The relationship between religion, politics and the nation-state is in this paper closely linked to the principles that create political legitimation and the basic character of a state. The analysis of this entanglement seems to be necessary, especially due to the popular belief that in the light of the decolonization process Pakistan and Israel, after 1947 and 1948, represent the sole states that after a legacy of British rule came into existence on the basis of religion or rather, only because of their religion.
This paper identifies the main principles of legitimation understood as the State's ideology on which these States were originally based but at the same time generated intrinsic tensions for their future development. Further, the framework that allows religion to play an essential role not only in the State's ideological setup but also in society and politics will be defined.
Malte Gaier is a PhD candidate at the University of Erfurt, Germany. He is focusing on Islamic Studies.
To continue reading this paper, please download the attached PDF.
Read related material from atlantic-community.org members: