The issue of climate change has already become one of the central topics in the international arena due to the growing threats it presents. It is not a secret that the dramatic climate change effects, resulting from the rise of temperature, pollution and mismanagement of natural resources, may be accompanied by a number of overlapping threats to international stability, such as poverty, desertification, energy and food security, as well as economic development and other maladies. These factors in many cases may serve as prerequisites for the emergence of conflicts between states sharing resource-rich land, thereby contributing to the destabilization of regional relations.
Central Asia is considered one of the world's most vulnerable regions due to its inherent aridity, the legacy of environmental mismanagement from the Soviet era, and poor central planning amongst other reasons. It is expected that climate change will primarily affect the key sectors of the region's development, including water, agriculture and energy securities. Therefore, regional policy cooperation should prioritize these particular areas.
Bobur Nazarmuhamedov holds an MA in Politics and Security in Central Asia from the OSCE Academy in Bishkek.