Is nuclear power the cheap energy and climate change holy grail? In their latest Oxford Research Group Briefing Paper, Frank Barnaby and James Kemp say no. Apart from the security problems a nuclear renaissance would bring, the infrastructure required would be beyond the industry’s capacity. Just increasing the share of energy derived from nuclear power to one-third (twice its current level), for the world population of 10 billion expected by 2075, would require opening four new nuclear power plants a month. The authors also dispute the climate benefit of atomic energy: as uranium mining is a very CO2 intensive process, the jury is still out as to whether the atomic energy industry as a whole has a net reduction effect or not.