski and Richard Gowan: The potential rewards the EU might reap from improved trade in Iraq are huge, but the risks of instability remain highly problematic. By coordinating efforts, both within the Union and with NATO, Europe will win gratitude in Washington and a fruitful market in Baghdad. …More

November 24, 2009 | Limitations to Post-Conflict Cooperative Security

Jovana Jezdimirovic Ranito: As the situation in Kosovo since the end of the war has demonstrated, there is a gap between words and deeds. Furthermore, the main constraints preventing the successful development of security are the actors’ motivations, the lack of political will and a lack of civil and military cooperation. …More

November 16, 2009 | Analysis from Pakistan: Civil War between Army and Tribes

Marie Lall: With Pakistan having entered its most violent chapter in its history as an independent state, it might already be too late to reverse Islamic militancy and terror. The West can only help with a cash injection in the economy, making sure that the money reaches ordinary Pakistanis rather than the military, government officials or Western consultants. …More

November 16, 2009 | Israel's Strategic Imperative

Syrian President Bashar Assad’s call for the resumption of negotiations with Israel, demonstrates his commitment to reaching a peace deal. ++ Netanyahu should accept his offer for talks as a peace agreement with Syria would give Israel important …More

November 16, 2009 | Obama Needs to Show Commitment

Obama’s prolonged deliberation about Afghanistan risks undermining his commitment to whichever decision he ends up making. ++ As there is unanimity in the Pentagon and considerable agreement in Congress and among NATO allies about the need for …More

November 12, 2009 | China and Africa: Improving Cooperation

China’s impressive economic growth in recent years would not have been possible without the exploitation of raw materials in Africa. Up to now Beijing’s interests in Africa have been largely economic in nature. This, however, is bound …More

November 12, 2009 | American Jews to Assist Middle East Peace Process

Within the United States, the Gaza War has led not only to renewed calls for peace by the U.S. government, but also to the emergence of numerous pro-active, public peace movements. The American Jewish community is no longer …More

November 12, 2009 | Maintain Strategic Flexibility

Greg Randolph Lawson: Obama needs to maintain military flexibility by repositioning its “Af-Pak” policy. The US can encourage lasting stability in the region, and indeed protect its own strategic sustainability, by rethinking its nation building efforts and allowing regional actors to grow into a more effective anti-Taliban force. …More

November 9, 2009 | "The Berlin Wall: So Much Gained, So Much to Lose"

The fall of the Iron Curtain in 1989 remains a major landmark in time, reminding us in the West of what has been won and what is still worth fighting for. ++ Globalisation has since lifted 500 million people …More

October 30, 2009 | Trial of Saddam Hussein: Success of Justice, or Set-up for Failure?

Natalie Catherine Chwalisz: I examine the consequences of the decision to make the Iraqi High Tribunal a domestic court-a decision which negatively affected its effectiveness. It analyzes the Tribunal’s success / failure in achieving not only a fair procedure, but also transitional justice in its broader sense. …More

October 28, 2009 | Stakes are Higher in Pakistan than Afghanistan

Harlan Ullman: As Hillary Clinton visits Pakistan the state is quickly becoming the most important strategic issue confronting the US in the fight against jihadi-backed violence. The Obama Administration should recognize this and take effective action to deal with Pakistan’s problems by providing more economic and military aid to Islamabad. …More

October 23, 2009 | Rasmussen Set to Reinvigorate NATO

Sebastian Bruns: The new Secretary General of NATO needs to seize momentum to reinvigorate NATO’s influence, now the Eurocentric alliance is in decline. He will need tact and diplomacy to act as a mediator between the French and the Americans, whilst keeping the other member states united. …More

October 21, 2009 | The Future of Transatlantic Relations

Vilborg Ása Guðjónsdóttir: Lessons from Disagreements between the United States and Europe from 1954-2009 …More

October 21, 2009 | US Must "Soldier On" in Afghanistan

The early victory, coupled with key mistakes and the over use of air support at the start of the conflict has led to the present, dire security situation. ++ The “pacification of a country needs boots on the ground [and] the …More

October 14, 2009 | Japan's Transition Into Modernisation - Parallels in Afghanistan

Birgit Hütten: Japan, like no other country, has been successful in implementing enormous changes to its political and social structure. The way to modernization and its impact on Afghanistan are vital factors for the development of other Asian countries. …More

October 12, 2009 | Iran and the NPT: "Some Animals are more equal than others"

Andreas Michael Bock: Iran is legally entitled to posses nuclear WMD - not inspite, but because of the NPT. The international treaty claims to apply equally to all contracting parties, but numerous exceptions have been made in the past. Then why should the NPT apply to Iran? …More

October 12, 2009 | US, Not Obama, Deserving of Nobel Prize

“The Nobel committee did President Obama no favors by prematurely awarding him its peace prize.” ++ The President has not yet done anything deserving of such an award but was right to accept it with the humility he did. ++ …More

October 9, 2009 | Huntington's 'Clash of Civilizations' Empirically Challenged

A study by the Bertelsmann Foundation in cooperation with the Heidelberg Institute for International Conflict Research has proven that the number of cultural conflicts has risen dramatically over the past 25 …More

October 9, 2009 | Russia Needs to Defuse the Situation in the Caucasus

Reactions by Moscow and Tbilisi to the EU report on the Russian-Georgian War demonstrate how tense the situation in the Caucasus remains. The report blamed the war on the Georgians, who opened hostilities against the South …More

October 9, 2009 | NATO's Future: At the Heart of a Global Security System

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) today represents the strongest military and political alliance in the world. Its member states on both sides of the Atlantic are situated in the planet’s best developed …More

October 8, 2009 | Remember Afghanistan?

Nadia Claudine Boegli: The US and the wider global community must change their strategy towards Afghanistan. Their aim should be to establish a stable Afghan state not mired by corruption and based on the full engagement of the domestic population. …More

October 8, 2009 | US-Containment Policy is Main Hazard for Peace in the Middle East

The Obama administration’s middle east policy is largely unsuccessful due to its containment policy towards Iran. ++ The „US’ moves meant to contain the power of Iran, are the main stumbling block on the …More

October 7, 2009 | Lebanon Should Mediate in Cyprus Conflict

The lingering conflict between Turkish and Greek Cypriots needs to be resolved now the conflict is riper than ever before. ++ Although Turkey has demonstrated a benevolent commitment to defusing the conflict, internal Cypriot politics …More

October 5, 2009 | Georgia Sees Vindication in War Report

Both sides claimed vindication following the publication of the EU report on the causes of the Russia-Georgia conflict. ++ “But the report said Georgia violated international law and triggered the August 2008 war by shelling the …More

October 2, 2009 | China Wobbles as it Reaches 60

Three truths dominate the PRC as it celebrates its 60th. ++ Firstly, “the Chinese state will try to protect itself[…]and convince onlookers of the power of the communist superstate.” ++ Secondly, the Chinese state is deeply …More

September 28, 2009 | Obama Must Look for Lessons in the Past

Parallels between Obama and JFK continue as both faced difficult decisions about troop numbers in unpopular wars during their first months in office. ++ Although a cliché Vietnam does hold lessons for the conflict in Afghanistan as …More

September 25, 2009 | US Reset Button Broken as Georgia Pays Price

A renewed naval patrol around the Georgian coast has been Russia’s reaction to the cancellation of the missile defence project as threats are turning into a veiled policy to undermine its sovereignty. ++ “Moscow has …More

September 23, 2009 | Obama's Afghan Indecision

Obama looks to be uncertain if his grand strategy for Afghanistan will work. ++ Even though the US does not have vital interests in the Middle East it still has an obligation to stay until the end and support Kabul. ++ “Democrats have to …More

September 21, 2009 | Deadly Divide: Sunni-Shia Conflict Determines Iraq's Future

Urs Schrade: Sectarian tensions continue to threaten civil war with large Sunni and Shia Muslim populations throughout the Middle East, particularly in Iraq. The current war in Iraq will play a prominent role in determining the future of the Sunni-Shia conflict. The ethno-religious conflict will in turn determine the future of Middle Eastern relations and security. …More

September 18, 2009 | Israel Unfazed by UN Human Rights Report

The UN Human Rights Council report condemning both Israel and Hamas for January’s confrontation looks set to change nothing. ++ Despite a loss in the international public opinion war Tel Aviv secured unanimous support domestically …More

September 15, 2009 | The Road to Tehran Does Not Run Through Moscow

Jeffrey Mankoff: It is a priority of the USA to gain Russia’s support for a new round of UN sanctions against Iran. However, due to a number of economic, diplomatic, and strategic factors, it is very unlikely that Moscow will take meaningful steps against Tehran. Thus, the Obama Administration should circumvent Russia and find a way to solve the Iranian nuclear problem alone. …More

September 15, 2009 | Syria: Less Carrots, More Sticks

Obama’s approach to shift away from the Bush policy of isolation and reestablishing dialogue with Syria proofed not successful yet. ++ Despite the good intentions, the current US Administration’s behavior has not convinced Damascus to change …More

September 14, 2009 | Iraq: The Withdrawal of the US to Decide the Future of the Country

In contrast to the events in Afghanistan, German media pays little attention to Iraq. The envisioned withdrawal of US troops by the end of 2011 will become a historical turning point with consequences for …More

September 14, 2009 | Counter-Insurgency 4.0 is Needed in Northern Afghanistan

Péter Marton: Euro-discourse often derides Americans for not recognizing “complexity” around them. The opposite is true in Afghanistan. The European countries present in the North are not particularly interested in learning a lot about the social context they are operating in, and they are generally slow to adapt to changes in their area of operations. …More

September 14, 2009 | Land First, Then Peace

Obama’s speech in Cairo raised expectations in the Arab world. ++ In order to stop the bloodshed in the Middle East Israel must be willing to give back Arab territory. ++ Saudia Arabia, as the key actor in the region, will refuse to engage Israel as …More

September 8, 2009 | Germany is ISAF's Weakest Link

Joshua Foust: The Bundeswehr has evolved from refusing to kill known militants to calling in air strikes based on flimsy evidence. The German deployment has been a complete failure. The Bundeswehr is consistently undermining the allied tasks in Afghanistan and should either reevaluate or withdraw. …More

September 7, 2009 | The Afghanistan Abyss

President Obama must not add to the 21,000 troops that he has sent to Afghanistan recently as this would be an historic mistake. ++ This will only serve to “galvanize local people to back the Taliban in repelling the infidels.” ++ Leading …More

September 2, 2009 | Five Steps for Success in Afghanistan

Christopher Lee Davis: NATO’s near-term priority in Afghanistan must be the implementation of the new strategy to which member-states agreed at their last summit. Time is of the essence since the situation on the ground continues to deteriorate. The alliance-wide agreement offers new momentum to focus on five critical areas. …More

September 2, 2009 | Protecting Human Rights with Credibility and Confrontation This Article contains Flash-Video

Interview with Günter Nooke: Germany’s Human Rights Commissioner welcomes Washington’s participation in the UN Human Rights Council this month. It is now time for Germany to assist in any way it can to produce a credible front. One step towards this goal would be the acceptance of Guantanamo prisoners. …More

September 2, 2009 | EU and Turkey to Mediate Balkan Tensions

Memo 18: More than a decade after the Dayton Agreement West Balkan countries are fighting over EU membership and against the resurgence of nationalist forces. These factors presently contribute to the emergence of renewed conflict potential. The European Union and Turkey have a key role to play as mediators. …More

September 1, 2009 | Nuclear Deterrence in the Second Nuclear Age

Rachelle Richardson: The fact remains that states have to exist in a world where nuclear weapons exist. As we enter the second nuclear age, this fact competes against other emerging contemporary perspectives impacting on the foreign policy of state actors. What is certain is that traditional norms are being questioned a …More

August 31, 2009 | Hatoyama's Balancing Act

Yukio Hatoyama’s Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) will pursue a more independent foreign policy and aim to break down the all powerful bureaucracy. ++ However, “Hatoyama began his political career in the LDP, and one of the dangers of the …More

August 31, 2009 | AfPak: Europe's Politicians Lack the Support of Public Opinion

Raffaello Pantucci: Greater coordination on Central-South Asia would be a boon to European and US interests in the region. Unfortunately, such coordination is still lacking and we are unlikely to see a greater push from the EU. More European involvement in any sort of “civilian surge” would be welcome, but will be unrealistic until the security situation is stabilized. …More

August 28, 2009 | The Myth of Russia's Caucasus Success

The Kremlin’s strategy has not brought peace to the Caucasus. ++ Russia’s failure can be blamed on Vladimir Putin’s cynical deals with influential clans in the North Caucasus, the elimination of democratic procedures and the …More

August 28, 2009 | Iran's Regime Loses Ground

Although “the protesters have been routed from the streets of Tehran, the political turmoil in Iran continues unabated behind the scenes.” ++ The leaders authorities are challenged by a group of religious and secular elites. ++ It is doubtful that …More

August 27, 2009 | The West Must Change Course in Iran Now

As the movement against Iran’s controversial election is fading, the West is likely to resort to imposing more sanctions against Tehran. ++ But “the only viable…. strategy is to stop trying to isolate Iran and instead …More

August 25, 2009 | Pakistan and the Taliban: Leaders Caught Betwixt and Between

Shuja Nawaz: Following the death of Baitullah Mehsud Pakistani leaders face a number of challenges. Will they be able to make an offensive against the Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP)? Will they be able to resist US pressure to “do more” against the Afghan Taliban? Will they muster the troop strength and the resolve to move against the TTP in South Waziristan? …More

August 25, 2009 | How Israel Should Solve the Middle East Conflict

Prime Minister Netanyahu must accept the idea of an end to settlements when he meets with US government officials this week. ++ Thus, Arab countries should seek to normalize their relations with the Jewish state. ++ A cessation …More

August 25, 2009 | Middle East: A Peace Guide for the Muslim World

Months after President Obama’s speech in Cairo, it is still upon Muslim states to react. ++ Being the first US President credible enough to be accepted by the Palestinians, Obama called on Muslim countries to finally …More

August 24, 2009 | The Comeback of Global Governance.

Marc Saxer: To use of the window of opportunity for establishing effective global governance, Europeans should accept that not all countries are willing to cede their sovereignty, but should work to increase the representation of emerging powers in multilateral structures. …More

August 24, 2009 | Slow Steps! Not All at Once!

Leon V. Sigal: The world needs to focus on first steps toward abolition, not the ultimate goal. Most importantly, before moving to Zero, the West has to achieve major efforts in its relations with North Korea and Iran. …More

August 21, 2009 | Regional Disputes Do Not Rule Out Disarmament

J. Shire and W. Wilson: Contrary to the assumption, the settlement of regional disputes does not have to be a precondition for nuclear disarmament. The deterrent serves to make regions torn by conflict no safer but instead accentuate fear and cause stalemate. …More

August 21, 2009 | Eliminating Nuclear Weapons: Yes, We Can!

Barry M. Blechman: The reduction of nuclear weapons is an unclear goal but entirely possible if the right structural framework is set in place. All that’s needed is the courage and will of political leaders to take the first steps. Inaction is too risky a course to take. …More

August 21, 2009 | Afghan Elections: Let the Geopolitical Games Begin

At present, the power struggle in Kabul is reaching its apex. ++ After years of US hegemony, now, Russia, Iran and China push for influence in Afghanistan. ++ Both, Kabul and Washington depend on Moscow’s benevolence in …More

August 20, 2009 | A Slow Countdown Towards Zero

L. Korb and M. Wilkins: Even though a nuclear-free world may never be achieved, the aspiration is an end in itself. The steps towards Global Zero will help discourage nuclear proliferation. Ultimately, the feasibility of nuclear abolition will depend on the logic of nuclear deterrence being perceived as obsolete. …More

August 20, 2009 | Why Afghans Need a Vote

The Taliban’s “don’t vote or we”ll blow you up” message aims to make the outcome of today’s election in Afghanistan appear illegitimate. ++ This is what the West is fighting against. ++ If not enough people have the courage to participate, the …More

August 20, 2009 | Cold War Lessons for Today's Nuclear Disarmament Debate

Charles D. Ferguson : Cold War lessons teach us that nuclear abolition is a crucial goal. To reach Global Zero, future policy must address bureaucratic inertia on nuclear targeting policy, linking conventional and nuclear arms control, and reducing the prestige of possessing nuclear weapons. …More

August 19, 2009 | Not Just Feasible, Imperative!

Paul M. Carroll: In today’s world, nuclear weapons have become a liability rather than an asset. These arms present risks in and of themselves and should not be retained by anyone. Thus, efforts to reduce and then eliminate nuclear weapons are not only feasible, but imperative. …More

August 19, 2009 | Georgia Becomes Russia's Far Abroad

Withdrawal from the CIS for Georgia represents a continental shift away from Russia and other former Soviet republics. ++ President Saakashvili should not have left so quickly as it frees Moscow from the obligation of viewing the …More

August 19, 2009 | The Dragon Breathes Fire

Military drills in China are set to involve 50,000 troops over the next 2 months. ++ Exercises that will test the People Liberation Army’s long-range force projection worry neighboring countries. ++ Washington is monitoring the situation as …More

August 18, 2009 | Controlling Loose Nukes

Kenneth N. Luongo: A prerequisite for the abolition of nuclear weaponry is that international leaders must effectively and comprehensively address the evolving global nuclear dangers of the 21st century. Thus, they should launch a Nuclear Security Initiative, that would include a comprehensive suite of next-generation nuclear security policies and tools. …More

August 18, 2009 | The Road to Zero: Just Look Down

Tom Z. Collina: The three prerequisites to stable nuclear reduction must be pursued consistently by both Russia and the US. Only after we achieve real success can we begin to judge whether Global Zero is truly possible. Our map to disarmament makes the beginning clear but our choices will define the path. …More

August 17, 2009 | Focus on Intermediate Steps

Subrata Ghoshroy: Global Zero is not feasible unless the security concerns of all nations are addressed. A world free of nuclear weapons depends on conventional disarmament, deeper cuts in the US and Russian arsenals and a ban to further produce nuclear weapons.

August 17, 2009 | Nuclear Abolition: Now or Never?

Editorial Team: Nuclear disarmament is back on the agenda in the international debate. Atlantic Community members are encouraged to join the conversation as we host a special Theme Week on “Global Zero.” We will present the results from your discussion at the Böll Foundation’s conference “A World Without Nuclear Weapons or Nuclear Anarchy?” …More

August 14, 2009 | China and India Must Seal the Border Deal!

After the 13th round of border talks, India and China have still not found a solution to their territorial dispute. ++ Despite the ongoing conflict China has become a crucial trading partner for India, even surpassing the US. ++ …More

August 13, 2009 | Drivers of the UN Humanitarian Interventions

Bianca Sarbu: The failure of the UN to achieve consensus on humanitarian intervention has led to contradictory practices. A qualitative analysis is needed to establish how action is legally accepted by the international community and what factors legitimate it. …More

August 12, 2009 | The Two-State Solution Solves Nothing

The Israeli-Palestinian consensus on the two-state solution has little meaning. ++ It is “a catchphrase divorced from… issues it is supposed to resolve.” ++ Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu sticks to demands for …More

August 12, 2009 | Israel Is Ready for Hezbollah

Israel will not accept Hezbollah as part of the Lebanese government, or as a political entity, says Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. ++ Hezbollah is “seeking a national unity government that guarantees a real partnership’” after …More

August 7, 2009 | How Will Europe Protect Itself Against the Nationalist Virus?

Wolfgang R Stock: Slovenia and Greece are currently preventing Croatia and Macedonia, two politically and economically stable countries, from entering the European Union. This blockade is unjustified and a violation against the highest principles of the EU. Brussels must cease from its indifference and act on this. …More

August 7, 2009 | Where Is Europe's Support for Iranian Protesters?

Despite Iran’s development towards an Islamic military dictatorship, the political and civil countermovement gains ground. ++ As long as gas imports rise and oil profits are not passed down to the population protests …More

August 7, 2009 | Georgia Is Regaining Strength

One year after the Russian invasion, Georgia continues to draw nearer to its western allies. ++ “The Kremlin is forced to discover that few points of its agenda have succeeded.” ++ Despite the Georgia peace plan signed by President …More

August 5, 2009 | No Need for Arms Control Treaty

The Cold War is over, so why continue disarmament talks designed to deal with it? ++ Recent decisions to cut nuclear stockpiles have been unilateral, so there is no need to waste effort and prestige on a fresh bilateral treaty. ++ Any deal would …More

August 5, 2009 | Kosovo: Balkan Success Story and Future EU Member?

Elizabeth Pond: The Kosovar State has so far been successful in the most pressing challenges facing the country since its secession from Serbia. However, excessive political interference with societal institutions alludes to the long way of development and improvement ahead. …More

August 4, 2009 | Solving Europe's Bosnia Crisis

Daniel Korski: If there is one thing the EU is proud of, it is the bloc’s Balkan record. From a region torn apart in the mid-1990s, a new one has emerged. However, progress in Bosnia-Herzegovina has ceased. It will take a clear aim and a tougher EU approach for Bosnian politicians to start behaving responsibly and building a state that has a future in Europe. …More

August 3, 2009 | Could Current Conflicts Spark a New Balkan War?

Editorial Team: The delicate power equilibrium in the West Balkans is currently far from the media’s spotlights. But rising tensions in Bosnia, the Croatian-Slovenian conflict, and Kosovo’s still fragile democracy all suggest that Europe’s political powder keg cannot be ignored. Atlantic Community has therefore initiated this Theme Week, featuring international Balkans experts. …More

July 31, 2009 | US Politics of Engagement Will Not Succeed

President Obama’s engagement with US’ adversaries is failing. ++ North Korea and Iran responded to America’s politics of dialogue by testing nuclear weapons and commencing nuclear enrichment. ++ “Obama’s diplomatic …More

July 30, 2009 | How to Win Afghanistan

If the western coalition wants to win the war in Afghanistan in the long term, they have to let the Afghans do their own fighting. ++ “The Taliban are Afghans, to be dealt with by Afghans” and the West “shouldn’t make this a NATO war, allowing the …More

July 28, 2009 | Why the Balkans Count on Turkish Mediation

Increasing political tensions in former Yugoslav republics make Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu’s diplomatic efforts indispensable. ++ “Bosnia has obtruded itself upon Turkish diplomacy,” which follows …More

July 28, 2009 | American Answer Needed to Mideast Problems

As both the Israeli and Palestinian parties have settled on a two-state solution, the US must now show them the way. ++ The rivals’ ability to negotiate bilaterally has reached its limit. ++ “An American proposal that …More

July 27, 2009 | Afghan Occupation Accomplishes Nothing

After 8 years, Afghanistan is not independent or democratic, and women are as bad off as ever. ++ This will not improve until Western soldiers leave, as “history teaches that we always reject occupation and foreign domination.” ++ “It is …More

July 27, 2009 | How to Defeat Taliban Insurgency

The international community must show Afghans that they will not be deserted to Taliban retribution. ++ The weaknesses of the insurgency must be considered: “It
is a… shallow coalition of convenience… [and] deeply unpopular.” ++ “Success …More

July 24, 2009 | Germany Goes on the Offensive This Article contains Flash-Video

Editorial Team: The Bundeswehr pursues insurgents in Northern Afghanistan with heavy firepower. Members of, will this more assertive approach lead to more stability in Afghanistan? Has a “psychological threshold” been crossed in Germany? …More

July 24, 2009 | US Must Change Pakistan Policy

Pakistan should be President Obama’s top foreign policy challenge. ++ It would be terrible if Afghanistan or Iraq collapsed, but it would be unthinkably catastrophic if Pakistan were to fall into chaos. ++ “America has to change its policy …More

July 23, 2009 | Kurds vs. Arabs: Iraq's Next Civil War?

Arab-Kurdish relations in Iraq are at their lowest point since Saddam Hussein was in power. ++ The autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) is steadily developing an independent oil industry in northern Iraq. ++ In Kurdish …More

July 23, 2009 | US Should Support Iranian Opposition

Obama should continue to make clear that the United States stands with those seeking peaceful and democratic reform in Iran. ++ Although street demonstrations are fewer, Iran’s political crisis appears to be intensifying. ++ “Several of the …More

July 22, 2009 | US Should Condition Georgian Aid

Obama’s firm support for Georgia is good, but Joe Biden’s visit this week is a chance for a big US foreign policy win. ++ “The US should tell Saakashvili that future economic aid is dependent on an end to his increasingly authoritarian, corrupt …More

July 20, 2009 | The World Cannot Keep Ignoring Somalia

The world cannot ignore the renewed violence in Somalia, which is not a classic civil war but an external attempt to overthrow a legitimate, recognized government. ++ “While the world focuses elsewhere, groups of foreign extremists are …More

July 20, 2009 | Understanding Russia

Daniel Fiott: Russia’s take on foreign affairs is determined by geopolitical fears, border security and the wish to be perceived as a great power. Thus, key-issues to understand Russia are NATO and EU enlargement, the proposed US missile defense system and energy security. Other powers have to take this into account if they want Russia to be more cooperative. …More

July 17, 2009 | Eastern European Political Elite Criticizes Obama

Former decision makers from Eastern Europe warn President Obama in an open letter about an deterioration of bilateral relations. ++ The tone of the letter is “much sharper than the usual language of diplomacy.” ++ This reaction …More

July 15, 2009 | Why Iran Will Not Profit from Its Black Gold

Despite controlling some of the most extensive oil resources worldwide, Iran is heading towards an economic crisis. ++ In order to use its oil reserves, the Islamic Republic needs new technologies for oil production and further …More

July 14, 2009 | Why the West Should Talk Turkey with Iran

Colette Mazzucelli and Sebnem Udum: UN Security Council members and Germany must turn to Turkey to successfully negotiate with Iran. The possible common ground between the two countries and Turkey’s new policy direction towards dialogue must not be underestimated and could be effective against the Iranian nuclear threat. …More

July 13, 2009 | War in Afghanistan Is Senseless Folly

Ridding Afghanistan of al-Qaida is not worth our soldiers’ lives, as “the world is full of places where [they] can hide and operate.” ++ The true war on terror “is about hearts and minds, not soldiers dead in a ditch… The hearts and the …More

July 10, 2009 | The US' "Reset" with Russia Is Not Enough

President Obama’s visit to Moscow must not be taken as a serious reset with Russia. ++ It “was a mix of visionary kitsch, caviar and feckless horse-trading.” ++ Russian-American agreements made this week are short sighted. ++ …More

July 10, 2009 | How to Overcome (Iranian) Dictatorship

History has shown that there are similar scripts utilized by authoritarian regimes to manifest dictatorship. ++ “Invoke a threat…establish a surveillance apparatus…subvert the rule of law.” ++ This procedure applied by Iranian and …More

July 9, 2009 | Obama Is G-8's Great White Hope

Expectations are low for the next G-8 meeting, due to “inexcusably lax planning by the host government, Italy, and the political weakness of many of the leaders attending.” ++ If this session is going to justify the time and effort, …More

July 9, 2009 | Europe Needs Missile Defense Against a Real Threat

Opponents of missile defense argue unpersuasively that “there is no near-term, long-range Iranian missile threat and the proposed US system could not defeat such a threat anyway.” ++ Yet Iran continues to buy …More

July 8, 2009 | Israel's Sea of Enemies

Biden’s words giving Israel the green light for a military strike should Iran obtain nuclear capabilities caused public discomfort. ++ Yet anything less would be irresponsible: Jewish history taught Israel it cannot wait for the worst case scenario - …More

July 7, 2009 | New and Old Media Strengthen Democracy Together

Recent events in Iran and China have demonstrated the impressive power
of the internet. Iranians used web communication technologies like Twitter to
spread reports and images of their protests worldwide, despite attempts …More

July 7, 2009 | The World Must Be Ready If North Korean Regime Collapses

While North Korea’s autocrat, Kim Jong Il, prepares
for a transition of power, international experts are racking their brains to
determine all possible future political scenarios in the region. Will Kim Jong
Il’s …More

July 7, 2009 | New NATO Concept a Chance for Europe to Recommit to Alliance

Jan Techau: Drafting a new strategic concept for NATO provides a great chance for Europeans to get real about what it means to be allies and stop the great threat to the continent’s defense - the decoupling of the transatlantic alliance. But this means more and smarter spending on defense and most certainly more casualties. …More

July 7, 2009 | Obama: Hard on Israel, Soft on Egypt

The Obama administration’s sternness toward Israel seems over the top considering its friendliness towards Egypt. ++ Both countries receive some of the highest percentages of US Development Aid. ++ Israel “needs little reminder of the …More

July 6, 2009 | EU-NATO Intelligence Wall Creates an Unnecessary Liability

Jesse Michelle Kalata: The EU and NATO have to increase their strategic co-operation. In times of ever increasing global threats best practices for future missions have to be developed. Only a profound approach to transatlantic governance can establish these prerequisites.

