David Shambaugh, Washington U & Brookings Inst | May 6, 2008
Two types of nationalism are prevalent in China at the moment. ++ On the one hand, a virulent nationalism that is based on continued historical grievances and is used to legitimize the rule of the Communist Party. ++ On the other hand, a "confident nationalism" based on pride in China's rapid socioeconomic and technological transformation and its new role as a global power. ++ If the former gets out of hand before and during the Olympic Games, China will risk its international standing.