Non-consensual medical or any other scientific experiment fulfils the definition of torture as per Article 7 of the ICCPR: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, no one shall be subjected without his free consent to medical or scientific experimentation". What is less widely understood is the fact that any biological and chemical warfare must be tested on humans in a very similar manner. The purpose is the same - to ascertain effective dose and determine mode of action and effects on humans in real life conditions. Experiments on human subjects during World War II led to worldwide adoption of standards in medical research.
Veronika Valdova is an independent researcher and author of the book Rocky Road to Democracy.