July 3, 2009 | With Russia, Trust is Good, Control is Better

The West can’t ignore Russia’s belligerent moves towards Georgia - warning signs that Russia is not ready for the relationship we seek. ++ “Extensive fighting could
erupt again” and Russia may be preparing to install a puppet …More

July 2, 2009 | Obama Must Approach Turkmenistan and Belarus

In times of international competition for energy resources and strategic partners, the US must move more quickly to embrace a relationship with Turkmenistan and Belarus. ++ China is constructing a gas pipeline to Turkmenistan. ++ …More

July 1, 2009 | North Korea: As Truce Ends, Ships Must Be Searched

The UN resolution banning North Korean weapons trade is ineffective as it requires the regime to consent to foreign inspection of its ships. ++ Yet, North Korea’s belligerent stance gives the US a go-ahead: announcing the …More

July 1, 2009 | Pakistan: Western Meddling Likely to Backfire

Marie Lall: The West continues to misunderstand Pakistani realities on the ground. It must alter its hawkish approach towards the region and embrace a deeper understanding of the views across Pakistan. A radical policy shift and investments to stabilize the economy must be made before Western involvement turns sour. …More

June 30, 2009 | Afghan Balance Sheets Will Show Western Mistakes

The international community is taking inventory of their expenditure in Afghanistan. ++ The results will reveal a wide range of shortfalls, especially on behalf of the EU. ++ In spite of the existing realization that the Afghan …More

June 29, 2009 | Is Freedom for Free? Join the Debate! This Article contains Flash-Video

Editorial Team: You are in a crowded, run-down basement. Lights are flashing in your eyes and your heart is racing. You’ve broken out in a sweat and it’s running down your back. People are anxious. Someone is screaming. Danger seems imminent. …More

June 29, 2009 | Iran Gives the US Another Chance at Israel Peace

The Obama Administration should use the upheaval in Iran to “creep away from the corner into which it has painted itself in the Arab-Israeli peace process” - that is, insisting on a total “freeze” in Israeli settlements in the …More

June 26, 2009 | Germany in Afghanistan: Go Big, or Go Home

German politicians must address public questions about NATO involvement in Afghanistan. ++ They must recognize that the war entails risks, and costs - including German lives - and communicate to Germans that they owe their soldiers …More

June 26, 2009 | Peace in Gaza: Principles, Not Preconditions

Any chance at Middle East peace requires recognizing that Hamas, labeled a terrorist group, remains a popular force. ++ Historical conflict regions such as South Africa and Northern Ireland teach us that even “terrorist groups” …More

June 25, 2009 | Green Revolution Can Overthrow Iran's Oppressors

The only way to deal with Iran’s theocratic dictatorship is investing in renewable energy. ++ US President Barack Obama should enhance his efforts to end America’s reliance from Iranian fuel. ++ It is “the one thing we could …More

June 25, 2009 | Will There be a Second Russian-Georgian War?

In the face of retreating OSCE peacekeepers, a second war in Georgia becomes possible. ++ Russia’s demand that the OSCE leave Georgia comes at the same time as it states Georgia is preparing for war. ++ Since last year, Moscow has …More

June 24, 2009 | US Response Betrays Obama's Promised Principles

Obama’s caution vis-à-vis Iran betrays the promises he made in Berlin during his election campaign. ++ The excuse that his only choice is between feeding views that America is “meddling” or virtual silence is unfounded. …More

June 24, 2009 | Beginning the End of the US' Role in Iraq

Punctual US troop withdrawal is the crucial next step for Iraq. ++ Violence will be determined by Iraqi cooperation with the US and across ethnic and sectarian lines. ++ US forces should be able to help their Iraqi counterparts …More

June 24, 2009 | Realism: The Solution to Establishing NATO-Russia Relationship

Luca Ratti: Expansion of NATO membership into Eastern Europe has provoked Russia. NATO must attempt constructive dialogue with Russia to solve this problem. The future and continued success of NATO will depend on either including Russia, or ceasing its open membership policy. …More

June 23, 2009 | Winning the War on Terrorism

Andreas Michael Bock: Terrorism is able to thrive when it has the support of local people. Therefore, in order to win the war on terror, it is vital to win the loyalties and convictions of the people. An initiative outlined by US President Barack Obama in his Cairo speech, intends to strike terrorism at its Achilles’ heel by removing the people’s voluntary support of terrorist groups. …More

June 23, 2009 | Israeli-Iranian War Becomes Very Possible

The current demeanor of both, Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu could lead to war in 2010. ++ Although the leaders aim at different goals, “they are united in their apocalyptic …More

June 23, 2009 | Does Obama Lack Passion for Iran Conflict?

As the casualties from the protests in Iran begin to mount, critical voices have accused US President Barack Obama of being too soft and indifferent towards Tehran. ++ In spite of his tone getting tougher in regards to the escalating …More

June 23, 2009 | The West Cannot be Haunted by Guantanamo Wrongs

Gesine Palmer: The Western world is wracked with anxiety over the fate of the Guantanamo Bay prisoners who have been detained without basic human rights. The US has built up an unrealistic fear of their release, but closing Guantanamo is paramount. We should treat prisoners with generosity rather than anxiety. …More

June 22, 2009 | History Shows Abandoning Pakistan Not an Option

The US cannot abandon Pakistan and Afghanistan. ++ If the Taliban and al-Qaeda are allowed to triumph, their destabilizing alliance will spread. ++ To ensure that the forces of fanaticism are defeated, we have to succeed not only …More

June 22, 2009 | Stopping Rogue States will Take More Than Words

“President Obama took office loudly promising to be the anti-George W. Bush of foreign policy,” but what he has received instead is “an education in the reality of global rogues, and how he responds has become a major test of his …More

June 19, 2009 | Donors Should Demand More from Middle East Players

The buzz around Middle East peace is on again, with all major players stating their negotiating position. ++ Yet, donors, who are tired of seeing their efforts repeatedly ruined, are leaving the Palestinian Authority to …More

June 18, 2009 | Iran Shifts to Ideological Military Dictatorship

Returned Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad has actually staged a creeping, silent coup, wresting control of Iran from the clerics and installing his military cohorts in their place. ++ Supreme Leader Khamenei shows strong …More

June 18, 2009 | Can Zimbabwean Dictator be Used for Peace Process?

Zimbabwean Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai is holding fast to a power-sharing agreement with tyrant president Robert Mugabe, despite such an arrangement having little history of success. ++ He “calculates that Mugabe is part …More

June 17, 2009 | Obama Cannot Ignore Russian Veto of UN Mission

Russia has vetoed an extension of the UN mission in the Georgian breakaway zone of Abkhazia. ++ All international monitoring organizations have left Abkhazia. ++ “Moscow clearly wants to finish what it started… Georgia had been …More

June 16, 2009 | Israel Comes Around to Two-State Solution

For the first time, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has mentioned the Palestinian state as a solution for the Middle East. ++ Some commentators have labelled this as “a great step for Netanyahu.” ++ “He wants to appease Obama …More

June 12, 2009 | US' New Approach Could See Two-State Solution

Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu is concerned about US President Obama’s lack of attachment to Israel. ++ “Obama doesn’t fit in the pattern of former US presidents.” ++ “The thrust of his Middle East policy - reconciling the US …More

June 11, 2009 | Iran's Cleric-Sanctioned Vote Won't Lead to Change

Iranian religious leaders have suppressed efforts by any moderates to gain political power - culling all but four of the original 475 Presidential candidates for the elections. ++ President Ahmadinejad is favored to retain …More

June 11, 2009 | China is the Middleman Between US and North Korea

North Korea’s latest missile attacks and their withdrawal from the armistice with the US could escalate to become a new chapter of the Korean war. ++ “The combination of aggressive behavior and succession questions is a …More

June 10, 2009 | Arab Peace Initiative an Historic Opportunity for Israel

Even though the momentum for peace in the Middle East Peace is supported by the Arab world and the US, Israel is hesitating. ++ The Arab
Peace Initiative - a tactical and strategic regional plan - may bring Israel peace, …More

June 9, 2009 | Pro-Western Victory in Lebanon Could Spark Conflict

Lebanon’s Sunni-led pro-western alliance has won a surprising victory at the weekend’s parliamentary elections. ++ Saad Hariri, the son of the assassinated head of government Rafik Hariri, is the front runner for the position …More

June 9, 2009 | Worldwide Military Spending on the Increase

In a comparison of worldwide military spending, China has climbed to second place. ++ “The US spent $607 billion on defense, which exceeds the expenditure of the other top 14 states in one year.” ++ The worldwide war on terror has …More

June 8, 2009 | Afghanistan's Future Depends on Pakistan

The road to more
security and stability in Afghanistan runs exclusively through Pakistan. Only
if the Pakistani leadership manages to avoid the collapse of political order
and the stem the march of the Taliban out of the northwest …More

June 8, 2009 | NATO's Future Not Solely Dependent on Afghanistan

Since the end of the
Cold War there have been regular prognoses concerning the absolution of NATO.
In fact since then the Alliance has undergone scores of tests: Bosnia, Kosovo,
9/11, Iraq and most recently Afghanistan. …More

June 8, 2009 | "The Power of Statelessness"

For almost three hundred years independent states have
been the primary vehicles, and objectives, of political action. Today, however,
only very few stirve for political goals within the framework of a particular
state. Quite the opposite: …More

June 4, 2009 | No Distinction Among Taliban Tyrants

The opposition from the Taliban to the Pakistani and US troops is increasing. ++ “The support of mainstream political parties and, increasingly, of the civil society” as well as from India, for Pakistan’s military operations means the …More

June 2, 2009 | EU Responsibility beyond Brussels

Florian Neutze: The EU has begun to create peace building and crisis management capacities, signaling a readiness to contribute to regional and global security. How to value this development? Does the EU have the capabilities to fulfill its intention influence these world events? …More

June 2, 2009 | Tough Road Ahead for Post Civil-War Sri Lanka

Alessandra Radicati: Now that the civil war seems to be over, the current Sri Lankan government needs to avoid the mistakes of its predecessors and embrace the Tamil community, not alienate it further. How the Government implements post conflict policies will be vital in the country’s reunification. …More

June 2, 2009 | Women Must Have More Prominence in UN Forces

UN member states should contribute more female personnel to the peacekeeping forces in line with efforts made to involve more local women in peacebuilding. ++ These efforts are not made for the sake of gender parity, but rather to …More

June 1, 2009 | Russia Should See NATO as Friend Not Foe

Heiko Pääbo: Changing perceptions of the world order have influenced NATO’s open door policy. Russia believes that relations with NATO should be based on mutual respect and is reluctant to see the Alliance as a partner. NATO must maintain its shared values and consider Russia’s interests for a successful partnership. …More

June 1, 2009 | Democratization of Belarus Vital for Europe

The US and the EU must take a coordinated approach when trying to bring around reform in “Europe’s last dictatorship,” Belarus, which will be a slow and tough process. ++ The US should consider lifting sanctions only on the basis of …More

May 29, 2009 | North Korea Requires a Two Track Policy

South Korea must recognize that North Korea is not treating its nuclear power as a bargaining chip, but as a safety measure and the core of its survival strategy. ++ The world’s strategy must adapt without giving up the objective of a …More

May 29, 2009 | Two State Solution Only Option for Israel and Obama

Marco Vicenzino: Despite Benjamin Netanyahu being a reluctant peacemaker, the Israel-Palestinian conflict cannot be allowed to continue and a two state solution is the only viable solution for all parties. Despite early expectations, President Obama may not have the political capital to solve the dispute on his own. …More

May 28, 2009 | Preventive War and the Erosion of the Westphalian Order

Djörn Eversteijn: In this era of international flux, state power and even state sovereignty are increasingly disputed, questioned and redefined - whether by international corporations due to the war on terror or by preventive war. The state-oriented world order characterized by the Treaty of Westphalia is up for grabs. …More

May 27, 2009 | The US Owes Pakistan an Explanation for its Strategy

The Obama Administration’ acknowledgement that the US has not been consistent in its policies towards Pakistan and has engaged selectively to attain specific interests rather than to develop a reliable partnership means …More

May 27, 2009 | Russia-West Partnership Hurt by Moscow's Paranoia

André Budick: Russia has an ongoing fear of being encircled and slowly pushed back by the West, making it difficult for other nations to have valuable relations with Moscow. Should the West even pursue a partnership with such a paranoid regime, even though the alternative is very unpleasant? …More

May 26, 2009 | Jonathan Laurence, Transatlantic Academy

Jonathan Laurence is a Transatlantic Academy fellow at the German Marshall Fund, non-resident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution and an assistant
professor of political science at Boston College. He has received his Ph.D. …More

May 25, 2009 | NATO: Striking Bargains with Member States and Russia

Memo 17: Enlargement, Russian relations and internal cooperation will test NATO’s ability to compromise and strike bargains in the upcoming months and years. In return for greater decision-making power, European NATO member states must increase contributions to the Alliance. …More

May 22, 2009 | India Key to US Success in AfPak Region

Despite Islamist insurgencies in Afghanistan and Pakistan preoccupying Washington, the solution to the Obama administration’s so-called “AfPak” problem runs through India. ++ That Pakistan has nearly 100 nuclear weapons and is so …More

May 22, 2009 | Cheney Security Rant an Attack on Bush, Not Obama

When Dick Cheney lambasted the change in US security policy under President Obama, he was not really attacking the current administration,
but the previous one. ++ The changes to policy - such as a push to close Guantanamo …More

May 22, 2009 | NATO Alone Cannot Tackle Global Instability

Prosper Thuysbaert: NATO requires assistance in order to facilitate democracy and peace across the world. The United Nations Security Council needs to be reformed and made more globally representative, and smaller regional organizations need to be set up and work alongside NATO to assist failing states. …More

May 21, 2009 | There Is No Moderate Taliban

The claim it is possible to divide Taliban moderates from radicals is based on desperation for a strategic response and not historical reflection and hard analysis. ++ The Taliban are the fiercest and most inflexible Sunni-based extremists with …More

May 20, 2009 | Pakistan: Yes You Can

Aid alone will not solve the situation in Pakistan. ++ Pakistan is ripe for large-scale public rejection of oppression increasingly popular globally. ++ Its recent democratic movements and the increase in highly organized local civil society groups …More

May 20, 2009 | The US Should Lead by Example with Democracy

Under the Obama Administration the promotion of democracy in foreign policy is likely to take a back seat to defense, diplomacy, and development. ++ In previous administrations democracy took on an “imperialist connotation,” but …More

May 19, 2009 | Sri Lankan Peace Requires Immediate Effort

The end of Sri Lanka’s 25-year civil war leaves crucial work: The Tamil Tiger’s use of humans as shields and the army’s heavy approach caused a humanitarian emergency and a refugee crisis. ++ Alarming loss of civilian lives causes …More

May 19, 2009 | Speaking Softly With Israel Risks a Catastrophe

Israel is determined to prevent an Iranian nuclear bomb, even with military strike. ++ Such an act of preventive aggression would have disastrous consequences: it would end all Iranian hesitations to build a bomb; the Middle East …More

May 18, 2009 | Hard Road Ahead to Save Pakistan from Collapse

Urs Schrade: Pakistan could be weeks away from full-blown civil war and state collapse. To bring Pakistan back from the brink, international aid must urgently be spent on improving security and economic development. Many Taliban supporters have a financial - not religious - motive for backing the group. …More

May 15, 2009 | US Demands Pakistani Action Against Extremists

President Zardari thinks the Taliban is a monster created by Pakistan’s ISI and the CIA. ++ President Obama’s policy on South Asia is very different from that of his predecessors. ++ His focus on Afghanistan and Pakistan …More

May 14, 2009 | We Need to Define NATO's Future Role

NATO, so far the most successful regional security alliance, needs to define its strategic focus.++ While Afghanistan remains the pressing issue, NATO needs to move beyond a focus on the topical hotspots towards long-term strategic …More

May 14, 2009 | Let's Not Kid Ourselves: Afghanistan Is Not Iraq

Gen. Petraeus faces a tougher fight in Afghanistan then Iraq in applying his counterinsurgency tactics; to first hit the insurgency hard to then strip away the moderates.++ His asset of strong diplomatic …More

May 13, 2009 | Obama Key to Peace Between Arab World and Israel

Dialogue between the US and Syria is alive even though President Barack Obama renewed sanctions on Damascus, which were due to expire. ++ Syria immediately dismissed it as a routine procedure. ++ The key to removing sanctions is …More

May 13, 2009 | NATO Exercises in Georgia Anger Russia

The launch of NATO military exercises in Georgia – the latest effort in Tbilisi’s campaign for membership of the alliance - has angered Russia. ++ Georgia believes NATO is pivotal to its security and independence, but Russia …More

May 12, 2009 | National Security Reform: Why it Matters

Jordan Michael Smith: Today an international conference in Washington will discuss how national security systems that predated many new threats such as terrorism and pandemics could be updated. To not do so would represent a systematic failure in government. …More

May 11, 2009 | Uncontested UNHRC Elections Are Shameful

The United Nation’s election process for the Human Rights Council is a farce with “no opportunity to choose the best” proponents of human rights. ++ Governments seem to have forgotten the commitment made just three years ago to create an …More

May 8, 2009 | The US Must Be a Friend to Georgia and Russia

The US must improve its relationship with Russia as well as supporting the fledgling democracies on its border. ++ Introducing a free-trade agreement with Georgia is a good first step and will not hurt Washington-Moscow relations. …More

May 8, 2009 | Public Must Help Shape a Better, More Open NATO

Ian Davis: NATO needs to become closer to the more than 1 billion stakeholder citizens. Two new public consultation projects aim to make NATO more accountable, transparent and open. NATO must be more agile, flexible and creative when analysing threats and when subsequently dealing with them. …More

May 8, 2009 | Iraq Cannot Afford Any More Mistakes

Retaining the Iraqi army in 2003 and less punitive measures against former Ba’ath party members would have allowed the earlier withdrawal of US troops from Iraq. ++ This “alienated Iraq’s Sunni Arabs and opened the door for a strong al-Qaeda …More

May 5, 2009 | US Vaccuum Sees Iran in Power Play for Middle East

As the US retreats from the Middle East, Iran has a sophisticated, multi-level strategy to step in and take control of the region. ++ Iran-controlled groups and “front” companies have been caught actively destabilising six …More

May 5, 2009 | Land Ahoy! Fight Piracy on Somali Coastline

Juliette Dixon: The international military deployment in the Aden Gulf reveals a shortsighted strategy. Piracy is better addressed on land than on sea. This can be achieved with a coordinated international effort building on the support of regional partners. …More

May 4, 2009 | World Falls Short on Aid to Afghanistan

The international community is falling “woefully short” of financing Afghanistan’s needs. ++ Security is better funded than any other sector including economic and social development. ++ If this continues, “the suffering of a very poor …More

May 2, 2009 | Saving Europe from the Idealists

Asle Toje & Barbara Kunz: The new culture of collective defense among unarmed countries is not security, it is a suicide pact. Free-loading has left NATO dependent on the US. But as US influence is reduced, Europe will find that “soft power” without hard to back it is impotent. Unless Europe dumps the utopian idealists, there is a danger the continent will be left unprotected. …More

May 1, 2009 | World Needs to Help Pakistan and Afghanistan

The global community is slowly realizing the magnitude of the dangers the current problems Pakistan and Afghanistan carry for the world. ++ France has taken an active role, “committed to contributing its full weight to help …More

April 29, 2009 | Iranian President Considering Obama's Olive Branch

Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad may have softened his stance on Israel after saying his country would recognize the State of Israel - if Palestine signed a two-state peace deal. ++ The Obama Administration has extended …More

April 28, 2009 | Piracy Challenges International Theory

Georgios Drossinos: This thesis analyzes, from a practical and a theoretical approach, the resurgence of Somali piracy and the threat it poses to international trade. Furthermore, it explains how piracy challenges both realist and international regime theory. …More

April 28, 2009 | New US - Israel Relations Could Come at a Cost

US foreign policy shows a desire to critique Israel, exemplified by Clinton’s rebuke of Israel’s reluctance to move on the peace efforts. ++ This development will benefit both states: it shows a new assessment of US interests and …More

April 24, 2009 | Sri Lankan Crisis Must Not Be Ignored

Despite UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon speaking of the “tens of thousands” of lives at risk in Sri Lanka, the “international community has barely stirred”. ++ The situation in Sri Lanka is complicated, morally and legally, where both …More

April 23, 2009 | Don't Make Journalists Pawns in World Politics

Journalists can become embroiled in geopolitical conflict not of their own doing. ++ Iran
should overturn the conviction of Iranian-American journalist Roxana Saberi if they “wish to earn the respect President Obama has accorded …More

April 21, 2009 | Fall Out of Afghanistan War Brings Lingering Tension in Pakistan to Boil

Tanvir Orakzai: The Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan have suffered from radicalization of the population, in part due to the Afghanistan invasion by US and NATO forces. Resolving many of the tensions there could go a long way to solving the bigger problems in the surrounding region. Any strategy has to take into the account the unique political and geographical landscape of the FATA. …More

April 21, 2009 | Moldova's Social Networking Revolution

Elizabeth Zolotukhina: Recent events in Moldova have shown that Twitter can harness the power of disaffected individuals. The Moldovan approach to the protesters may have damaged its relations with other European states. For the Moldovan government, the key relationship remains with Russia. …More

April 21, 2009 | Darfur: Policy Recommendations for the United States

Nadia Claudine Boegli: The question underlying this report is how should the United States deal with Darfur? In order to answer such a normative question it is necessary to have a closer look at the obstacles that the United States must handle when deciding on a policy concerning Darfur. …More

April 21, 2009 | The Taliban Will Be Defeated in Pakistan

The love Pakistanis have for their country will mean that the Taliban can never be victorious there. ++ There is a “real and irresistible agenda for reform and renewal in Pakistan’s cities.” ++ The religious right is tone-deaf, and …More

April 20, 2009 | Fear Will Hold Israel Back

A two-state solution is essential to Israel’s survival as a Jewish state. ++ Maintaining the occupation of Palestine and the building of settlements in the West Bank “gnaws at the very foundations of the Zionist dream”. ++ Prime Minister Benjamin …More

April 20, 2009 | Middle East Peace: Back to Oslo - with Egypt

Memo 15: There is little disagreement among Atlantic Community members that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict should be prioritized on the international agenda. Our members believe pursuing a two-state solution and initiating domestic reforms are critical in securing the long desired goal of peace. …More

April 17, 2009 | Call for Commission into US Torture Decision

Forgiving agents who may have used torture techniques against detainees accused of terrorism was a wise move by President Obama. ++ The Administration yesterday said such acts could never again be condoned by the US. ++ A 9/11 style …More

April 17, 2009 | Iran's Nuclear Program Central to Middle East Peace

Ahead of US Middle East envoy George Mitchell’s visit to Israel, the issue of continuing Iranian uranium enrichment looms large. ++ Israelis want to see deadlines and performance based-milestones in place. ++ This issue is …More

April 14, 2009 | Pakistan Needs India's Help to Defeat Taliban

The latest strategy to deal with the Taliban has drawn praise from NATO but the lack of infrastructure in Pakistan casts doubt on its chances of success. ++ Indians welcomed the announcement from Richard Holbrooke that India “is …More

April 10, 2009 | Keep Nuclear Weapons to Maintain Peace

In response to the North Korean rocket launch, President Obama committed to reducing the US supply of nuclear weapons. ++ This is not an effective strategy and gives other states an incentive to increase their nuclear capacity. ++ The only …More

April 10, 2009 | Israel Out of Sync with Changing Global Opinion

Prime Minister Netanyahu has to decide between the competing pressures of his coalition’s agenda drafted on an appeal to the threat of outside enemies, and “new winds blowing in the U.S. and Europe.”++ The latter shifted, drawing …More

April 9, 2009 | Obama's Flawed Afghanistan Approach

The US Afghanistan strategy, escalation to attain peace through war, is ominously like the last administration’s approach and risks getting the country into “political and military quagmire.”++ It is based on 9 postulates, such as linking …More

April 6, 2009 | The Clock Ticks on US - Iran Relations

As the US reaches out to Iran inch by inch, the concern exists whether this “incremental, seemingly ad hoc approach is best.” ++ Serious efforts are being made to find common ground and dispel the “Bush-era threat of regime change.” ++ …More

April 3, 2009 | Afghanistan Deployment: Supplies in Danger

Future strategy in Afghanistan is being debated more strongly than before: more money, more soldiers, stronger European involvement, and negotiations with moderate Taliban. But the allied troops on site have to solve completely …More

April 3, 2009 | Happy Birthday NATO!

