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November 23, 2012 | Cyprus Conflict Prevents EU-NATO Strategic Partnership

Remziye Yilmaz: Despite all efforts to have a fully-fledged strategic partnership between the EU and NATO, such a genuine strategic partnership has still not been achieved because of various obstacles. Cyprus conflict is one of the main obstacles that have decreased EU-NATO cooperation in the context of security and defense.

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October 25, 2012 | The West Should Not Give Heavy Arms to Syrian Rebels

Ievgen Vorobiov: The US and the EU should tread carefully in their policy on Syria, as an increase of weapon supply to rebels advocated by some Arab countries and American politicians might turn the horrible status-quo into an irreversible geopolitical disaster. Decision-makers across the Atlantic should resist supplying heavy arms to the rebels, amplifying their efforts for a diplomatic solution instead.

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October 1, 2012 | End of Summer Reading List

Editorial Team: With summer already over, at least in the northern hemisphere, takes a look at some of the many issues that have been written by our community of 7,000 members over the summer break.

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October 1, 2012 | Gaining the Upper Hand Over the Iran-Hezbollah Axis

Niklas Anzinger & Ludwig Jung: Syria’s civil war has left the region’s revolutionary axis vulnerable. Tehran and Hezbollah are pursuing an even more aggressive strategy against their perceived enemies. Apart from putting more pressure on Tehran, designating Hezbollah as a terrorist organization in the EU would help Western powers dry up financial sources in several European countries.

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August 30, 2012 | Towards More Strategic Immigration Enforcement in Europe

Elizabeth Collett: The deportation of unauthorized immigrants can be enacted through various policy initiatives, each with its own challenges. European governments should adopt a more ‘nuanced’ approach to enforcement policies - both return and regularisation - based on an understanding of risk, effectiveness and need.

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August 30, 2012 | The EU Frontier: Policy Implications at the Spanish Border

Alice Pannier: Spain’s illegal immigration policies, especially those towards boat people, indicate a re-imagination of its borders as the greater EU frontier. These policies underline a rhetorical gap in EU border discourse—a gap full with ethical and legal challenges that must be addressed before effective policies come about.

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August 17, 2012 | Balancing a Rising China: The Future of Transatlantic Relations

Editorial Team: has received numerous outstanding articles from its community of over 7,000 members in the past several years. Our members have contributed to the think tank’s debates, theme weeks, and policy workshop competitions. A recurring discussion in our community revolved around a rising China and the challenges it poses to the West.

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August 10, 2012 | Conflicting Allegiances: NATO, EU or Sovereignty?

Rhys Ashvin Merrett: Recent activity by the EU High Representative and Secretary General of NATO reflect the surge of interest in the Asia-Pacific. However, the extent of NATO and EU strategic involvement in the region is dependent upon a group of 21 European states that are members of both institutions.

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July 26, 2012 | The Race for Eastern Europe: Russia vs. the EU

Shalva Dzidziguri: Russia’s relationship with the West has never been easy. With the end of Cold War-era animosity, Russia has continuously sought reassurance that its Soviet-inherited geopolitical interests are protected. Ironically, EU policy might be helping Russia realize its potential in the region.

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July 9, 2012 | Editors' Picks for Your Summer Reading

Atlantic Insights 2 + 3: You can download for free two new eBooks based on our Iran theme week and other member articles selected by the editorial team. Enjoy stimulating summer reading on your eReader or a PDF printout.

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June 20, 2012 | Shifting Strategy in the Horn of Africa

Nicholas Bishop: The reality of Somalia is defined by lack of government and economic development. In such a situation, it is difficult to find the right strategy. While the country is certainly a difficult problem, the West must take responsibility and engage Somalia.

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June 15, 2012 | European Energy Policy: Looking in the Wrong Direction

Mohamed Ahmed El Garhi: The 2006-2009 Russia-Ukraine gas standoff demonstrated the vulnerability of the European Union’s energy security in light of Europe’s increasing dependency on Russian oil and gas. The time has come for the EU to invest in other energy sources as well as new energy partners.

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May 23, 2012 | The Baghdad Talks: Setting the Pieces for the Next Round

Sami Kronenfeld: Representatives from the US, Europe, Russia, and China are meeting with their Iranian counterparts to discuss Iran’s nuclear program. The talks can only be successful if Europe and the US reach an agreement with Russia and China on what to do if Iran does not follow international agreements.

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May 11, 2012 | Return to the Empire

Gökhan Tekir: The paper analyzes how the Russian Federation uses energy as a foreign policy instrument. Russia’s main aim is to prevent Western interference in its sphere of influence. This is done by maintaining its hegemon position in supplying Caspian energy sources to Europe.

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April 12, 2012 | The EU's Normative Power - Strength or Weakness?

Tornike Metreveli: The paper tries to critically reflect on the concept of the European Union’s Normative Power as advocated by Ian Manners. By drawing on comparative analysis, the paper seeks to illustrate that the EU’s normative power can be its greatest strength and its greatest weakness.

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April 8, 2012 | Smart Defense and Venal Interests

Dmitry Lifatov: NATO has never been an exclusively military organization. But its pretension to playing a political role has also never been particularly appealing to the European NATO members. In this vein, Smart Defense is just another attempt to make the EU a convenient tool for American foreign policy.

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March 1, 2012 | Benefits and Uses of EU Development Aid

Ravi Sodha: This paper examines the question of who benefits from development aid and what the philanthropic act means within a neo-liberal framework. It will look specifically at EuropeAid and explore whether this policy could be used to pursue different objectives.

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February 2, 2012 | Hungary: A Test Case for EU Relevance

Jack Bicker: The diplomatic turmoils surrounding domestic politics in Hungary are a chance for EU institutions to define their effectiveness at a moment of significant flux. They also confirm that a potentially consolidated EU could be a strong and valued partner in a continuing transatlantic alliance.

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February 2, 2012 | Recess is Over: Europe and Systemic Crisis

Asle Toje: It now seems clear that the economic crisis that started in 2008 is both deeper and more lasting than first thought. While leaders threat about the crisis bursting into the real economy, this specter is manageable compared with the dangers we will face if the economic crisis turns into a full-blown systemic crisis.

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January 13, 2012 | A Multi-Speed EU Will Weaken Europe

David Grodzki: A greater union of the Eurozone countries may have a dangerous effect on the overall unity of the European Union. A growing divide between a “Core Europe” and a periphery based on the Euro threatens to undermine the European integration process and reduce Europe’s status in the world.

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January 9, 2012 | Why Poland Really Supports German Leadership in Europe

Daria Wiktoria Dylla: Warsaw’s strong support for a hegemonial position of Germany in Europe might at first be seen as the least expected behavior of a Polish government. However, a closer look at Poland’s the geopolitically difficult situation reveals that it should above all try to prevent a further disintegration of the EU. This requires accepting a dominant position of Berlin.

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December 11, 2011 | EU's Democratic Deficit Would Jeopardize Any Asia Policy

Jack Bicker: Yes, the EU must engage more with Asian economies on many levels. But one thing that the Eurozone crisis has taught us is that in order to do so effectively, and credibly, the EU must address its biggest obstacle. Namely, the redrawing of the decision making process at home.

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November 28, 2011 | Goodbye to EU Prestige Thinking: Redefining the CSDP

Memo 35: The EU must restructure its Common Security and Defence Policy based on economic and operational realities. It should emphasize narrow, logistically feasible operations over broad outlines, clearly delineate its partnership with NATO, and take a longer term view when developing operational strategies.

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November 3, 2011 | Say Goodbye to Prestige Thinking: Quit CSDP and Concentrate on NATO

Felix F. Seidler: The EU has proven it is not a credible player in international security; the CSDP is merely a prestige project that has gone nowhere. Despite lower budgets, NATO still has the means to tackle current threats, and EU defense spending should be concentrated there.

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October 25, 2011 | "Environment Shaping" is the Key to Europe's Strategic Future

Ian Lesser: Critiques of Europe’s defense spending and crisis response ability miss the point. In order to prosper strategically in the future, shaping the strategic environment through EU expansion, global partnerships and a coherent Mediterranean policy will be far more important.

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September 28, 2011 | The Future of EU-US Security and Defense Cooperation

Richard Gowan: It seems all too possible that the US and EU’s contrasting strategic concerns will continue to dilute their military cooperation in the years ahead. The hunt is still on for a convincing vision of how to avoid this outcome.

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September 26, 2011 | Six Reasons to Save the Euro at All Costs

Soeren Keil: To understand why the members of the Eurozone need to “save” Greece from bankruptcy, it is important to think about the consequences of a possible Greek default. This would not only have an effect on Greece and the Eurozone, but put the entire EU in jeopardy. Saving Greece means saving the Euro and the European Union.

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September 26, 2011 | Greece and Italy Must Abandon Their Old Ways

Clemens Wergin: Why should German taxpayers be forced to pay for a debt crisis caused by tax evasion and corruption in Greece and Italy? Solidarity is not a one-way street and the German public should expect the Greek and Italian governments to take the blame for the economic mess and initiate much-needed reforms.

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September 22, 2011 | Europe Losing Ground

Asle Toje: Recent events in the Middle East have highlighted the EU’s inability to develop a strong common defense and security policy. The EU has the interests and aspirations of a global power, but the capacity and mindset of a mid-level player. Europe needs more cooperation and integration on security and foreign policy.

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September 19, 2011 | Security Despite Austerity: Europe's Defense

Editorial Team: Drastic cuts to defense spending put Europe’s security at risk. As budgets bend to economic pressure, defense ministries urgently need to reform in order to cut waste, improve capability and maintain security. What can European states do to make defense spending more efficient?

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September 18, 2011 | Open Markets, Better Arms

Dmitri A Titoff: Without an agreement on a common defense policy, European states are letting market forces play a larger role in shaping their defense industries. Open markets could increase the risk of proliferation, but would also lower arms prices and improve military procurement across European borders.

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September 15, 2011 | Beyond Pooling and Sharing: Open Europe's Markets

Robert Helbig: Europe should integrate its national defense capabilities not only in training and deploying troops, but also in research, development and procurement. States must open their national defense markets to increase competition, lower equipment prices and make spending more efficient.

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September 14, 2011 | A Modest Proposal for Pan-European Defense

Nikolas Kirrill Gvosdev: The idea of intra-alliance military specialization in Europe is attractive in theory, but problematic in practice. Instead, officials should pursue a two-tiered pan-European defense force, which would facilitate deployment beyond Europe and improve effeciency using economies of scale.

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September 9, 2011 | Lessons That Smug Europe Should Learn from Asia

Kishore Mahbubani: It has taken Europe’s leaders some time to adjust to Asia’s rise, and the implications of that for EU policymaking. Unrest in the Middle East points to some lessons the Europe could learn from Asia. Kishore Mahbubani remembers Brussels’ condescensions and counsels a fresh EU approach.

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September 6, 2011 | Security Policies 2.0: Can Facebook, Twitter and Co Make an Impact?

Stefanie Babst: NATO has embraced the power of social media. The Alliance engages thousands in discussions on defense and security and these open, online debates have already borne fruit. Transatlantic policy is no longer the realm of an isolated elite: all citizens now have a chance to make an impact.

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September 2, 2011 | A New Track Against a Nuclear Iran

Felix F. Seidler and Niklas Anzinger: The Arab uprisings have opened new avenues for change in Iran. To slow Tehran’s military and nuclear ambitions, Western leaders must find a resolution to the Syrian conflict, while activists should harness the social power of the internet to force the Iranian regime to reform.

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August 30, 2011 | Energy and Terrorism are Dangerously Intertwined

Alexandra Dobra: The world’s eight biggest oil exporters are ripe for a terrorist attack. Any disruption of the energy supply chain could devastate the world economy, so a new set of policies combining hard power (to secure energy) and soft power (to dismantle terrorist networks) must now be implemented.

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August 24, 2011 | EU Should Back US in Sanctioning Syrian Oil

Johnny West: The West has bemoaned the lack of democracy in the Arab world for decades. Now, as the slaughter continues in Syria, it is time for the West to back its values with action. The recent US ban on purchasing Syrian oil has a good chance of debilitating the Assad regime. Europe must do the same.

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August 9, 2011 | Security Despite Austerity: Seeking Your Ideas

Editorial Team: Our latest theme week seeks solutions to Europe’s most pressing security question: in a difficult economic climate, how can European defense ministries get more bang for their buck? We encourage all Atlantic Community members to contribute opinion articles to stimulate this important debate.

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July 22, 2011 | NATO's Partnerships and the "Arabellion"

Karl-Heinz Kamp: For decades, NATO favored stability over freedom in the Arab world. Now, the Alliance should support its partner countries with expertise to make their armed forces more effective in a democratic environment, especially in human rights training, international law, defense planning and border security.

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June 28, 2011 | Robert Gates' Words Have Fallen on Deaf Ears in Europe This Article contains Flash-Video

Nick Witney at the Boell Foundation: While the United States will have to focuse on the Pacific, Europe should engage on its own account with Russia and Turkey in the management of its neighborhood. The relationship with the US is set to remain a genuine partnership and Europe should conduct it on a more balanced, transatlantic, unified European basis.

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May 9, 2011 | Deepen the Transatlantic Community

Ira Louis Straus: On top of the transatlantic agenda should be the goal of deepening the transatlantic community on all levels, from the institutional rung of the ladder, to the identity-loyalty rung, to the membership rung.

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April 8, 2011 | Is the EU ill-prepared to meet new global security challenges?

James Cussen: This question is loaded with the baggage of a transatlantic divide on countering terrorism that pre-dates September 11th and at least extends back to the last days of the Clinton presidency. The inadequacies of the American portion of this discussion are challenged for lacking a pragmatic focus.

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April 1, 2011 | Between Europe and America: Polish choices for the 21st Century

Jeremy Wysakowski-Walters: Polish strategic thinking can only be understood within a social-constructivist framework. This paper looks at Polish foreign policy, with especial regard to US/Polish relations.

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March 8, 2011 | Energy Geopolitics: Turkey's Role as an Energy Hub

Ece Ozkan: The new “great game” is going to be about natural gas, and the players are already set. This study elaborates on the current debate surrounding the security of natural gas routes and the desire of European officials to find alternatives to Russian backed pipeline projects.