On April 4 the Atlantic Alliance will celebrate its 60th birthday. ++ An apt occasion to review its tasks and raison d’etre with a changed décor and security challenges. ++ There are several issues to tackle.  ++ It is clear is that Article 5 …More

April 2, 2009 | NATO in 2020: What Lies Ahead? This Article contains Flash-Video

NATO Livefeed: Right here you had the chance to watch the NATO Youth Forum in Strasbourg from April 2-3, 2009. Distinguished speakers discussed topics ranging from the future security environment and NATO’s role within it, to how NATO can best use new communication channels in order to reach out to the next generation of atlanticists. …More

April 2, 2009 | Nuclear Stress: From Iran to North Korea

The period between April 4-8 will be characterized by tension given North Korea’s plans to launch a rocket and the suspicion that it might be a long range missile. ++ The US spoke of a defensive response if the rocket heads …More

April 2, 2009 | Lack of Unity Lies Behind Palestine's Sufferings

If anyone thought that the Arab League Summit in Doha would end in success, their expectations were shattered. ++ The summit did little but reflect the vast disunity among Arab states and thus, condemn any possible …More

April 1, 2009 | Reconciling Frayed Ties

This year holds promise for the Russia-US bilateral relation. ++ The Russian President has argued Russia and the US should attend the G20 and try “establish universal rules and disciplines that would apply to all parties without exception […] …More

March 31, 2009 | Still Not Ideal But Better Than Before

Despite Mugabe still being in power after losing the election last year, there are some reformers holding ministerial offices. ++ It is vital that the US and Europe provide aid to such reform figures while at the same time keeping in …More

March 30, 2009 | Obama's Promising New Afghan Strategy

Obama’s long awaited new strategy in Afghanistan has finally been presented by the President last Friday March, 27th. ++ The delivered strategy has proven to be comprehensive in understanding the wide dimension of the challenge — for …More

March 26, 2009 | Obama Needs the Unusual Suspects to Pacify South-Central Asia

Parag Khanna: President Obama’s administration may need to look outside of its traditional set of allies in order to secure stability in Afghanistan, Pakistan and the surrounding regions. There will be a cost attached to this cooperation, but the cost of failure may be higher. …More

March 26, 2009 | A New Dawn for Arab Unity?

The Arab League’s annual meeting could mark the beginning of a new chapter in Arab unity as the Iranian threat brings Arab states closer. ++ But regional politics might point in a different direction as a “Cold War” is being waged: …More

March 25, 2009 | The West Must Hold Its Nerve and Stay in Afghanistan

From the outside it may appear that the situation in Afghanistan is continuing to worsen. ++ US commanders are confident that they can shift the momentum in their favor. ++ This would be a result of increased …More

March 24, 2009 | Realism Still Carries the Day

The election of President Obama created hope that realism will cease to determine US foreign policy. ++ But the changing attitude of Obama towards the Armenian genocide prioritizes American-Turkish relations—and American national …More

March 24, 2009 | Iran and US Share Their First Words

Obama used television to address the people and government of Iran. ++ The President invited Iran into the “community of nations” but reminded them that rights come with responsibilities. ++ Iran replied by saying that actions …More

March 23, 2009 | He Sounds Too Much Like Bush

Obama’s clear rhetoric on terrorism and the rule of law contrast his stance on state secrets and detainees with that of the previous administration. ++ President Obama ordered Guantanamo’s closure and abolished the “enemy combatant” terminology, …More

March 18, 2009 | Investigation Needed into New Torture Claims

Further allegations have been made to the International Red Cross concerning alleged torture of prisoners held in secret CIA prisons. ++The judgement of the Red Cross is very important as its status as a monitor of prisons around …More

March 18, 2009 | Small Victory for Democracy in Pakistan

Iftikhar Chaudhry will once again be the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan. ++ A peaceful campaign has been waged to uphold a central tenet of democracy, “the right for a constitutional office-holder to not be ousted in an …More

March 16, 2009 | Perhaps Guantanamo Is Good After All

The decision to shut Guantanamo Bay led to an outcry of joy. ++ What will follow is unknown because “no acceptable alternatives exist.” ++ The issue of unlawful enemy combatants puzzles both law and state. ++ As Guantanamo …More

March 16, 2009 | Security is Central to Global Governance

Johannes Gunesch: The lack of a commonly accepted global approach means that alternative regional approaches outside of traditional organizations such as the UN will become more common. …More

March 16, 2009 | The Middle East Conflict after the Gaza War

Roland Popp: The strategic effects of the Gaza War have been remarkably small. Israel’s strategy of isolating Hamas continues to focus on short-term conflict management and fails to open up new prospects for resolving the Middle East conflict. …More

March 16, 2009 | Regional Organizations Will Gain New Powers

Kyle Robert Coppin: In the future, nations will devolve into smaller, homogenous states that are united into regional organizations that take on responsibilities of foreign affairs, national defense, and others. …More

March 12, 2009 | Russia is Out Scheming Again

While a US victory in Afghanistan would benefit Russia in terms of controlling the spread of Islamists in Central Asia and the Caucasus, Russia needs to be prepared for potential failure. ++ Given that the potential of a Russian led military force …More

March 11, 2009 | Talks with the Taliban Possible in New US Approach

Sober assessment of the situation in Afghanistan and Pakistan has prompted a recasting of policy from President Obama. ++ Reconciliation with moderate aspects of the Taliban should be considered. ++ The need exists to combine …More

March 10, 2009 | Germany's Russia Question

Constanze Stelzenmueller: Germany is a bridge between Russia and the West, and how Berlin chooses to deal with Moscow will set the tone for how the United States and the rest of Europe manage their own relationships with Russia. …More

March 10, 2009 | Rethinking Strategy In Afghanistan

According to US envoy Holbrooke, Afghanistan is tougher than Vietnam. ++ The Taliban have the advantage of operating on their terrain and have a network of supporters providing them superior intelligence. ++ Thus, the mechanism of operation …More

March 9, 2009 | Hillary, You Won't Save Gaza by Imitating Condi

At the Sharm el-Sheikh conference the US pledged to give a generous amount of money to the Palestinian authority in Ramallah in emergency relief for the stricken territory. ++ This is not the right way to save Gaza ++ Peace …More

March 6, 2009 | Stop "Show Justice" in Sudan

Mr. Bashir should undoubtedly be arrested. ++ As the President of Sudan, he cannot ignore the atrocities being committed in Darfur. ++ Whether the arrest warrant issued by the ICC will have a real impact on stopping the hostilities is another …More

March 6, 2009 | Time is Running Out

Jordan Michael Smith: In yesterday’s speech, US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton described Afghanistan as “NATO’s biggest challenge”. NATO has agreed to resume high-level contacts with Russia on this issue, but President Obama also has a key role in ensuring that Afghanistan is transformed into a liberal democracy. …More

March 5, 2009 | Americans Deserve "Truth and Accountability"

This week has been shocking for the US. ++ First, the CIA revealed that it had destroyed 92 tapes of interrogation and thus, possible torture evidence, reminding Americans of the Bush abuses. ++ Second, the release of legal …More

March 4, 2009 | UN Minimum Standards are Key to Global Governance Processes

Jörg Gundelfinger: In 2020 global governance will be increasingly non-institutionally driven and most actors in these processes will act for their own benefit. This is problematic and cannot solve the major problems of our world. We need the UN to control global governance concerning power imbalances. …More

March 3, 2009 | How to Solve the Middle East Conflict?

Editorial Team: The violence in Gaza, the elections in Israel and the choice of Netanyahu to lead government negotiations has kept the Middle East conflict on the transatlantic agenda.
Articles on this website have made suggestions which range from allowing Israel and Palestine into the EU to making Israel the 51st state of the US and Palestine its second Puerto Rico. However, we would like to narrow down the medium-range solution possibilities to three different peace plans. …More

March 3, 2009 | Economic Crisis More Dangerous Than Terrorism

In his State
of The Union Address
in January 2002, George W. Bush warned us of the infamous “Axis of
Evil.” Iran, North Korea and Iraq were accused of harboring
terrorists, building weapons of mass destruction and threatening …More

March 3, 2009 | Financial Crisis Constricts US Defense Budget

Recently arrived in office,
US President Obama has
announced an increase of 17,000 American troops in Afghanistan. Experts consider at
least twice this amount necessary for progress. At the same time US Defense
Secretary Robert …More

March 2, 2009 | A New "Hot" Spot in the Middle East.

Pakistan is the place where the US should concentrate, given the Taliban’s dominance in the Swat region and the recent ceasefire based on the adoption of sharia law. ++ Similar past agreements did little to prevent extreme …More

March 2, 2009 | Iran Must Be Viewed as a Multi-Ethnic Society

The reported plight of Jews in Iran has provoked consternation amongst academics in this area.++ Comparisons with totalitarian regimes such as that of Nazi Germany are not accurate.++ Today’s Iran is an open society with access to …More

March 2, 2009 | Sharm el-Sheikh Conference Key to Middle East

The focus will be on the reconstruction of Gaza. ++ It would be wrong to focus only on this problem as there are many other issues that have come out of the recent conflict. ++ Many refugees have fled to a Lebanese camp in Nahr …More

February 27, 2009 | Don't Ignore History

Faced with a choice between staying and winning or withdrawing and ending the war in Vietnam, Nixon chose the former. ++ The outcome of his policy was complete failure. ++ Obama is now faced with a similar decision. ++ In choosing an exit policy for …More

February 27, 2009 | Israel: Swap Land for Peace!

Bernhard Lucke: As a chilled peace process turned into hot war in December 2008, there was still no legitimate partner for an Israeli dialog among the Palestinians. The Hamas election victory had eliminated the last possibility for this. Thus, a three-state-solution of Israel-Egypt-Jordan should be enforced. …More

February 26, 2009 | Understanding the Afghan Challenge

The deployment of an additional 17,000 US troops in Afghanistan is a welcome response to the enduring threat of the Taliban. ++ Military might alone, however, is no solution: “defeating the insurgency means understanding it.” ++ …More

February 25, 2009 | The International Community to the Rescue

Peace in Gaza should be brought about by the international community. ++ Great idea, but opposition from the Israeli government and Hamas are difficult obstacles to overcome. ++ There are therefore two options left: the international …More

February 24, 2009 | Louis Emmerij, United Nations Intellectual History Project

Louis Emmerij founded the United Nations Intellectual History Project together with Richard Jolly and Thomas G. Weiss in 1999. He was President of the OECD Development Center in Paris, Rector of the Institute of …More

February 24, 2009 | The Longevity of the UNSC Will Depend on Successful Democratization

Kay-Michael Dankl: If the UNSC is to maintain its international legitimacy specific procedural features should be reformed, and the principle of equity of states should be strengthened.

February 23, 2009 | The Paradox of Jews Living in Peace in Iran

There are many paradoxes that characterize Iran, and here comes another one. ++ The Iranian-Jewish community lives in peace in Iran and Iranian tolerance towards the community reveals a lot about “its sophistication and …More

February 23, 2009 | Clinton Visit Leaves South Koreans Uneasy

Sec. of State Clinton “ran through a litany of clichés” about US-South Korean relations on her visit last week. ++ However, her perceived willingness to compromise over North Korean nukes and her appointment of Stephen Bosworth …More

February 20, 2009 | Extend a Hand and Hope for the Best

The US’ response to Burma’s suffering under a military junta has been strict economic sanctions. ++ The limited effectiveness of this policy led the US to consider an alternative which will deliver practical benefits to the …More

February 20, 2009 | Happy Birthday Kosovo

As Kosovo celebrates one year of independence, progress in the new state can be best summed up with a “so-so.” ++ While violence has been held at bay, reconciliation between Serbs and Kosovans remains a long way off. ++ NATO and EU troops continue to …More

February 19, 2009 | NATO-Russia War: A Possible Scenario

Andreas Umland: In Russia, a virulent form of anti-Americanism is becoming a constituent part of public opinion and foreign policy thinking. Should the current dominant trend in political discourse continue, in the future the world may witness more than a new cold war. …More

February 18, 2009 | Martyrdom: the Excuse for Mass Murder

The Indian-Muslim community refuses to bury the Pakistani-Muslims involved in the Mumbai terrorist attacks. ++ Their interpretation of the attacks not as an attempt at martyrdom but as an act of mass murder seeks to delegitimize the …More

February 13, 2009 | The Birth of Democracy in Iraq

The success of the Iraqi election shot down Washington’s contention that democracy in Iraq was a fantasy and provided stark contrast to the post-Saddam days when “the only communal or social ties […] were those of ethnicity and …More

February 12, 2009 | A NATO Rethink Is In Order

NATO’s effectiveness is being jeopardized by a series of disputes over its purpose. ++ Proposals for a European army, supported by UK Defense Sec. Hutton, would deplete NATO and undermine its efforts. ++ The alliance is also threatened by …More

February 11, 2009 | Democracies Advocate War

The world’s most recent wars —Gaza 09, Iraq 03 — had the same objective: secure deterrence through the extreme suffering of civilians. ++ This policy has left many speechless as it revealed a “tacit endorsement by large democratic …More

February 10, 2009 | Israel Shows Suspicion of Obama

Israel is going to the polls today yet there is little feeling that the election will be a watershed on Israel’s Gaza policy. ++ The outcome of the election will most probably result in the formation of a right of center, status quo …More

February 10, 2009 | Global Governance in 2020: The Return of the State

Tobias Weise: The major players in global governance in the years to come will be state actors. They can only be effective if their decisions are monitored and regulated by international institutions. …More

February 9, 2009 | The Controversy of Humanitarian Intervention

Rudi Guraziu: Humanitarian Intervention (HI) is a topic which divides the international community. The two opposing camps in International Relations are the idealists vs. the restrictionists. The paper supports the idealist views, who argue that HI is justified even if the SC does not authorize the use of force. …More

February 6, 2009 | Gaza's Influence on the Israeli Election Campaign

Andrew Christian Emery: Israel’s invasion of Gaza has had a significant effect upon the contest to become the next Israeli Prime Minister. Although Kadima has made some ground in the polls, the conflict could be most instrumental in preventing a Likud landslide. …More

February 6, 2009 | In Munich, Testosterone Rules the World

The Munich Conference on Security Policy needs renewal. ++ In 2007 Putin declared the end of unipolarity here. ++ This year NATO seeks discreet dialog with Russia, but the focus will be on the seating of US and Iranian delegations. ++ …More

February 6, 2009 | No Platform for Hate Preachers

Chancellor Merkel was right to demand answers from the Vatican on Bishop Williamson and the Holocaust. ++ The Holy See has since declared that Williamson “must distance himself publicly” from Holocaust-denial. ++ This ensures a minimum: that …More

February 5, 2009 | Robots on the Battlefield: Warfare from a Safe Distance

The exponentially increasing use of robotics on the modern battlefield challenges our current understanding of technology and war in much the same way that technological advances revolutionized warfare during World War …More

February 5, 2009 | Russia As New Supply Line to Afghanistan? No Thanks

A recent Taliban bridge bombing in Pakistan which cut off supply lines to NATO forces in Afghanistan has once again highlighted the vulnerability of passing through Pakistan. ++The US is, however, running out of luring …More

February 5, 2009 | Iraq; America's Unexpected Ally

The US finds itself involved in most of the regional conflicts in the M-E. ++ When the US looks for a friendly face in the region it is confronted with hostile regional states (Iran), strategic liabilities (Afghanistan), and allies which …More

February 4, 2009 | Now Is No Time to Cut Defense

News that the Pentagon wants to cut defense spending by 10 percent should be met with resistance by Obama. ++ Defense offers a clear means of stimulating the economy in tough times. ++ A reduction in spending would only fuel fears among allies …More

February 3, 2009 | The Ethical Implications of Preventive Warfare

Christia Flourentzou: The 2003 war in Iraq was rationalized through the doctrine of prevention. Yet, the doctrine is unsustainable because it contradicts the laws of war as found in the ‘Just War Tradition.’ Using Pragmatism as the theoretical framework, the argument is that to use prevention is to contradict the liberal identity.

February 3, 2009 | Pushing Iran Away

The success of the election in Iraq last Saturday rewards American efforts. ++ But it also weakens “Tehran’s hand” in Iraq as voter turnout was composed of a healthy mixture of Shiite and Sunni Iraqis, making way for the possibility of …More

February 3, 2009 | Remember Rosa Luxemberg

Lenin’s revolution never succeeded and socialism was left undefined — a mixture of bureaucracy and a police state — as the ideals behind the revolution were suppressed. ++ The sacrifice of Rosa Luxemburg gained her immortality in history to …More

February 2, 2009 | Financial Crisis Is Good News For Africa

The global economic crisis is in fact good news for aid-dependent Africa. ++ It is an opportunity for the continent to move towards the market-driven interventions which have enabled the rise of Brazil, India and China. ++ …More

January 30, 2009 | Somali Pirates and Rising Naval Powers

Last year
125 vessels were attacked by Somali pirates in the Gulf of
Aden, one third of which were successfully boarded. Among them was
a hijacked Saudi super tanker laden with oil and a Ukrainian ship carrying 33
Russian armoured …More

January 28, 2009 | Fighting Talibanization of Pakistan

A ban on educating girls: one of the latest atrocities imposed by the Taliban in Pakistan. ++ “Radio announcements warned girls that they could be attacked with acid if they dared to attend school, and teachers have been threatened and …More

January 28, 2009 | "Obama the Imperialist"

Barack Obama is revealing himself to be a foreign policy hawk. ++ After just one week, his stance on Sudan, Pakistan and Gaza shows bellicosity. ++ To pursue such a stance, he will need the support of the pro-war left, “voracious …More

January 26, 2009 | Oxfam and Other Charities Guilty of Anti-Israelism

Mark Thomson, DG of the BBC, has refused to broadcast the appeal of Disaster Emergency Committee for aid for Gaza, fearing that it would ruin the corporation’s impartiality. ++ The BBC itself is actually a clear …More

January 23, 2009 | Iraq: Test For President Obama's Pragmatism

US troops need to withdraw from Iraq, on that the US and Iraq are agreed. ++ The 16-month withdrawal timetable ought, however, to remain modifiable should military experts decide that conditions are likely to deteriorate. ++ In …More

January 22, 2009 | Solution Lies In "Isratine"

As difficult as it might be to believe in view of the events of the last decades and the recent activity in Gaza, hatred between Jews and Muslim is a recent phenomenon. ++ Both descendents from Abraham, they not only coexisted but due to their …More

January 22, 2009 | Improving Transatlantic Relations Rests With Europe

There can be little doubt that Obama will work hard to remove the bitter taste which his predecessor left in European mouths and embrace the continent in dialog. ++ Making this a successful reality is the responsibility of …More

January 21, 2009 | Europe Responsible For War in the Middle East

Is the massive reconstruction aid currently being sent by Europe to the Middle East mere compensation for having been unable to prevent the recent Gaza War? ++ If the Palestinians lived in their own state, they wouldn’t need …More

January 19, 2009 | Peace in Gaza?

After 22 days of conflict in Gaza the much desired ceasefire has been reached. ++ In no way, however, does this ceasefire preface peace, as the core sources of the problem have not been addressed: Hamas is still dominant in Gaza and the various crossings are …More

January 16, 2009 | Rethinking the "War on Terror"

The 9/11 attacks created global solidarity in the fight against a common enemy: terrorism. ++ The response was found in the “war on terror” and sometimes justifies resort to force for the rightness of the cause. ++ However, “the issue is not …More

January 15, 2009 | What Sikorski Brings to NATO

Tyson Barker: NATO is consistently looking for a means of reinventing itself to increase its relevance in the post-Cold War era. By boldly appointing Polish Foreign Minister Radosław Sikorski as the next Secretary General of NATO, the alliance can start the process in earnest. …More

January 15, 2009 | China's Naval Expansion: Course to the Middle East?

As China’s South Fleet moves into the Gulf of Aden to fight Somali pirates, larger “strategic combat configurations” are at play: namely the Middle East. ++ A presence in Aden could secure China the Middle East access it …More

January 15, 2009 | Egypt and Syria: Power Struggle Via Gaza

The struggle between Egypt and Syria over their respective negotiations with Hamas demonstrate power politics in the Arab world for hegemony in the Middle East. ++ With Egypt stand western-leaning allies Jordan and Saudi Arabia, and …More

January 14, 2009 | The Economic Crisis Advances Democracy Globally

The Great Depression hindered the democratic progress; the current crisis could advance it. ++ Authoritarian countries like China, Russia, Venezuela and Iran will suffer more than democratic competitors. ++ Political legitimacy …More

January 14, 2009 | Peace Talks With Hamas? An Illusion

Another war in the Middle East and the same question re-emerges: To what extent should Hamas be engaged in peace talks? ++ The answer is none. ++ No discussions can be held with a group which - despite differences - views Hezbollah as a …More

January 14, 2009 | Ending US Unilateralism

With the changing Presidency comes new thinking on policy; how could the US shift away from Bush’s unilateralism towards cooperation with allies and multilateralism? ++ The policy of ‘going it alone’ is failing the US in Iraq and …More

January 13, 2009 | Obama's Middle East Team

Despite the war in Gaza signaling the need for an urgent change in US policy in the Middle East, Obama’s Middle East team made up of “liberal, Jewish (or half-Jewish) males’’ does not meet the cultural diversity needed for new …More

January 13, 2009 | Protecting Boarders or Protecting People?

Criticism has been directed against British Immigration Minister Woolas’ contesting the Geneva Convention - cornerstone of humanitarian law setting standards on the treatment of noncombatants and prisoners of war. ++ Woolas claims …More

January 13, 2009 | Revolution Needed in Pakistan to Make State Work

Pakistan is still suffering the consequences of its colonial past. ++ The western nation-state model has failed at the internal level and led to damaging consequences: leaderships have always been more concerned with keeping …More

January 12, 2009 | Overactive, Mr Sarkozy?

Taking office upon a promise of “a rupture” with French national and foreign policy, Nicolas Sarkozy differentiates himself from his predecessors through the active role he assumes in the international arena. ++ The current crisis in Gaza is a …More

January 12, 2009 | Failures of Statecraft: Bush and the Middle East

A series of failures during the eight-year Bush administration are culminating in the current Gaza war. ++ Bush failed to capitalize on Arafat’s nationalistic and peace making potential; he then shunned Iran despite vital …More

January 11, 2009 | Gaza War: Could Balkan History Show Way Out?

Tyson Barker: The situation in Gaza is escalating into a full scale war with over 800 deaths and over 3,000 in hospitals already. The use of force can stop rockets flying from Gaza to Israel for a while, but what after that? Balkan history can provide some lessons applicable to the Middle East. …More

January 9, 2009 | In Spite of Defiance, Hamas Faces Defeat

Hamas will not receive expected support from Hezbollah. ++ Palestinians have often been instigated to fight by others promising support, only to be left alone. ++ The relative accuracy of Israel’s bombings shows intelligence from …More

January 8, 2009 | Leadership In Gaza: Craven and Dysfunctional

Manuela Paraipan: The conduct of Hamas in the ongoing conflict in Gaza is jeopardizing any prospect of peace. They betray hypocrisy, cowardice and a total lack of respect for the Palestinian people. So long as such appaling leadership persists, there can be no resolution to this bloody conflict. …More

January 8, 2009 | Palestinians Must Strategize Media Campaign

Palestinians in Gaza need international support to protect their rights and lives. ++ This support is won through media campaigns, and the Palestinians and Hamas are losing. ++ Hamas’s aggressive rhetoric consistently plays into …More

January 7, 2009 | Is Israel Losing Its Own Game In Gaza?

Three weeks after Hamas fired rockets on Israel, the latter’s retaliation plan seems to be producing a boomerang effect. ++ The Israeli people are wary of a ground invasion which threatens the lives of Israeli citizens; …More

January 6, 2009 | Youth, Crime, and the State in Central America

Manuela Paraipan: The nature of youth violence in Central America is deeply connected to social perceptions and societal constructs. El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica provide three examples of how State reaction to youth violence is influenced by the public discourse. …More

January 6, 2009 | UN Must Condemn Palestinian Abuse of Civilians

Palestine’s exploitation of its refugees and use of children as human shields are among the most shameful practices in the Israel-Palestine conflict. ++ The international community has for years sustained these abuses: the …More

January 6, 2009 | Obama Should End US Involvement In Afghanistan

Analysts and scholars warn that the problems that the US faces in Afghanistan - continued insurgencies, opium production, a US army demoralized and drained of resources given the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan - will compromise …More

January 5, 2009 | Three-State Solution Ought to be Considered

The war in Gaza is evidence that the current governance paradigm has failed the Palestinian people. ++ It is bizarre that a two-state solution continues to be advocated; “instead, we should look to a three-state approach, where …More

December 19, 2008 | "Empires of the Future"

Barack Obama, financial crisis, resurgent Russia, G20, Western decline, climate change - in the season of global predictions, current discourse is driven by these and other such catchwords. ++ Yet, predictions from December 2007 were of little value: …More

December 18, 2008 | A Diversity of Tactics to Win Hearts and Minds This Article contains Flash-Video

William Maley: In the battle to win hearts and minds in Afghanistan, Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) are often on the front line. What are they actually, what are their tasks and ways of operating? …More

December 18, 2008 | A Four-State Solution Is Needed In Israel-Palestine

To settle the Israel-Palestine conflict, a four-state solution should be considered. ++ Israel would be surrounded by the West Bank, ruled by secular nationalists Fatah, and Gaza, ruled by Islamist Hamas. ++ With regard to …More

December 18, 2008 | NATO Must Find Political Voice

NATO has become “a military alliance without any political clout” and is in the midst of an identity crisis. ++ The campaign in Afghanistan is suffering because of NATO’s lack of a political voice and a lack of cohesion between …More

December 18, 2008 | It's Time for Japan to Pull Its Weight

“Japan’s near-total opposition to participating in its allies’ military struggles is no longer defensible.” ++ Having made an “easy transition to democracy” after World War Two and now enjoying …More

December 17, 2008 | Obama Can Win Back the Arab World

Brian T. Edwards: Since the invasion of Iraq, young Arabs have become more skeptical of US intentions. As Americans are putting hope into the new administration, many in the Arab world have less reason to trust democracy. Obama’s ability to excite Americans puts him in a perfect position to inspire young Arabs to expect something from America beyond business as usual. …More

December 17, 2008 | Turkey Knows How to Mediate In the Middle East

Over the last year Turkey has accomplished more in the Middle East than the entire transatlantic contingent. ++ Last week Erdogan negotiated with the Afghan and Pakistani presidents over economic projects, in which both countries …More

December 16, 2008 | EU Must Intervene to Stop Mass Rapes in DR Congo

Last week Ban Ki-Moon asked European leaders to intervene in DR Congo, admitting the failure of the peacekeeping mission. ++ The collapse of the Congolese army has led to mass killings and rapes. ++ The EU must take action in …More

December 16, 2008 | Obama Will Have to Reconsider Afghanistan Goals

The Taliban now control 72% of Afghanistan, up from 54% in 2007. ++ Many of the new US troops being sent will be placed around Kabul; Afghanistan cannot afford an army strong enough to control the whole country. ++ This leaves …More

December 16, 2008 | Financial Crisis Will Create New Somalias

Populous Muslim countries will be among those hardest hit by the current economic crisis. ++ The Mumbai terrorists were to politics what the Somali pirates are to economics. ++ Iran will either break down or break out into military …More

December 15, 2008 | "Why Greece Is in Turmoil"

The riots in Greece are rooted in young people’s dissatisfaction with government policy. ++ Low wages, high prices and fear of unemployment are causing concern. ++ New Democracy and PASOK, which have ruled Greece for the past 34 years, cannot …More

December 12, 2008 | How And Why Did NATO Survive the Bush Doctrine?

Stanley R. Sloan: The hegemonic behavior of the Bush administration during its first term almost led to the end of the transatlantic partnership. The US will not be able to face the challenges of this century without its allies and NATO. A closely coordinated US-EU-NATO cooperation is essential to attain shared interests. …More

December 12, 2008 | Delaying Indictments on Sudan Requires Peace Talks

The international community has done little to end the atrocities committed by Sudanese militia in Darfur. ++ President Bashir has pledged to punish “anyone guilty of crimes in Darfur.” ++ The African Union as well …More

December 12, 2008 | EU Beckons Ukraine and Georgia

A battle over ex-Soviet republics is taking place between Brussels and Moscow. ++ This quarrel is the subtext to the laborious negotiations over Ukraine and Georgia joining NATO and the EU. ++ The EU has shown a clear desire for greater …More

December 11, 2008 | NATO Transforms for Civil-Military Cooperation

David S. Yost : In order to deal with new security challenges, NATO is developing its concept for cooperation with civilian organizations. Since the early 1990’s, the European Union, the OSCE and the United Nations have been the closest partners. Bosnia, Kosovo, and Afghanistan are showing how crucial it is to expand this work. …More

December 10, 2008 | The Opportunity for Human Rights

Abu Ghraib and Guantanamo lost the US its position as champion of human rights. ++ As a result, democracy and rights activists face a global backlash. ++ Obama can close Guantanamo and stop torture by executive order. ++ The US undermined the …More

December 10, 2008 | Owing Security to Iraqi Interpreters

For months Iraqi interpreters were not allowed to wear masks to conceal their identities, although insurgent groups put enormous effort into identifying and killing them. ++ However, the security of US troops as well as American strategy …More

December 10, 2008 | Wrong Approaches in DR Congo

MONUC, the biggest peace mission worldwide, has not managed to stabilize the situation in DR Congo. ++ The unfair distribution of power and resources as well as militaristic thinking, on which political decisions are based, constitute the roots of …More

December 9, 2008 | Terrorist Attacks Directed at Pakistan

The terrorist attacks in Mumbai were also directed at Pakistan’s democratic government, which is trying to advance the peace process with India. ++ Accusing Pakistan of complicity is wrong. ++ Pakistan is willing to take action against …More

December 9, 2008 | America Can No Longer Impose Solutions on Pakistan

A recent US report, “World at Risk,” seems to label Pakistan itself as a weapon of mass destruction, but contains solid proposals. ++ Involvement in Central Asian has been characterized by patchwork diplomacy. ++ This …More

December 5, 2008 | India's Middle Class Must Do Politics for Stability

The Mumbai attacks were nothing new, but they struck a people that were starting to feel secure. ++ “Confidence in the political system is at a low.” ++ “The middle class is accustomed to overlooking the fault lines in …More

December 4, 2008 | A New Strategy to Fight Piracy

A new strategy to tackle Somali piracy has become imperative. ++ A blockade with patrolling naval ships at each major port has the best hope of counteracting the pirates’ wealth and anonymity ++ Customary international law can be exercised to …More

December 4, 2008 | Europe Must Make Multilateralism a Reality

Europe may well come to regret the multilateralism it has been longing for from the US now that it is finally on the horizon. ++ European responses are uncertain should Obama call for funds, troops, and solidarity. ++ The EU should …More

December 3, 2008 | "Try Tough Love, Hillary"

In view of the upcoming Israeli elections next year, PM Olmert has stated that disputes with Palestine and Syria need to be settled by giving up parts of Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. ++ In return, Palestine must compromise on the right to …More

December 3, 2008 | Mounting Threat Coming From Pakistan

In light of the attacks on Mumbai, President-elect Obama’s presidency will become even more complex. ++ Indicators seem to show that the attacks originated in Pakistan and point to Lashkar-e-Toiba, a terrorist group based there. ++ A …More

December 2, 2008 | Comprehensive Approaches to International Crisis Management

Christian Mölling: International organizations aim to overcome inefficiencies in complex crisis management by adopting “comprehensive approaches”. However, the implementation is affected by diverging security cultures and the particular interests of the member states. …More

December 2, 2008 | Slowing Down NATO Expansion Makes Sense

The US sphere of influence can’t extend from Iraq to Georgia. ++ “Historically, peace is maintained when smaller states show restraint in the face of large neighbors.” ++ “Finlandization,” or bowing towards Moscow, used to be an …More

December 2, 2008 | Leave the Kashmir Question to India and Pakistan

“Americans are right to express solidarity with India.” ++ Facing Maoist rebels in the east, separatists in the northeast, organized crime and communal violence, India is a world to itself. ++ Unfortunately, the bloodiest …More

December 1, 2008 | A Marshall Plan for Pakistan

New Delhi has been warning the world of terrorist threats emanating from Pakistan, and now the world is listening. ++ “Stabilizing Pakistan means genuinely democratizing its polity and helping its economy grow back to a sustainable level of …More

November 28, 2008 | UK Diplomacy Should Heed British Council

The UK wasted a diplomatic opportunity as it opened a classy museum exhibition in Damascus. ++ UK Foreign Secretary Miliband begged Syrian President al-Assad for help with the Middle East peace process, but could have reached out to his …More

November 27, 2008 | Victory in Iraq but Not for Neoconservatives

Iraq’s deal with the US to end the occupation means the complete defeat of the neoconservative plan to turn Iraq into a pro-western ally. ++ Iraqis no longer see the US as the lesser threat to al-Qaeda and subsequently want US troops …More

November 26, 2008 | Discontent With Maliki Shakes US-Iraqi Security Pact

Iraqi PM Maliki Iraq faces tough opposition today as his cabinet scrambles to find support for a US withdrawal bill. ++ “The opposition is about Maliki” said a US official. ++ A failure of the bill would mean a US withdrawal …More

November 26, 2008 | Syrian-Isreali Peace is the Key to Success

Instead of focusing on an Israeli-Palestinian peace settlement, Obama should invest in Israeli-Syrian negotiations. ++ Talks between Syria and Israel will focus on “withdrawal, peace, security and water - and the gaps are clear …More

November 26, 2008 | Dalai Lama Losing Britain in the Financial Crisis

After asking China to give more to the IMF, Britain has drastically changed its position on Tibet, no longer recognizing it as autonomous. ++ This change of heart risks tearing up historical agreements that frame the …More

November 26, 2008 | Use Satellites and Aircraft Carriers Against the Pirates

Somaliland is a relatively stable part of Somalia that claims independence, and might deserve it. ++ Other regions, Puntland and the south of Somalia, are bases for pirates, fundamentalists, and warlords; they should be …More

November 25, 2008 | Too Much of a Good Thing is Disaster in Afghanistan

Terrorism is not the key strategic threat facing the US and Obama’s focus on Afghanistan is misguided. ++ NATO’s overemphasis in 2005 destroyed the stable situation of 2004 and the more focus Afghanistan gets now, …More

November 25, 2008 | Solving the Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

Obama’s administration should continue President Bush’s efforts to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. ++ The US could benefit from such a solution by regaining Arab governments support in dealing with regional …More

November 25, 2008 | Getting Ready for a Team of Rivals

President-elect Obama has proved his strength by presumably appointing Hillary Clinton Secretary of State, leaving the conflicts of the primary season behind. ++ His cabinet is going to be one of the strongest in American history, reminiscent …More

November 25, 2008 | "Obama, Dafur and ICC Justice"

The most pressing moral issue the next US administration will have to face, is the genocide that is taking place in Dafur. ++ The International Criminial Court is likely to issue a warrant for arresting Sudan’s president, al-Bashir, …More

November 24, 2008 | Human Rights Watch Praises Bush on Darfur Stance

Despite opposition to the ICC, President Bush is backing its prosecution of President Omar al-Bashir for genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity in Darfur. ++ Sudan is trying to both charm and blackmail members of the …More

November 24, 2008 | How to Repress the Pakistani Threat

President-elect Obama’s toughest international challenge will be Pakistan. ++ To avert rising threats, financial support for Pakistan’s government and military should be limited. ++ Cutting tariffs on agricultural products would …More

November 24, 2008 | US Misunderstands Iraqi Politics, Withdraws

Bush’s desire for a long-term military presence in Iraq beyond 2011 has been precluded by an agreement that embarrasses the US administration. ++ The Iraqi government forced changes to the document that leaves only a complete …More

November 21, 2008 | Pirates of the Arabian - Sort of

Pirates – that ancient breed of scoundrel, romanticized and glorified, yet wretched and rotten – have made a name for themselves off Somali coasts. ++ Many, it turns out, are simply trying to make a living for themselves. ++ While …More

November 21, 2008 | Quelling Anti-Americanism

The election of Obama could have marked the beginning of improved Russian-US relations, but the “new cold war” will continue. ++ Anti-American sentiment is the result of Russia’s perceived security threats and is fuelled by official …More

November 20, 2008 | Losing Hearts and Minds

The lessons, as well as the history of Iraq, have been ignored and are now being repeated in Afghanistan. ++ The US and the UK have only succeeded to “reduce what should be one of the world’s richest countries to shambles.” ++ If there is one …More

November 19, 2008 | Fighting Piracy Should Be More Like the Old Days

The hijacking of a Saudi-owned oil tanker is unprecedented but only part of the recent, dramatic rise in piracy. ++ Capturing pirates in not a major problem, but due process makes dealing with captive pirates more complex than in …More

November 19, 2008 | Flight Paths out of Afghanistan

Afghanistan has been at war for almost 30 years. ++ The possibility of US exit strategies hovers on the horizon but winning the war would require carpet-bombing of southern Afghanistan. ++ Many Afghans hostile to the Taliban still support the …More

November 17, 2008 | The Security Council's Congo Shame

Congo’s civil war has rendered the eastern region of the nation a “humanitarian catastrophe.” ++ Over 250,000 people are displaced in a conflict that finds its roots in the Rwandan genocide of 1994. ++ Of the 17,000 UN …More

November 17, 2008 | "Europe's Retreat"

On Friday the EU and Russia met to discuss the state of economic cooperation. ++ Russian troops still remain in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, hindering Georgians from returning home. ++ Upcoming talks between Russia and Georgia do not seem promising. ++ …More

November 14, 2008 | Young Atlanticists' Views on NATO, Russia and Obama

Youth Atlantic Treaty Association delegates interviewed at their General Assembly held in Berlin in November 2008. The topics range from Russian relations to what Obama will ask Europe to do.
In this series of exclusive …More

November 14, 2008 | Overwhelming Numbers: Security in Afghanistan

Obama’s proposed “mini-surge” in Afghanistan of some 15,00 troops will not provide enough personnel for the job. ++ Iraq, a smaller country than Afghanistan, required 700,000 soldiers and security forces; there are only 200,000 in …More

November 14, 2008 | Revitalizing EU-Russian Partnership

The EU and Russia will meet for an annual meeting, focusing on the renewal of their partnership agreement. ++ Since the attacks on Georgia, EU-Russian relations have been shattered. ++ Europeans will not accept a divided Georgia. ++ The EU …More

November 13, 2008 | The Legacy of Rwanda

The situation in Eastern Congo is becoming untenable; without the assistance of the 3,000 more peacekeepers being called for by United Nations officials, the situation will become even more desperate. ++ The 17,000 international peacekeepers already in …More

November 12, 2008 | "An End to the Russian Chill"

In 2003 the EU created a “security strategy;” the first draft didn’t even mention Russia. ++ For better or worse, it’s time to revise that plan. ++ The one good side effect from the war with Georgia is that it allowed …More

November 12, 2008 | Restoring US-Iranian Relations

President Bush will take a first step toward restoring diplomatic relations with Iran by establishing a diplomatic office. ++ The US understands that going to war with Iran would be fatal. ++ Unlike the US, “Iran never tried to overthrow a …More

November 12, 2008 | India Needs Separate Deals with Washington, Islamabad

Indian elites are showing insecurity over India’s role with relation to Washington. ++ That Obama is courting Islamabad for support in Afghanistan shouldn’t be cause for worry. ++ The lack of criticism of US military …More

November 11, 2008 | How Obama Must Renew US-Russian Relations

Last week, Medvedev threatened to station missiles near Poland if the US administration continued its plans to install a missile defense system there and in the Czech Republic. ++ President-elect Obama has to improve US-Russian …More

November 11, 2008 | "Bush's Last Bullet: Why the US Attacked Syria"

Russia’s attacks on Georgia have been decried by the US as a violation against international law but recent US attacks on Syria are no less destabilizing to the area. ++ Syria has not only initiated peace talks with …More

November 10, 2008 | Op-Ed Competition: Global Governance in 2020

From the Editorial Team: We are proud to announce our first opinion article competition for students (both undergraduate and graduate level), in cooperation with the Humboldt Viadrina School of Governance. The best entries will receive a monetary award and will be published in a memorandum for decision makers. …More

November 6, 2008 | War on Terror is Over

Obama must fulfill his promises of withdrawal from Iraq and Afghanistan and those of diplomacy with Iran. ++ He must close Guantánamo and declare the war on terror is over, realizing that terrorism is a technique, not an ideology. ++ Talks, not air …More

November 5, 2008 | Pre-Emptive Strike Doctrine Abysmal Failure

19 US missile attacks since September on suspected terrorists are unlikely to win any hearts and minds, will promote ill will, and will do little to dry “the pond that breeds the mosquitoes.” ++ Michael Chertoff’s plea, …More

November 4, 2008 | Stopping Genocide in Congo

Tens of thousands of Congonese civilians have fled their homes, finding themselves surrounded by Rwandan-backed rebels. ++ The financial crisis seems to be distracting global leaders from the genocide that is taking place in Congo. ++ Since Rwanda …More

November 3, 2008 | Shangri-La or Bust

Now in the eighth round of the Sino-Tibetan dialogue, China’s expectations are clear: Tibet must follow the Shangri-La model. ++ Shangri-La, part of the Tibet Autonomous Region, is strictly controlled by Beijing, maintaining civil order at all costs. ++ With …More

November 3, 2008 | Thank you, Mr. President

Heinrich Maetzke: Here is a politically incorrect assessment: President Bush will hand over to his successor a Middle Eastern foreign policy outlook far brighter than the one he inherited from Bill Clinton. Strenuous double containment of Iraq and Iran has given way to difficult but doable containment of Iran. And Iraq looks like the most promising country in the entire region. …More

October 31, 2008 | Safety First, Pocketbook Second

America might think Wall St. and Main St. are now more important than Haifa St.; They are wrong. ++ From WWII to 9/11, history has shown that economic crises and America’s resulting inward attention are the seeds of global conflict. ++ …More

October 31, 2008 | Falling Oil Prices - Key to Negotiations with Iran

The dramatic fall in oil prices could be the key to Iranian willingness to negotiate about their nuclear program. ++ Despite economic sanctions, Iran has managed to compensate for this financial hindrance via high oil prices, …More

October 30, 2008 | Old Bush/Cheney Tricks in Syria

US interests, and its allies, were dealt a severe blow when US commandos attacked an alleged Al Qaeda operative in Syria, killing seven civilians. ++ The risks of such an attack include “sabotaging Israeli-Syrian peace talks, reversing the …More

October 29, 2008 | Talks with Taliban Are Productive and Plausible

NATO countries disagree about the floundering mission in Afghanistan, but it is obvious the hardwearing Taliban cannot be crushed by military means alone. ++ More troops would not help keep control in rural areas, where the …More

October 28, 2008 | Strategy for A Renewed Russian Relationship

Obama and McCain’s respective stances on Russia evoke a palpable difference in their demeanor. ++ “McCain is prepped for a new Cold War; Obama is looking for a thaw.” ++ The foundations for McCain’s positions were laid forth by the …More

October 28, 2008 | Afghanistan: More Than Troops

Sending more troops to Afghanistan will not solve the country’s many deep-rooted problems. ++ A larger military presence could alienate the local population. ++ Iraq should have taught us that more troops don’t necessarily mean more security, as …More

October 28, 2008 | Syria: Taking First Steps Toward Indirect Talks

The Syrian leadership has denounced attacks carried out by US forces near its Iraqi border. ++ Syria, however, is known for sponsoring attacks on its neighboring countries. ++ The “US is no longer prepared to respect the …More

October 24, 2008 | How to Unfold the New Iron Curtain

Heinrich Maetzke: While security problems around the world cry for the broadest coalition possible, NATO and Russia keep falling back into a Cold War state of mind. Moscow proposes a new European security deal as a long-term solution and has criticized the present system as outdated and US-dominated. A new plan is needed to address modern security threats, including climate change. …More

October 23, 2008 | After Georgia: Russia's Anxious Neighbors

The Georgia conflict is forcing Russia’s neighbors to rethink their relationships with Russia as well as with the West. Through military action, Russia has demonstrated how far it is willing to go to protect its national interests. …More

October 23, 2008 | US Must Rethink its Approach to Iran

The financial crisis has dominated the US election campaign, marginalizing foreign policy. ++ But it is foreign relations, and especially ties with Iran, that will be at the top of the next president’s agenda. ++ This is not only about …More

October 23, 2008 | The Dreams of Managing History

At Boston University, Andrew Bacevich railed against what Reinhold Niebuhr dubbed the “dreams of managing history” – the neocon rallying call that blends arrogance and narcissism and states that power is paramount. ++ Expansion …More

October 23, 2008 | Effete Germany Cozies up to Russia, Scorns NATO

“Old” and “new” Europe parallel the blue and red state split in the US. ++ In old (western) Europe Obama is viewed as a “ray of hope;” new (central and eastern) Europe raises the question, …More

October 22, 2008 | Status-of-Forces Agreement Looms Large

With the status-of-forces agreement at an impasse, policy makers are unnerved by the ominous signs in Iraq. ++ If an agreement is not reached by December 31, US troops will have to return to their bases; “Without legal authority to …More

October 22, 2008 | NATO Must Strengthen Naval Power in the Baltic

Marek Swierczynski: Russia’s naval power prevents NATO from effectively defending Baltic States. If the Alliance is serious about its commitments, it must strengthen its marine capabilities to match those of the Russian Baltic Fleet. …More

October 20, 2008 | Banking Crisis Will Erode US Geopolitical Hegemony

It is clear that it was the free-market fundamentalism and reckless stewardship of the US government that led to the current financial crisis. ++ The US will pay a high price for its sins. ++ The bailout, which is likely to end …More

October 20, 2008 | When Russia Comes Knocking

Russia’s invasion of Georgia is not an aberration - it demonstrates a pattern of aggression, one that now threatens Ukraine as Moscow embraces PM Yulia Tymoshenko. ++ Russia’s relations with Tehran, Syria, OPEC and most recently Venezuela all threaten …More

October 17, 2008 | Japan's North Koreans

E. Ben Heine: The stability of Kim Jong-Il’s regime has depended to a significant degree on financial and material support from Japan’s North Korean minority. This paper analyses the history and organization of North Koreans living in Japan and outlines its significance in future Japan-DPRK relations. …More

October 17, 2008 | The United States: Heroes of the Retreat

Jan Ross: America’s superior power position has long begun to crumble. The faith of the American people in the US mission has been shaken by the politics of an unpopular president and threatening economic developments. The US does not only need “change” right now. America needs healing. …More

October 16, 2008 | Election Outcome: Affected by Bin Laden?

Obama’s lead in national and global polls might tempt Osama bin Laden to make a public reappearance. ++ Bin Laden wants the US to continue “policies that create the appearance of a clash of civilizations.” ++ An …More

October 15, 2008 | Non-State Actors in a Westphalian World

Jesse Schwartz: The author seeks to explore the varying degrees of influence – both positive and negative – non-state actors have on their state counterparts and to what extent they have impacted traditional notions of international security. …More

October 15, 2008 | Europe on Deck In Palestine

Europe is showing willingness to take greater part in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, but willingness isn’t readiness. ++ The EU must first stop treating Israel with sensitivity, while simply treating Palestine like a poor country. ++ Israel …More

October 15, 2008 | Stop the Wishful Thinking about Russia

Anna Nadgrodkiewicz: Russia’s authoritarian tendencies will continue to make it a threat to international security. Allowing Russia to define and act within a self-proclaimed sphere of interest will not make anyone safer. …More

October 14, 2008 | Nuclear Deal with Korea Back on Track

The nuclear deal with Korea appears to be back on track, which is the only thing President Bush has going for himself. ++ The deal seems predicated on Washington removing Pyongyang from the terror list in exchange for limited inspection …More

October 14, 2008 | Russia Can "Talk Away" Georgia Conflict

Moscow’s recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia does not correlate with universal approval, and an international dialogue concerning the status of Georgia is set to begin. ++ Europe has proven itself too dissolute to confront …More

October 10, 2008 | NATO Loses Control of the Caucasus Conflict

NATO has lost itself in the in Caucasus conflict. ++ Medvedev has repeatedly outlined his plans for a EU security architecture - he views his country’s security interests neglected. ++ The EU has almost disqualified itself from …More

October 10, 2008 | Next Steps in Dealing With Iran

Iran is at most four years away from its nuclear goals - diplomacy is needed. ++ Russia’s offer to provide Iran with enriched nuclear material and US proposals for direct talks in return for the abandonment of nuclear intentions have been …More

October 10, 2008 | How the US and Germany Can Win in Afghanistan This Article contains Flash-Video

David Neil Lebhar: Ahmed Rashid argues that the conflict in Afghanistan needs a regional solution, including US-Iranian cooperation. The German military must intensify operations in northern Afghanistan, and the government has to educate the public about the mission’s importance. …More

October 9, 2008 | Anti-Americanism Made by Medvedev

Russian President Medvedev continues the wave of anti-US invective of his predecessor. ++ After 9/11, the US failed to spread democracy around the world, choosing to “consolidate its global domination” instead. ++ Europe should …More

October 8, 2008 | Financial Crisis Sheds New Light on Russia

The financial crisis stole the spotlight from the Russia-Georgian conflict, but it also sheds new light on the topic. ++ Reasonable attitudes are conquering politics because we are suddenly “all in the same boat.” ++ …More

October 7, 2008 | US-Taiwan Arms Sales Prod China Toward Peace

The Bush administration announced its intention to agree to a $6.4 billion arms sale to Taiwan. ++ There are more than 1,400 missiles on the Chinese side of the Taiwan Strait that endanger Taiwan’s security. ++ The sale will …More

October 7, 2008 | "Israel and Iran Have Much in Common"

On Israel’s 60th anniversary and the Islamic revolution’s 30th, both countries are actually more similar than one may think. ++ Israel fears a loss of power from shifting demographics, and similarly Iranian conservatives fear losing …More

October 6, 2008 | McCain Strong, Obama Weak

Osama Bin Laden called Iraq the “central front” in his fight against the US - he was right. ++ Obama/Biden only focus on the past; they still think invading Iraq was a mistake, a distraction from Afghanistan. ++ Their obsession misses the point: “The …More

October 3, 2008 | The Fog of War, The Fog of Memory

US incursions into Cambodia, which led to its destabilization and the rise of the Khmer Rouge, should be remembered. ++ The same mistake is being made in Pakistan, where the dangers are far greater. ++ Undermining Pakistan does not help …More

October 2, 2008 | Pakistani Intelligence Battles Internal Extremism

Pakistan can no longer play its “dangerous double-game”: accepting money form the US while also supporting the Taliban and other extremists. ++ General Kayani has appointed a new spy chief, Lt. Gen Ahmed Shuja, who must work to …More

October 2, 2008 | Economic Crisis Provides Cover for Military Blunders

By odd coincidence, or perhaps providence, $700bn is roughly the same amount of money squandered on Bush’s “preposterous war in Iraq.” ++ Ironically, the greatest economic crises since the great depression means Obama and …More

September 30, 2008 | McCain's Policies Favor Israel

McCain’s perception of the Middle East conflict deems Israel a critical ally. ++ McCain accepts the military facet of the conflict, while Obama considers diplomacy the tool to triumph over a minority of Islamic extremists. ++ The root cause of …More

September 29, 2008 | Livni's Election may Further Peace Process

Tzipora Livni is the newly elected leader of the Kadima party and may become Israel’s prime minister. ++ She represents those who favor a two-state solution instead of a Greater Israel, because they just want to live safely. ++ It is …More

September 25, 2008 | UN Should Further One-State Solution

The peace process based on the two-state solution is stagnant and one alternative which is increasingly popular among Palestinians and some Israelis is an unitary state, providing both parties equal rights. ++ Abbas and Bush still support …More

September 25, 2008 | Private Wars: The Renaissance of Western Mercenary Warfare

Thomas Speckmann: To Western democracies, the idea of war privatization is still largely associated with the reign of warlords in Africa and Afghanistan. However, privatization is also sneaking into Western warfare. This new financial aspect of war needs to be regulated on a national and global scale. …More

September 25, 2008 | No Bravery When it Comes to Fighting Pirates

Western warships are unable to guarantee the safety of merchant vessels in the Gulf of Aden, due to their inability to effectively fight pirates and terrorists there. ++ This is especially noteworthy because the region is a conduit …More

September 24, 2008 | Iran Slips Away - Again

Even if Iran is currently racing toward accumulating enough uranium for a bomb, the financial crisis has reduced the sense of urgency in the US. ++ The UN Security Council and Germany will meet this week, but it’s unlikely that they will agree on …More

September 24, 2008 | The UN and the State of the World

Today’s challenges need to be faced with collaboration. ++ The UN is successfully fighting for democracy and human rights in various countries. ++ However, Darfur shows that mandates are empty if they are not backed by resources. ++ The …More

September 24, 2008 | Georgia: The Right Conflict, the Right Time?