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November 29, 2010 | Identity, Incentives and Action: A New Approach to Climate Change

Salvador Santino F Regilme: For the EU and US to tackle global climate change, they need to adopt a three pronged approach: Revive their identities as normative powers, incentivize companies toward cleaner technology and act upon their soft power to convince the developing world.

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November 4, 2010 | Defense Cuts: A Rescue Plan for NATO

Hans Binnendijk and Richard Kugler: NATO’s European allies are set to make swingeing cuts in their defence budgets. The following is an 8-point plan for ensuring that austerity policies do not weaken NATO and endanger transatlantic relations.

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October 13, 2010 | Europe Must Get Inside the Mind of the Dragon

May-Britt Ulrike Stumbaum: The EU cooperates with China on a wide range of issues, despite having an insufficient understanding of Beijing’s strategic goals. As Chinese influence around the world grows, the EU needs to start thinking about China strategically.

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September 27, 2010 | A New Strategic Policy for an Alliance in Transition

Memo 25: Focusing on the core mission, strengthening global partnerships, and launching broad public diplomacy initiatives are’s top three recommendations for NATO’s new Strategic Concept.

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September 21, 2010 | After the Referendum: Turkey Headed Toward EU Membership

Paul-Robert Lookman: In last week’s referendum, a clear majority of Turkish voters accepted 26 reform proposals to improve democratic rule in Turkey. With a solution of the Kurd and Cyprus issues, this paves the way for Turkey to join the EU. This development should be applauded.

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September 2, 2010 | The Strategic Triangle's Crisis Management

C. Mazzucelli & O. Dursun-Özkanca: The new Strategic Concept should emphasize the Alliance’s role in crisis management, as the floods in Pakistan have demonstrated that NATO’s response is inadequate. The US, Turkey, and France, which make up NATO’s Strategic Triangle, must take the lead in shaping the Alliance’s emergency relief strategy.

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August 9, 2010 | The EU and China in Africa: The Case of Kenya

Daniel Fiott: The West is troubled by Chinese business activities on the African continent, perceiving Chinese firms as satellites of the central state.This paper uses the case study of Kenya to compare the economic and developmental activities of the EU and China in order to address some common misperceptions.

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August 5, 2010 | Whither EU-US Relations?

Lukas Linsi and Mustafa Kutlay: It is quite clear that US-EU relations are far from being satisfactory. More worrying than the cooling down of transatlantic relations in itself, however, is the fact that it is the result of an absence of clear vision and political will on both sides of the Atlantic.

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August 3, 2010 | US Can't Look to NATO or the EU to Support its Russia Strategy

Stephen Szabo: Europe is proving a foreign policy disappointment to the Obama Administration as it struggles to propound a clearer strategy toward Russia. Washington now recognises that only Berlin has the key to a new relationship with Moscow.

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July 29, 2010 | Europe's Vision Deficit

Guy Sorman: Governments throughout Western Europe are suffering from a dearth of popular support. Leaders from the left, right and center of the political spectrum have all seen drops in approval ratings. They have proven themselves incapable of explaining the economic crisis to their citizens and lack vision.

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July 19, 2010 | GMF's Pro-Turkey Bias

Ulf Gartzke: The West assumes that Turkey’s Islamist AKP government plays a constructive role in the Middle East, promoting “universal values.” This view is dangerously mistaken. Instead of full EU membership, a far more cautious “privileged partnership” between the EU and Turkey should be pursued for now.

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June 25, 2010 | The EU-South Korea FTA - A Good Deal for Both Sides

Soyen Park: For Europe to get out of the current crisis quickly and for South Korea to diversify its trading, a prompt implementation of the FTA is essential. In spite of lobbying against the agreement by certain interest groups, ratification of the FTA could greatly help Europe’s exports and lower import costs for South Korea.

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June 25, 2010 | Towards a EU Peacebuilding Strategy?

Christian Mölling and Claudia Major : If the EU is to play a role as an actor in international peacebuilding, a peacebuilding strategy should be developed to guide the set-up of the EU External Action Service. The expertise of individuals already working in this realm within the EU bureaucracy needs to be drawn upon.

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June 21, 2010 | EU and Russian Federation Need an Association Agreement

Heinrich Bonnenberg and Jakob Schirmer: Because of its special relationship with Russia, Germany should take the lead in bringing about an Association Agreement between the EU and the Russia. Such an agreement would speed up the creation of a whole new Europe.

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May 14, 2010 | The EU-Mexico Global Agreement: Stepping Stone or Stumbling Bloc?

Corina Ciambur: Using as a case study the EU-Mexico Global Agreement, this article will try to offer an answer to one of the most intense academic polemics in the field of international trade: the compatibility between regionalism and multilateralism.

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May 6, 2010 | Creating a Sense of Community

Amitai Etzioni: The current crisis in Europe has led many to call for building stronger shared economic institutions and stronger EU governance. Actually what is missing most is a demos, a true sense of community. Binding EU-wide referendums on the same day in all the member states on issues of great importance are needed.

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April 30, 2010 | Public Portraits: The Northern Frontier Revisited

Ann H. Sontz: The new Atlanticism seeks to revitalize transatlantic cooperation and support shared economic, environmental and political interests. Coherence in cross-border public and private sector participation can be facilitated further through the creation of a centralized data archive that tracks economic growth and infrastructure development.

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December 9, 2009 | Seizing Opportunities from Turkey's Growing Influence

Memo 21: Amid growing fears of Turkey moving away from the West, presents the findings from its special analysis week on Turkey. Members agree that Turkey’s foreign policy should not be misinterpreted as a shift East and call upon the US and the EU to start embracing Turkey’s growing influence.

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December 8, 2009 | A Big Fat Greek Financial Wedding

C. Fahrholz & A. Kern: Greece’s stated intent of selling treasury bonds solely to foreign investors, as a means to push through fiscal reforms, could result in a full-blown drama, at the expense of European taxpayers. Greece is taking this bet, under the assumption that the IMF and the Euro area will come to its rescue.

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December 8, 2009 | What the EU Can Learn from NATO

Olaf Theiler: The EU should draw on NATO’s Partnership for Peace Program, as an example of a successful framework to be adopted for aspiring member states in the Balkans. If implemented as part of an extended offer, this framework could link ESDP with Neighborhood Policy, thereby creating incentives for cooperation.

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December 4, 2009 | Frankenstein's Monster and the Law of the Eternal Compromise

André Budick: The EU is often criticized for its apparent deficit in formulating a coherent foreign and security policy. Yet, that ‘deficit’ really lies at the heart of the EU’s identity as a transnational entity, outside the norms of conventional thinking on International Relations.

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November 25, 2009 | The EU's Identity Crisis

Mensur Akgün: Recent media reports on Turkey’s alleged foreign policy fail to acknowledge major positive achievements on behalf of the AKP government, notably Ankara’s attempts at reconciliation with its neighbors. Western pundits should ask themselves what this “western identity” that Turkey is supposedly moving away from, really is.

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November 19, 2009 | Europe: Prevent Turkey Turning East

Ghassan Dahhan: Europe should be alerted by Turkey’s foreign policy shift and start treating Turkey as a respected ally, by offering Turkey real EU membership prospects. Turkey is of major strategic importance to Europe and it is up to the politicians of EU member states to alter public opinion.

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October 27, 2009 | Sarkozy's Three-way NATO Bet

Camille Grand: France’s return to full military membership of NATO inevitably raised fears that the first casualty might be the European defense project. But far from weakening ESDP, President Sarkozy’s move intends to strengthen it while at the same time hastening NATO’s reform.

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October 9, 2009 | The European Union: A Quiet Superpower in the Making

Fabian Krohn: Existing concepts commonly used to define power relations, notably military, civilian and normative influence, individually fall short in describing the European Union. The EU is developing into a ‘Quiet Superpower’, a term coined by Andrew Moravcsik, that captures the essence of the unique entity that is the EU.

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September 1, 2009 | Poland's Policy Setbacks Should Steer it Back Towards the EU

Marek Swierczynski: As the US signals a reluctance to build the missile defense project, tensions with Russia develop and the deployment of troops in Afghanistan loses public support, Poland’s international standing continues to fall. With Jerzy Buzek at the helm of the EU Parliament and the upcoming presidency going to Poland, Warsaw must now turn to Europe ahead of its Atlantic focus.

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August 7, 2009 | Is the EU Suffering From 'Visa Liberalization Fatigue'?

Rudi Guraziu: The EU seems to have made its political decision as far as visa liberalization for the West Balkans is concerned. However, by excluding the two nations who have suffered the most during the conflict it risks stability in the region.

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July 7, 2009 | New NATO Concept a Chance for Europe to Recommit to Alliance

Jan Techau: Drafting a new strategic concept for NATO provides a great chance for Europeans to get real about what it means to be allies and stop the great threat to the continent’s defense - the decoupling of the transatlantic alliance. But this means more and smarter spending on defense and most certainly more casualties.

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June 24, 2009 | Realism: The Solution to Establishing NATO-Russia Relationship

Luca Ratti: Expansion of NATO membership into Eastern Europe has provoked Russia. NATO must attempt constructive dialogue with Russia to solve this problem. The future and continued success of NATO will depend on either including Russia, or ceasing its open membership policy.

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June 12, 2009 | Western Europe Should Look to Neighbors to Improve EU Vote

Rudi Guraziu: With the lowest ever turnout in European Union elections, the future of the Union has seriously been put in doubt. Conservative victories have caused major concern in membership hopeful, Turkey. If Europe fails to speak as one, its global economic and political influence could be jeopardized.

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June 8, 2009 | Russian Mindset is Barrier to Improved Relations with the West

Editorial Team: Experts from Europe and the US polled by believe that despite current tensions, Russia and the West have more common than diverging interests. But decades of mistrust have clouded the Russian mindset, and Moscow can’t yet see all that they have in common with the West.

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June 1, 2009 | Russia Should See NATO as Friend Not Foe

Heiko Pääbo: Changing perceptions of the world order have influenced NATO’s open door policy. Russia believes that relations with NATO should be based on mutual respect and is reluctant to see the Alliance as a partner. NATO must maintain its shared values and consider Russia’s interests for a successful partnership.

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May 22, 2009 | NATO Alone Cannot Tackle Global Instability

Prosper Thuysbaert: NATO requires assistance in order to facilitate democracy and peace across the world. The United Nations Security Council needs to be reformed and made more globally representative, and smaller regional organizations need to be set up and work alongside NATO to assist failing states.

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May 13, 2009 | European Union and Global Governance: an Evaluation

Rudi Guraziu: The EU ought to play a greater role in global governance. But in order to achieve that it needs to devise functional institutions for global governance – in effect getting everyone ‘singing from the same hymn sheet’

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May 11, 2009 | Pragmatic Russians Seek to Exert Influence

Janusz Bugajski: Russia’s priority will be to reinforce its national interests and exert influence over the foreign and security policies of disparate states in an attempt to distract from their domestic problems. This increases the importance for NATO and its allies to work not only with Russia, but also its border countries.

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May 6, 2009 | Limited Strategic Partnership with Russia is Possible

Jeffrey Mankoff: The success of attempts to build a strategic partnership will laregly rest with Russia. Not doing so should not be considered a failure as the positions of both sides would become clearer. Russia has the most to lose from not building a relationship, the West can bide its time.

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April 29, 2009 | The Next Steps for NATO

Karsten Voigt: The transatlantic Alliance enters a modern era with different global challenges requiring new and innovative approaches. NATO must reassess its geopolitical position in addressing these issues and, if necessary, adapt accordingly.

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April 10, 2009 | Piracy Revisited: How to Tackle the Growing Problem?

Editorial Team: Somali pirates seized six vessels within the last week. With yesterday’s capture of the US cargo ship, whose captain is still being held for ransom, the piracy problem arrested global attention again. Questions arise about how to tackle piracy, and we want to ask you, our readers, about solutions.

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March 31, 2009 | The European Union on the "Way to Hell?"

Matthias Stephan Fifka: Recent comments made by Mirek Topolanek concerning the US approach to the global economic downturn have cast a shadow ahead of the G20 meeting in London. Finding solutions to the current crisis will not be easy, and Topolanek’s remarks may make future agreements even harder to acheive.

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March 30, 2009 | Public Opinion and its Influence in Foreign Policy Making

Rudi Guraziu: The debate between realists and liberals outlines the importance of public opinion in foreign policy making. However, its impact remains limited.

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March 23, 2009 | India: Shaken to its Core

Colette Grace Mazzucelli: The Mumbai attacks have been described as India’s 9/11, but this analogy is not accurate. Terrorism is one dimension of a larger challenge that India must now confront: the erosion of the pluralist and secular traditions of the country’s founders.

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March 19, 2009 | Serbia's EU Goal: A Chance For Regional Stability

Pawel Jan Olszewski: Serbia has announced its intention to become part of the EU family. This is a positive sign for stability and peace in the region as the country would be forced to fulfill the required EU integration criteria. However, the journey is long and not devoid of challenges.

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March 5, 2009 | Things Can Only Get Better: Meeting the Challenges of Global Governance

Jacob Comenetz: The key to a future of successful global governance is to embrace the trends towards regionalization and transgovernmentalism, and work constructively to support and develop the evolution of structures corresponding to these paradigms.

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February 23, 2009 | Europe and Iraq: A Re-Connect

Markus Drake: Europe has spent the time since it was split into “old” and “new” Europe avoiding engagement with Iraq, ignoring its large interests in the country and in the region. This, according to a new publication by the Heinrich Böll Foundation, must change. For reasons of moral obligation, if nothing else.

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February 12, 2009 | Europe Has to Get Serious About Energy

Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler: In light of the recent gas crisis, the need for a common European energy policy has risen to the top of the EU agenda. The prompt building of the Nabucco pipeline as well as diversification of resources should be incorporated to assure independence from the Kremlin.

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January 20, 2009 | Time to Start Transatlantic Relations Afresh

Memo 10: In this new era under the Obama White House, it is high time for a transformation of transatlantic relations. The US must distance itself from the unipolar policies of the past and come to terms with a multipolar world. The EU has to develop more proactive policies.

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January 12, 2009 | A New Strategy for Afghanistan

Assem Akram: It is time for strategy overhaul in Afghanistan. The size of the Afghan army must be dramatically increased; foreign troops should lock down borders; Pakistan must become a partner in providing solutions in Afghanistan; and the Afghan government needs top-to-bottom reform. Progress can only come with security.