Ralf Fuecks: There is a tendency to ignore discomfiting facts so as not to disturb good relations with Russia. This approach, which borders on Russian blackmail, is a categorical failure. Moscow needs to be integrated into the EU fold; but at the same time, the EU must be willing to evince a willingness to face the right conflict at the right time. …More

September 23, 2008 | The EU Can Mediate Georgia Conflict

Memo 8: Atlantic Community members conclude that the EU, acting in coordination with the UN, is in the best position to negotiate a peaceful solution. The US, Russia, Georgia, NATO, and others must consider their future strategies carefully. …More

September 23, 2008 | "A Peace From the Bottom Up"

The Bush administration’s attempt at reconciling the Palestinian problem has been a dismal failure. ++ The peace process is unlikely to restart anytime soon; a plethora of elections, scandals, and spoilers will preclude a substantive, …More

September 22, 2008 | Pakistan: "Running Out of Time"

President Bush’s decision to allow US military operations within Pakistan shows how desperate the situation is becoming. ++ But, if the Taliban and other extremists are to be permanently subdued, it must be done by Pakistan itself. ++ The …More

September 22, 2008 | Italy's New Role as a Major Transatlantic Partner

Oreste Foppiani: Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi is changing Mediterranean politics, bringing new importance to Italy’s role in the EU as well as its role in the world. This could bring great changes to the plans of the European Armed Forces and global security issues. …More

September 18, 2008 | A Deal for Zimbabwe, but Not Ideal

The new political agreement in Zimbabwe is a boon to President Robert Mugabe; he will retain the presidency, command the armed forces, and head the cabinet. ++ His opponent – and victor in the March elections – Morgan Tsvangirai, …More

September 18, 2008 | Kyrgyzstan's Lessons from the Russian-Georgian War

Askarbek Erkinovich Mambetaliev: Many commentators are looking to Kyrgyzstan to express its “creed” about the Russia-Georgia conflict, considering Kyrgyzstan a key country in Central Asia. It seems no one wants to cross the “older brother” Russia. Therefore, President Kurmanbek Bakiev must act wisely in this situation. …More

September 17, 2008 | Zardari's New Vision Dimishes US Role

Republicans may praise the latest series of US forays into Pakistan’s sovereign territory, but they trouble Pakistan’s new President. ++ Therefore, Zardari wants to convince the UK that it is crucial to hold the US back. ++ In addition, …More

September 17, 2008 | Redefine the Concept of Independence

Hall Gardner: Moscow’s decision to recognize South Ossetian and Abkhazian independence has begun to backfire: Russia has been widely criticized for its actions and the events in Georgia could provoke nationalist claims for independence within Russia itself. Redefining the concept of “independence” might be a way out of the crisis. …More

September 16, 2008 | Brewing Palestinian Crisis, Rice's Attention Elsewhere

Negotiations are in limbo as Palestinians and Israelis attempt to endure their respective political transformations at home and in the US. ++ Mahmoud Abbas’ presidential term is set to expire in January, but …More

September 16, 2008 | US Strategy in Pakistan Will do More Harm Than Good

If the US goes ahead with its plan to take the war on terror into Pakistan, Pakistani army will loose its credibility and may end up caught up between American troops and al-Quaeda.++ Weakening Pakistani army would backfire on …More

September 16, 2008 | The US and UN Should Resolve Election-Law Tensions in Iraq

Sarwar Amin: The Iraqi Parliament will soon embark on a daunting task of re-deliberating on the controversial Provincial Election Law. The Kurds feel like they are being treated unfairly. The US and UN must help the process. …More

September 15, 2008 | "Hugo Chvez's Russian Dalliance"

Putin is using Venezuela in reaction to US plans for a missile defense system in Europe. ++ With his economy in shambles and his opposition uniting, Chávez is happy to be used because he wants to rally national support by …More

September 15, 2008 | US Attacks in Pakistan Must Continue

In July President Bush decided to increase attacks by US forces against the Taliban in tribal areas. ++ This increase is in response to the Taliban’s growing strength in Pakistan, more attacks on NATO forces in Afghanistan, and an increase …More

September 12, 2008 | "The Russians Aren't Coming"

Russia’s recent actions make it look like the Cold War is back, but Russia is still a poor, weak country. ++ Russia’s military is no match for NATO and their backup nuclear arsenal is unlikely to play a role in conflicts. ++ Moscow can claim …More

September 11, 2008 | Questioning Candidates' Security Ideas after 9/11

Both presidential candidates honorably chose to put politics aside on the anniversary of 9/11, but there are various open questions on security. ++ One of these questions asks how willing can the US be to attack Pakistan if …More

September 11, 2008 | First Calls for Saakashvili's Resignation

A growing number of voices call for Saakashvili’s resignation due to his felonious decision to bomb Zchinwali. ++ In spite of the government’s rhetoric, which tries to justify any efforts to keep South Ossetia, the opposition calls …More

September 11, 2008 | Do Not Ask If but When Israel Strikes Iran

Israel is known for not tolerating a deadly threat, and so it is only a matter of time before it strikes Iran. ++ The international community failed to pressure Iran, as it did not block the Strait of Hormuz thereby harming Iran’s …More

September 10, 2008 | Dubai Balances Iranian and American Ties

Dubai seems to be caught between a rock and a hard place: Iran and the US. ++ Recently Dubai has served as a critical trading partner allowing Iran to circumnavigate sanctions imposed by the US. ++ Dubai re-exports many goods it receives …More

September 10, 2008 | Mexico's Disregarded War

A war very close to home should get more attention in the US: the one in Mexico. ++ Even if Americans soldiers are not among the casualties, US money and arms fuel this dispute. ++ Mexican President Calderón’s efforts to fight the drug …More

September 10, 2008 | Russia and Venezuela are Threatening US Waters

Monday, Russia agreed to joint naval exercises with Venezuela and is making its first major maneuvers off US waters since the Cold War. ++ It is not widely recognized, but the Caribbean, Gulf of Mexico and the Panama Canal are …More

September 9, 2008 | The Georgian Flaw in Transatlantic Security

Colette Grace Mazzucelli: The US, acting in coordination with the EU, should address the crisis in Georgia with a strong humanitarian effort and a firm, yet non-isolating, stance toward Russia. As foreign policy concerns are compounded by domestic challenges, the next US administration must prudently tackle economic problems and re-define America’s role in world affairs. …More

September 9, 2008 | A Tug-of-War Over Azerbaijan

It is no accident that Dick Cheney visited Azerbaijan last week. ++ Azerbaijan is a core east-west transit country for oil and natural gas. ++ Their pipelines provide energy to Europe, support former Soviet republics, and help keep oil money away …More

September 9, 2008 | Uniting Brussels for Future Security

While some have argued that the recent summit in Brussels proved ineffective, the Georgia crisis has actually drawn the member states closer together. ++ As Europe proceeds, there are important objectives to keep in mind. ++ Europe must …More

September 9, 2008 | The EU and the US: Peace Brokers for a Secure Georgia

Stefan Fröhlich: The fighting between Russia and Georgia over the separatist enclave of South Ossetia is turning into a reversion of spheres of influence and a balance of power politics in Europe. The EU and the Euro-Atlantic community must take steps to mediate new developments. …More

September 9, 2008 | Why We Are Blind to the Somali Tragedy

The situation in Somalia has gradually become worse since the US and UN withdrew in the 1990s, but most people think otherwise, assuming they would have heard more if problems were escalating. ++ The suffering of nearly 10 million Somalis …More

September 8, 2008 | NATO Can't Win the War in Afghanistan, Afghans Can

The war in Afghanistan stands at a critical juncture; the Taliban-led insurgency is gaining in effectiveness and influence. ++ The US troop surge planned to counter this threat is no remedy in itself. ++ NATO should develop …More

September 5, 2008 | PKK Attacks in Cities Try to Divide Turks and Kurds

Intelligence sharing between the US and Turkey has forced the PKK out of the countryside and into the cities, bringing their violent attacks with them. ++ Further security measures, such as protected bus routes and tightened …More

September 4, 2008 | "Medvedev Praises EU Over Sanctions"

Despite the call for sanctions on Russia from Poland and the three Baltic states, the only agreement the EU made was to postpone talks about a partnership agreement with Moscow. ++ Medvedev praised the EU’s decision to reject sanctioning …More

September 3, 2008 | Pakistan's Future Depends on India, China and the US

Pakistan is often called a failed state it is more accurately labeled as a flailing
state. The PPP-PML coalition cannot solve every problem alone but needs help
from India, China and the US. These nations, which …More

September 3, 2008 | Russia Did Not Change the World After All

“The attack on Georgia will go down not as the dawn of a new era of Russian power but as a major strategic blunder.” ++ Russia thought it had little to lose, but it has driven its neighbors, like Poland and Ukraine, into the …More

September 3, 2008 | Transnistria is Next to Declare Independence

Meredith L. Nicoll: First it was Kosovo to declare unilateral independence. Now South Ossetia and Abkhazia have followed suit. The next new breakaway state could be Pridnestrovie, otherwise known as Transnistria. The EU needs to be prepared for a possible conflict. …More

September 2, 2008 | Russia is Stuck in the Pre-World War II Mindset

Conflict in Georgia proved that Russia isn’t and doesn’t want to be a part of Europe. ++ Moscow rejects European commitment to nonviolent methods of conflict resolution and shows little appreciation for equality of nations, which …More

September 1, 2008 | NATO's Georgian Mistake, Not to be Repeated

NATO’s failure to provide Georgia and Ukraine with a concrete Membership Action Plan was a grave mistake, as demonstrated in part by recent events in Georgia. ++ Both NATO and the EU, the latter meeting today to discuss …More

September 1, 2008 | Sectarianism Still Endangers Iraqi National Unity

It is sectarianism, not religion, which threatens national unity. ++ The US repeated in Iraqthe mistake that the French made in Lebanon: they imposed a system that highlights sectarian differences, turning Iraq into a “fragile …More

September 1, 2008 | End the Isolation of Secessionist Movements

Judy Fu: The situation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia is a reflection of the sorry state of affairs for millions of people living under unrecognized de facto government or in secessionist territories. There are important lessons to be learned here in the need to engage non-state actors. …More

August 29, 2008 | Pakistan's New Commitment to the War on Terror This Article contains Flash-Video

Interview with Hussain Haqqani: Pakistan’s ambassador to the United States reaffirms his country’s democracy and promises better cooperation with the United States and Afghanistan in an interview with Steve Clemons of the New America Foundation. …More

August 29, 2008 | China Refuses to Back Russia

President Medvedev was unable to achieve the explicit support of the Chinese president for Russia’s intervention in the Caucasus at the latest Central Asian summit. ++ China has not only avoided any anti-western statements so far, it is also …More

August 29, 2008 | Russia Scares Off its Own Investors

International investors were already troubled by Russia’s economic problems, but Russia’s recent actions toward Georgia have created diplomatic tensions, which may scare off investors. ++ The outcome of the US election could be a major factor …More

August 28, 2008 | The Caucasus Conflict Needs EU Mediation

Leonie Holthaus: There is still a chance that diplomacy can contribute to resolving the Caucasus conflict. Given resurgent cold war vocabulary and the upcoming presidential elections in the US, it is up to the EU to function as a mediator between the conflicting parties. …More

August 28, 2008 | Russian Citizenship: Moscow's Tool for Recollecting the Empire's Lands

Andreas Umland: A justification for Russia’s recent invasion of Georgia was that it had to protect its citizens in South Ossetia. There is, however, a subtle difference between a state’s protection of its citizens living abroad, and its defense of citizens creating their own state within another country …More

August 28, 2008 | Palestinians Should Challenge Hamas, not Israel

It is the Hamas’s illegitimate rule that prevents progress between Israel and the Palestinians, not Israel itself. ++ However, Palestinian protesters stick to the anti-Israel dogma and do not question the extremists’ …More

August 28, 2008 | Russia Was Given no Choice

It was Saakashvili’s behavior that forced Russia to recognize the independence of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. ++ Relations of different nations living in one state have to be handled with great sensitivity. ++ Russia respects its minorities and …More

August 27, 2008 | US Should Take the War on Terror into Pakistan

The US has to realize that it cannot fight terrorism in Afghanistan successfully without expanding the war on terror into Pakistan. ++ The US should revitalise the coalition of the willing, enhance the cooperation with the Afghan …More

August 27, 2008 | EU Must be Interim Supervisor for the Middle East

Before the new US administration is approved and in full operation, there will be a pause in early 2009 in US involvement in the Middle East. ++ Even though EU cannot complete the job for the US, it can act as a trustee to keep …More

August 27, 2008 | Russia's Invasion Challenges the World Order

Russia’s invasion is not only a threat to Georgia, it also questions the political order and values of Europe. ++ With American help, the EU has become “one of the greatest strategic achievements of the 20th century.” ++ But …More

August 27, 2008 | Georgia's Recklessness Pays off With NATO

Ulf Gartzke: Mikhail Saakashvili’s reckless military gamble has unfortunately paid off and put him on a fast track to NATO membership. This stunning turnaround demonstrates the problems with the behavior of the Georgian leadership as well as with the West’s response to their actions. …More

August 26, 2008 | "Next Steps on Georgia"

The US should use alternative means to accelerate Russia’s withdrawal from Georgia and to stabilize the country. ++ In addition to humanitarian aid, it could initiate a large reconstruction operation to ensure the vitality of Georgia’s economy during …More

August 26, 2008 | NATO is Trapped in Afghanistan

Marek Swierczynski: The Georgian war diverted the world’s attention from Afghanistan. But events on the ground, implications of the conflict in the Caucasus and political turmoil in neighboring Pakistan make imminent the perspective of NATO snared in a war that cannot be won. A new strategy is urgently needed. …More

August 26, 2008 | Spanish Engagement in Afghanistan: An Undefined Mission

Eva Diez: The Spanish government asserts its soldiers are only involved in humanitarian operations. But in Afghanistan their main mission is to enable the US to realize its own strategic plans. Now is the right time for Spain to define and press for its own interests. …More

August 25, 2008 | Eastern Europe Can Only Count on Itself

Poles, Czechs and Hungarians should be under no illusion that they can count on the US in case of a crisis. ++ In the past the US used to leave its Eastern European allies in the lurch and its recent reaction to Georgia’s plight was …More

August 25, 2008 | Create a United Nonaligned Caucasus

The conflict in South Ossetia is one of many explosive ethnic disputes in the region. ++ These are especially dangerous because of the absence of a superior security pact. ++ Therefore, the best way to enhance the security situation would be …More

August 25, 2008 | Ukraine Will Not Cede to Russian Power

The conflict in Georgia has exposed the dangers of ignoring “frozen conflicts” as well as the UN’s lack of helpful precautionary tools. ++ The absence of democracy and free media in breakaway regions breeds corruption and human …More

August 22, 2008 | Transatlantic Unity Should Not Isolate Russia

Matthew Derek Crosston: The West needs some serious balance in the way it analyzes and discusses the Georgian conflict. Academics, diplomats, and journalists have come forward with a united response to Ossetia: Russia is showing ‘imperialist ambitions’ and ‘a disproportionate reaction.’ This is ridiculous. …More

August 22, 2008 | West Should Concentrate on Russian Oligarchs

A sharp consensus between Europe and the US emerged at the NATO summit that they can not deal with Russia as usual. ++ Regarding the question what to do instead, one answer could be: concentrate on Russian oligarchs. ++ They have …More

August 22, 2008 | An Attack on Iran Would Backfire

A strike on Iran’s nuclear facilities, whether by the US or Israel, is a disastrous idea. ++ If Iran is attacked oil prices may rise to $200 a barrel which would be a hard hit for the global economy. ++ Iranian nuclear facilities are too widely …More

August 22, 2008 | NATO Is Losing in Afghanistan

Instead of demonstrating the noble character of NATO, the so called “good war” in Afghanistan is running out of control. ++ The death toll is rising inexorably, the security situation for aid agencies and women deteriorates and the local population …More

August 21, 2008 | West No Longer Dictates Terms

The Atlantic view that it’s necessary to protect the underdog from its powerful neighbour is isolated; most of the world is bemused at Western double standards and sees Russia as bullied by the West. ++ Events in Georgia show that the West lacks …More

August 21, 2008 | Russia's Nuclear Threat

In the discussion of US-Russian relations, one element has been overlooked: the shift in the nuclear balance. ++ After the cold war both powers agreed to reduce their tactical nuclear arsenal, but Russia started from a much higher level and still …More

August 21, 2008 | Protect the Protectors

UN officials and aid workers are frequently killed - both on purpose and accidentally - in Iraq, Algeria, and Afghanistan. ++ In fact, al-Qaeda declared the UN to be a central target. ++ Facing this danger, the UN needs to “nationalize” field operations …More

August 21, 2008 | The Myth About Musharraf

Musharraf’s resignation ends an exquisite relationship between him and the Bush administration. ++ The latter created the myth that Musharraf had “joined the free world in fighting the terrorists” after 9/11. ++ The truth is, Musharraf neither supported …More

August 20, 2008 | The Comeback of Autocracies

The reemergence of autocracy and great-power politics questions the stability of the international liberal order. ++ Unfortunately, Europe’s postmodern tools of foreign policy are not able to counter Russia in the latest conflict between liberal …More

August 20, 2008 | The US Must Choose Between Georgia and Russia

Russia’s use of force in the Caucasus is fully legitimized by its right to self-defense and international law. ++ The US has to acknowledge that brutality against a civilian population is not justified simply because the Georgian …More

August 20, 2008 | 8/8 Marks a New Era in Global Politics

Volodymyr Horbach: Consequences of the recent conflict in Georgia will be as serious and global as those after the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Ukraine’s position in this conflict is especially uncomfortable as it needs to preserve good neighborly relations with both Georgia and Russia. Kiev should not, therefore, take sides but take part in the peacekeeping mission. …More

August 19, 2008 | EU Has Risen to the Occasion

The EU can be proud of achieving a cease-fire between Russia and Georgia. ++ The Caucasus crisis has shown that the EU is able to create a space for diplomacy in order to resolve international conflicts. ++ Much remains to be done if the situation …More

August 19, 2008 | Poland is a Fall Guy for US Military Lobbyists

By agreeing to host a US missile defence base Poland, like the UK and Czech Republic, became America’s groundbait and exposed itself to a possiblity of a nuclear attack. ++ In turn, the system is supposed to protect Poland …More

August 19, 2008 | "The Russo-Iranian Axis"

Two of the EU’s key assumptions towards Russia have been proven wrong: firstly, Russia obviously does not share the Western values and secondly, Russia does not oppose Iran going nuclear. ++ Moscow can assume that a nuclear Iran will hurt Western …More

August 19, 2008 | Russian Belligerence Will Strengthen Transatlantic Relations

Marek Swierczynski: Even though technically Russia won the war, the victory will paradoxically weaken Russia’s position towards its western partners, especially the US. Military action against Georgia – however limited in scale – is a symbolic resurrection of Russia’s imperial ambitions and will thus strengthen transatlantic partnership. …More

August 19, 2008 | Maliki May Get "Difficult" for the US

There are voices among US officials that Iraqi Prime Minister Maliki became overconfident about his government’s ability to handle the security situation in Iraq without the US troops and that he wants to portray himself as the national …More

August 18, 2008 | Burnish Legacies with Intensive Peace Effort

There is a wide gap between declarations that a two-state solution is vital for Israel’s security, and actually doing something about it. ++ Both Olmert and Bush have a few months left in offices: they will not go down in …More

August 18, 2008 | Hobbled by Iraq

The war in Iraq eroded not only US strength but also its moral authority and sense of purpose. ++ Iraq strains the US army to such a extent that it is not left with forces sufficient to stabilize Afghanistan. ++ Moreover, critics of the US administration …More

August 18, 2008 | NATO Must Put its Foot Down

NATO foreign ministers are meeting tomorrow in Brussels to decide on further actions regarding the crisis in Georgia. ++ To prevent further instability, they should reassure those members who fear Russia that atlantic mutual-defence commitments are …More

August 18, 2008 | Iran Gambles with Russia-Georgia Conflict

Iran remains mute on Georgia crisis. ++ US-Russia rift could spoil Iran Six negotiations; or increase Russia’s engagement. ++ Historical ties to Georgia and more recent fears of Russian aggressiveness should lead Iran to condemn this …More

August 15, 2008 | "Iraq May Be Stable, but the War Was a Mistake"

Recent progress in Iraq does not excuse the war as a whole. ++ It was good to get rid of Saddam Hussein, but the hasty invasion encouraged terrorism and hostility around the world and recent US criticism of Russia’s …More

August 14, 2008 | "We Are All Georgians"

Russia claims to protect Ossetians, but its brutal military campaign encompassed the whole of Georgia and therefore a regime change in Georgia seems to be its true aim. ++ In light of these events, Georgia’s reasons for seeking NATO membership are …More

August 14, 2008 | The West Must Stop Power-Hungry Russia

If the world allows Russia to crush Georgia’s democracy and independence, it will give a green light to all authoritarian governments. ++ The historical echoes of Finland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia are deafening and only Western …More

August 13, 2008 | Western Policy Fuelled the War in Georgia

This week’s events in Georgia proved the failure of the Western policy of belligerence towards the Kremlin. ++ It failed to take into account the complexity of the ethnic, religious, and nationalist structures in Georgia and even …More

August 13, 2008 | Georgia in NATO Will be the Best Revenge

For democracy in Georgia to last, Georgians need to feel we have their backs; the West must impose tough economic and diplomatic sanctions on Russia. ++ This conflict demonstrates impotency of the global security order. ++ The West must …More

August 13, 2008 | A Juridical View on the Caucasus Conflict

The clashes in the Caucasus show once again how explosive secessionist conflicts can be. ++ According to international law, they endanger global peace and only the UN and the OSCE are authorized to manage the resolution of such …More

August 13, 2008 | US Withdrawal in Sight for Iraq

Baghdad and Washington have set a tentative time limit for the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq in 2010-2011. ++ Both sides agreed to uphold a “declaration of intent,” which was signed last year. ++ Tensions are high over the new election law, …More

August 13, 2008 | Only Transatlantic Unity Can Stop This War

Richard Holbrooke and Ronald D. Asmus: Moscow’s behavior in Georgia poses a direct challenge to European and international order. Georgia deserves our solidarity and support. Only strong transatlantic cooperation can put an end to this conflict and begin to repair the immense damage done. …More

August 12, 2008 | Let's Open the Bosnian X-Files

Richard Holbrooke and Ronald D. Asmus: The trial of Radovan Karadzic will answer many open questions of the Balkan events during 1990’s. Some reports suggest quite a disgusting picture about “realpolitik” behind the noble statements of the international community. …More

August 12, 2008 | Georgia Fights for Our Common Transatlantic Values

Of all the post-Soviet states, Georgia has come furthest in the fight to strenghten democracy and independent foreign policy and that is precisely what Russia wants to thwart. ++ The fact that Russia was entrusted with the …More

August 12, 2008 | Russia Does not Hold all the Blame

Russia has continued to recognize Georgia’s regional unity and merely responded to the Georgian attack on South Ossetia. ++ To call it an attack on “small, defenseless Georgia” is hypocritical and inhumane. ++ Western encouragement prompted …More

August 12, 2008 | The Transatlantic Divide Over the Caucasus Conflict

Nikolas Kirrill Gvosdev: The Caucasus conflict challenges the Atlantic community, because there is no consensus about resolving it. With regard to Russia, the European countries will have to decide if they want to follow their path of constructive engagement, or keep good ties with the US. …More

August 12, 2008 | The West and the Georgian-Russian Conflict

The current conflict is not only about Russia and Georgia, but also represents the US-Russian competition for control over the strategically important transit routes for oil and gas. ++ The Georgian President must have aimed at …More

August 11, 2008 | Russia is Thwarting Georgia's NATO Ambitions

Western support of Kosovo’s declaration of independence and NATO’s assurance of Georgia and Ukraine’s eventual Atlantic Alliance membership erode Russian influence on former states of the USSR. ++ Georgia pays a high …More

August 11, 2008 | What to Expect from the Georgia-Russia Crisis

Stefan Wolff: South Ossetia might well become Georgia’s Chechnya. The current escalation of military hostilities has put the likelihood of a sustainable settlement off even further. The European Union is the best-placed conflict manager in the South Caucasus. …More

August 9, 2008 | Report from Tbilisi: Georgia Under Full Attack

Tamuna Kekenadze: On Saturday morning, Georgian President Mikhail Saakashvili requested the Parliament to endorse his decision on declaring martial law on the entire territory of Georgia. The Parliament has approved the presidential decree immediately. …More

August 9, 2008 | Pandora's Box Is Opened

Tamuna Kekenadze: Kosovo’s unilateral proclamation of independence played a key role in events we see in South Ossetia today. Do we still have time to close the Pandora box and if yes - how? …More

August 8, 2008 | Palestinian Civil Society is the Key to Peace

Regarding the issue of Palestine, Israel, the US, and the free world overemphasized the aim to have a strong partner in the peace process, and in doing so even supported corrupt and violent leaders. ++ But the path towards peace …More

August 8, 2008 | HOT ISSUE: How to Respond to the Caucasus Crisis?

From the Editorial Team: Georgia and Russia are on the brink of a full-fledged war. How should the European Union, NATO and individual Western governments respond to the current crisis? …More

August 7, 2008 | Media Distorts our Perception of Afghanistan

The war on terror has been an utter fiasco: before the US troops arrived in 2001 Afghanistan was much more peaceful and stable, now the insurgency has spread all over the country, become multi-ethnic and more robust. ++ American …More

August 6, 2008 | EU Leadership Necessary to Solve Abkhazian Conflict

EU realizes it is time to solve the festering conflicts in the Union’s new neighborhood: Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ++ But Moscow has an interest in preserving this “simmering status quo” and delays anything that …More

August 6, 2008 | New Sect Widens Palestinian Dispute

As the chasm between Hamas and Fatah appears to widen, another organisation called Hizb ut-Tahrir emerges. ++ It has the aim to reestablish an Islamic Caliphate to govern the whole Muslim world under Islamic law, but opposes the use of …More

August 5, 2008 | Only UN Can Bring Peace to Iraq and Afghanistan

The recent escalation of violence in Afghanistan and the calls to divert the US troops from Iraq make the question of ending these long and costly wars even more urgent. ++ There is only one organisation that can provide the …More

August 4, 2008 | Bombing Iran Would be a Catastrophe for All of Us

His presidency coming to an end, Bush becomes obsessed with his legacy and solving the issue of nuclear Iran is foremost in his mind. ++ If he decides to support Israel in its possible attack on Iran, the economic and political …More

August 4, 2008 | Russia's Neoimperial Policies Make Georgia and Ukraine Seek NATO Membership

Grigol Ubiria: NATO’s eastern enlargement is too often solely considered from the perspective of Russia’s right to defend its interests on its borders. Little or no attention has been paid to factors forcing former Soviet republics, particularly Georgia and Ukraine, to rush to join the alliance. …More

August 4, 2008 | Who Can Change China?

For China’s strategic and economic interests it is crucial to maintain a good image, otherwise counter-alliances are likely. ++ Nonetheless, the ruling elite is not willing to establish a constitutional state to replace the “socialist constitutional …More

August 1, 2008 | Iraq Has the Most Promising Future in the Region

There are many reasons to believe that Iraq is going to make it: violence is declining, US soldiers are turning province after province over to the Iraqi Security Forces, and planning withdrawals for 2009. ++ These developments …More

August 1, 2008 | Is International Justice the Enemy of Peace?

The key reproach that critics raise against international courts is that “in their effort to do justice, they are obstructing achievement of a more important goal, peace. ” ++ These complaints are expressed especially when heads of …More

July 31, 2008 | Fixed Date for US Withdrawal From Iraq a Mistake

US presidential candidates have been so busy campaigning they lost sight of the changes taking place in Iraq. ++ For the first time in years, the risk of a massive insurrection has diminished and there are realistic prospects for …More

July 31, 2008 | "The Last Gasps of the Supreme Global Sheriff"

Despite the considerable shift in global power, the default Western mindset is still based on the assumption that might and right are always on the side of the West. ++ However, the authority of this “self-appointed …More

July 25, 2008 | A One-State Solution for Israel and Palestine

Some scholars recently advocated a single-state solution, based on the idea of justice, during a public debate. ++ The delivery of justice would require conditions in which Palestinians could lead normal lives in their homeland. …More

July 24, 2008 | The End of the Serbian Black Hole

The arrest of the Bosnian Serb leader, political mastermind of the Bosnian genocide, Radovan Karadzic on charges of war crimes is a clear indication that ultranationalists no longer speak for Serbia ++ The decision to abide by the EU’s …More

July 23, 2008 | EU Should Provide Shelter to Iraqi Refugees

Zaborzka, Casini, Szymanski, Weber: EU member states should unite to offer immediate assistance in the Middle East and especially in the North of Iraq. The establishment of quotas would enable the EU to welcome the most vulnerable Iraqi refugees and prevent another human tragedy in the region. …More

July 23, 2008 | We Are Failing Zimbabwe

Mugabe’s bloody rule will continue for another term unless Russia, China, and South Africa help impose tougher sanctions and an arms embargo on Zimbabwe. ++ Moscow and Beijing’s vetoes against tougher measures in the Security Coucil are to …More

July 22, 2008 | Obama's Iraq Strategy Scarily Stays the Same

Obama has not retracted from his end-the-war stance which dates back to 2003 and was the key to his success over Clinton during the primaries. ++ But in so far as “full withdrawal” from Iraq, such as Iraqis want, never belonged to …More

July 22, 2008 | US-Iraq Security Arrangement Serves Common Goals

Although the plans for a long-term security arrangement between Iraq and the US have caused a wave of criticism, such an agreement is in the best interest of both countries. ++ The main objectives of Americans and Iraqis are …More

July 22, 2008 | The Future of Kosovo

Zaborzka, Casini, Szymanski, Weber: The years to come in the Balkan region cannot be as bleak as those of the recent past. Despite uncertainties regarding developments in Kosovo, the following scenarios offer likely alternatives and demonstrate the region has a future. …More

July 17, 2008 | US Decline is a Golden Chance for Russia

With a military budget larger than the rest of the world’s combined, the US is still undeniably world’s greatest superpower. ++ However, there are clear signs that its empire is overreaching itself and the whole system starting to …More

July 17, 2008 | The Middle East Would be Better off With Obama

Dealing with the Middle East quagmire is going to be one of the greatest challenges for the next US president. ++ McCain may be an ill-suited candidate to tackle the situation: he seems to believe America always wins; since his …More

July 16, 2008 | Meaningless Indictment of the Sudanese President

The International Criminal Court’s resolution to seek an arrest warrant for Sudanese president Omar Bashir was hailed as a step towards stopping the bloodshed in Darfur. ++ In fact, this decision will not change anything …More

July 16, 2008 | Afghans Want a Peace Deal, not Force

Even if the international military presence has been expanding rapidly in Afghanistan, the country recently experienced one of its bloodiest weeks. ++ A suicide bomber struck the Indian embassy in the capital and killed 41 people. ++ US …More

July 16, 2008 | Withdrawal from Iraq and Reorientation of National Security Priorities This Article contains Flash-Video

Barack Obama Speech: “I will give our military a new mission on my first day in office: ending this war. (…) Let me be clear: We must be as careful getting out of Iraq as we were careless getting in. We can safely redeploy our combat brigades at a pace that would remove them in 16 months.” …More

July 16, 2008 | Somali Peace Requires Constructive International Engagement

Abukar Arman: Lasting peace in Somalia requires a holistic approach and constructive engagement on behalf of the international community. The peace accord needs to be adapted to recognize that the precondition “cessation of violence” cannot be fulfilled before Ethiopian occupation troops have left. …More

July 16, 2008 | The US is Fighting Itself in Iraq

Despite the increasingly positive coverage of the war by Western media, the situation in Iraq is constantly deteriorating. ++ Al-Qaeda, the declared enemy of the Bush administration, has become only one of many terrorist groups in Iraq. ++ The …More

July 15, 2008 | War in the Air Between Georgia and Russia

The prospect of war between Georgia and Russia is increasingly realistic. ++ We must stand up for Georgia and prevent the war as it could lead to the breakdown of Russia’s relations with the West and destabilize a territory so crucial …More

July 15, 2008 | US Should Help Israel if it Strikes Iran

The situation in the Middle East is past the point when sanctions and diplomatic talks can still make a difference. ++ The Islamic Republic is not going to yield, it is simply playing for time while trying to produce deliverable nuclear …More

July 11, 2008 | Serbia Is Back in Europe

Elizabeth Pond : Even though radical voices are still present in Serbian political life, most of the Serbs finally made the choice of becoming a part of Europe. …More

July 10, 2008 | Scope of US Foreign Policy Must be Widened

Since the Cold War, US foreign policy has struggled to find a “main enemy,” thereby defining its focus. ++ Global politics, however, have returned to a status quo, in which a broad range of problems, with long-term …More

July 8, 2008 | Iraq: Asking the Right Questions to Find the Answers

The resurgence of the Taliban and al Qaeda demonstrates that the war in Iraq is dangerously diverting attention from the “war of necessity” in Afghanistan. ++ Rather than inflexibly planning to stay on or leave Iraq, …More

July 8, 2008 | Global Nonpolarity: A New World Order

Globalization means that international affairs no longer occur in a bipolar, unipolar, or even multipolar world, but rather “under conditions of nonpolarity.” ++ In this nonpolar world, coordination between actors is increasingly …More

July 8, 2008 | We Can Thank the US for Failure in Afghanistan

The US failed to capitalize on its initial military success in Afghanistan and what seemed to be a finished matter has now redeveloped into a serious threat. ++ “America has only itself to blame” for the current situation. ++ It …More

July 7, 2008 | "My Friends, From the Beltway to Berlin, Yes We Can!"

In the end of July, Obama is scheduled to meet with Chancellor Merkel and to hold a speech at Berlin’s Brandenburg Gate. ++ He should consider saying something to the following effect: the lessons of Berlin …More

July 4, 2008 | The Last Chance for the Dalai Lama

The Dalai Lama seems to be more interested in fanning up international pressure on China than in talking seriously with the central government. ++ However, after the Olympics, his influence in the West will probably fade. ++ His concept of …More

July 4, 2008 | Iraqis are Thankful for American Military Presence

Despite the West’s fear and loathing of America’s perceived overdrawn and poorly executed military initiatives in Iraq, the nation’s expats across the Middle East are singing a different, more optimistic tune. …More

July 3, 2008 | Ukraine's Western Integration

From the Editorial Team: Atlantic Community offers a chance for members to influence real politics. In preparation for Chancellor Merkel’s visit to Ukraine on July 21st, 2008, we are preparing an Atlantic Memo which will be send to members of parliament prior to Merkel’s departure. …More

July 1, 2008 | NATO Burden-Sharing: Not a Lost Cause

Rather than focusing on force levels, debates about burden-sharing within NATO should look at “defense transformation, operations, and the wider context of the international community’s efforts.” ++ While burden-sharing faces many …More

July 1, 2008 | Israel Threatens to Attack Iran

Israeli government claims the extent of the Iranian threat is being underplayed and that no diplomatic pressure can prevent Iranians getting nuclear weapons. ++ Shaul Mofaz, member of Israel’s security cabinet, announced last week that “attacking …More

June 30, 2008 | The Danger of a League of Democracies

Senator McCain’s call for a “League of Democracies” would be a danger rather than an aid to world peace. ++ With both Russia and China excluded, the league would be unable to combat the most pressing global matters: terrorism, climate …More

June 27, 2008 | North Korea's Denuclearization Succeeds

Six-party framework is our best option to achieve the strategic goal of Korea’s denuclearization. ++ Now North Korea is already disabling its plutonium production facility at Yongbyon under the monitoring of US inspectors. ++ The …More

June 27, 2008 | Zimbabwe's Opposition Had No Choice

Zimbabwe’s opposition leader was right to withdraw from the runoff presidential “election”. ++ Thousands of his supporters have been kidnapped and tortured, thousands more would probably have suffered, and it would all have been for …More

June 27, 2008 | Rape Constitutes a War Crime

The recently adopted UN resolution 1820 finally recognized rape as a threat to international peace and security. ++ It recognized emotional, physical, and financial damages not only to the individuals and but to the whole communities and underlined …More

June 26, 2008 | A Palestinian State From the Bottom up

Representatives at the Berlin Middle East Conference reaffirmed their commitment to the US-initiated peace process in Annapolis. ++ Yet the approach has been changed. ++ The creation of an efficient security mechanism aims at setting the …More

June 26, 2008 | West Must Prevent Israel Attacking Iran

Despite positive developments between Israel and many of its adjacent neighbors, the increasing frequency with which Israel speaks of attacking Iran must not be ignored by the West. ++ Israel either truly plans to attack and “is preparing …More

June 25, 2008 | Europe's Dilemma: Accommodating Iraqi Refugees

Violence in Iraq has driven over 2 million refugees abroad, especially to Europe. ++ Several EU countries believe their current immigration policy is too lax and that responsibility is unevenly distributed. ++ Taking over the …More

June 25, 2008 | Zimbabwe is Not Just Another African Tragedy

Something can still be done to save the political and economic situation in Zimbabwe. ++ For this, the US, the UK, and the EU need to cut Mugabe’s access to foreign financial goods and services, and the African Union and Zimbabwe’s …More

June 24, 2008 | US Nukes Are Not Secure in Europe

Some of the 350 US nuclear bombs in the EU are stored at host air bases. ++ A report concludes security standards were not met, and “support buildings, fencing, lighting and security systems” need improvement. ++ The storage of nukes in Europe …More

June 23, 2008 | Taliban Is the West's Last Resort in Afghanistan

A new strategy to stabilize Afghanistan should try to separate al-Qaeda and the Taliban, whereas in the past the opposite was done. ++ A policy is needed that supports anyone who provides stability and does not give asylum to …More

June 23, 2008 | Afghanistan Needs a New Plan

Despite the presence of over 50,000 NATO troops and some 140,000 Afghan troops and police, the Taliban and al-Qaeda have gotten stronger over the past two years. ++ The Pentagon invested about US$16.5 billion in Afghanistan, but it still lacks a …More

June 20, 2008 | "Israelis Helped Create Hezbollah and Hamas"

Direct negotiations between Israel and Hamas create a new opportunity to stabilize the territory and soothe the heated fronts, but lessons of the past should not be forgotten. ++ The last year of Israel’s blockade was …More

June 20, 2008 | Obama Needs a New Strategy for Iraq

Obama should readjust his Iraq strategy like many other former opponents of the war did. ++ US will be remembered as much for how it got out of Iraq as for how it got in. ++ A precipitous withdrawal may give Iranians the chance to dominate …More

June 19, 2008 | The Dream of Afghan Democracy is Dead

Anatol Lieven: NATO might fail in Afghanistan. Hopes for democracy, development, and progress in Afghanistan are already dead. Even though the situation seems hopeless, the West can and should prevent further deterioration. …More

June 18, 2008 | Another Bad Deal for Baghdad

The parallels between the arrangement sought by Bush with the Iraq/US deal, and the defective British Iraq settlement in the 1930s, are striking. ++ The July 31st accord would free Iraq of UN sanctions and provide it with American economic and …More

June 18, 2008 | Climate Change Brings Forth a Century of Violence

Until now, no one really seems to realise what kind of threat climate change represents for human beings living together on Earth. In his book “Climate Wars”, the social psychologist Harald Welzer therefore warns us against only …More

June 17, 2008 | Sudan Flouts its International Obligations

If the international community remains inactive regarding Sudan, its outrage could end up being regarded as hollow. ++ With the help of the International Criminal Court, France, Britain, and the US should pursue a strategy for …More

June 17, 2008 | US Deal Leads to Rising Resentment in Iraq

Iraq’s disparate ethnic groups are united in their opposition to the latest American political and military intentions for the country. ++ According to Bush’s plan, occupation of Iraq could be indefinite. ++ The president should leave …More

June 17, 2008 | Iraq Starts to Fix Itself

Albeit reversible, the situation is improving in Iraq as the government gains confidence and increasingly asserts its independence from the US and Iran. ++ Despite the lack of jobs, clean water, and electricity, Iraqis are benefiting from high oil …More

June 16, 2008 | Prime Minister Maliki's Misery

Al-Maliki wants good relations both with Iran and with the US but ongoing tensions between the two are putting him in a difficult position. ++ The Iraqi Prime Minister cannot afford to ruffle Iran’s feathers because of the large Shia majority in …More

June 16, 2008 | Israeli-Syrian Peace Could Stabilize Middle East

Today, a Syrian-Israeli peace, which would enable Syria to recover the Golan Heights and protect the country’s interests in Lebanon, is complicated by Syria’s alliance with Iran. ++ Yet if Syria achieves peace with Israel, its …More

June 13, 2008 | American Foreign Policy Between Unilateralism and Multilateralism

Sonja Davidovic: Through the changes in the global power structure resulting from the breakdown of the Soviet Union, the USA inevitably assumed the role of a “Global Leader”. This shifted position within the international community provided the American theorists of foreign policy with new tasks. It has become imperative to define the positioning of the USA in the modified global political landscape and to find a suitable strategic orientation of the activities in the field of foreign policy. …More

June 13, 2008 | EU and UN: Less Talking, More Action

Global issues, such as proliferation, energy security, diseases, and terrorism are not disparate and unconnected, and cannot be settled unilaterally. ++ “Practical multilateralism is a strategic necessity, not a liberal nicety.” ++ The …More

June 12, 2008 | No More Humanitarian Interventions

“Many of the world’s necessary interventions in the decade before the invasion - in places like Haiti and the Balkans - would seem impossible in today’s climate.” ++ In the wake of the Burmese cyclone, the strength of totalitarian …More

June 10, 2008 | Domestic Politics Should Not Trump Hunger

The decrease of large scale commercial agriculture in Africa and the loss of productivity in Asia are partly responsible for the critical need for worldwide food assistance. ++ A solution to the crisis requires both huge …More

June 9, 2008 | Pakistan Does Not Fight Al-Qaeda

The Pakistani Army no longer fights the counterinsurgency war on their western border. ++ Instead Pakistani troops are deployed at the border to India, where 80% of US aid since 9/11 has been used, although given to fight the Taliban insurgency. …More

June 3, 2008 | Gridlock Persists in Macedonian Name Game

Compromise has yet to be reached on the issue of Macedonia’s official name and national identity, as Greece recently blocked the country from joining NATO, out of fears that a recognized Macedonian nation state would mobilize separatist …More

June 3, 2008 | New Tipping Point in Iraq, but This Time it's Positive

US Ambassador Ryan C. Crocker, who is known for cautious assessments, said terrorists in Iraq have “never been closer to defeat than they are now.” ++ The Iraqi government has gained control of Basra and Sadr City for …More

June 2, 2008 | German Role in Afghanistan Overstated

Senior Afghan official, Mohammad Z. Wahdats is skeptical that there would be less stability in Afghanistan’s north without the Germans. ++ “For the issue of security, we don’t need them any more. We solve all our problems by ourselves.” ++ …More

June 2, 2008 | US and Russia are Needed for Nuclear Arms Control

Cooperation between Russia and the US on issues of nonproliferation is vital for America’s national security. ++ The agreement now before the US Congress would help the US and Russia create an international fuel bank that …More

June 2, 2008 | An African Future for the Private Military

While the private military industry has benefited enormously from contracting opportunities in Iraq, these opportunities will at some point draw to a close and the industry will need new contracts. ++ Firms will likely return to Africa …More

June 2, 2008 | McCain Seeks Old Friends and New Enemies

Bush’s unilateralism has created a rift in transatlantic relations that is unlikely to be fixed by the next US president, unless the EU and the US share a common threat. ++ McCain frames the authoritarian capitalism of China and Russia …More

May 30, 2008 | Iran's Cooperation is Crucial in Iraq

The current propaganda campaign against Iran is similar to that against Iraq before the US-led invasion. ++
Without Iran’s cooperation peace and stability in Iraq cannot be achieved. ++ The more immediate danger is not Iranian …More

May 30, 2008 | McCain's Foreign Policy: More Procrastination

The US position vis-a-vis Iran and North Korea has been weakened in the past several years, not out of a reluctance to engage in talks, or because of the emptiness of threats of using force, but because of a failure to formulate …More

May 29, 2008 | Iraq: Winston Churchill and Dj Vu

James Cricks: We are indebted to Christopher Catherwood for doing the homework about Iraq and the West that current policymakers should be considering. …More

May 29, 2008 | Palestinian Concerns Over Syrian-Israeli Negotiations

Although the recent negotiations between Israel and Syria give an encouraging push to the peace process in the Middle East, some Palestinian faction leaders and analysts expressed concerns about this issue. ++ They believe …More

May 29, 2008 | The Rise of the "Petro-Superpowers"

Michael T. Klare: When the Cold War ended, it was generally assumed that the US would henceforth enjoy unchallenged preponderance. But today, military superiority no longer constitutes the decisive determinant of global paramountcy: energy has acquired unexpectedly vast significance. …More

May 28, 2008 | The League of Democracies is an American Fantasy

The growing popularity of John McCain’s League of Democracies among US voters of both parties should raise concern. ++ In a post-American world peace and prosperity especially require Chinese and Russian cooperation. ++ …More

May 28, 2008 | Gulf States do not Require US Assistance Against Iran

The US proposal of a regional nuclear defense shield against Iran is not being met with enthusiasm by its allies in the Persian Gulf. ++ As business ties with Iran deepen, the Gulf States perceive the offer of the US as a …More

May 27, 2008 | Iranian Threat: 5 Minutes to Midnight

Failed US foreign policy pushed Iran into a hegemonic role it never could have attained under its own power and in such a short time. ++ Iran’s nuclear program threatens to tilt the regional strategic balance enduringly. ++ It is …More

May 27, 2008 | Candidates' Foreign Policy Differences are Rhetorical

The foreign policy discussion between McCain and Obama has helped portray the former as uncompromising and the latter as visionary. ++ Since US strategy in Iraq has required diplomats to negotiate with Shiite militiamen, …More

May 26, 2008 | Fighting Anti-Americanism Through Foreign Policy

While every candidate seems to agree that “America’s current public diplomacy efforts are badly flawed,” each conceives a different solution to the problem. ++ The warnings which are currently circulating in academic and policy …More

May 23, 2008 | Overseas Deployment Law Endangers Democracy

The Japanese government is asking to be granted permanent authority over the use of military force. ++ Currently every foreign deployment of troops requires separate legislative approval and is bound by strict legal parameters. ++ …More

May 23, 2008 | Hezbollah Strengthened by Deals for Factions

The recent agreement between Lebanese political factions promised to end the 18 month long political deadlock. ++ Although it amounted to a significant shift of power in favour of the militant Shiite group Hezbollah, the governmental …More

May 23, 2008 | Acting Responsibly is a Priority in Burma

Responsibility and emergency to act in Burma cannot be doubted but UN legitimacy is lacking and R2P stands for “responsibility to protect,” not “right to invade.” ++ Any action requires “a careful, informed calculation of the likely …More

May 22, 2008 | EU/US Could Help Solve Serbia's Divide Over Europe

Uncertainty remains as to whether Serbia will turn East or West, but the radicalization of public opinion means the emerging government will have to defend Serb interests in Kosovo and encourage the de facto partition. ++ …More

May 22, 2008 | The Renaissance of Nuclear Deterrence

Thomas Speckmann: By highlighting the following dilemma “the Iranian bomb or the bombing of Iran”, Sarkozy signalled the return to a strategy of nuclear deterrence. Since the West’s most dreaded scenario is the nuclearization of the Middle East, calls to prevent Iran from acquiring the atomic bomb are becoming ever more frequent. …More

May 22, 2008 | UN Peacekeeping - Struggling to Define 'Business as Usual'

Ethan Christian Arrow: Raising the issue of UN legitimacy in matters of hard and soft power, a panel of speakers have recommended tailoring operations according to local needs. Perhaps running the UN more like a business and less like a Western power would produce better results for all concerned. …More

May 21, 2008 | America's Paralysis in the Face of "Hezbullahization"

At the Knesset plenum, Bush’s declarations regarding America’s political and military commitment to Israel’s defense were most promising. ++ Yet the Hezbollah’s recent take over of Lebanon was met with absolute …More

May 20, 2008 | US-Polish Missile Negotiations Reach a Stalemate

US diplomats will not exceed their offer - worth billions - to modernize Poland’s armed forces in exchange for the hosting of the anti-missile shield base on Polish soil. ++ Poland’s expectations are higher than what the US is …More

May 19, 2008 | Should Aid be Imposed on Burma?

Without a coordinated international response to the humanitarian crisis in Burma, the death toll could expand exponentially. ++ French Minister of Foreign Affairs Bernard Kouchner controversially suggested that given the responsibility to …More

May 19, 2008 | The Russophobia Card

Andrei Tsygankov: The US presidential candidates are increasingly playing the Russophobia card in their campaigns. In addressing Russia, Senators John McCain and Hillary Clinton have resorted to insulting President Vladimir Putin as a KGB spy who has no soul. Russophobia is truly back into fashion, as Senator Joseph Biden admitted last week.

May 19, 2008 | China: It Is Not All About Human Rights

Natalia Ruban : Those who support a boycott of the Beijing Olympics overlook that limiting relations with China to the question of Tibet will not improve the human rights situation. The worsening of Western-Chinese relations endangers economic growth, and progress on global issues such as nuclear non-proliferation, Darfur and climate change. …More

May 16, 2008 | The Return of the Rwanda conflict

Brought up by their fathers - the men responsible for the mass killings back in Rwanda - or by extremist Hutu rebels, the second generation of Hutu child soldiers has grown up.++ They are imbued with the same mind-altering ideology of …More

May 16, 2008 | The Future Should be Energy Efficient

Growing oil prices and diminishing supplies of natural resources increasingly give rise to doubts regarding the long-term stability of an economy that relies on fossil fuels. The underlying assumption of pessimistic analyses based on the …More

May 16, 2008 | UN Intervention in Darfur is Imperative

Next month the US will assume the presidency of the UN Security Council. ++ In hopes of preserving its currently vulnerable legacy as an architect of peace, the US plans to move forward in deploying peacekeeping troops to the Darfur …More

May 16, 2008 | Iran's Victory in Lebanon

The conflict in Lebanon is part of the larger regional struggle between Arabs and Iran over influence in the region. ++ Hizbollah military action shows that there is a new game in town. ++ While Iran armed, financed and supported Hizbollah, the …More

May 15, 2008 | Bush's Failed Policy in the Middle East

During his last Middle East Tour, President Bush will have to accept the failure of his policies in the region. ++ Since Bush undertook to revive peace negotiations between the Israelis and Palestinians at Annapolis in late 2007, no …More

May 15, 2008 | Why NATO Slowly Fades Away

Peter van Ham: NATO is slowly losing its significance as the central platform to manage transatlantic security challenges. In view of the different reasons for the Alliance’s declining relevance, its resilience, rather than its demise should surprise us. …More

May 13, 2008 | Preventing Lebanon From Slipping Into Civil War

Recent escalating disputes and mutual suspicion between the government and the Shiite militia Hezbollah in Lebanon raise fears of a new civil war. ++ Arab countries are concerned that Hezbollah may be attempting to spread Iranian …More

May 13, 2008 | Boris Tadic's Victory is Not so Decisive

The recent victory in Serbian parliamentary elections by President Boris Tadic’s pro-EU alliance was not as decisive as he would like to have the world believe. ++ In order to form a government he is likely to have to form a coalition …More

May 10, 2008 | 'The Godfather' Doctrine

John C. Hulsman and A. Wess Mitchell: Coppola’s film offers lessons in diplomacy that we can’t refuse. Rather than the liberal institutionalist and neoconservative policies of the last two decades, the next US administration should adopt a flexible realist approach to deal with the challenges of a multipolar world. …More

May 9, 2008 | Georgia in Desperate Need for Western Help

Russia is increasing military means in Georgia that show striking parallels with Turkish occupation of northern Cyprus. ++ NATO members argue Georgia’s state of democratization needs to improve before they are willing to risk …More

May 8, 2008 | Foreign Policy: McCain Aims High but Misses the Mark

John McCain’s recent neoconservative foreign policy proposals are of questionable merit. ++ Reorganizing the G8 to the exclusion of Russia and China, will effectively render the organization irrelevant. ++ A League of …More

May 8, 2008 | Israel at 60, and Beyond

In a sort of ‘State of the Union’ address, the Jerusalem Post marks the 60th anniversary with the struggles, triumphs, and miracles that have brought about the first geographically defined Jewish civilization since millennia. ++ …More

May 8, 2008 | Freedom and Democracy No Longer on the March

With high oil prices allowing authoritarian regimes to consolidate power, and US influence and moral authority in decline, the global trend towards democratization appears to be reversing. ++ This is particularly apparent in …More

May 8, 2008 | The Right NATO for the Right Afghanistan

Péter Marton: Afghanistan needs an external security guarantee for the long term. NATO should provide that guarantee against clashing external influence-seeking endeavours, but it can only do so it if it sheds its geopolitical identity for the Afghan mission. That is how a neutral strategic identity could be secured for Afghanistan. …More

May 7, 2008 | Bleak Prospects for Peace in the Middle East

Decades of conflict have created economic, demographic, and political conditions that are compromising achieving peace in the Middle East. ++ Disincentives for the creation of two states are proving stronger than the rationale for …More

May 6, 2008 | The Threat of the New Middle East

The old Middle East and the secular nationalism that went along with it is being replaced by a new, modern Middle East in which political Islam and anti-Western nationalism play a decisive role. ++ There is now a serious threat of “a …More

May 5, 2008 | India Less Threatening Than China

In Asia, the rise of India is perceived as less threatening than the rise of China. ++ India does have strong military capabilities, but is a democracy, which are said to be more peaceful. ++ India’s military is believed to be unthreatening …More

May 5, 2008 | US Must Protect Lives of Iraqi Women

Since the US invasion of Iraq, the situation for women especially in the south of the country has worsened dramatically. ++ Tribal forces subdued under Saddam have been unleashed by the US occupation. ++ According to the UN, 133 women were …More

May 5, 2008 | Iran's Role in Iraq: Complexity and Confusion

According to the US, Iran is a state sponsor of terrorism causing heavy casualties in Iraq. ++ Iranian Hussein Shariatmadari denies this with the claim Iran shares Iraq’s interest in ending US occupation and armed militias. ++ …More

May 5, 2008 | Military Alone Cannot Solve Afghanistan's Woes This Article contains Flash-Video

James Jones: While NATO forces are needed in Afghanistan, the real focus should be on fighting narcotics, building up an effective judicial system, increasing Afghan police capabilities, empowering a single individual to represent the international community, and acknowledging regional difficulties. …More

April 30, 2008 | Negotiation Over Isolation

Policy in Washington favors punishing and boycotting governments and political factions who do not adhere to US mandates. ++ This approach gives leaders little incentive to moderate their policies. ++ “In the Middle East, as in Nepal, the path to …More

April 30, 2008 | Resentment Could Fester Deadly Anger

Climate change, resource shortages, and crippling, high food prices caused by the increased consumption of advanced and developing economies has unleashed a tide of resentment in poorer regions. ++ If Western culture and influence gets the …More

April 29, 2008 | US Should Work With Pakistan's New Government

Musharraf and Bush’s failure to calm Pakistan’s lawless border enabled Al Qaeda to take refuge and gain strength. ++ Pakistanis now think the war is Washington’s because of the civilian casualties. ++ New …More

April 29, 2008 | Visions of Foreign Policy Oppose Candidates

While Obama upholds transformation, Mc Cain’s intentions suggest a great deal of continuity based on American power considerations. ++ Obama emphasizes negotiation and the use of the US “potential for attraction instead of …More

April 29, 2008 | Afghanistan: Chances are High That NATO Will Fail

T. Noetzel & B. Schreer: Despite a theoretically clear strategy, NATO is both politically and militarily ill-prepared to execute the required counter-insurgency strategy in Afghanistan. An Afghan disaster might not be a death sentence for the Alliance, but would certainly have major repercussions. …More

April 28, 2008 | Independent Tibet Would Mean More Suffering

Independence is first about daily economic realities, and not about religious practice or ideology. ++ Tibet has made no visible steps to build on its autonomy; without China Tibet is not even able to feed its population. ++ All those Hollywood personalities will not create new jobs or build better infrastructure, as China did. ++ The world has a large enough inventory of failed ideas like Iraq.