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January 9, 2009 | Gas Dispute Puts Energy Security At Top of EU Agenda

Marek Swierczynski: The EU proved to be indispensable in taming the recent gas dispute between Russia and Ukraine. However, it still lacks the means to stabilize crucial energy supplies and oversee political cohesion to protect its most vulnerable members.

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December 18, 2008 | Re-evaluating Economic Governance In the Financial Crisis

Maie-Brit Rüter: As the financial crisis threatens to also become an economic one, the recent Carlo Schmid Network conference left its most lasting impressions on topics addressing the crisis and possible remedial action. The conclusions: the international economic order is in urgent need of revision. Nevertheless, existing institutions should not be thrown out with the bathwater.

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December 16, 2008 | What Strategy to Tackle Somali Piracy? Vote Here

Editorial Team: The escalation of pirate attacks off the coast of Somalia has brought about widespread discussion as to how to deal with this increasingly prevalent problem. We are inviting you to tell us what you think is the most viable way forward through our interactive poll.

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December 12, 2008 | How And Why Did NATO Survive the Bush Doctrine?

Stanley R. Sloan: The hegemonic behavior of the Bush administration during its first term almost led to the end of the transatlantic partnership. The US will not be able to face the challenges of this century without its allies and NATO. A closely coordinated US-EU-NATO cooperation is essential to attain shared interests.

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December 5, 2008 | How to Repair Our Relationship with Europe

Matthew Yglesias: US relationships with EU countries have been marred not only by our disastrous military engagements but also by a lack of actual diplomacy from the Bush administration. A return to the hallmarks of a liberal society coupled with the simple measure of common courtesy would go a long way.

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December 4, 2008 | Institutions and State Actors in Transatlantic Cooperation This Article contains Flash-Video

Interview with John C. Kornblum: The former US ambassador to Germany outlines the role of states, institutions and high-level political leaders in the transatlantic relationship at a conference hosted in Berlin by the American Institute for Contemporary German Studies (AICGS).

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December 2, 2008 | Comprehensive Approaches to International Crisis Management

Christian Mölling: International organizations aim to overcome inefficiencies in complex crisis management by adopting “comprehensive approaches”. However, the implementation is affected by diverging security cultures and the particular interests of the member states.

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November 24, 2008 | EU: Upholding Human Rights, Yet Still More to Do This Article contains Flash-Video

Interview with Lotte Leicht: The director of Human Rights Watch in Brussels says that the EU must fulfill its role in upholding human rights. But before it can credibly promote human rights throughout the world, the EU must first hold its allies accountable for human rights violations, particularly the US.

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November 14, 2008 | Reconstructing Kabul: The EU's Task

Daniel Korski: EU engagement in Afghanistan will affect Washington’s perception of its strategic partnership. The best way for the EU to stay a strong partner is to extend the aid-and-security approach of its Provincial Reconstruction Teams and take the concept to Kabul. Diplomacy with Pakistan will remain important.

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November 12, 2008 | Renaissance of Protectionism

Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler: The first dangerous results from governmental overreaction to the financial crisis are beginning to show. Bailout bills have counterproductive effects as political pressure is even brought on institutions that do not need the governmental help. Following protectionist approaches could lead to a harmful and tragic economic outcome.

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November 11, 2008 | Afghan Police and Economy: Lynchpins for Success

Memo 9: Afghanistan needs a continued international commitment to ensure its security and assist in economic and social development. The US, EU and Germany must focus on training local authorities. Cooperating with Iran and the Taliban remains a point of debate.

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October 16, 2008 | Too Much Political Meddling Will Only Prolong the Financial Crisis

Jens F. Laurson & George A. Pieler: The economic crisis has brought harmony to trans-Atlantic affairs. Europeans might secretly blame the calamity on US “Casino Capitalism,” but they know they are rowing in the same boat and so cooperation is the order of the day. The stock markets treat this as good news now, but it could easily do more harm than good.

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October 10, 2008 | How the US and Germany Can Win in Afghanistan This Article contains Flash-Video

David Neil Lebhar: Ahmed Rashid argues that the conflict in Afghanistan needs a regional solution, including US-Iranian cooperation. The German military must intensify operations in northern Afghanistan, and the government has to educate the public about the mission’s importance.

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October 9, 2008 | Shared Interests

Mark Brzezinski: It is unlikely that there is a Kremlin “master plan” guiding Russia’s actions toward her neighbors - her actions are driven variably by ambition and nostalgia, confusion or misinterpretation, irritation or resentment. The West’s goal should be to make Russia understand that working together with the US and EU will make it more prosperous, secure and free.

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October 6, 2008 | US, EU, Russia: Not a Zero-Sum Game

Francisco J. Ruiz: It is time to examine relations between Russia, the US, and the EU. With emerging global threats, there are areas in which these three can cooperate in defense and security. All three actors must change their policies enabling more collaboration on these issues.

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October 1, 2008 | Afghanistan Debate: Parliamentary Hearings Crucial for Germany

Thorsten Benner & Lars Zimmermann: Germany lacks an informed and responsible debate on the country’s engagement in Afghanistan. The looming populism of the 2009 election year is set to make matters even worse. Politicians and the media must prevent this from happening.

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September 26, 2008 | HOT ISSUE: <br />How to Respond to the Financial Crisis?

From the Editorial Team: The current financial crisis has sent economists, politicians, and citizens alike scrambling to find solutions. In the US and Europe, expert opinion is divided on how to revamp the economy. How should the United States, the EU, the private sector, and others respond to this international situation?

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September 23, 2008 | The EU Can Mediate Georgia Conflict

Memo 8: Atlantic Community members conclude that the EU, acting in coordination with the UN, is in the best position to negotiate a peaceful solution. The US, Russia, Georgia, NATO, and others must consider their future strategies carefully.

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September 22, 2008 | It is High Time for Coordinated Transatlantic Action

Atlantik-Brücke’s Young Leaders: The Atlantic partners must jointly address the economic slowdown, competition over scarce resources and energy dependence. Moreover, the transatlantic relationship faces an immediate, critical test in Afghanistan. Success there is needed as a demonstration of our ability to effectively address common security threats.

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September 22, 2008 | Italy's New Role as a Major Transatlantic Partner

Oreste Foppiani: Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi is changing Mediterranean politics, bringing new importance to Italy’s role in the EU as well as its role in the world. This could bring great changes to the plans of the European Armed Forces and global security issues.

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September 10, 2008 | The Shift in Global Power Calls for More Burden Sharing

Anna Wojnilko: Institutions for global governance must become more balanced; the United States and the European Union cannot continue to carry the onus of global decision-making on their own. The emerging economic powers must be given more say in multilateral organizations and also take on more international responsibility.

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September 9, 2008 | The Georgian Flaw in Transatlantic Security

Colette Grace Mazzucelli: The US, acting in coordination with the EU, should address the crisis in Georgia with a strong humanitarian effort and a firm, yet non-isolating, stance toward Russia. As foreign policy concerns are compounded by domestic challenges, the next US administration must prudently tackle economic problems and re-define America’s role in world affairs.

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August 25, 2008 | The European Union Needs Turkey

Leah McFarland: The EU is competing with other countries for Turkey as an energy transit hub. Giving Turkey membership in the EU would not only enhance the economic and political stability of the country, but would also ensure a much needed energy infrastructure for the EU.

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August 1, 2008 | The Next Big Project for the EU is Energy

Michaele Schreyer and Ralf Fuecks: Current energy crisis poses a significant threat to international economic and political stability. The current make-up of the EU is ill-equipped to deal with this challenge. The Union urgently needs an institutional reform: a European Community for Renewable Energy which would transform its economy into an energy-efficient system.

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July 26, 2008 | Defending Europe in the Future: Revising the European Security Strategy

Daniel Fiott: Any revision of the European Security Strategy later this year should aim to deal with the security threats posed by climate change, energy security, human security, cyber crime and the incoherence of the European Union’s military capabilities.

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July 22, 2008 | Europe Needs to be More Assertive in Transatlantic Relations This Article contains Flash-Video

Wolfgang Ischinger: The transatlantic relationship will benefit from a kind of renaissance when the next US president is elected. Rather than sitting on the sidelines and waiting for US demands, Europe should actively develop strategic initiatives and explain European priorities to the US.

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July 2, 2008 | Europe so Close Yet so Far

Stephanie von Hayek: Although the Lisbon Treaty is a step forward for a Europe of the citizens, the Irish said no. And it is understandable they did. There is a lack of transparency and political dialogue within the EU which needs to be filled in by politicians on all levels.

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June 27, 2008 | Russia's Western Border is a Sensitive Issue

Heinrich Bonnenberg: To Russia, its current western border is a border that stands for loss and dishonor. This border is an open, bleeding wound on the Russian body. The security pact that the Russian president recently presented in Berlin could be helpful in overcoming historical grievances and bringing Western Europe and Russia closer together.

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June 20, 2008 | Sarkozy Re-Ignites the EU Enlargement Row

Marek Swierczynski: One crisis is rapidly spiralling to another. The Irish “No” to the Lisbon Treaty spoiled the mood among the EU big players so much that they’ve threatened to halt enlargement plans. And it is not Ireland, they’re threatening but Eastern European new member states.

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June 11, 2008 | Farewell to Bush, a Friend in the End

Marek Swierczynski: The farewell trip of the 43rd US president shows who and what really matters for America in Europe. George Bush visits America’s traditional allies and friends but emphasizes the role of the EU as the main transatlantic link and one that may play an important role during the next presidency.

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June 10, 2008 | Canada and the EU: From Transatlantic Economic Dialogue to Monologue

C. Deblock & M. Rioux: Canadians want to develop closer economic ties with Europe in order to reduce their dependence on the United States. However this new “European” policy is motivated by the wrong reasons and political and structural differences could prove insurmountable.

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June 2, 2008 | Med Union and Eastern Partnership are Rivals in the EU-Vision Contest

Marek Swierczynski: Now the Lisbon Treaty is almost over and done with, the EU is encouraged to look south- and eastwards. Initiatives by France and a Polish-Swedish team aim at creating buffer-spaces between the EU and unstable regions, but could create tensions that challenge the bloc’s unity.

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May 15, 2008 | Why NATO Slowly Fades Away

Peter van Ham: NATO is slowly losing its significance as the central platform to manage transatlantic security challenges. In view of the different reasons for the Alliance’s declining relevance, its resilience, rather than its demise should surprise us.

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May 13, 2008 | Human Trafficking: A Global Malady

Samantha Ferrell: Combating Human Trafficking requires systematic worldwide action. In a rapidly globalizing world, organized crime groups are operating transnationally. Unless there is an increased effort on the part of international agencies, the US, and the EU, to coordinate efforts, human trafficking will only continue to expand.

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April 30, 2008 | Gazprom Hardens Its Grip on Europe

Marek Swierczynski: Greece and Russia signed an agreement to build the southern branch of the South Stream natural gas pipeline. President Putin’s last victory hardens Gazprom’s grip on Europe and makes any energy diversification projects more difficult. Unless the EU looks at the map and acts.

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April 2, 2008 | Re-entering the EU

Marek Swierczynski: After a political upheaval and embarassment for President Kaczyński, Polish Parliament passed the bill to ratify the Treaty of Lisbon. The victory of the pro-EU lobby backed by overwhelming public support should not be overestimated as the debate did not touch the real issues behind Lisbon.

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March 19, 2008 | Strengthening the EU to Strengthen NATO

Ambassador Victoria Nuland: “Europe needs, the United States needs, NATO needs, the democratic world needs – a stronger, more capable European defense capacity.”

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March 18, 2008 | Iraq Five Years on: the Polish Perspective

Marek Swierczynski: Poland’s decision to join the “coalition of the willing” has left the military stretched beyond capacity, the society in serious mistrust of their leaders and perception of a joint effort for a good cause seriously damaged. It took 25 lives 5 years and 3 governments to rethink and withdraw.

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March 12, 2008 | The Big Three: China, the US, and the EU

Parag Khanna: The new world order won’t include American hegemony. “Second world” nations will be the geopolitical battlefield, as the US fights for a balance with China and the EU.

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March 10, 2008 | A New Era for EU-US Relations?

Daniel Rackowski: As many Europeans ponder about the putative blessings of the post-Bush era, it is only opportune to ask how the at-times strained transatlantic relationship might evolve in the future.

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February 28, 2008 | Ukraine's "European Choice"

Christine Otsver: Political disengagement and a weak economy endanger democracy in Ukraine.

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February 26, 2008 | V4 Perspectives and Opportunities

Viktor Friedmann: This paper provides a summary of a V4 conference with young researchers which identified the type of information which could be transferred from the Visegrad civil sector to the neighboring countries who would also like to be members of the EU.

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February 25, 2008 | EU Expansion to Israel and Palestine

Leon Hadar: The EU should put its money where its mouth is and work towards inviting both Israel and Palestine to join the EU. With the election of a new US president, Europe could gain more control in the Middle East, but only if it simultaneously accepts more responsibility.

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February 22, 2008 | Transatlantic Security Agenda 2008

Benjamin Lucas Schoo: Vote now on what prominent security related issue the governments on both sides of the Atlantic should focus their attention on! We have identified 4 major tasks for 2008 and ask you to select which of these should be at the top of the transatlantic agenda. You can vote now on the right side.

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February 19, 2008 | What Europe Can Learn from Asia

Michèle Schmiegelow: Asia’s integration has advanced considerably. Europe could benefit from Asia’s strategic pragmatism.

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February 14, 2008 | The Western Balkans and the EU: Attitude is Key

Ruby Gropas: Through an examination of the hopes and expectations surrounding Western Balkan EU accession, Dr. Gropas concludes that without the will to accede — on everyone’s part — the Western Balkans won’t have the capacity to do so.

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December 12, 2007 | Kosovo: It's Not as Bad as You Think

Elizabeth Pond: The EU and the UN can build on recent progress to resolve the last unfinished business from the 1990s’ Balkan wars. There is still a long way to go, though, to bring Kosovo under EU supervision and persuade Serbia to opt for a European future.

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December 11, 2007 | New Dreams for Europe's Future

Jan Techau: Europe’s role is changing. The dream of a European superstate is redundant. Instead, Europe should be looking beyond its borders.