April 25, 2008 | NATO Expansion Could Spark New Arms Race

There is more to NATO’s enlargement plans than the official explanations imply. ++ “NATO is just a vehicle and another opportunity to extend its hard power globally” says Dan Plesch. ++ Regional dominance in former Soviet …More

April 25, 2008 | Reconciling US and Iraqi Narratives About the War

A recent poll showed that 70% of Iraqis believe US should leave because they are fuelling tensions. ++ Americans believe US should stay to curb sectarian violence and promote democracy. ++ Even Petraeus recognizes the solution …More

April 25, 2008 | "Existential Threats" Are Holding India Back

India is confronted with a multitude of territorial claims from its neighbors. ++ The Asian giant is vulnerable to “the tyranny of geography.” ++ The pluralist democracy’s fragile and instable surroundings and …More

April 24, 2008 | Networked Security Needed in the Transatlantic Context This Article contains Flash-Video

Jackson Janes: The common threats which Europe and the United States are facing call for immediate collaborative action. Given the interconnectedness of the world today, it is important to apply the lessons learned through transatlantic successes to other regions as well. …More

April 23, 2008 | Mortgage Mess Cause of Economic Slump, Not Iraq!

Critics of current US foreign policy point to the Iraq war for the current economic slump. ++ New indicators suggest otherwise. ++ A general rise in material and commodity prices running parallel to high oil prices, reflects …More

April 23, 2008 | Solving Kosovo's Kosovo

Daniel Korski & Richard Gowan: Away from the limelight and with other world events getting the media’s attention, the situation in Kosovo has been getting worse and worse. And it all started so well with the EU managing to get a consensus for its ESDP mission and two-thirds of EU states backing the province’s independence. …More

April 22, 2008 | Improving America's Image in the Arab World

Recent Arab public opinion polls confirm a “gap between the aims of American policies and Arab public perceptions of the US.” ++ They also highlight that the US could improve its image by brokering peace between Palestine and …More

April 22, 2008 | No Enlargement: The EU and Russia Need one Another

Russian perception of enlargement to Ukraine and Georgia as a threat is reasonable. ++ Russia desperately needs EU investment and technology. ++ Europe needs Russian natural gas. ++ Russia should also be stronger engaged in disarmament again. ++ Stable relations to Russia should be preferred over NATO enlargement, representing “the fantasies of an American president.”

April 19, 2008 | Smarter Instead of Carter: The Futility of Talking To Hamas

Lior Petek: Former US President Jimmy Carter on his current Middle East tour justified his controversial talks with Hamas by arguing that it cannot be ignored. Unfortunately, Carter does not see that there is nothing to talk about with Hamas. …More

April 18, 2008 | Iran Divides Democratic Candidates

Obama and Clinton may agree on many issues, but they champion two very different approaches towards US foreign policy in the Middle East. ++ Obama opposes the notion of a “clash of civilizations” and supports engaging moderates and democrats in the Muslim world. ++ Clinton would follow a path similar to that of the Bush administration and focus on defending US allies and deterring Iran.

April 17, 2008 | Iran Could be a Partner of the US in Iraq

Contrary to the Bush administration’s claim last week, the main interest of Iran in Iraq is not to predicate on violence but to stabilize this country. ++ To prevent the possible future aggression from the Sunnites and to stop the …More

April 16, 2008 | Rethinking Expectations of International Institutions

A new culture of international relations based on full respect of human rights, human security and sustainable development is needed. ++ Global problems such as terrorism, food crisis and climate change can no longer …More

April 14, 2008 | Supporting Ukraine, but Worrying About Russia

Atlantic Community SURVEY: 23 European and US policy analysts and our members express stronger support for Ukraine’s NATO aspirations than witnessed at the Bucharest Summit. Advocacy for fast NATO enlargement correlates with geographic proximity to Russia. …More

April 14, 2008 | Foes of the US no Longer Fear or Respect it

US’s coercive tools - military might and economic leverage - have severely diminished due to failure in Iraq, expensive oil, and the rise of new industrial giants. ++ The next president needs to acknowledge the ineffectiveness …More

April 10, 2008 | Annapolis: Little Time Left for an Agreement

Colette Avital: The negotiations between Israel and Abu Mazen’s Palestinian Authority need to move forward quickly and improve conditions on the ground. Failure to reach a solution within the year could trigger renewed violence and make future negotiations along similar lines impossible. …More

April 10, 2008 | Unity - a Fragile China Bowl?

China is afraid of its unity being called into question. ++ Kosovo’s recent unilateral declaration of independence,
Taiwan’s upcoming presidential election, and China’s short history as a united country are reasons for …More

April 9, 2008 | Local Truces Bring Political Progress to Iraq

A top-down model of political compromise is inapt to restore order and bring peace to Iraq’s tribal society. ++ But now, a balance of truces between hyperlocalized clans and councils is generating optimism, political progress, and a …More

April 9, 2008 | Iraq: The Situation has Changed, but not the Debate

Reduction of violence in Iraq “so great as to be undeniable.” ++
Yet partisan debate over Iraq continues. ++ McCain sees success within reach, while Clinton and Obama remain locked within the “this war is lost” prism, …More

April 7, 2008 | Empty Rhetoric Hides Cracks in the Alliance

Few members at the Bucharest Summit acted to present the strongest military alliance in the world as “purposeful, tough and cohesive.” ++ “The Atlantic Caucus” is left to shoulder the biggest burden in Afghanistan and fill the …More

April 6, 2008 | Why We Should Fear a McCain Presidency

Anatol Lieven: McCain’s promise to listen more to America’s allies in Europe needs to be taken with a grain of salt. Senator McCain is in fact a neo-conservative as can be seen from his policies on Iraq, Russia, NATO, and democracy building. …More

April 4, 2008 | Enlargement Delay is Okay if Progress in Afghanistan

Marek Swierczynski: NATO’s decision to delay a major enlargement should only be viewed in a positive light if it results in better management of the Afghan mission, and the Alliance keeps up the pace to relaunch negotiations with Ukraine and Georgia. …More

April 4, 2008 | Division Hampers Progress in Afghanistan

Troops in Afghanistan amount to a mere 10% of the contingent needed. ++ Quarrelling over NATO policy issues is preventing gathering the necessary means to effectively tackle terrorism and the Taliban. ++ While French, German and Greek …More

April 4, 2008 | The Outcome of Bucharest

For the sake of NATO credibility, the decision against MAPs for Ukraine and Georgia
needs to be reviewed within the year. ++ If Europeans give in, Russia may be able to prevent former Soviet republics from democratizing and westernizing. ++ But …More

April 3, 2008 | Success in Afghanistan Requires Emphasis on Pakistan

The fate of NATO’s Afghanistan mission is strongly interlinked with developments in Pakistan. ++ Stability of both countries depends on an effective strategy to fight the Taliban/Al Qaeda in Pakistan’s tribal border areas. ++ …More

April 3, 2008 | A Grand Plan for NATO Will Have to Wait

Stanley R. Sloan: Besides agreeing on devoting more military and non-military resources to the mission in Afghanistan, NATO leaders at the Bucharest Summit should start drafting a new strategic concept and a contemporary Atlantic Charter for the new American administration to tackle in 2009. …More

April 2, 2008 | Afghanistan at the Top of Bucharest Agenda

The first territorial war of NATO history in Afghanistan will be the hot topic at the Bucharest Summit. ++ NATO’s credibility seems tied to success in Afghanistan, therefore NATO governments should reach a consensus on new criteria for measuring success and failure. ++ Democratization and stabilization can be difficult to achieve and should not be measured on an all-or-nothing basis.

April 1, 2008 | NATO Cannot be an Alliance of Equals

NATO has always been a two-tiered alliance in which some countries shouldered more burdens than others. ++ This fact will not change, but it also does not invalidate the significance of NATO. ++ A two-tiered NATO even has certain benefits …More

April 1, 2008 | How Britain Now Runs European Security

Daniel Korski: Something odd is happening across Europe’s security landscape. In spite of British Prime Minister Brown’s euro-scepticism, and Britain’s supposed European isolation following the Iraq War, London is once again becoming the centerpiece of European security cooperation. …More

March 31, 2008 | Divides Inside the Alliance

Rüdiger Lentz: Increasing debates within the Alliance about the inequity of risk- and burden-sharing among its members overshadow the upcoming summit in Bucharest. Especially, the Germans are being pressured by Washington and their Western allies to send more fighting troops to Afghanistan. …More

March 31, 2008 | Getting the US out of Iraq is the Smart Thing to Do

US disengagement in Iraq will increase long term stability in the region. ++ Al-Qaeda is not behind most of the insurgency. ++ Disengagement should include serious dialogues with Iraqi leaders and those of neighboring areas, …More

March 28, 2008 | NATO's Unhappy Warriors

Wess Mitchell: While the United States has been prodding the alliance’s second-tier members, newcomers have stepped up in Afghanistan. …More

March 27, 2008 | Goldman Sachs Sees $1.2 Trillion Global Credit Loss

Wall Street is expected to account for nearly 40 percent of the $1.2 trillion loss in the global market turmoil. ++ “U.S. leveraged institutions, which include banks, brokers-dealers, hedge
funds and government-sponsored …More

March 25, 2008 | Support Democracy and Hope in Pakistan

Taliban and al Qaeda members sheltered in Pakistan are serious threats to US and NATO troops in Afghanistan. ++  Frontier Corps need to be improved and the US should be spending more than $150 million a year on the eastern front. ++ The US should clearly support reconciliation, getting the military out of politics, a new tribal area policy, and above all, democracy in Pakistan.

March 21, 2008 | Britain's Security Strategy Needs to be More European

Britain’s new US-style national security strategy (NSS) should provide for better risk assessment, more troops, and more funds. ++ Unfortunately, the NSS only makes casual reference to Europe and features a continuing …More

March 20, 2008 | A New Counterterrorism Strategy for Pakistan

Washington continues to rely on Musharraf to stop cross-border incursions of terrorist militants into Afghanistan and to keep Karzai’s regime standing. ++ Yet US military and financial aid has been inefficient due to Musharraf’s …More

March 20, 2008 | The Last Days of George W. Bush and the Old Ways?

Fouad Naji Maarouf: George W. Bush was a disaster for the US. A change of attitude and government would bring good change. …More

March 19, 2008 | Strengthening the EU to Strengthen NATO

Ambassador Victoria Nuland: “Europe needs, the United States needs, NATO needs, the democratic world needs – a stronger, more capable European defense capacity.” …More

March 19, 2008 | The End of NATO Would Leave the EU Powerless

With unilateral pull-outs of the Afghan mission threatening NATO’s existence, Europe’s security is also at risk. ++ EU members lack consensus both on matters of foreign policy and regarding a role for NATO in the future. ++ As a global security actor, the EU should bolster its military capabilities, drop its idealism, and commit itself to real objectives in Sudan, Afghanistan, and Kosovo.

March 19, 2008 | An Olympic Challenge: Talking to the Dalai Lama

China should think twice before it uses excessive force on protesters in Tibet and generates an international outcry. ++ With the Beijing Olympics on the horizon, deaths in Lhasa could motivate many democracies to condemn China and withdraw from the competition. ++ China could best resolve the current crisis by inviting the Dalai Lama to talks, an action which would receive international applause.

March 18, 2008 | Iraq Five Years on: the Polish Perspective

Marek Swierczynski: Poland’s decision to join the “coalition of the willing” has left the military stretched beyond capacity, the society in serious mistrust of their leaders and perception of a joint effort for a good cause seriously damaged. It took 25 lives 5 years and 3 governments to rethink and withdraw. …More

March 17, 2008 | The 5th Anniversary of the Invasion of Iraq

The Iraq war no longer raises much interest on behalf of the American and European people. ++ Raw US military presence compounded by a lack of regional policies and informed diplomacy with Iran, Syria, Saudi Arabia and Israel has left the country in a stalemate. ++ The next American president will face two options: everlasting peacekeeping or a possible bloodbath at the time of withdrawal.

March 17, 2008 | NATO Needs a New Strategic Concept

To remain a relevant alliance, NATO needs to adapt to both changes in the international order and evolving threats. ++ NATO requires a comprehensive approach, enhanced coordination with other civilian actors, and cooperation with the UN and …More

March 17, 2008 | US Decline is Bad for Japan

War in Iraq might decrease US ability to preserve peace in East Asia - a serious concern for Japan. ++ Japan relies on the Middle East for 90 percent of its oil - stability in the region is vital. ++ North Korea will never dismantle nuclear weapons without US influence. ++ Japan should maintain close relationship with US - decline in US power is not in Japan’s national interest.

March 17, 2008 | Tibet: Little Has Changed Since 1989

Uprising in Tibet is embarrassment for Beijing, especially in light of upcoming Olympics. ++ Instead of showing progress, the world sees how little has changed. ++ Instead of stepping up propaganda war, China should allow freedom of …More

March 14, 2008 | NATO at a Crossroad

Marek Swierczynski: Just before the NATO summit in Bucharest, the differences on what and how the Alliance should do in the future seem all but rising on both sides of the Atlantic. The Warsaw conference on NATO’s Transformation made fundamental divides clearly visible. …More

March 13, 2008 | Israel: Make Peace with Syria, Palestine Will Follow

Eventually the Israeli-Palestinian conflict will be settled by the formation of two states. ++ Bringing Hamas into negotiations is one option to speed up process. ++ Making peace first with Syria would end confrontation …More

March 12, 2008 | Serbia's Choice: Between Integration and Isolation

Aiming primarily to qualify Serbia for membership in the EU, the Democratic Party of Tadic offers the country the most sensible economic, strategic, and diplomatic solution. ++ Kosovo’s declaration of independence may have …More

March 11, 2008 | Creating the Conditions for Negotiations and Peace

Given the current logic of violent retaliation which dominates actions of the weak and divided political systems in Palestine and Israel, there is no foreseeable end to the conflict. ++ Yet if an end to the strangulation of …More

March 11, 2008 | Adopting a Realistic Position Towards the US Ally

With power changing hands in the US, the time has come for Australia to reconsider its position towards the American leadership and acquire some confidence and self reliance. ++ Both ventures with the US in Vietnam and Iraq were disastrous, and placed Australia on the side of the politically defeated. ++ Australia need not systematically be a follower when it comes to matters of national security.

March 11, 2008 | The Illusion of a Nuclear-Free World

Nuclear weapons with their incomparable destructive capacity are the determining center of international power. ++ As technological forces are increasingly being associated with national security and success, defenders of disarmament are …More

March 11, 2008 | Time to Send the German Army to South-Afghanistan

Uta Ermler: A comparison of statistics in road casualty to killed German soldiers in Afghanistan points out, that the increasing danger in the south should be no reason for the refusal of the German government to deploy troops in southern Afghanistan. …More

March 10, 2008 | Al Qaeda Will Not Rule Iraq

It is a misunderstanding of Al Qaeda’s nature and aims that leads to the fear it could implement an Islamic state in Iraq if the US troops were to leave. ++ Al Qaeda is a non-territorial global entity that antagonizes the West, disrupts existing conflicts but cannot coordinate enough key local actors so as to rule a state. ++ In Iraq, it is the Sunnis, Shiites and Kurds who play the central role.

March 6, 2008 | New Moderate Centrism on the Rise in Iraqi Politics

Reidar Visser: While Western media has largely overlooked the rise of a moderate centrist force in Iraq, this new current deserves attention as it faces challenges from the Iraqi Presidency Council. …More

March 6, 2008 | Providing NATO with a New Strategic Concept

Currently, NATO’s means are solely military. ++ Yet today’s most urgent task is to prevent crises by eliminating reasons for armed conflict, so force should be the ultimate resort. ++ To avoid becoming a hollow transatlantic alliance, …More

March 6, 2008 | Politics and Society in Iraqi Kurdistan

Tobias Bock: This paper aims at assessing the civil society within Iraqi Kurdistan, the region of the conflict torn country that is often perceived as ‘the other Iraq’ or at least tries to convey this impression to the outside world. …More

March 5, 2008 | Is Everything a Security Issue?

Benjamin Lucas Schoo: We have entered an era of political science where traditional security studies have been challenged by a much broader concept, which has come to be known as Human Security, examining the role of non-traditional threats on the security of individuals. …More

March 5, 2008 | The Palestinian Authority Deserves Israeli Cooperation

West Bank NGOs that channeled funds to Hamas have been brought under supervision, Hamas groups have been disarmed, and the Palestinian Authority has neutralized hundreds of radicals. ++ In return, Israel needs to remove settlements, checkpoints, and roadblocks in the West Bank. ++ This would help solve Israel’s security problems and allow for the improvement of the lives of Palestinians.

March 4, 2008 | Stronger Role for EU in Afghanistan

As Afghanistan moves from a transitional to a long-term development framework, an outside authority is needed to direct reconstruction. ++ The Afghan government cannot manage this alone. ++ The country is slipping back into terrorism reminiscent of Taliban rule. ++ The European Union would be the ideal candidate to coordinate between the government, international organisations and the NGOs.

February 27, 2008 | Recognition of Kosovo Punishes Serbian Democracy

Kosovo’s illegal declaration of independence has destabilized the international system. ++ Recognizing Kosovo legitimizes imposed solutions to ethnic conflicts, unilateral secession by a non-state actor, and forced partition to sovereign states. ++ “Recognizing Kosovo means saying, in effect, that Serbian democracy must be punished because [Milosevic] was left unpunished.”

February 27, 2008 | A US Exit Out of Iraq Would Benefit All

A Democratic candidate, if elected, needs to end the war in Iraq as promised. ++ US withdrawal would not only allow the US to make progress on domestic issues, but it would also give Iraqis an opportunity to make their own deals and …More

February 25, 2008 | "Dependent Independence" in Kosovo

Kosovo’s declaration of independence is equally one of dependency - but it’s the “least worst” outcome. ++ Europe is pushing for Kosovo to move from protectorate to EU member state, without allowing it to achieve full independence. ++ Kosovo’s independence does not make the region any more unstable. ++ Serbia has a choice: to sulk, or to start working towards reconstruction and the EU.

February 25, 2008 | Europe and Annapolis: A Focused Agenda

Failure to make the most of the Annapolis process would be fatal for both Israel and the international community. ++ The US needs to be “the major responsible supervisor of the negotiation process.” ++ The EU must move beyond its …More

February 22, 2008 | Transatlantic Security Agenda 2008

Benjamin Lucas Schoo: Vote now on what prominent security related issue the governments on both sides of the Atlantic should focus their attention on! We have identified 4 major tasks for 2008 and ask you to select which of these should be at the top of the transatlantic agenda. You can vote now on the right side. …More

February 21, 2008 | The End of NATO and the Threat of US Unilateralism

D. Korski & M. Williams: NATO’s members need to take action if the 60 year old alliance is to survive as a useful organization. …More

February 21, 2008 | Europe Must Speak With One Voice to Russia

EU member states tend to act autonomously in their relations to Russia. ++ Implementation of EU treaty provisions on common security and foreign policy offers new prospects for EU-Russia cooperation and would be conducive to a …More

February 19, 2008 | Winning Afghanistan

Media perception that Afghanistan is slipping into chaos is wrong. ++ US efforts mean Afghanistan had an average GDP growth of 9.5% a year between 2003 and 2006. ++ Infrastructure is also developing rapidly. ++ While Afghanistan has benefited economically from laws implemented by President Karzai’s ministers, the president himself has mired further reforms.

February 18, 2008 | Cat and Mouse: Iranians Scheme to Elude Sanctions

Sanctions imposed by the UN Security Council against Iran since December 2006 had ambivalent consequences. ++ They negatively affected the Iranian economy and indirectly influenced inflation in Iran, as the government was …More

February 15, 2008 | A Strategy to Save Afghanistan

Western countries should increase their military forces in Afghanistan. ++ More important is a focus on human security; otherwise, a defeat is a real possibility. ++ Priorities should be the training of the police and judiciary, providing jobs and guaranteeing fundamental public services. ++ The author was asked to be the UN’s special envoy, but was rejected by Mr Karzai.

February 14, 2008 | Putin: Russia Will Respond to the New Arms Race

Russia’s President Putin declared the onset of a new arms race. ++ Reacting to US plans for a missile defence shield in Europe, he vowed to modernize Russia’s armed forces. ++ Putin also warned from unnamed foreign powers …More

February 11, 2008 | Troops in Afghanistan: A Catch-22 for German Leaders

Jan Techau and Alexander Skiba of the German Council on Foreign Relations criticize the German Government’s rejection of the US request for more German combat forces in south Afghanistan. There are at least three …More

February 11, 2008 | Iran is Still Dangerous: The US Must Negotiate

Ralf Fuecks: The United States must offer Iran direct negotiations regarding its nuclear program. There needs to be a higher level of political and energy cooperation. …More

February 8, 2008 | US Foreign Policy: Turmoil in the Middle East

The US president is leaving a difficult political legacy behind him in the Middle East. The civil war in Iraq is still smoldering, there are threats of complete destabilization in Lebanon and the Gaza strip, and Iran’s plans …More

February 7, 2008 | NATO at Crossroads - Not Only in Afghanistan

Dieter Farwick: The NATO defense ministers’ meeting should conclude with an agreement to send additional forces to Afghanistan. The troops can win if given the necessary resources and operational freedom. …More

February 6, 2008 | Bush in Wilson's Footsteps

Dominik Bertram: This paper is going to examine the legacy of the 28th president of the USA, Woodrow Wilson, and in how far his approach to international affairs is still a factor in the conduct of US foreign policy.

February 5, 2008 | The Construction of Truth in (Just) War

Dominik Bertram: attempts to make comparisons between the Vietnam War and the second war in the gulf. While there are some similarities between both events, like asymmetric warfare, the justifications of the wars, there are also fundamental differences between both wars.

February 5, 2008 | Colombia: The "Dirty" War and Human Rights

Christian Andreas Morris: laments the US foreign policy stance towards Colombia, especially in light of the $1.3 billion of yearly military aid the US donates to fight the post 9/11 war on terror. …More

February 5, 2008 | US Counter-Insurgency Strategy in Iraq

Niklas Keller: The nature of US counter-insurgency strategy in Iraq is self defeating. …More

February 1, 2008 | [live]The Surge: Few Answers, More Questions

Recent claims that Iraq’s future is looking brighter are out of place. ++ The surge has prolonged the conflict and violence has decreased only because Sunni tribal leaders have been accommodated, not because of …More

January 29, 2008 | The Hard Choices of Intervention

Volker Perthes: I admit that there is no simple checklist to determine how, when, or where German troops should be deployed abroad. But there are a number of valid questions that can be posed before soldiers are sent to peacekeeping and peace-enf …More

January 23, 2008 | Climate Change Threatens International Security

The geopolitical consequences of climate change are determined as much by political, social and economic factors as by the climatic shift itself. As a rule wealthier countries will be better prepared to cope with the effects of …More

January 22, 2008 | The Surge: Few Answers, More Questions

Far from being the success which many have claimed it to be, the surge has actually accomplished very little according to Professor Andrew Bacevich of Boston University. Violence in Iraq has declined, but more because Sunni tribal …More

January 21, 2008 | Kosovo: Avoid US Unilateralism, Encourage EU Leaders

Memo 4: Members of the Atlantic Community are mostly optimistic about the future of Kosovo and conflict resolution in the Western Balkans. The EU has a key role in this region and policy is in the right track, but, of course, big challenges still lie ahead. …More

January 18, 2008 | Bush's Middle East Tour

In his visit to the Middle East, President George W. Bush, in an unusual note of diplomatic urgency, has insisted that Israel and the Palestinians conclude a peace accord before he leaves office in early 2009. Speaking with both Israeli and Palestinian …More

January 7, 2008 | Afghans Respond Favorably to NATO Efforts in Afghanistan

Dr. Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg: The latest survey of Afghan attitudes toward ISAF activities stresses the need for continued German engagement in Afghanistan. …More

January 4, 2008 | Arms Race in the Caucasus

Thomas de Waal: The simmering conflicts in Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia could easily flare up. Although they are driven by unresolved regional disputes, both the US and Russia loom large in the background. …More

December 21, 2007 | Nikolas K. Gvosdev, Editor of The National Interest

Dr. Gvosdev is a frequent commentator on US foreign policy and international relations, Russian and Eurasian affairs, and developments in the Middle East. He is also the author of six books, most recently the co-author of …More

December 18, 2007 | Europe and Missile Defense: A Risky Nap

Alexander Bernhard Bitter: Missile defense for Europe is coterminous with NATO’s mission. The European policy of waiting for a new US administration is flawed, as the financial burden of the endeavor could shift heavily toward Europe. …More

December 13, 2007 | The World Divided Between Autocracy and Democracy

Ever since the age of Enlightenment, there has been an enduring battle between the forces of liberalism against those of autocracy. Contrary to what liberals claimed, the demise of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War …More

December 12, 2007 | Kosovo: It's Not as Bad as You Think

Elizabeth Pond: The EU and the UN can build on recent progress to resolve the last unfinished business from the 1990s’ Balkan wars. There is still a long way to go, though, to bring Kosovo under EU supervision and persuade Serbia to opt for a European future. …More

December 6, 2007 | Zbigniew Brzezinski on Current Geopolitical Issues

Russia’s turn away from democracy:
Despite Vladimir Putin’s quest to perpetuate his political influence, Brzezinski warns against perceiving him as an enemy. He emphasizes the need for the United States to discourage the …More

December 4, 2007 | Survey Shows Afghans are still Hopeful about the Future

An opinion poll commissioned by the BBC indicates that 54% of Afghans think things are going in the right direction, while 70% described their living conditions as good or very good. According to the poll of 1377 people …More

December 3, 2007 | Dealing With Iran: Deterrence Is Not Enough

Matt Dupuis: A nuclear-armed Iran could result in regional spillover in the form of nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East. Negotiations, not deterrence, are the best way to avoid a nuclear free-for-all in the future. …More

November 30, 2007 | More US Marines for a 'Surge' in Afghanistan?