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September 26, 2007 | Get Moving, Europe! This Article contains Flash-Video

Christine Otsver: Labor mobility in the EU-25 is shamefully low. One of the EU’s core concepts is freedom of movement, but getting more workers to resettle will take some radical rethinking.

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September 17, 2007 | Ukraine Opens a New Chapter in EU Relations

Oleksandr Chalyi: I call for an enhanced bilateral agreement between the EU and Ukraine with integration and association as its ultimate goal. Yuschenko’s New Realism must aim to meet the Copenhagen criteria within ten years, unilaterally if necessary.

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June 15, 2007 | Afghanistan: How the EU Could Do More

Memo 1: Members of the Atlantic Community commented on the appropriate role for the EU in Afghanistan.

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Global Must Read Articles

December 3, 2012 | Shada Islam, Friends of Europe

Shada Islam is the head of the Asia Programme at Friends of Europe - a Brussels-based European think-tank promoting discussion and debate on the future of the EU.
For over 25 years, she has covered Europe-Asia relations as a correspondent for the Far Eastern Economic Review and the German News Agency. As an expert on Asia, she has broadcast experience with the BBC, Radio France, Deutsche Welle

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July 9, 2012 | Strengthening Europe's Ability to Act

The Euro crisis has been all consuming; German politicians have put all other policy priorities to the side. However, two members of the German parliament have stepped forward into this policy vacuum, and therefore their ideas are highlighted here in the Best of Think Tanks. In a concise nine-page paper, Dr. Andreas Schockenhoff and Roderich Kiesewetter offer concrete proposals for strengthening

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June 13, 2012 | Berating Berlin is Detrimental to Europe

Spain is now viewed as part of a wider struggle to rescue Europe, with Germany portrayed as the villain. ++ Intellectuals are calling for Berlin to take measures that may lead to political radicalization. ++ From Berlin’s view, it is unfair to underwrite banks of countries with taxpayers’ money for social benefits that are better than their own. ++ This goes against what was promised to them: a

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June 5, 2012 | Rescuing Spanish Banks

The EU must find a way to salvage its banks and should start with Spain. ++ Spain’s banks are paralyzed amid losses incurred by real estate loans. ++ An injection of capital, 120 billion euros, is required. ++ The situation is only getting worse, as bank credit tightens, further increasing banks’ potential losses. ++ Spain’s response vis-à-vis the government-induced bank mergers has not

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June 2, 2012 | Karel de Gucht, European Commissioner for Trade

Karel De Gucht is the present European Commissioner for Trade and co-chairs the Transatlantic Economic Council. Up to February 2010, he served as European Commissioner for Development and Humanitarian Aid. He is a former Belgian Deputy Prime Minister (2008-2009) and Foreign Minister (2004-2009).
1. What are the current priorities in your work as the chair of the Transatlantic Economic

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May 31, 2012 | Demographics and Europe's Future

So long as Europe continues its demographic slide, the continent will continue to decline. ++ For example, Spain’s fertility rate is one of the lowest in Europe as well as the world. ++ But unlike say Germany, Spain and the Mediterranean countries in Europe cannot count on their economies to draw in new immigrants. ++ These countries will experience ever-higher proportions of retired people

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May 30, 2012 | Whither the European Project?

Germany’s inability to address the Eurozone crisis means that Europe is now facing an existential crisis. ++ As shown by history, Germany’s strict austerity will only lead to depression. ++ Europe’s future depends on Germany’s economic policies and France’s position on political integration and structural reforms. ++ France must approve political union with a common government and parliament for

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May 24, 2012 | Remember the Balkans

The Balkan economies are expected to contract even more, which will in turn increase the lure of nationalism. ++ In Serbia, an extreme nationalist, Tomislav Nikolic, defeated the incumbent president. ++ The election has the potential to grow into a regional and European problem. ++ Nikolic’s victory, in combination with Hungary’s populism, should be a wake-up call to the EU. ++ The Eurozone

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May 11, 2012 | Spain Needs Audacity, Not Half-Measures

Spain must be bold in order to reestablish confidence in it banks. ++ Without healthy banks, the Spanish economy will continue downhill. ++ Current measures have been too little, too late. ++ Policymakers have been indecisive and instead of offering solutions are blaming others for unfairly targeting Spain. ++ In reality, the banks need fresh money. ++ Spain has not addressed its problems

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May 10, 2012 | Changing Policy Over Dinner

Economic policy changes in Europe have been a common feature of the EU since its inception. ++ However, the fundamental politics of decision-making has yet to change. ++ Crucial deals are still being concluded behind closed doors among key national leaders, pursuing national interests, as set by their own national elites. ++ There has been a change in one aspect, though; the voice of Europe’s

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May 8, 2012 | Hollande's Victory an Opening for Europe

Hollande’s victory offers Europe an opportunity to directly address the challenges ahead. ++ The victory should bring an end to policy focused entirely on austerity, which has split the EU and paralyzed economies. ++ Any new plan for growth would not be printing more money; fiscal discipline remains essential. ++ First, targeted investment should be given priority. ++ Second, new incentives must

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May 4, 2012 | We Stopped the Killing, Now What?

The Dayton Agreement ended a war, but it also institutionalized ethnicity as the predominant feature of Bosnian social and political identity. ++ There has been little room for other minorities, since they had no seat at the negotiating table which was exclusively reserved for those who used weapons. ++ Europe and the United States need to assist Bosnia in reforming its constitution. ++

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May 2, 2012 | "Designed in Europe" Meets "Made in China"

China’s ongoing process of găigé kāifàng (reform and opening up to the West) and the process of European integration are both paving way for a more economically fruitful future. ++ In an effort to overcome the Euro-crisis, China nearly doubled its direct investment in Europe. ++  Today, goods valued at $1.5bn are exchanged daily between both parties. ++ As European

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March 23, 2012 | Europe Stoking Trade War

The European Commission’s recent proposal on public procurement risks a 1930s-style protectionist war. ++ The proposal would allow the EU to close public-procurement markets to countries that exclude European companies from their public contracts. ++ Even bidders with a large European content could be excluded from the process. ++ This means the proposal could harm not only external bidders but

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March 16, 2012 | Follow New Delhi to Tehran

Iran and India are developing a warmer relationship. ++ In light of renewed sanctions, India hopes to step into the Iranian markets vacated by European firms. ++ Iran could provide India not only with oil, but also with chemicals, polymers, and plastic materials. ++ The US does not want to see a closer relationship between Iran and India. ++ In contrast to the US, India supports Iran’s right to

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March 1, 2012 | Europe and the Arab Revolutions: A New Vision for Democracy and Human Rights

The Arab revolutions present the EU with a distinct challenge: still embarrassed by their support for the stability offered by the former authoritarian leaders, it now aims at supporting the fledgling democracies and human rights in the region. This is especially complex as the protesters across the southern Mediterranean do not see Europe as a political model and democracy. Whilst they share

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January 31, 2012 | An Irish View on the Fiscal Pact Treaty

Fiscal controls were not the cause of the Eurozone crisis and strengthening them will not solve it. ++ The debate over the crisis has been the worst of any Europe-related treaty, the current draft merely delays change for five years. ++ The “shut up and sign” approach is betraying the spirit of the union and Ireland needs to signal that it will not tolerate the “arrogant behaviour” of powers

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December 13, 2011 | More Union, More Democracy for Europe

It is not the premise of the EU that is flawed; the current crisis is a political one. ++ Even in sovereign states, resentment builds towards “weaker” regions perceived to be getting a free ride, but institutions are strong enough to combat it. ++ In the absence of those institutions, national leaders “moralize” and play countries against one another, stoking up old

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November 7, 2011 | "Greek Spring" Shows EU Elitism Can Go No Further

Far from being an expression of democracy, the now-scrapped Greek referendum was a power play by the Greek government against its own people. ++ The referendum’s failure highlights how, like in the Arab Spring, Western governments too can fall if they abandon democratic principles. ++ The paternalism of Germany and France during this crisis is inappropriate in a union of supposedly

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November 2, 2011 | Russia's Long Road to the WTO

Russia’s 18-year quest to become a member of the WTO may finally be drawing to a close by the end of this year, as Georgia gave its consent under US and EU pressure. ++ The biggest barrier to admission into the WTO, however, lies within Russia in the face of Vladimir Putin. ++ In the past, Putin has consistently thwarted the negotiation process in its final stages. ++ While Russian exporters

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November 1, 2011 | Migration and Development Policy: Six Lessons Learned

Over the past several decades, migration has been at the center of heated policy debates in both the United States and Europe. In this report by the Migration Policy Institute, Kathleen Newland evaluates what lessons can be drawn from past experiences involving the policies of developed countries in regards to migration and development.
1) Decision makers have moved away from the idea that

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October 28, 2011 | "Europeanizing Europe"

The EU’s inherently weak internal structure is not suited to deal with the current financial crisis and threatens to bring an end to European integration. ++ A collapse of the monetary union would be a death sentence for the EU as a whole. ++ The EU must evolve from an organization based on common principle to an EU government with real political power. ++ Unless the Europeans act quickly to

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September 30, 2011 | EU Should Tax the Financial Sector

In a time of economic turmoil, the European public finances are under threat and it is time for the financial sector to contribute its fair share. ++ Introducing an EU tax on financial transactions is the key to solving the current deficit crisis. ++ An EU-wide financial transaction tax would generate much-needed revenue for the EU budget and discourage the financial sector from conducting

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September 29, 2011 | Libya's Lasting Legacy

The Libyan intervention has proven NATO’s resilience as a military alliance. ++ While not all NATO members participated in the military operation, a coalition of the willing spearheaded by France and the UK successfully coordinated their efforts to lend critical support to the rebels. ++ The exemplary partnership between the American intelligence community and the European naval and air forces

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September 28, 2011 | Russia Will Maintain Status Quo With Western Partners

The West should not expect any major changes in Russian foreign policy upon Putin’s return to the Kremlin. ++ Russia will continue to enforce its present agreements and maintain a pragmatic partnership with the US and Europe. ++ Putin’s rhetoric may resonate with Soviet nostalgia, but Russia will remain committed to expanding commercial ties with the West. ++ The upcoming power shuffle will not

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September 14, 2011 | Britain Rejects EU Defense Proposal

An EU plan to create a defense-planning headquarters in Brussels has been met with harsh opposition in Britain. ++ As European countries struggle to balance budgets, British politicians see the proposed European project as costly and unnecessary. ++ While the UK is willing to play a central role in NATO’s foreign and defense policy, it is increasingly distancing itself from European

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September 8, 2011 | Full Integration Is Europe's Only Option

With more European countries falling into financial turmoil, it is time the EU took significant steps towards greater political and economic integration. ++ The current European crisis shows that a monetary union cannot function without a common fiscal and coordinated economic policy. ++ Strengthening European federalism is the only way to guarantee long-term stability for the EU and its common

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September 1, 2011 | Challenges for European Defense Budgets after the Economic Crisis

In his paper for the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, Patrick Keller assesses European defense budgets in the aftermath of the economic crisis.
Dr. Keller’s analysis shows how the current economic climate has led to sharp cuts in European defense spending, resulting in diminished capabilities. A credible defense system now requires greater cooperation and pooling of

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August 30, 2011 | "Libya's Impact Will Shake the Assads"

Libya will have a “tremendous” effect on the Syrian uprising, boosting the morale of protestors and casting doubt on the Assad regime. ++ The EU must intensify pressure by banning oil imports from Syria, while Lebanon should join other Arab states and Turkey in condemning Assad and strive to prevent cross-border trafficking of weapons and money. ++ To seize the momentum, the

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August 26, 2011 | "Ukraine's Future Is With the European Union"

Ukraine has come a long way from its Soviet legacy. Now, Kiev sets its sights on EU membership. ++ With an educated labor force and a “rich foundation in science and technology” along with its energy diversification capabilities and some of the world’s most fertile soil, Ukraine is positioned to play a prosperous role in the integrated European economy. ++ Kiev must still

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August 24, 2011 | China Must Rethink Economic Growth Model

China has criticized the US for its debt problems, but Beijing’s own growth model is “fraught with difficulties”. ++ Since US and EU debt issues leave its export-driven economy vulnerable to market fluctuations, Beijing must bolster domestic demand. ++ It can do so by relocating industry to cheap-labor inland provinces and encouraging coastal regions to focus on service and

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August 23, 2011 | Libya Needs International Boots on the Ground

With Libya on the verge of ousting Gaddafi, the rebels cannot allow tribal divisions to tear their leadership apart. ++ To support a peaceful transition of power, the outside world should be prepared to send, “at the very least”, military and police advisers and perhaps “several thousand” troops to Libya. ++ This would be “costly and risky”, but far less so

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August 12, 2011 | US and Europe Must Support BRIC Recovery

The world economy now depends less on the leadership of the US and Europe, and more on the domestic consumption of large developing markets. ++ Western policymakers should be wary of new monetary stimulus, as a weaker dollar could raise inflation rates in the BRIC countries, slowing the growth of their domestic demand. ++ To support high consumption in emerging markets, Western leaders should

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August 9, 2011 | Corruption Hindering Ukraine-EU Integration

Ukraine possesses massive agricultural and manufacturing potential, and Europe should support Kiev’s movement toward the EU. ++ But the trial of former Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko, an opponent of President Viktor Yanukovich, is a corrupt political sideshow threatening to derail efforts at reform. ++ An EU association agreement with Ukraine would be both a model for the region and a

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August 8, 2011 | Doomed to an Economic Double-Dip?

The world economy risks a double-dip, a second severe recession, thanks to an EU debt crisis, fiscal instability in the US, and slow manufacturing seemingly everywhere else. Policy makers are quickly running out of options to trigger recovery. ++ Now, economies that still have market access should “introduce new short-term fiscal stimulus while committing to medium-term fiscal

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July 28, 2011 | Self-Inflicted Crises Plague EU and US

Dysfunctional politics have turned financial challenges into crises on both sides of the Atlantic. ++ In Europe, officials have “dithered and argued at national, intergovernmental and pan-eurozone levels” as Greece’s credit spreads widened. Washington, meanwhile, is “convulsed by the…spectacle of a voluntary sovereign debt crisis” resulting from the failure of

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July 26, 2011 | Arab Spring Should Avoid Russian Model

When new Arab leaders in Egypt and Tunisia take office, they ought to learn from Russia’s corruption-plagued transition from the USSR. ++ They can avoid a similar fate by initiating the transparent privatization of state economic property, the modernization of commercial laws, and the opening of nearly every sector to foreign investment. ++ The economic and political vitality of the Arab

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July 6, 2011 | What is Wrong with Germany?

Germany’s economy is humming, its exports are at an all time high, and its corporations are among the most dynamic in the world. ++ And yet, Germany finds itself isolated from the global community. It sits on the sidelines while its closest allies intervene in Libya, it balks at helping Greece and it rejects Turkey’s bid to enter the EU. In other words, Germany is afraid of changing

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July 4, 2011 | Poland Sets Optimistic Agenda for EU

As Poland inherits the European Union presidency for the first time, the EU faces some of the biggest challenges in its history. Nevertheless, Poland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs sees this not as a burden, but an opportunity. ++ Poland is one of the EU’s success stories, having benefitted from European integration to spur its own economic growth. ++ Now, precisely because of

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June 24, 2011 | EU: the Union of Shattered Dreams

Greek debt crisis questions the existence of the EU and outlines the instability of a monetary union which is not backed by political and economic unions. ++ “Dismantling of the welfare and redistributive systems” stir populist sentiments. ++ The case is exacerbated by the failure of the Schengen treaty and the absence of common security and foreign policies. ++ Whereas the

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February 4, 2011 | Annette Heuser, Bertelsmann Foundation

Annette Heuser is executive director of the Bertelsmann Foundation Washington DC, a private, nonpartisan operating foundation, working to promote and strengthen transatlantic cooperation. Before launching the Bertelsman
Foundation in Washington DC, Ms. Heuser served in the corporate sector as Vice President of
International Relations at Bertelsmann AG in Guetersloh, Germany, and as the

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January 24, 2011 | EU Ignores Atrocities Because of Afghanistan

EU Commission President Barroso meets with Uzbek dictator Islam Karimov today. ++ Despite massacres and oppression carried out under the dictator’s name, the meeting is going ahead. ++ Moreover, the EU refuses to enact sanctions on the regime. ++ “So why is the EU less moral than Tesco or Walmart?” ++ The answer is Afghanistan, as 20% of supplies to NATO forces now transit through Uzbekistan. ++

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December 16, 2010 | Siegfried Fina, Co-Director of the Stanford-Vienna Transatlantic Technology Law Forum

Professor Siegfried Fina is the Co-Director of the Stanford-Vienna Transatlantic Technology Law Forum. He focuses on the business-related and technology-related law and policy of the European Union, as well as on the legal aspects of the EU-US trade and the economic governance of the transatlantic marketplace.
1. What are the current priorities in your work as Co-Director of the Stanford-Vienna

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December 10, 2010 | Europe's Leadership Deficit

The scale and urgency of Europe’s financial crisis is not being confronted, or even acknowledged by its leaders. ++ “Europe needs to move forward to a sustainable euro, not back to the days of competing currencies”. ++ For that to happen, it needs an intervention fund big enough to face down the markets. ++ Yet, Angela Merkel has been bowing to domestic opinion polls, blocking such a move and EU

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November 23, 2010 | Global Tasks and Summit Solutions

Transatlantic Relations formed the center of discussion at the recent annual summits of NATO, the United States and the European Union in Lisbon. ++ NATO set out a clear future plan for itself in Afghanistan and endorsed an improved relationship with Russia. ++ Furthermore, during the EU-US Summit, better understanding of EU-US interdependence in the world economy was highlighted. ++ However, the

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November 3, 2010 | The Future Pillars of Europe: EU, Russia, and Turkey

Lord Ismay, NATO’S first General Secretary, once said that the goal of the alliance was “to keep the Russians out, the Americans in, and the Germans down.” In today’s multipolar word, he would have had to rephrase this imperative: For Europe’s security, it will be essential to keep the EU united, Russia post-imperialist, and Turkey European. After all, the Americans

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August 17, 2010 | $460 Million Requested for Pakistan: Let's Give It

More than 20 million people in Pakistan are now homeless as a consequence of the devastating flooding. ++ A dearth of clean drinking water will likely cause the death toll of 1,500 to rise. ++ The West must use this opportunity to show solidarity with the Pakistanis and improve its image in this volatile region. ++ A generous American response is necessary in order to keep Pakistan on its side in

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August 5, 2010 | Moralisation of Capitalism: The New Enlightenment?

The financial crisis has marked the start of a new chapter in history: the post-western world. ++ The global balance of power is shifting, and the traditional responses of denial from America and soul-searching from Europe will not alter this reality. ++ The western comparative advantage is not found in its demographics, economics, or military, but rather in its ideals: democracy, the rule of

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August 1, 2010 | Sascha Müller-Kraenner, European Representative of The Nature Conservancy

Foreign policy, European integration and environmental policy are subjects of predilection for Sascha Müller-Kraenner and questions on which he has extensively published in the past. He previously worked for the Heinrich Böll Foundation as director for Europe/North America, head of the program on foreign and security policy, and founding director for the North American office in

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July 27, 2010 | Turkey Turning East but Looking West

Western opinion holds that Turkey is turning East, but Ankara is actually pursuing a policy centered on its economic and geographic power. ++ Europe remains a key goal, but Turkey has diversified its alliances and no longer depends on the will of its American and European partners. ++ It has isolated the PKK by cultivating relationships with its neighbors, and this peace pays extra dividends in

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July 19, 2010 | Spain Worried About Cuba's Intentions

With nine newly released political prisoners arriving from Havana today, Spain is now “obliged to try to get the EU to change its policy towards Cuba following this gesture.” ++ The question remains whether the prisoners are being freed or exiled. ++ “It is risky to respond with a political initiative to a humanitarian gesture whose ultimate scope and intentions are

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November 26, 2009 | Police Force is Afghanistan's Weak Spot

The planned expansion of the Afghan police force from 80,000 to 160,000 officers will make infiltration by Taliban insurgents easier. ++ Recent reports note that the Afghan police force is still suffering from weak leadership, incompetence and a lack of motivation. ++ After 7 years of reform and investments worth over 6 billion dollars, only 7 percent of the police forces are able to operate

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November 20, 2009 | Blandness Dominates EU Agenda

The final selection of Herman Van Rompuy and Baroness Catherine Ashton in the two major EU positions created by the Lisbon Treaty couldn’t be blander. ++ The need to please everyone has again stunted Europe’s standing and led to appointments of compromise. ++ Angela Merkel and Nicholas Sarkozy were said to favour the “lightweight” Van Rompuy for fears that a high profile candidate

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November 13, 2009 | A New Chapter for Europe

The celebrations to mark the fall of the Berlin wall were faultless but talk soon turned to who should take up the high positions created by the Lisbon Treaty. ++ “Personalities matter [as we have] the possibility of creating a Europe that acts more as one.” ++ A unified foreign policy is vital to help to destroy the global poverty divide and to keep pace with the rise of China and

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November 12, 2009 | Berlin and Washington Disagree on Russia Policy

From arms reduction to Afghanistan to Iran, it is in Washington’s best interest to ensure cooperation with Moscow on a wide range of issues. Policy-makers in Washington now have to choose between different options for dealing with Moscow: rely on either the EU or on Germany as a focal point for dealing with the Russians, or conduct relations bilaterally.
Washington, however, is unlikely to

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October 29, 2009 | Future Euro Council President Must Be Low Key

The vagueness surrounding the position of President of the European Council risks putting “far too much authority into the hand of one individual.” ++ The President should be someone able to focus on details, and broker deals which can establish a consensus. ++ Tony Blair is known for looking at the big picture and his willingness to divide opinion to go in his chosen direction. ++ The EU should

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October 9, 2009 | Proximity to Europe Hurting Baltic States in Crisis

According to established financial and economic theories, the three “Baltic tigers” were the ones who got everything right, prior to the international financial crisis. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania kept their state sectors small, promoted privatization, and pegged their currencies to the Euro. They reformed their tax and social security and joined the European Union in 2004. Their overall goal

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October 9, 2009 | Russia Needs to Defuse the Situation in the Caucasus

Reactions by Moscow and Tbilisi to the EU report on the Russian-Georgian War demonstrate how tense the situation in the Caucasus remains. The report blamed the war on the Georgians, who opened hostilities against the South Ossetians. However, it also criticized Russia for using inappropriate force in response to Georgian provocations. What the report failed to mention was that the repercussions

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October 5, 2009 | Irish Vote Not the Final Hurdle for Lisbon Treaty

Despite the 67% Irish yes vote for the Lisbon Treaty, major hurdles lie ahead. ++ “A ‘No’ would not only have been the end of the Lisbon Treaty, but the end of any major EU Reforms [but] economic uncertainty helped persuade many voters that Europe offers a safe haven.” ++ However, the Czech Republic is yet to fully embrace the document pending a court judgement and if ratification

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September 18, 2009 | Political Chameleon Barroso Victorious: Just

Jose Manuel Barroso has been given a second 5 year term as President of the European Commission despite becoming increasingly unpopular with EU leaders. ++ Various senior parliament members have described Barroso as lacking “courage and vision” and being simply “not electable.” ++ This suits Paris, Berlin and London who are quite happy with a “harmless figurehead” who will not disrupt their

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September 9, 2009 | On the Doorstep for 50 Years

This summer will mark 50 years since Turkey first asked to join the EU, a feat it still cannot achieve. ++ Despite this “Turkey’s leaders say they remain committed to their bid, however long it takes” even though public support is quickly falling away. ++ The EU should make an earnest commitment to Turkey joining eventually as not to continue to undermine the complex reform process

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September 2, 2009 | France & Germany Take the Lead

Whatever the result of Germany’s election this month the time has come for a new Franco-German partnership to lead Europe. ++ Having scrapped the ‘Group of Six’ idea Paris and Berlin are the only truly compatible partners in Europe despite difference on how to resolve the financial crisis. ++ “With the return of France to NATO’s integrated military structure, the two

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August 4, 2009 | Europe Bouncing Back From the Brink

Europe survives the worst crisis of the last 50 years to bounce back stronger. ++ Renewed solidarity between EU members limited protectionism and encouraged interdependence as shown by the bailout of Latvia. ++ Lisbon Treaty cause is strengthened by united response from members. ++ Euro is now a possibility for Denmark, Sweden & Switzerland with membership offering protection from a future

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July 20, 2009 | Blair and Barroso: Europe's Team From Hell

Tony Blair and José Manuel Barroso are popular and capable politicians, but as the Presidents of the European Council and the European Commission they would be a deadly combination. ++ Mr. Blair’s “political star qualities” will not be enough to succeed in the tough new job of coordinating the 27 heads of state. ++ The two do not represent the diversity of Europe opinion, since they both

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June 17, 2009 | Europe is no Longer a Role Model for the US

Eventually, Europe and the US must be seen as two gravely different societies. ++ America shouldn’t look up to the “bureaucratic powerhouse of the EU” as it was unable to cope with recent crises. ++ There is an essential link between the countries’ different need for economic growth and strongly varying demographic expectancies. ++ In order to maintain living standards, “America’s… emphasis

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June 16, 2009 | EU Must See America as Role Model

Europe’s outdated ideology led to the low voter turnout at the EU Parliamentary elections. ++ “Today, people don’t care about the European Union.” ++ Citizens must be reminded of the actual balance of power between their nation state and the EU as well as the failure of other peace treaties before this long period of peace. ++ The EU has to become more transparent and find its cultural borders.

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June 8, 2009 | Social States: The Myth of the Atlantic Divide

Everyone is familiar with the idea of a “wide
Atlantic” and the alleged fundamental differences between the US and Europe:
the Americans believe in the unbridled free market, while the Europeans only
accept it against their will and try to curtail its excesses; true social
policy exists only in Europe; lack of universal health insurance in the US
causes many to die young or spend the

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June 1, 2009 | Democratization of Belarus Vital for Europe

The US and the EU must take a coordinated approach when trying to bring around reform in “Europe’s last dictatorship,” Belarus, which will be a slow and tough process. ++ The US should consider lifting sanctions only on the basis of strict conditionality. ++ Belarus must be pressured to have more independent media, to investigate the cases of missing dissidents, and to end the practice of jailing

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June 1, 2009 | Aid Should be Spent on Creating EU of Africa

In order to achieve the best returns for donor taxpayers and aid recipients, African aid should focus on infrastructure, regional integration, education and health. ++ Regional integration would help African countries compete in the global market - just as the EU helps the economies of its member states. ++ Africa needs to integrate its economies and open its borders internally. ++ Development

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May 6, 2009 | Eastern Europe Needs EU Help to Overcome Crisis

Western Europe is slowly beginning to view the
future once again with optimism, the crisis still has a tight grip on the East.
Multiple Eastern European countries are sinking deeper into recession, the
export market with the West is broken, and banks are on the brink due to
excessive indebtedness and falling exchange rates. The effects thereof are felt
in Western Europe as well. It is

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May 1, 2009 | World Needs to Help Pakistan and Afghanistan

The global community is slowly realizing the magnitude of the dangers the current problems Pakistan and Afghanistan carry for the world. ++ France has taken an active role, “committed to contributing its full weight to help settle these conflicts.” ++ Efforts to stabilize Afghanistan will fail if Pakistan does not participate fully in the fight against terrorism. ++ The solution

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April 30, 2009 | Poland Challenges Transatlantic Relations

A switch is occurring in US-Polish relations. ++ With two wars and the unpopular missile defense proposal, the US is increasingly seen as an uncomfortable, rather than essential security partner. ++ Public opinion is turning to the more cozy neighbor, the EU. ++ Still, this may very well be the strength of new relations with the US, if Poland learns to market its agenda to resonate with the

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April 3, 2009 | The EU Should Be the Leader of a New Globalization

Is de-globalization the magic solution to escape the economic crisis? No, it would be the biggest mistake. ++ Protectionism and nationalism are false friends and, as history has proven, responsible for poverty and conflicts. ++ What we need is a new regulating framework based on ethical principles with the mantra  “liberty, responsibility, solidarity.” ++ As the most advanced example of

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March 27, 2009 | Bye Bye Topolanek, Bye Bye EU

The collapse of Topolanek’s government is bad news for the EU. ++ His defeat is a victory for the Eurosceptic President Klaus and the detractors of the Lisbon Treaty. ++ Topolanek now has no means to apply pressure on the several Eurosceptics amongst his party to ratify the Lisbon Treaty when it is most needed. ++ One year after the “no” vote of the referendum, the majority of the Irish seem to

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February 20, 2009 | Old Europe to The Rescue!