General James Conway of the US Marine Corps advocates the re-deployment of a large contingent of his men into Afghanistan, which would be extracted from the Marine presence in Iraq’s Anbar province, writes Gordon Lubald for …More

November 30, 2007 | Un-predicting the Russian Elections

Alexandros Petersen: I conclude that Putin’s United Russia administration has framed Sunday’s polls as a referendum on his popularity, ensuring extra support for the party. For all of the president’s finagling, however, the only certainty is that his means of retaining power in Russia next year will confound the pundits’ predictions. …More

November 29, 2007 | EU Can Prevent Versailles Syndrome in Serbia

Elizabeth Pond: I contend that the EU plan for Kosovo’s “supervised independence” will avoid the historical mistakes that could end up fueling Serbian resentment and ultranationalism. Offering eventual European Union membership to Serbia is a prudent step that will encourage Serbian cooperation. …More

November 28, 2007 | Forget Democratic Institutions. It's the Tribes, Stupid!

The kinship of tribes is key to building stability and establishing a balance of justice in areas like Iraq and Pakistan with both eroding and nascent political institutions.
The disorderly and anarchic …More

November 28, 2007 | America Holds the Key to Mideast Peace

Anatol Lieven: I put the Israeli-Palestinian conflict into perspective and I argue that the greatest hope lies in American patriotism and the extent to which the US establishment takes the threat of Islamist terrorism seriously. …More

November 27, 2007 | Misleading Statements On Missile Defense Imperil Transatlantic Security

Andreas Beckmann: The general public does not understand the advantages of a US ground-based missile defense system in Europe. Western politicians should be wary of making confusing public statements that could facilitate Russian and Iranian efforts to divide the Alliance. …More

November 22, 2007 | Obama's Global Approach

Mark Brzezinski: Barack Obama’s candidacy for the US presidency gives America an opportunity to redefine itself in relationship with the world, because he takes a global approach to US challenges rather than a more conventional approach. …More

November 20, 2007 | Saudi Arabia: More Terror Sponsor Than Strategic Partner

Despite sporadic condemnation of terrorism by King Abdullah, Saudi Arabians make-up the bulk of the foreign fighters in Iraq and provide the lion’s share of terrorist finances, write Nick Fielding and Sarah Baxter for …More

November 19, 2007 | CSIS Recommendations for a Smarter, More Secure America

The United States has to revitalize its ability to inspire and persuade rather than merely rely upon its military might, argues a bipartisan Commission on Smart Power at Center for Strategic and International Security …More

November 15, 2007 | The West Needs to Adapt to the Challenges of Open-Source Warfare

Iraqi insurgents are increasingly powerful because they constantly learn and adapt in the same way that the open-source movement revolutionized software development. Technological might has proved ineffectual in …More

November 14, 2007 | A Shared Mission in Afghanistan?

Nanne Zwagerman: The European participants in Afghanistan need to have more say in the future of the mission. Dutch forces cannot work in isolation, but rather must be part of a coalition in which strategic decisions are made cooperatively. …More

November 12, 2007 | Rising Geopolitical Paradigms Require a Strong and United Western Alliance

As a community based on values, the West must strengthen its cohesiveness in order to grapple with the pace of globalization, and face a geopolitical axis actively shifting toward Asia, argues Stephen …More

November 12, 2007 | Finishing the Job in Afghanistan

Hans Binnendijk: The consequences of failure in Afghanistan would be severe. I offer three points to help European governments make the case for continued participation in the NATO ISAF mission. …More

November 9, 2007 | Turkish Invasion of Iraq Would Set a Dangerous Precedent

Ankara’s belligerence threatens Iraq’s fledgling democratic institutions, and encourages other neighbors such as Iran and Syria to settle disputes within Iraqi territory, writes Jamaa Alatwani for the Iraqi newspaper …More

November 8, 2007 | Survey Shows 52% of Americans Support an Attack Against Iran

Zogby International publishes results of the latest telephone poll conducted on key current issues. After tensions have risen to an all-time-high between the United States and Iran, the poll shows 52% of those …More

November 7, 2007 | A Confederation for Kosovo

Antonio Cassese: A confederation of states is the best compromise for Kosovo. By means of a binding UN Security Council resolution, Kosovo could be granted full and exclusive authority over its citizens and territory, as well as limited capacity for action on the international scene. …More

November 6, 2007 | State Department Video Podcast on Transatlantic Relations This Article contains Flash-Video

Kurt Volker, Prinicipal Deputy Assistant Secretary for European Affairs discusses the status of the U.S.-NATO relationship and other transatlantic issues with State Department Spokesman Sean McCormack on October 29, 2007.

State Department

November 5, 2007 | Iraqi Refugees: Open Western Doors to the Most Vulnerable

Jan Bittner: The West must acknowledge the disastrous dimensions of the Iraq refugee crisis. First, the most urgent needs must be addressed; second, prospects for the refugees must be developed in the region. The most vulnerable refugees need shelter in the West. …More

November 2, 2007 | Dear Mr. President, Talk To Iran

Chuck Hagel:, US Senator for Nebraska, urges Bush to consider “direct, unconditional and comprehensive talks” with Iran. The private letter, copied to Condoleezza Rice, Robert Gates, and Stephen Hadley, was first published by Steve Clemons on The Washington Note. …More

November 1, 2007 | Science Fiction and Reality: The Economist on the Armies of the Future

As the Pentagon explores the army’s future, The Economist emphasizes the need for an army more capable of engaging locally while better prepared technologically for an uncertain future. Success …More

November 1, 2007 | Blogosphere to Europe: No Free Rides on US Blood

The Atlantic Community interviewed 14 policy analysts from ten European countries on Iraq. The results were published in three parts:

1. “European Analysts Want America to Stay in …More

October 31, 2007 | Going to Annapolis: The Challenge

Colette Avital: For the Annapolis peace conference to be successful, the outcome must focus on the substance of a permanent peace. A mechanism of negotiations should be set in motion for the issues of borders, refugees, Jerusalem, and security, among others, and the peace process should be accompanied by tangible measures on the ground. …More

October 30, 2007 | Inside Iraq: Dangerous Allies This Article contains Flash-Video

New alliances with Sunni militias have reduced attacks on American troops in Anbar and elsewhere in Iraq, but will this new strategy lead to lasting stability, or is it feeding a sectarian civil war and exacerbating a growing refugee crisis?
David Enders and Rick Rowley from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting investigate for Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria, Oktober 14, 2007.

October 30, 2007 | The Lessons of the EU's Iran Diplomacy

Sebastian Harnisch: The Europeans have been learning fast about leadership in crisis management and coercive diplomacy. But in order to convince Iran to stop the most problematic aspects of their nuclear program—uranium enrichment and plutonium production—Europe and the United States must act in unison. …More

October 29, 2007 | Route to Success in Annapolis

Henry A. Kissinger dampens hopes on the outcome of the meeting on the Palestinian peace process in Annapolis. Even if parties manage to agree on the Taba Plan of 2000—essentially Israeli withdrawal to the 1967 borders—the implementation remains …More

October 26, 2007 | Iraqi Refugees: The West Overlooks a Major Crisis

Jan Bittner: The Middle East is facing the largest refugee crisis since 1948. Syria, the country which has so far accepted the most Iraqi migrants, has now changed its policy. …More

October 24, 2007 | German Foreign Policy Needs to Grow Up

Jan Techau: It is time for Germany to assert a leading role in world politics. The German public needs to overcome its aversion to international involvement and see today’s threats for what they are—because history isn’t waiting. …More

October 23, 2007 | Should the U.S. Attack Iran?

“Given the nature of Iran’s rulers, the declarations of the Iranian President, and the trouble the regime is causing throughout the region…our country and the entire international community cannot stand by as a terror-supporting state …More

October 18, 2007 | Is North Korea Hoodwinking the US?

Is the North Korean nuclear threat really softening? Remembering that North Korea is famous for extracting financial concessions in nuclear negotiations, Stephan Haggard of the University of California and Marcus Noland of the Peterson …More

October 17, 2007 | Why Europe Needs a Hard Power Reality Check

Soeren Kern: I argue that the soft power of Europe requires US hard power behind it to be effective. A strong America and a strong transatlantic relationship will increase—not decrease—Europe’s position on the global stage. …More

October 15, 2007 | China Makes Contingency Plans for Junta's Fall in Myanmar

China is tactfully making preparations for the potential downfall of Myanmar’s military junta, writes David Lague for the International Herald Tribune. To avoid damaging its reputation prior to the 2008 Olympics, …More

October 12, 2007 | Full US Troop Withdrawal by 2013? No Promises.

The three leading Democratic presidential candidates all agreed it would be wrong to promise full troop withdrawal by 2013. However each remains determined to highlight their differing approaches to ending the war, write Jeff …More

October 11, 2007 | No Sanctions, No Strikes: Plan C for Iran

Manjana Milkoreit and Jason J. Blackstock: Economic sanctions aren’t working on Iran as Plan A, and the military Plan B is even worse. We need a plan C that provides for civilian uranium enrichment and addresses external political changes. …More

October 10, 2007 | Israel's Security in a Changing Strategic Environment

Ambassador Yaakov Levy: A major change in the nature of warfare has taken place. Israel faces a “new reality” which presents a fundamental challenge to existing norms of international law. …More

October 9, 2007 | Afghanistan Mission: A Hard Sell in Germany

Memo 3: Members of the Atlantic Community question German participation in OEF, support ISAF and want increased emphasis on social issues in Afghanistan. In this Executive Summary, Annette Poelking of the Atlantic Initiative has more on members’ ideas for Afghanistan and an update on the ongoing debate. …More

October 8, 2007 | Now Is the Worst Possible Time to Leave Basra

Reidar Visser: I criticize the British for their intention to hand over Basra to the Iraqi army as early as November. Competing Shiite parties have a strong desire to control the oil-rich region, and the potential for internal violence once the British leave is high. …More

October 4, 2007 | Premature US Withdrawal Could Threaten Europe

Joerg Wolf: The Atlantic Community asked fourteen experts what would happen if US troops were completely withdrawn from Iraq by summer 2009. European terrorism, state collapse, higher oil prices and increased American isolationism were just some of the likely scenarios. Part three of a three-part series. …More

October 2, 2007 | Divide And Conquer Through Negotiations

Niklas Keller: of the Atlantic Initiative recommends transparent negotiations with the Taliban and local pro-Taliban groups, in order to help curb insurgent violence in Afghanistan. …More

October 1, 2007 | Netanyahu Breaks Bush's Silence on Israeli Air Strike

President Bush’s refusal to comment on the Israeli air strike over northern Syria has ignited even more speculation, report Steven Lee Myers and Steven Erlanger for the New York Times. Current and former US and …More

October 1, 2007 | Asking the Wrong Questions on Iran

Tony Karon: The West should not be asking whether Tehran will build nuclear weapons in the future, but rather how the regime can be persuaded that it doesn’t need them. …More

September 28, 2007 | Europe Should Help Iraq, But Not Follow US Lead This Article contains Flash-Video

Joerg Wolf: Noting the high stakes for the continent and its limited capabilities, European analysts suggest that Europe should pursue different policies than the US or make support dependent on more involvement in the decision-making process. …More

September 26, 2007 | France Backtracks on War Talk Surrounding Iran's Nuclear Program

French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner toned down the pitch of remarks he made earlier this week on the possibility of war with Iran, this time emphasizing negotiations over the use of military measures, …More

September 25, 2007 | Secret Iraqi Peace Talks Bring Unlikely Voices To the Debate

David McKittrick of The Independent reports on secret Iraqi peace talks held recently in Helsinki, where Ex-IRA commander, Martin McGuinness met in private with 16 representatives of warring Sunni and Shiite Iraqi …More

September 25, 2007 | Europeans Want America to Stay in Iraq

Joerg Wolf: We asked European policy experts for their opinions on proposed ways forward in Iraq. Respondents from ten different countries provided some surprising results.

September 21, 2007 | NATO Is Regional For A Reason

Nikolas Kirrill Gvosdev: I reject Rudolph Giuliani’s call to expand NATO membership to other, non-Western democracies. Adding states like Australia or India to “globalize” NATO would undermine its original and enduring purpose: collective security through Article 5. …More

September 19, 2007 | How To Deal With Iran

Hans-Ulrich Klose: We need a new philosophy of deterrence against Iran. A tough containment policy, including Russia, and strong defense of Israel could bring about a changed security architecture in the Middle East that might finally include Tehran. …More

September 18, 2007 | General Petraeus's Iraq: Before=After

Jan-Friedrich Kallmorgen: the only news from the White House and Petraeus findings is that any decision on American troop withdrawal is postponed: President Bush is betting it all on positive trends in Iraq. Should the situation improve, Germany too will have to do its part. …More

September 14, 2007 | Afghanistan: The Way Ahead This Article contains Flash-Video

Atlantic Happy Hour: NATO Secretary General Jaap de Hoop Scheffer came to Berlin on a mission to get more German troops into the south of Afghanistan. As the guest of honor at an event run by the Atlantic Initiative, publisher of the Atlantic Community, Scheffer appeared with representatives from five of Germany’s political parties to respond to questions on the future of operations in Afghanistan. …More

September 12, 2007 | Dr. Dan Plesch and Martin Butcher On US Military Preparations to Bomb Iran

British scholar and arms expert Plesch, Director of the Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy of SOAS at the University of London, and Butcher, adviser to the Foreign Affairs Committee of the …More

September 11, 2007 | Are Conditions Improving In Iraq? This Article contains Flash-Video

Have conditions in Iraq improved since troop numbers went up? We look at two different viewpoints on this issue, one from embedded journalists on an eight-day stay, the other from members of the 82nd Airborne Division, the key actors in the …More

September 10, 2007 | The Surge Rocks! This Article contains Flash-Video

Retired General James Jones: Positive trends on the ground could enable a shift in responsibility from Coalition forces to the Iraqi security forces. …More

September 7, 2007 | Blame Governments, Not Climate Change, for Future Failed States

Idean Salehyan, coauthor of “Climate Change and Conflict: The Migration Link,”argues in Foreign Policy that climate change cannot be the exclusive cause of future wars for water and resources. Corrupt and …More

September 6, 2007 | Number Of Displaced Iraqis Soars After US Troop Increase

James Glanz and Stephen Farrell of the New York Times report that the military surge in Iraq coincides with a dramatic increase in the number of internally displaced Iraqis. Analyzing data from two different humanitarian …More

September 5, 2007 | Afghanistan: Expanding ISAF, Ending OEF

Markus Kaim: I advocate merging the military capabilities of Germany’s three current mandates under the ISAF umbrella to bring transatlantic equilibrium to the burden-sharing in Afghanistan. Military participation in Operation Enduring Freedom should end, and ISAF Aerial Reconnaissance and Surveillance should be integrated into a single ISAF directive. …More

September 5, 2007 | Leaked Iraq Draft Contradicts Expected Results From White House

Karen DeYoung and Thomas E. Ricks of the Washington Post reveal the details of a leaked Governmental Accountability Office report that Iraq has overwhelmingly failed to meet congressional benchmarks. The draft …More

September 3, 2007 | UK Accepts Defeat in Iraq and Focuses on Terrorism

Officials in Washington are confused and disappointed at British Prime Minister Gordon Brown’s decision to withdraw troops from Iraq and focus more on Afghanistan, reports Con Coughlin of the Daily Telegraph. Brown, who …More

August 30, 2007 | Seoul's Mistaken North-South Summit

The prospect of a bilateral summit between North and South Korea is laudable, but Bruce Klinger from the Heritage Foundation is suspicious of the motives and the timing of South Korean President Roh Moo Hyun. With national presidential …More

August 30, 2007 | Afghanistan Is Testing German-Canadian Ties

David G. Haglund: I blame disagreement over Afghanistan for the disappearance of the golden relationship between Berlin and Ottawa. Canada’s “perfect peacekeepers” want Germans to shoulder their fair share of the NATO burden. …More

August 29, 2007 | Iraq: Who's Got the Best Plan?

The Atlantic Community Editorial Team: presents a comparative analysis of the most promising plans from policy makers and think tanks across the US. See all the strategies here, or download and print out a PDF with the full matrix of options. …More

August 28, 2007 | The World's Weakest States

The 2007 Foreign Policy Failed States Index is out, and the results are in: Sudan, Iraq, Somalia, Zimbabwe and Chad are this year’s worst. The fact that “sectarian carnage in one state can sway stock markets on the other side of the planet” shows …More

August 24, 2007 | Neocons Should End Dangerous Iran Obsession

Michael Ledeen —who once told me that he only supported the Iraq War because it provided momentum and pre-positioning of American military forces to then go after Iran—is not going to feel self-actualized until America unleashes a …More

August 22, 2007 | Why America Wants to Iraqize Afghanistan

Thomas Speckmann: Iraq’s label as a “second Vietnam” for the United States does not hold up to scrutiny. Recent changes to US military strategy on terrorism— building infrastructure, winning hearts and minds—come straight out of the Bundeswehr handbook, and they’re working. So why not take them to Kabul? …More

August 21, 2007 | Is Russia's claim exceptional? List of most Valuable Disputed Territories

FP lists the top most valuable disputed turfs that might just be worth a fight. The world was astonished by Russia’s recent claim to the arctic shelf, with potential for billions of dollars worth of …More

August 16, 2007 | Accept A Divided Iraq

Stansfield advises that Iraq can no longer be expected to survive as an undivided entity. This is just one of a number of realities which coalition forces in the country must accept before they can devise practical and realistic policy management plans. …More

August 14, 2007 | The New Frontlines of Jihad

Takfirism: The Root of the Problem
In addition to its pursuit of US and European targets in the global jihad, al-Qaeda has sought out “bad Muslims,” and governments that have cooperated with the West. The reasoning comes from al-Qaeda’s …More

August 10, 2007 | Iranians Could Be West's Best Ally

Kenneth Ballen: Almost 70% of Iranians favor normal relations with the United States. With all options against Iran still on the table, the West should pay more attention to a population whose majority supports democracy. …More

August 7, 2007 | Time to Put Pressure on Pakistan

The military regime in Pakistan is responsible for the escalation of terror in Kashmir, the growth of international jihad extremism and the resurgence of the Taliban in Afghanistan, says Grare. By supporting and training those very forces which …More

August 6, 2007 | Amnesty Prevents Darfur Violence When Governments Can't

Ariela Blätter: I chide the transatlantic partners for their continuing failure to stop the attacks in Sudan. The Eyes On Darfur initiative uses commercial innovation to achieve what governments have not, preventing further bloodshed by broadcasting satellite images of the most vulnerable areas. …More

August 2, 2007 | Terrorism Threat Map Shows New Difficulties in Calculating Business Risk

Business companies now face global risks which change faster and more often than before, making country-by-country interpretation difficult. As a result, the danger that terrorism poses to economic …More

August 1, 2007 | Lack of EU Solidarity Jeopardizes Kosovo Independence

Senior Fellow at the Century Foundation Morton Abramowitz calls on EU member states to take a united stand on Martii Ahitissari’s blueprint for Kosovo’s “supervised independence” from Serbia. Even though Ahitissari’s …More

July 31, 2007 | ISN on Installing a Permanent European Security Council After Reform Treaty

When its Reform Treaty is finally ratified, the EU should consider installing a permanent European Security Council, suggests James Roger, Director of Operations for the Henry Jackson Society in …More

July 30, 2007 | Cut US Military Spending By One-Third Without Sacrificing Security

John Cavanagh, Anita Dancs, and Miriam Pemberton at the Institute for Foreign Policy and the National Priorities Project argue that US security would not suffer if one third of the Pentagon’s $650 billion-budget …More

July 24, 2007 | US and EU Must Form Broad Coalition to Engage Tehran

Only a broad coalition which includes the United States, European Union, Russia, China and India can successfully replace the West’s failed attempts to negotiate with Iran. Karim Sadjadpour, an Associate at the Carnegie …More

July 20, 2007 | US Power Propagation Endangers EU Democracy Promotion

David Mathieson and Richard Youngs of Madrid’s FRIDE connect the European left’s declining commitment to democratization with perception of American foreign policy. For Mathieson and …More

July 20, 2007 | Germany Should Reconsider Position in Afghanistan

Niels Annen: I question the sustainability of Operation Enduring Freedom. And I see deteriorating coordination between ISAF and OEF and asks whether it is time to choose between the two. …More

July 11, 2007 | Europe Must Stop Iran

Dirk Niebel: Britain, France and Germany should get tough on Tehran through European economic pressure. Nuclear progress has already emboldened the government, and the West must take decisive action before it is too late. …More

July 4, 2007 | America's Suicidal Statecraft

Shlomo Ben-Ami: I analyze the consequences of US grand strategy in the Middle East. The regional balance of power has been so thoroughly altered that an Arab-Israeli settlement now looks increasingly possible. …More

June 29, 2007 | The Case for a New Atlantic Community Treaty

Stanley R. Sloan: NATO cannot meet the security needs of the United States and Europe. I propose a new cooperation framework among all NATO and EU states, with a focus on non-military teamwork. …More

June 28, 2007 | Democracy Building: How The US Could Learn From Lawrence of Arabia

John Hulsman: I offer four simple lessons in state building from the great British officer. A respect for history could help keep America out of future misadventures like the present situation in Iraq. …More

June 27, 2007 | No Regime Change for Iran's Ethnic Minorities

Violence and unrest have increased among Iran’s ethnic minorities, which make up half of the country’s 70 million inhabitants. As Western countries show growing interest in these developments, author John R. Bradley …More

June 25, 2007 | Canada Assesses Pitfalls and Progress in Afghanistan

Norine MacDonald of the Senlis Council — a security, development and counternarcotics group – briefs the Canadian Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development on Canada’s faltering …More

June 25, 2007 | EU Battlegroups March Europe Toward Common Defense

Michael John Williams: The EU Battlegroups, though small, are a step in the right direction. The United States can and should play a role in promoting further advancement of European expeditionary capability. …More

June 19, 2007 | Yossi Mekelberg on Open Deterrence Against Iran Israel's New Old Option

Yossi Mekelberg, Associate Fellow at Chatham House, analyzes Israeli policy options towards Iran and potential consequences.

Though Israel would prefer that issues with Tehran be resolved …More

June 19, 2007 | US Pentagon: Europe Should Stand Firm on China Weapons Embargo

What keeps the leaders and officials of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) awake at night? According to the Pentagon’s annual report to Congress on China, it’s not military expansion for its own sake, but how to …More

June 15, 2007 | Afghanistan: How the EU Could Do More

Memo 1: Members of the Atlantic Community commented on the appropriate role for the EU in Afghanistan. …More

June 15, 2007 | Middle East Must Make Its Own Peace

Rudolf Adam: I warn that US influence on Israel is not enough to make peace. Forty years after the Six-Day War, domestic Israeli politics are the key to normalizing relations between settlers and Palestinians. The United States and EU should recognize that their powers here are limited. …More

June 13, 2007 | More Health, Less Talk: Horton Stresses Prioritizing Human Security in Foreign Policy

Editor Richard Horton defends the results of a Lancet study on the Iraqi death toll, offering recommendations for new policy implementation. The Lancet survey reported the number of Iraqi …More

June 12, 2007 | Jacob Mundy Discusses the Challenges to Western Saharan Autonomy

Negotiating a solution to the conflict between Morocco and Western Sahara faces many obstacles, reports Jacob Mundy of Foreign Policy in Focus. An increasing sense of nationalism among Western Sahara’s …More

June 8, 2007 | Africom - A New Era in America's Africa Policy

By autumn 2007, US Africa Command (Africom) headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany should be ready for initial operations, reports the International Herald Tribune. Africom is an administrative body that will coordinate US …More

June 4, 2007 | Withdrawing German Troops Could Destabilize Northern Afghanistan

Karsten Voigt: Shifting German troops out of the north of Afghanistan would be detrimental to the country. The troops should stay with their original mission, as they are providing significant support to the allied forces. …More

May 24, 2007 | EU Should Bring Russia Closer

Alexander Rahr: The EU and Russia need more direct and frequent communication to avoid future conflict. Putin’s speech has set off a vicious circle: as Russia increasingly positions itself as an aggressor, the United States and Europe find further reason to ostracize Moscow. The worst the West could do would be to write off Russia in a return to containment policy. …More

May 22, 2007 | Jackson Janes and Stephen Szabo Analyze Merkel's Germany

A lack of strong European leaders has made German Chancellor Angela Merkel into America’s most important partner, say Jackson Janes and Stephen Szabo. Janes, Executive Director of the American Institute for …More

May 18, 2007 | ISN Looks At Nigeria After the Elections

Although elections for the Senate and the President were held in April, Nigeria’s (democratic) future remains uncertain, writes Dulue Mbachu of ISN Security Watch. According to the Transition Monitoring Group (TMG), the first vote …More

May 15, 2007 | Drima of Sudan: No UN Troops in Darfur Without Consensus

In this letter Drima, a young blogger, voices concern about the calls for immediate UN intervention in Darfur by The Save Darfur Coaltition, 2007 . Although Drima, an …More