The liberalization paradigm, mantra of Eastern Europe in the 90s that aimed to speed up the integration process, is being questioned as the region is devastated by the economic crisis. ++ Old Europe had better help these new member states through measures such as contributions of loans and economic surveillance. ++ Mishandling the crisis would be detrimental for the whole European continent and

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February 19, 2009 | NATO Is Not the Answer

Sarkozy’s decision to rejoin NATO’s military command is the wrong response to the new era Obama has ushered in. ++ NATO remains an organization designed for the Cold War era without the legitimacy to take on a universal role. ++ Sarkozy is sending out a signal that France wishes to remain part of the “western family,” locked in a defensive mindset of yesteryear. ++

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February 18, 2009 | Upcoming Lost Decade for the World's Economy

Japan’s experience in the 1990s is no longer seen simply as a terrible recession but has become an example of how to recover from the current financial crisis. ++ What conclusions can be drawn to rescue our economies? ++ The balance-sheet deflation inside the US is far shallower than in Japan in the 1990s, but the global implications of the current crisis are far greater. ++ The US will not be

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February 12, 2009 | Do Not Upset the Internal Market

The motor force behind the development of the EU has been economic interdependence and the creation of a common internal market. ++ If member states respond to the crisis by putting their national interest first, measures like state aid — especially banking and automotive industries — will upset the workings of the internal market and put European prosperity at risk. ++ The review process of

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February 4, 2009 | Britain: Immigrants Are Target of Domestic Woes

When will people start to understand that immigrants are vital for a functioning economy and kicking them out of Britain would mean depriving people of doctors, nurses, teachers and so forth? ++ In addition, immigrants don’t just take national jobs, they also create them by spending in shops and making the economy run. ++ Free movement of labor is one of the legal requirements of EU membership.

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February 2, 2009 | Erdogan's AKP Alienates Turkey From the West

Developments in Turkey since AKP’s accession to power in 2002 are seriously compromising the special relation between Ankara and the West. ++ Activities at both the domestic — discrimination against women — and international level — rapprochement with Iran — are alarming. ++ Antisemitism is also rising: the “Jewish community is being threatened: businesses are being boycotted, and instances

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January 30, 2009 | Somali Pirates and Rising Naval Powers

Last year
125 vessels were attacked by Somali pirates in the Gulf of
Aden, one third of which were successfully boarded. Among them was
a hijacked Saudi super tanker laden with oil and a Ukrainian ship carrying 33
Russian armoured vehicles. Both incidents intensified international concern
over the possible capture of more “sensitive cargo,” such as radioactive
material The Somali pirates

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January 27, 2009 | Southern Europe Out of the Eurozone

The economic and political divisions between a “hard core” Northern Europe and a crumbling South are re-emerging in the midst of the economic crisis. ++ Euroskeptics argue that this will eventually lead to a departure of the “South” from the Eurozone, whilst europhiles predict that it will produce an even “wider euro area assuming the debts of the weaker nations.” ++ The

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January 22, 2009 | Improving Transatlantic Relations Rests With Europe

There can be little doubt that Obama will work hard to remove the bitter taste which his predecessor left in European mouths and embrace the continent in dialog. ++ Making this a successful reality is the responsibility of Europe. ++ It must overcome its penchant for disunion, it must not allow itself to be hindered by its more fainthearted members and it must proactively enter discussions over

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January 21, 2009 | President Obama: Recipe for Successful Diplomacy

Granted: times are difficult for Obama to take the lead and in his hands lies a combination of high expectations and hope. ++ The US and Europe ought to continue working together and some key ingredients ought to accompany their responses to global challenges: multilateralism, ruled based diplomacy, legitimacy, and centrality of leadership when moments of crisis arise. ++ This last point is

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January 21, 2009 | Yushchenko Must Use Gas Deal for Ukrainian Unity

The two-week gas war between Ukraine and Russia was only partly about money. ++ Russia wanted to split the Ukrainian leadership, where support for leader President Yushchenko has fallen to 5%. ++ PM Tymoshenko has also been weakened, as she faces responsibility for the financial downturn. ++ President Putin miscalculated: Russian pressure has unified pro-western Ukrainians, as the EU refused to

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January 21, 2009 | Europe Responsible For War in the Middle East

Is the massive reconstruction aid currently being sent by Europe to the Middle East mere compensation for having been unable to prevent the recent Gaza War? ++ If the Palestinians lived in their own state, they wouldn’t need humanitarian aid. ++ “By not recognizing a freely elected Palestinian government, Europe has actively undermined the creation of one.” ++ Preventing the Palestinian people

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January 15, 2009 | Euro-skeptic Czech Republic?

Unity in responding to the economic crisis and unity when negotiating a new PCA with Russia is the mantra of the Czech Republic, current holder of the EU Presidency. ++ It is time for skeptics who fear new members’ commitment towards the EU to put their worries away. ++ Neither the recency of membership nor the communist past are preventing them from pursuing European interests. ++ Standing

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January 13, 2009 | The EU in the Midst of the Gas War

Heavily dependent on Russian gas, the EU has found itself obliged to arbitrate the Russian-Ukranian dispute in order to see its supplies maintained. ++ The difficultly reached agreement under the Czech presidency of the EU, which paves the way for the resumption of Russian gas supplies to Europe, has, however, failed to find a definitive solution on the gas prices. ++ As a consequence, the deal

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January 12, 2009 | 2009 Will Test EMU and Franco-German Relations

2009 will be a challenging year for EMU and Franco-German relations regarding which economic policies to adopt. ++ The two countries traditionally differ on their stance vis à vis the role of the ECB, namely its degree of independence. ++ The French have often accused their neighbor of gleaning “unfair economic advantage from the EU.” ++ Criticism has risen under Sarkozy and culminated

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December 19, 2008 | One Year Left to Tackle Climate Change

Last week’s UN climate conference at Poznan made it clearer than ever that 2009 will be a crucial year in sealing the fate of the planet. ++ The participants showed an egoism and lack of generosity which is particularly incomprehensible in view of the enormous bail-outs which Western governments have granted their banks. ++ The Copenhagen conference in a year’s time will define the

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December 17, 2008 | Turkey Knows How to Mediate In the Middle East

Over the last year Turkey has accomplished more in the Middle East than the entire transatlantic contingent. ++ Last week Erdogan negotiated with the Afghan and Pakistani presidents over economic projects, in which both countries are interested. ++ The Turkish Parliament is not only preparing further projects in the Gaza strip, but is also promoting talks between Israel and Syria regarding the

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December 16, 2008 | EU Must Intervene to Stop Mass Rapes in DR Congo

Last week Ban Ki-Moon asked European leaders to intervene in DR Congo, admitting the failure of the peacekeeping mission. ++ The collapse of the Congolese army has led to mass killings and rapes. ++ The EU must take action in Congo as there are “good political as well as human rights reasons why stopping mass rape should be the platform for this intervention.” ++ Immediate pressure

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December 15, 2008 | China's Great Depression

The myth of decoupled markets is all but shattered. ++ Asian countries, especially China, who benefited from trade imbalances and western overconsumption, will have difficulty adjusting. ++ In reaction to these new economic conditions trade deficit countries could absorb the production imbalance through government spending; trade surplus countries could attempt to increase domestic consumption to

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December 15, 2008 | Merkel: "Frau Nein" on Economic Rescue

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her economic officials are standing in the way of a much-needed rescue plan for the EU’s economic woes. ++ “If there is to be a rescue of the European economy, Merkel wants no part of it, telling a party meeting that ‘we’re not going to participate in this senseless race for billions.’” ++ Due to its economic integration, a coordinated EU response is the

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December 12, 2008 | EU Beckons Ukraine and Georgia

A battle over ex-Soviet republics is taking place between Brussels and Moscow. ++ This quarrel is the subtext to the laborious negotiations over Ukraine and Georgia joining NATO and the EU. ++ The EU has shown a clear desire for greater “association” with its neighbors but refuses to start real talks for fear of angering Russia. ++ A European presence in the region is necessary to

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December 9, 2008 | A Global European Union is Possible

We now have an opportunity for a world government - a global currency, supreme court, law, civil service, and military force, as in the EU, is possible. ++ Global warming, the financial crisis and the war on terror offer reasons for such global governance. ++ China and the US are becoming more open to global solutions. ++ Susan Rice, US ambassador to the UN, shows a commitment to international

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December 8, 2008 | Fighting Deflation and Tempering Inflation

The European Central Bank is forecasting annual inflation rates for 2009 at 1.1 to 1.7% and for 2010 at 1.5 to 2.1%. ++ Yet, Interest rates are being cut below these markers. ++ Banking officials claim that “twenty per cent inflation is ultimately not as harmful as 5 per cent deflation.” ++ Buying longer-dated government bonds, adding short-dated securities to balance sheets, and even imposing

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December 5, 2008 | "Unilateral Germany Threatens to Weaken Europe"

Germany’s increasingly unilateral foreign policies are causing unrest within the EU and Atlantic alliance. ++ The US, UK and France are frustrated by Berlin’s reluctance to impose sanctions on Iran as well as its limited efforts in Afghanistan. ++ The impending election is a partial explanation for this refusal to engage in bold policies. ++ The generational shift means that

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December 4, 2008 | Europe Must Make Multilateralism a Reality

Europe may well come to regret the multilateralism it has been longing for from the US now that it is finally on the horizon. ++ European responses are uncertain should Obama call for funds, troops, and solidarity. ++ The EU should show willingness to intervene in the Congo. ++ Privileged European voting rights in the IMF should be rescinded to better reflect global GDP. ++ By putting into

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December 1, 2008 | German Complacency Poses Serious Threat

Germany’s persistent boycott of a coordinated European response to the economic crisis has serious implications both nationally and for the EU. ++ There will be no decision about a German stimulus package until February 2009 at the earliest – clearly too late. ++ Chancellor Merkel and Finance Minister Steinbrück are heading for a self-made depression. ++ The correct response would be

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November 25, 2008 | "Obama, Dafur and ICC Justice"

The most pressing moral issue the next US administration will have to face, is the genocide that is taking place in Dafur. ++ The International Criminial Court is likely to issue a warrant for arresting Sudan’s president, al-Bashir, “charging him with crimes against humanity and genocide in Darfur.” ++ President-elect Obama should support the legitimacy of the ICC and provide

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November 21, 2008 | Pirates of the Arabian - Sort of

Pirates – that ancient breed of scoundrel, romanticized and glorified, yet wretched and rotten – have made a name for themselves off Somali coasts. ++ Many, it turns out, are simply trying to make a living for themselves. ++ While their exploits have become renowned, drawing in over $30 million in ransom fees so far this year, a little known fact remains: over $300 million a year in

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November 18, 2008 | Europe's Economy Needs Cooperative Efforts

To answer the G20’s calls for budgetary stimulus, Europe needs a three-part recovery program. ++ EU member states must pledge to equally share the burden of recovery. ++ Because many countries will exceed EU deficit limits, budgetary boosts need to be accompanied by an agreement to strengthen the EU’s fiscal framework. ++ Member states should make a commitment to avoid borrowing at

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November 17, 2008 | Realistic Expectations: G20

This weekend’s G20 summit was a mixed bag: Obama did not attend, lame-duck Bush cannot make any serious commitments, and yet, the G20 may be jockeying its way into an important position. ++ National governments promised to focus on macroeconomic coordination, and regulatory standards via the IMF or Financial Stability Forum (FSF). ++ “It would be good if Saturday’s declaration proved to be the

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November 17, 2008 | "Europe's Retreat"

On Friday the EU and Russia met to discuss the state of economic cooperation. ++ Russian troops still remain in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, hindering Georgians from returning home. ++ Upcoming talks between Russia and Georgia do not seem promising. ++ By removing sanctions from Russia, the EU has put itself into an inferior position. ++ Postponing economic accords might be an effective way of

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November 14, 2008 | Robert Gates: Coordination Needed in Afghanistan

Operations in Afghanistan are hamstrung by limitations placed on forces from different nations. ++ Many willing to provide troops lack money or have political constraints. ++ Soldiers are needed not only on the battlefield but also to train security forces, yet “our own security toolbox must be equipped with more than just hammers.” ++ Coordination with EU, NGOs and Afghan government is needed,

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November 14, 2008 | Revitalizing EU-Russian Partnership

The EU and Russia will meet for an annual meeting, focusing on the renewal of their partnership agreement. ++ Since the attacks on Georgia, EU-Russian relations have been shattered. ++ Europeans will not accept a divided Georgia. ++ The EU will have to be open to compromise, considering its dependency on Russian energy, but Russia will also have to make concessions in view of its dependency on

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November 11, 2008 | Sarkozy Against "Polite Conversation"

French President Sarkozy is rushing on with demands for the upcoming G20-meeting, at the expense of diplomacy. ++ His harsh call for multilateral action, blaming Wall Street for the crisis, is explained by a feeling of support from public opinion in Europe. ++ However, the crisis was not fabricated only in the US; Europe’s structures have their own faults. ++ Sensible targets for the summit would

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November 10, 2008 | "Europe in Wonderland"

Actions undertaken by governments and central banks won’t be able to adress the financial crisis as other huge risks are threatening the financial system. ++ The world has benefited from over-consuming America, but the “US engine of growth” can’t be replaced by Asia, pushing the EU into a depression. ++ There is a need for macroeconomic and fiscal coordination at the EU

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October 27, 2008 | Sarkozy's EU Coup d'état

Nicolas Sarkozy wishes to remain “president of the eurozone” for another year. ++ Chances are this coup will work, given the current situation. ++ The financial turmoil will likely require another eurozone summit meeting to address lingering problems; existing bank recapitalization plans need revision on a European level; Germany’s push for minimal eurozone intervention is not nearly as popular

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October 23, 2008 | Low-Carbon Growth: Financial Security's Best Chance

High-carbon growth must be limited to avoid a climate disaster and prevent a dangerous global transformation - population movements and conflicts. ++ World emissions must be cut by 50% by 2050. ++ Investments in low-carbon infrastructure will likely average $1 trillion a year over next century and allow for a safer environment. ++ The EU and the UN must “sustain a price for carbon, by use

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October 22, 2008 | Cries for Change Are Empty Political Platitudes

Crying to re-found democratic capitalism and create a new global economic order, world leaders are simply trying to divert attention away from their own helplessness and cover the confusion they have been thrown into by a crisis they failed to predict and prevent. ++ These are empty political platitudes – there will be no revolution. ++ The creation of a global financial market watchdog is

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October 22, 2008 | "Super-Sarko's Plans for the World"

National governments of the EU have dealt with the financial crisis, ignoring the power of EU institutions. ++ State aid laws have been neglected aiming to “prevent EU governments from subsidising national companies.” ++ President Sarkozy is calling for tighter “supervision of the international banking systems” and for a “crackdown on international tax havens”

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October 22, 2008 | Crisis Will Reassert Russia as a Global Player

The financial crash will have serious geopolitical consequences. ++ Russia will reassert itself as a global player. ++ As its stock market does not play as crucial a role as in Western markets, and as Russia has a lot of money due to the boom in oil and natural gas markets, it will be the greatest winner in the aftermath of the crisis. ++ The US will also, in the long run, gain as the crisis will

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October 20, 2008 | Crisis is No Excuse to Dodge Climate Declarations

It’s tempting to use the economic slowdown as an excuse to dodge ambitious declarations for cuts in greenhouse gas emissions. ++ We mustn’t forget that our current economic problems are small compared to the possible long-term consequences of unchecked global warming. ++ The EU should lead the way; it if introduces an aggressive climate plan it will pressure the rest of the world

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October 20, 2008 | When Russia Comes Knocking

Russia’s invasion of Georgia is not an aberration - it demonstrates a pattern of aggression, one that now threatens Ukraine as Moscow embraces PM Yulia Tymoshenko. ++ Russia’s relations with Tehran, Syria, OPEC and most recently Venezuela all threaten US interests. ++ Western weakness, especially in Europe, is not an option. ++ Georgia and Ukraine must be brought into NATO; military cooperation

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October 17, 2008 | Financial Crisis Vindicates the EU

The Brown-Darling rescue package for British banks not only provided a template to follow for the rest of the EU, but was also adopted by the US. ++ The British PM did not rest on his laurels and is leading international action even further by calling for reform of global financial institutions like the IMF. ++ This crisis has had one positive outcome: Europeans finally have their act together.

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October 17, 2008 | No Tinkering with Ukraine's Election

Viktor Yuschenko, president of Ukraine, has called for another parliamentary election in hopes of settling internal divisions symbolized largely by Ukraine’s leading three politicians - Yuschenko, Tymoshenko, and Yanukovich. ++ This must be a Ukrainian election for Ukrainians. ++ Both Russia and the US (NATO) must keep their hands off. ++ Instead the EU should make Ukraine’s membership in the

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October 16, 2008 | Europe's "New Corporations"

Global commerce has dramatically changed in the last fifteen years. The opening of new markets, growing competition, and the struggle for attracting the world’s brightest minds are all responsible for such a change. On the basis of substantial evidence from Germany and Austria, Dalia Marin shows the two manners in which companies in Europe have reacted to this development:

Restructuring of

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October 16, 2008 | Chinese and Western Economies Increasingly Alike

When it comes to the economy, the West and China are becoming more and more alike. ++ The Chinese are moving towards private ownership and crave the kind of dynamism that only a capitalist system can provide. ++ Western economies, on the other hand, are only capitalist in name. ++ They don’t trust the free market anymore; they want a safety net in case of an economic slowdowns or crunches,

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October 15, 2008 | Assuaging EU Taxpayers

Europe has a plan to bail out the banking system, but it might be hard to convince European taxpayers to pick up the bill. ++ In reality gross debt will increase, not taxpayer debt, and by saving banks we save million of jobs - yet strong opposition from national parliaments is still likely. ++ To convince taxpayers, leaders in Europe must do three things: punish banks and bankers by increasing

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October 14, 2008 | Russia Can "Talk Away" Georgia Conflict

Moscow’s recognition of South Ossetia and Abkhazia does not correlate with universal approval, and an international dialogue concerning the status of Georgia is set to begin. ++ Europe has proven itself too dissolute to confront Russia openly: Sarkozy has advocated global mediation, emphasizing Georgia’s weakness, and Merkel speaks of “Georgia’s core territory,” nearly cow-towing to the Russian

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October 13, 2008 | God Save the Queen - She is Saving Us

Gordon Brown and Alistair Darling “have shown us the way through this financial crisis.” ++ The British Prime Minister and his officials lead the world in assessing the financial crisis and quickly enacting an apt solution. ++ The problem: lack of capital in the banking system; Brown’s solution: equity injections, a type of temporary nationalization, with the first commitment of funds coming to

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October 9, 2008 | Unjustified Panic May Lead to Great Depression

The current breakdown in financial markets is driven by unjustified panic. ++ Restoring confidence in the financial systems should be the priority for American and European governments. ++ EU countries should offer a time-limited guarantee of the liabilities of the most systemically important institutions. ++ Coordination on how to proceed is necessary if banking systems are to reemerge healthy

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October 6, 2008 | Potential EU Monetary Crisis - Recapitalize Now

Despite the success of some initial bank bailouts granted by the EU, such as Fortis, Europe is still short of an overall financial strategy. ++ Three things are needed: first, money to recapitalize the banking sector; second, a semi-permanent EU crisis committee to make financial decisions; and third, clear rules indicating when to recapitalize. ++ Sarkozy was right to support a EUR 300 billion

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September 26, 2008 | US: Still the Global "Beacon of Free Enterprise"

It’s a critical question: Is the financial crisis on Wall Street going to damage the US’s image of good finance and business expertise? ++ Actually, the answer is no. ++ The image of the US from a global perspective is still strong, and the US is for many “a beacon of free enterprise.” ++ There is no other financial leader who could replace the US - Europe is divided, while Russia and China have

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September 22, 2008 | EU Should Say No to Syria

The EU’s plan to reward Syria with an “Association Agreement” is worrisome for several reasons. ++ Damascus not only sponsors Hezbollah and Hamas, it also follows Iran’s approach to nuclear weapons in spite of its commitment to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. ++ “European leaders should cease all further action toward an Association Agreement.” ++ If the EU ignores the lesson of inaction,

... More

September 16, 2008 | Russia Trusts Common Sense Will Finally Prevail

If Russia is to believe that the anti-missile base in Poland will not be used against it, US and its allies have to stop making “cosmetic political gestures” and give concrete guarantees. ++ Statements about Kremlin’s imperialist policies are unfair; Russia has always sided with the weaker and, like always, its moral rightness is undisputed. ++ Moscow doesn’t fear isolation, as

... More

September 15, 2008 | Carbon Capture Must be Utilized

In reality there are no means by which to reduce our dependence on fossil fuels before 2050. ++ Therefore, Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) stations are needed to control the amount of carbon that is emitted into the atmosphere. ++ The Group of Eight has endorsed this approach and must now act by building 10 to 20 such stations to test which methods are most secure and effective. ++ Britain must

... More

September 11, 2008 | Growing Concerns About Russia

A poll revealed that Americans and Europeans were troubled over the growing power of Russia even before the attack on Georgia. ++ Respondents in Europe and the US were united in concern about the Kremlin providing weapons to the Middle East, Russia’s energy monopoly, and its behavior toward its neighbors. ++ What they don’t agree upon is how to respond to the Kremlin’s new assertiveness;

... More

September 11, 2008 | EU and UN Should Lead International Reform

International organizations are stretched to their limits and need reform. ++ NATO struggles to produce an effective strategy in Afghanistan, UN peacekeepers are dispersed over the globe, and the EU can only offer fledgling military support in any operation. ++ Yet, the EU and UN are in the best position to lead the much-needed reform of international organizations. ++ The UN has a critical

... More

September 9, 2008 | Uniting Brussels for Future Security

While some have argued that the recent summit in Brussels proved ineffective, the Georgia crisis has actually drawn the member states closer together. ++ As Europe proceeds, there are important objectives to keep in mind. ++ Europe must focus on energy security and limit its dependence on Russian supplies. ++ Accession must be a viable option for eastern countries, especially Ukraine. ++ And

... More

September 8, 2008 | The EU Must Incorporate Ukraine

Ukraine is approaching its third election in two years, a sign of its government’s volatility. ++ In response, the EU should put Ukraine on a clear road to accession, an albeit controversial move that is nevertheless in its vital interest. ++ Furthermore, the EU must invest economically in Ukraine, thereby bringing stability and growth to a region that could otherwise fall prey to the divisive

... More

September 4, 2008 | "Medvedev Praises EU Over Sanctions"

Despite the call for sanctions on Russia from Poland and the three Baltic states, the only agreement the EU made was to postpone talks about a partnership agreement with Moscow. ++ Medvedev praised the EU’s decision to reject sanctioning Russia, but was disappointed about the EU’s inability to understand Russia’s motives in the Caucasus war. ++ The US welcomed the EU’s decision to boost efforts

... More

September 2, 2008 | Russia is Stuck in the Pre-World War II Mindset

Conflict in Georgia proved that Russia isn’t and doesn’t want to be a part of Europe. ++ Moscow rejects European commitment to nonviolent methods of conflict resolution and shows little appreciation for equality of nations, which is a fundamental principle on the Old Continent. ++ Kremlin trusts in the “hierarchy of raw power.” ++ This mindset is anachronistic for the 21st century and

... More

September 2, 2008 | New EU Members Hinder Relations With Russia

EU efforts to reach a friendly and mutually beneficial relationship with Russia are thwarted by the new eastern and central European EU members. ++ These countries, in contrast to old members, failed to leave past enmities at the door when joining the Union and can only view Russia through the prism of their bitter historic experience.++ Jacque Chirac’s warnings about EU enlargement now appear

... More

August 29, 2008 | Croatia's Dubious Attitudes Question EU Readiness

Croatia is witnessing a rehabilitation of the fascist ideology and unfortunately legal institutions are unwilling to take action. ++ Even more alarming is that there are also politicians who do not distance themselves from the fascist past. ++ Currently, the country discusses if a new law should be enforced to prohibit the inciting of national hatred, but the legislation will not change the

... More

August 28, 2008 | Risky Business Needed Between EU, US, and Russia

The agenda for cooperation with Russia looks doubtful but safe havens for cooperation still exist. ++ For instance, the entire civil and military nuclear agenda opens room for diplomacy. ++ However, no single European institution is perfectly suited to working on security arrangements. ++ At this highly charged moment, the best choice may be to turn to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in

... More

August 28, 2008 | EU Should Handle Georgia Like Kosovo

The crucial question at the upcoming European head of state meeting is about the right of self-determination in the context of the Caucasus crises. ++ EU foreign policy towards Kosovo indicates that it is an advocate of self-determination; however, there may be some who emphasize the inviolability of borders, thereby giving a hazardous guarantee to the Georgian government. ++ The tiny difference

... More

August 27, 2008 | Russia's Invasion Challenges the World Order

Russia’s invasion is not only a threat to Georgia, it also questions the political order and values of Europe. ++ With American help, the EU has become “one of the greatest strategic achievements of the 20th century.” ++ But now the Russian aggression is drawing a dividing line through Europe and separates the truly independent nations from those which are stuck on Russia’s autocratic

... More

August 25, 2008 | Create a United Nonaligned Caucasus

The conflict in South Ossetia is one of many explosive ethnic disputes in the region. ++ These are especially dangerous because of the absence of a superior security pact. ++ Therefore, the best way to enhance the security situation would be if the European Union, Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the US agreed on a pact which would create a nonaligned and neutral Caucasus. ++ This would

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August 20, 2008 | The Comeback of Autocracies

The reemergence of autocracy and great-power politics questions the stability of the international liberal order. ++ Unfortunately, Europe’s postmodern tools of foreign policy are not able to counter Russia in the latest conflict between liberal democracy and autocracy. ++ Facing the rise of great-power autocracies, democracies turn back in the direction of the US. ++ Despite predictions of

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August 19, 2008 | EU Has Risen to the Occasion

The EU can be proud of achieving a cease-fire between Russia and Georgia. ++ The Caucasus crisis has shown that the EU is able to create a space for diplomacy in order to resolve international conflicts. ++ Much remains to be done if the situation is to be stabilized in the long run but so far the EU has risen to the occasion. ++ Europe made Russia listen by choosing “action and negotiation over

... More

August 19, 2008 | "The Russo-Iranian Axis"

Two of the EU’s key assumptions towards Russia have been proven wrong: firstly, Russia obviously does not share the Western values and secondly, Russia does not oppose Iran going nuclear. ++ Moscow can assume that a nuclear Iran will hurt Western interests more than Russian and will shape balance of power favorably for Russia. ++ Yet, there is still a chance for the EU to pressure Iran through

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August 14, 2008 | EU and NATO Policies Go Together

The EU’s attempt to develop a European Security and Defense Policy doesn’t mean it will compete with NATO. ++ Instead, NATO and EU complement each other. ++ Some countries in Africa or the Middle East would rather ask the EU for assistance. ++ On the other hand, NATO has the better capacities to manage certain long-term crises, e.g., when provoked by terrorism. ++ Military resources are only one

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August 13, 2008 | Georgia in NATO Will be the Best Revenge

For democracy in Georgia to last, Georgians need to feel we have their backs; the West must impose tough economic and diplomatic sanctions on Russia. ++ This conflict demonstrates impotency of the global security order. ++ The West must show Russia it has a greater capacity to sustain a hypothetical new Cold War. ++ It is crucial that the EU breaks the Russian stranglehold on Europe’s

... More

August 8, 2008 | "The New Transatlantic Stalemate"

In times when there is no overbearing enemy, the transatlantic alliance is challenged by the geopolitical interests of each partner, which differ from one another. ++ For instance, the EU needs good relations with Russia and the Muslim world because they border on its territory and supply its energy demands, but these protagonists oppose the US hegemonic global pretensions. ++ Balancing the

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August 8, 2008 | Europe Leads a War Against Immigration

Despite the EU’s claim to be the continent of human rights, immigrants are being mistreated in Spain and Italy. ++ Furthermore, the EU strengthens efforts to close its borders and approved a “return directive,” which allows governments to detain unauthorised migrants for up to 18 months. ++ The EU must to recognize the fact that not every undocumented migrant is a criminal and it needs these

... More

August 6, 2008 | EU Leadership Necessary to Solve Abkhazian Conflict

EU realizes it is time to solve the festering conflicts in the Union’s new neighborhood: Abkhazia and South Ossetia. ++ But Moscow has an interest in preserving this “simmering status quo” and delays anything that could resolve the duel as it helps to achieve the goal of keeping Georgia out of NATO. ++ The key to resolution is for the EU to convince Kremlin that peace and stability on

... More

August 6, 2008 | Protectionism Can Lead to Global Food Crisis

Food security is increasingly an issue in many parts of the developing world. ++ In countries that are net importers of food, e.g. Egypt or the Philippines, soaring prices lead to economic and political crises. ++ To help solve the problem the EU should increase its output: abandon restraints on production, review plans to switch land from food to biofuels, and increase expenditure on food

... More

August 5, 2008 | "Ending the Silent Russian-European War"

The relations between Russia and the EU are shaped by mistrust which poses a threat to trade and investment between both regions. ++ Although they still rely on each other economically - especially Russia whose economy depends on oil and gas exports - EU-Russian trade finds itself in an impasse. ++ Russia must diversify its business and reduce state-control. ++ Moscow and Brussels have to work

... More

August 4, 2008 | It is Crucial to Bring Serbia Closer to Europe

The extradition of Karadzic was hailed as a watershed in the relations between the EU and Serbia but great challenges still lie ahead. ++ It is important that the EU now shows its support by implementing the recently signed Stabilisation and Association Agreement, giving Serbia a candidate status, and including it in the Schengen zone. ++ Bringing Serbia closer to Europe could begin an

... More

August 4, 2008 | Turkish Democracy Has a Very Narrow Safety Margin

Last week Turkey narrowly averted a catastrophe when its Constitutional Court turned back state prosecutors’ motion to disband the ruling Justice and Development Party by only one vote. ++ Had the prosecutor succeeded in his request the will of Turkish voters would have been disregarded and Turkey’s chances for EU membership ruined. ++ Such a ruling was a victory not only for Turkey, but

... More

July 31, 2008 | China's New Antimonopoly Law Takes Effect

Tomorrow China’s new antimonopoly law takes effect. ++ At a formal level, it is comparable to the laws in the US and the EU, but its implementation will not be as simple. ++ The US encourages competition in the marketplace; EU, on the other hand, strives to keep booming businesses from being too successful - Chinese law resembles the European system. ++ Moreover, the formulated goals such as the

... More

July 30, 2008 | Doha's Demise

The global trade negotiations known as the Doha Round broke up yesterday without an agreement. ++ Despite expectations of a new international plan to cut tariffs, members of the WTO proved themselves unready for such a deal. ++ While the US and the EU had made some concessions on farm supports, India and China essentially torpedoed the talks asserting a broad right to raise tariffs to protect

... More

July 29, 2008 | Destructive Double Standards

America declares it stands up for human rights; it condemns the regime in Burma and calls for fair democratic elections in Zimbabwe. ++ However, it is doing so only where it is convenient: human rights infringements in China and Saudi Arabia or the fact that Dmitri Medvedev came to power in fraudulent elections are overlooked. ++ The hypocrisy of condemning one and turning a blind eye to the

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July 29, 2008 | Time for the EU to Let in Balkan States

It has to be said out loud that the EU project will not be complete as long as all Balkan countries are not allowed to join: letting in Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Bosnia, Kosovo and Albania is crucial for progress and peace on the continent. ++ The EU states cannot leave these countries “dangling in a pit of constant evasion” and must finally give this process a momentum to match

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July 24, 2008 | The End of the Serbian Black Hole

The arrest of the Bosnian Serb leader, political mastermind of the Bosnian genocide, Radovan Karadzic on charges of war crimes is a clear indication that ultranationalists no longer speak for Serbia ++ The decision to abide by the EU’s requirement that Serbia extradites Karadzic so that he can be tried at the international war crimes court in The Hague, has shown the new president Boris

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July 17, 2008 | "France Has Stepped Out of Hibernation"

Despite a controversial relationship to the media, opposition to Turkish EU membership, and waning popularity at home, Sarkozy in all his recklessness is a positive force for France and for Europe. ++ The president has transformed France’s foreign relations turning it into a credible ally and intermediary. ++ Rapprochement with the US and Israel has brought independence to France and cohesiveness

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July 2, 2008 | A Dark Future for United European Foreign Policy

Ireland’s “No” vote primed the way for the EU to leave “the world stage as a serious foreign policy player for at least ten years.” ++ While the EU will continue to exist, it will not have the strength to determine its own fate or act with a united European foreign policy. ++ Small and medium sized EU members will loose global influence and EU enlargement will be delayed or stopped. ++ Rather

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June 18, 2008 | EU Reforms Must Continue, Despite Ireland's "no"

Given inevitable economic and demographic shifts, European countries will not be able to remain agenda setters in the global system, unless they cooperate more effectively and speak with one voice. ++ Despite Ireland’s vote against the Lisbon Treaty, EU policy makers must continue to work towards EU reform. ++ A minimalist option is to improve the EU’s foreign policy instruments through Council

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June 18, 2008 | EU Should Let Reason Triumph Over Fears

Europe has come a long way since the Middle Ages and especially over the last 50 years. ++ The Lisbon Treaty merged all treaties and conventions of the long European construction into a single body, defining and rationalizing the Union and its bureaucracy. ++ In order to exorcise it, governments need to explain the treaty to their electorate and fill the void of education. ++ Eventually, “logic

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June 16, 2008 | A Plan B for the Lisbon Treaty

The EU will likely find a way to implement the Lisbon treaty despite Ireland’s failure to ratify the document. ++ France and Germany have already indicated their willingness to “drive the Irish out of the EU if they fail to reverse their No vote.” ++ As long as the treaty avoids further defeats in the eight countries that have yet to ratify it, then the EU could exert unbearable pressure on

... More

June 13, 2008 | EU and UN: Less Talking, More Action

Global issues, such as proliferation, energy security, diseases, and terrorism are not disparate and unconnected, and cannot be settled unilaterally. ++ “Practical multilateralism is a strategic necessity, not a liberal nicety.” ++ The UN Security Council needs to adopt permanent members such as India, Brazil, and South Africa. ++ “Treaty-based-action” should convert the UN into the legalizer

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May 21, 2008 | Europe Becomes Increasingly Secure, and Irrelevant

While enjoying a security the post-Cold War period has afforded it, Europeans are becoming rhetorically more critical of their American protectors and militarily less willing to engage security threats around the globe. ++ A conventional response may warn that this attitude is short-sighted and immoral, however, Gideon Rachman says it might just be logical. ++ Albeit a lack of hard-power options

... More

May 13, 2008 | Boris Tadic's Victory is Not so Decisive

The recent victory in Serbian parliamentary elections by President Boris Tadic’s pro-EU alliance was not as decisive as he would like to have the world believe. ++ In order to form a government he is likely to have to form a coalition with the eurosceptic Socialists, formerly the party of Slobodan Milosevic. ++ This would not only give him less space to maneuver with regard to EU accession and

... More

May 9, 2008 | Georgia in Desperate Need for Western Help

Russia is increasing military means in Georgia that show striking parallels with Turkish occupation of northern Cyprus. ++ NATO members argue Georgia’s state of democratization needs to improve before they are willing to risk souring relations with Russia, but it is overlooked that much more is at stake here. ++ Despite EU and NATO bureaucratic considerations, Western help in general is

... More

May 2, 2008 | A Europe of Blocs?

The idea of a Baltic-to-the-Black-Sea Union is a little noticed result of the last European Council meeting. ++ Since the French president proposed a Mediterranean Union for EU and non-EU countries around that sea, the Polish premier minister agued that in this case the East-European states should get the chance to act as a block that includes Georgia and Ukraine. ++ Although some countries

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April 21, 2008 | The Time Has Come for EU Democracy Promotion

The EU has been successful in promoting democracy among the states that aspire to join. ++ Given this success, Europeans should work to promote liberal democracy beyond Europe’s borders. ++ The EU must agree on what it wants to do and how it defines democracy, which can be best accomplished through a European consensus on democracy. ++ A shared EU approach rather than a single policy would be a

... More

April 17, 2008 | The EU Is Putting Turkish Democracy at Risk

The EU’s treatment of Turkish democracy is “more functional and opportunistic than principled.” ++ In its recent condemnation of the Turkish judiciary, the EU wrongly interpreted secularism as a threat to democracy while simultaneously disregarding the rule of law, separation of powers, and independence of the judiciary. ++ Accession negotiations and pulling Turkey toward the EU are more

... More

April 15, 2008 | Atlantic Alliance is an Alliance ŕ la Carte

The traditional role of the state in Europe is diminished, therefore the capacity of EU governments to ask their people for sacrifices is reduced. ++ As the debate over using NATO forces in Afghanistan showed, EU governments are not able to live up to their obligations. ++ The European disillusionment with US policies has structural reasons and will continue after Bush’s presidency.

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March 25, 2008 | Sustaining Western Leadership

The fact that the US and the EU are now responsible for under 30% of world exports indicates a decline of primacy. ++ Discussions held by the elites at the Brussels Forum highlighted the need for a closer transatlantic partnership when dealing with new global “state and nonstate threats”. ++ Internal discord in the EU and the US is hindering the focus on external common interests.

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March 19, 2008 | The End of NATO Would Leave the EU Powerless

With unilateral pull-outs of the Afghan mission threatening NATO’s existence, Europe’s security is also at risk. ++ EU members lack consensus both on matters of foreign policy and regarding a role for NATO in the future. ++ As a global security actor, the EU should bolster its military capabilities, drop its idealism, and commit itself to real objectives in Sudan, Afghanistan, and Kosovo.

... More

March 10, 2008 | The Need for Western Engagement in Belarus

Lukashenko requires economic stability to maintain his power and popularity. ++ With Russia threatening to double once again the price of natural gas imports to the country, the president has been forced to take liberal measures and expects the EU in return to ease restrictions. ++ Engaging in Belarus is now a moral imperative before Russia gets a chance to exert more influence and impose its

... More

March 4, 2008 | Stronger Role for EU in Afghanistan

As Afghanistan moves from a transitional to a long-term development framework, an outside authority is needed to direct reconstruction. ++ The Afghan government cannot manage this alone. ++ The country is slipping back into terrorism reminiscent of Taliban rule. ++ The European Union would be the ideal candidate to coordinate between the government, international organisations and the NGOs.

... More

February 25, 2008 | "Dependent Independence" in Kosovo

Kosovo’s declaration of independence is equally one of dependency - but it’s the “least worst” outcome. ++ Europe is pushing for Kosovo to move from protectorate to EU member state, without allowing it to achieve full independence. ++ Kosovo’s independence does not make the region any more unstable. ++ Serbia has a choice: to sulk, or to start working towards reconstruction and the EU.

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February 25, 2008 | Europe and Annapolis: A Focused Agenda

Failure to make the most of the Annapolis process would be fatal for both Israel and the international community. ++ The US needs to be “the major responsible supervisor of the negotiation process.” ++ The EU must move beyond its traditional role of paymaster and focus on state building and economic reconstruction in Palestine. ++ The EU must simultaneously demand concrete results from other

... More

February 21, 2008 | Europe Must Speak With One Voice to Russia

EU member states tend to act autonomously in their relations to Russia. ++ Implementation of EU treaty provisions on common security and foreign policy offers new prospects for EU-Russia cooperation and would be conducive to a partnership focused on solving common global problems. ++ An understanding that a foreign policy consensus is important will also help the relations of individual member

... More

January 23, 2008 | Climate Change Threatens International Security

The geopolitical consequences of climate change are determined as much by political, social and economic factors as by the climatic shift itself. As a rule wealthier countries will be better prepared to cope with the effects of climate change whilst developing countries are least able to do so. For example, an increase in rainfall could be a blessing for a country that can capture, store, and use

... More

January 3, 2008 | European Politicians Avoid Ideological Confrontations

Stryker McGuire laments that the days of real ideological battles between Europe’s major parties are over. Thus, be it in Britain, Denmark, Spain, Portugal or Germany, parties from left and right agree on almost everything, bar some minor petty issues. Yet, while the political center appears to be a good place for any party to find itself in, there appears to be a danger of a virtual one-party

... More

December 24, 2007 | NATO Marks New Stage in Civil-Military Cooperation

Improved cooperation between NATO and other organizations is necessary in view of new security requirements, says David Yost, professor at the US Naval Postgraduate School.

A more productive joint performance is needed to work towards common goals such as preventing failed states becoming safe havens for terrorists. Yost therefore welcomes the comprehensive civil-military approach endorsed by

... More

December 18, 2007 | Sarkozy's Proposal: Elitist or Forward Thinking?

Jose Ignacio Torreblanca of the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR) criticizes Sarkozy’s proposal of a committee of the wise, to address the future of Europe, but discusses how it might eventually come to be seen as an interesting forum for mobilizing public debate about the future challenges of the EU.

The proposal has been received with skepticism because of fears that it

... More

August 1, 2007 | Lack of EU Solidarity Jeopardizes Kosovo Independence

Senior Fellow at the Century Foundation Morton Abramowitz calls on EU member states to take a united stand on Martii Ahitissari’s blueprint for Kosovo’s “supervised independence” from Serbia. Even though Ahitissari’s proposal complies with the official EU (as well as US) policy on the issue, a number of European nations were still openly skeptical of challenging a country’s territorial integrity.

... More

July 23, 2007 | Time For a Transatlantic Consensus on International Law

William H. Taft and Frances G. Burwell from the Atlantic Council advise the EU and US to coordinate their positions before the ICC review conference in 2009. The transatlantic partners must set an example for the rest of the world.

With the review conference on the International Criminal Court (ICC) coming up in 2009, a concerted transatlantic effort to build global consensus on international

... More


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Lydia  Karga
Lydia Karga
Member since
February 6, 2011


Should NATO intervene in Syria?



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